krainaksiazek bernini and other studies in the history of art 20039683

- znaleziono 164 produkty w 18 sklepach

Brain Fuel Evolution - 2862203135

140,93 zł

Brain Fuel Evolution Oriole Publishing L.L.C.

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

We've learned a lot about the brain: which nutrients are required to make neurotransmitters, which nutrient deficiencies cause depression, and even which nutrients improve memory and intelligence. Wouldn't it make sense, then, to eat "brain foods" that are high in these "brain fuel" nutrients? Fortunately, the USDA recently analyzed several thousand foods for their nutrient contents, so we now know what these brain foods are and can add them to our diet. That's the practical side of this research. The "cool" side is that, in looking back through human history, we discover that major advances in civilization often occurred after new brain foods came into the diet, during the Axial Age, Ancient Greece, the Renaissance, the Elizabethan Era and 19th century France, to name a few. We also see that, in the cases where the brain foods were removed from the diet, the civilizations began to deteriorate shortly thereafter. We can even go back to Paleolithic times and explain the transition from archaic to modern man using simply the concepts of brain fuels and brain foods. These historical "case studies" underscore the necessity of brain foods in human evolution. Nutrients are the fundamental fuel for the brain, but delivering them to the body is an art. If culture is king, then cuisine is queen. Nonetheless, it has been mainly serendipity that has been responsible for these improved cuisines. Multiple factors, including geography, technology and even politics, have time and again led randomly to an improved mix of brain fuels. We judge civilizations in many ways. One way is to look at the visual arts and assess the technical expertise and the artistic expression represented there. Looking within civilizations we see large changes in one or both of these features after a major increase in brain food availability, as well as major advances in philosophy, literature and other arts. The study of science (natural philosophy) can trace its roots to the serendipitous confluence of all the brain fuels in abundant supply in Ancient Greece. The times and places examined here include the first civilizations (Ancient Egypt, Indus Valley Civilization, Mesoamerica, and Inca Empire), the Pan-Asian Awakening in the 6th Century BC (a few decades of the Axial Age), the three eras with the most abundant brain fuels (Ancient Greece, Renaissance Tuscany and 19th Century France), and places where a partial abundance of brain fuels resulted in advancements in specific fields (Elizabethan England, Dutch Golden Age, Scottish Enlightenment). There are also specific examples of civilizations where brain fuels were intentionally restricted to create aggression in warfare (Roman legions and Mongol horsemen). Currently on the scene there are several popular modern diets (e.g. Atkins, Paleo, Mediterranean), and an analysis of these shows that, while they all express some fundamental tenets that improve the level of brain fuel nutrients, each one exhibits a deficit in one or more of them. We consider these diets from a brain fuels perspective and discuss how to adapt them in an easy and sustainable manner to maximize mental performance.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Selections from the Writings of Hurrish Chunder Mookerji - 2862213526

90,67 zł

Selections from the Writings of Hurrish Chunder Mookerji Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from Selections From the Writings of Hurrish Chunder Mookerji: Compiled From the Hindoo Patriot A literary man is best remembered by his works. But though on this account we certainly attach great weight to this collection of his writings we do not żatter ourselves with the idea that this volume would be anything like a fitting memorial to the man who, more than any other single man, has been responsible for the inspiration of national life at any rate in Bengal. For, we do not rate the life and work of Hurrish Chunder Mookerji as a merely brilliant career. We can trace to him the source and the nourish ment of that political life in our people whose force and importance we are only beginning to appreciate and which are no doubt big with huge possibilities in the future. For of the little band of earnest men who żourished in the early days of English education in India and helped to drag India out of the slough of ignorance and inertia into which she was fallen, Burrish Chunder was about the foremost. And what a brilliant set of men they were One cannot recall their careers without a refreshing sense of the life and vigour that characterised them. Men deeply imbued with western thought and culture 3 whose studies in the different depart ments of learning of the day went to depths which are out of fashion in these busy days of scrappy, knowledge 3 men who felt the ignorance around them like a dense mist which must be cleared, men inspired with a lofty desire to raise their country from these depths and teach her to emulate the healthy and vigorous ideals of life and thought that England opened before them - these were the men who lived in the days of Hurrish Chunder Mookerji, - and amongst them there was none more brilliant, none more enthusiastic and none who has left a more abiding mark on the history of our people than Hurrish Chunder Mookerji. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Persuasive Games - 2869352810

101,23 zł

Persuasive Games MIT Press Ltd

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Videogames are an expressive medium, and a persuasive medium; they represent how real and imagined systems work, and they invite players to interact with those systems and form judgments about them. In this innovative analysis, Ian Bogost examines the way videogames mount arguments and influence players. Drawing on the 2,500-year history of rhetoric, the study of persuasive expression, Bogost analyzes rhetoric's unique function in software in general and videogames in particular. The field of media studies already analyzes visual rhetoric, the art of using imagery and visual representation persuasively. Bogost argues that videogames, thanks to their basic representational mode of procedurality (rule-based representations and interactions), open a new domain for persuasion; they realize a new form of rhetoric.Bogost calls this new form "procedural rhetoric," a type of rhetoric tied to the core affordances of computers: running processes and executing rule-based symbolic manipulation. He argues further that videogames have a unique persuasive power that goes beyond other forms of computational persuasion. Not only can videogames support existing social and cultural positions, but they can also disrupt and change these positions themselves, leading to potentially significant long-term social change. Bogost looks at three areas in which videogame persuasion has already taken form and shows considerable potential: politics, advertising, and learning. Bogost is both an academic researcher and videogame designer, and Persuasive Games reflects both theoretical and a game design goals.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Tarot Unfolded - 2876195048

86,13 zł

Tarot Unfolded Arriba

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Tarot is the extended deck of cards used for divination, dating back to the Renaissance. It works by images, as do humans. We are creatures of imagination. Reading the Tarot cards is essentially done by processing the images in our imagination. This book presents the Tarot and explains how it's used in divination. But the main purpose of the book is to tickle the reader's imagination into going on the spiritual quest induced by imagery. See the Tarot card pictures come alive as other pictures emerge from your mind to meet and transform them. You may find that the world will never look the same again. Stefan Stenudd is a Swedish author, historian of ideas, artist, and instructor in the peaceful martial art aikido. In the history of ideas he studies the thought patterns of creation myths, as well as Aristotle's Poetics.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Day Trade Futures Online - 2869423547

253,07 zł

Day Trade Futures Online John Wiley & Sons

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Wiley Online Trading for a Living When to get in-when to get out Build, test & trade a winning system Online brokers, research & market data For those who are well suited to day trading and short-term trading, the futures market is one of the best games in town. As the original short-term vehicle, the futures market allows the trader to collapse the time frame in which he or she can reach the desired profit target-or pain threshold. As a result, wins and losses are compounded much more quickly than in stock trading-and, in the case of wins, often more profitably. The ability to gain leverage with very little on margin gives you, the trader, the ability to earn more off smaller swings. And enough home runs could allow you to become your own boss, work from home in your bathrobe, or even work from your cell phone while lying on the beach. So far, so good. But what does it take to win? In Day Trade Futures Online, award-winning veteran futures trader Larry Williams gives a no-holds-barred view of the risks and rewards of this increasingly accessible arena. His straightforward approach to helping you determine your trading personality is the first step. Then he offers traders what they really need: strategies and tactics designed to beat the futures markets. From hardware and software setup to trading psychology and successful strategizing, this highly readable book covers all the bases needed to prepare you to trade online, including: Assessing your risk threshold Streamlining the glut of trading and price information to make it work for you The importance of knowing how to manage your money Choosing an online broker and utilizing other online resources, such as news, chat rooms, and message boards When to get out of your trades Building a system based on Larry's time-tested strategies ...and that's just for starters. Also included are an appendix of basic futures concepts and a select bibliography of some of the best learning resources. With good humor and brutal honesty, Williams guides you in building the trading system that will work best for you. GET IN ON THE ORIGINAL SHORT-TERM GAME WITH BIG-TIME PROFITS With unflinching honesty and decades of trading experience, award-winning veteran futures trader Larry Williams lends his expertise to the many aspects of futures trading online, including: Winning strategies Determining your trading personality The art of using the Internet Hardware and software solutions History and development of short-term trading Praise for Larry Williams and day trade futures online "Larry Williams, the astute and experienced trader, has presented the reader with many computer-tested patterns that should give one an edge up in the hard world of day trading. He not only gives the patterns, he explains the 'why' of market action and what it takes to be successful from a psychological and money management standpoint. This is one of the best practical books ever written on trading by a veteran trader. Buy it."-John Hill, President, Futures Truth Co. "Larry possesses an incredible talent to differentiate between what is important in life as well as in the markets. In his book, he shares insights into market behavior and short-term price dynamics that are useful to beginning and experienced traders alike. Whereas most day trading books merely discuss the market in generalities, Larry focuses on computer-tested techniques that can actually help make traders profitable. This is Larry at his best and finest!"-Tom DeMark, President, Market Studies Inc., author of New Science of Technical Analysis and New Market Timing Techniques "Day Trade Futures Online is another must-have Larry Williams trading book. That's because nearly all the profitable futures traders I've known have attributed their trading success to an idea or concept learned from Larry. When Larry speaks, you better listen."-Gary Smith, author of How I Trade for a Living

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Orwell and Marxism - 2844156110

104,22 zł

Orwell and Marxism I.B. Tauris

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Whether as a fighter in the Spanish Civil War, an advocate of patriotic Socialism or a left-wing opponent of the Soviet Union, George Orwell was the ultimate outsider in politics - insecure, scornful of orthodoxies, cussedly independent.§Best known today as the author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four, Orwell also wrote seven other full-length books and a vast number of essays, articles and reviews. A pioneering cultural critic, he addressed a range of important issues including art, literature, Englishness, mass counication and the spectre of totalitarianism. Famously describing his own background as "lower-upper-middle class", Orwell had a complex relationship with Marxism and all his work reflects the influence of British counism.§Through close analysis of Orwells writings as well as his historical and literary context, Philip Bounds has produced an important study of one of the iconic writers of the 20th century. Orwell and Marxism offers a thorough introduction to Orwell the intellectual, reviving his reputation as a serious cultural thinker and documenting his most important influences, as well as a convincing portrait of British Marxism and society in the 1930s and 40s.'A really impressive piece of work. This is one of the best books on Orwell I have read recently. An important contribution that points the direction Orwell studies should take.' John Newsinger, Professor of History, Bath Spa University

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Horror in Architecture - 2874283126

104,38 zł

Horror in Architecture Oro Editions

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This book looks at the idea of horror and its analogues in architecture. In these, normal compositions become strange: extra limbs appear, holes open where they should not, individual objects are doubled or split or perversely occupied. Horrifying buildings re-imagine the possibilities of architectural language, shifting from "natural" norms to other, more rarified and exciting options. They define an expanded aesthetic field that marries the beautiful to the distorted, the awkward, the manifold, and the indeterminate. Through an investigation that spans architecture, art, and literature, this study attempts to limn horror through its shifting forms and meanings--and to identify a creeping unease that lingers at the very center of the modern project. Horror in Architecture may be read as a history, as an alternative to the classic canon of good and proper architectures, or as a sly manifesto for a new approach to the design of the built environment--one that encourages a playful subversion of conventions. To capture horror in its many guises, this study is presented in a unique manner. An introductory essay describes the historical fortunes of horror as an aesthetic idea, from Roman antiquity to the pulp films and novels of the present day. Here, the authors put forward a new theory of the sources and effects of horror in modernity and in modern architecture. This is followed by case studies of types, linking classic tropes (clones, doubles, hybrids, psychotics and the undead) to specific buildings and architectural theories. As a result, this study may be read in a number of different ways. It may be consumed as a total theoretical piece, from start to finish. Or it may provide a series of more casual readings, in the various chapters and brief presentations of the works of individual architects or buildings.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Russian Formalist Criticism - 2869547464

108,86 zł

Russian Formalist Criticism University of Nebraska Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The Russian formalists emerged from the Russian Revolution with ideas about the independence of literature. They enjoyed that independence until Stalin shut them down. By then, however, they had produced essays that remain among the best defences ever written for both literature and its theory. Included here are four essays representing key points in the formalists' short history. Victor Shklovsky's pioneering Art as Technique (1917) defines the literary as a way to make us see familiar things as if for the first time. His 1921 essay on Tristram Shandy makes that eccentric novel the centrepiece for a theory of narrative. A section from Boris Tomashevsky's Thematics (1925) inventories the elements of stories. In The Theory of the Formal Method' (1927), Boris Eichenbaum defends Russian Formalism against various attacks. An able champion, he describes Formalism's evolution, notes its major figures and works, clears away decayed axioms, and rescues literature from primitive historicism and other dangers. These essays set a course for literary studies that led to Prague structuralism, French semiotics, and postmodern poetics. Russian Formalist Criticism has been honoured as a Choice Outstanding Academic Book of the Year by the American Library Association.

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Politics of erasure - 2857721928

34,70 zł

Politics of erasure Tako

Wydawnictwa naukowe i popularno-naukoweSztuka

The book Politics of Erasure. From ?Damnatio Memoriae? to Alluring Void on the one hand deals with the strategies of widely understood erasure in visual arts (i.e. exclusion, annulment and depreciation) in terms of particular works of art, museum narrations or urban spaces; on the other hand, it attempts to look at the ways of writing history because here the required and necessary virtue of synthesis sometimes transforms into an injurious scheme.Thus, oscillation between the general consciousness of the method and its precise use within case studies becomes not only a presentation of significant works of the Polish art of the 20th century showed in the general European context, but also a reflection on the craft of the historian, its limitations and possibilities.The ?politics of erasure? in the title does not link only with the ruthless power struggle hostile to any signs of resistance, it can also be a strategy aiming at widening our perception or negotiating what is visible and real. In this last case it does not reconcile itself to the terror of the visible and becomes a persevering attempt to expand the range of imagination and activate memory and intuition.

Sklep: Booknet.net.pl

What Do Pictures Want? - 2877368904

120,81 zł

What Do Pictures Want? The University of Chicago Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Why do we have such extraordinarily powerful responses toward the images and pictures we see in everyday life? Why do we behave as if pictures were alive, possessing the power to influence us, to demand things from us, to persuade us, seduce us, or even lead us astray? According to W. J. T. Mitchell, we need to reckon with images not just as inert objects that convey meaning but as animated beings with desires, needs, appetites, demands, and drives of their own. "What Do Pictures Want?" explores this idea and highlights Mitchell's innovative and profoundly influential thinking on picture theory and the lives and loves of images. Ranging across the visual arts, literature, and mass media, Mitchell applies characteristically brilliant and wry analyses to Byzantine icons and cyberpunk films, racial stereotypes and public monuments, ancient idols and modern clones, offensive images and found objects, American photography and aboriginal painting. Opening new vistas in iconology and the emergent field of visual culture, he also considers the importance of Dolly the Sheep--who, as a clone, fulfills the ancient dream of creating a living image--and the destruction of the World Trade Center on 9/11, which, among other things, signifies a new and virulent form of iconoclasm. "What Do Pictures Want?" offers an immensely rich and suggestive account of the interplay between the visible and the readable. A work by one of our leading theorists of visual representation, it will be a touchstone for art historians, literary critics, anthropologists, and philosophers alike. "A treasury of episodes--generally overlooked by art history and visual studies--that turn on images that 'walk by themselves' and exert their own power over the living."--Norman Bryson, "Artforum "

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William of Malmesbury's Chronicle of the Kings of England - 2868591399

105,03 zł

William of Malmesbury's Chronicle of the Kings of England Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from William of Malmesbury's Chronicle of the Kings of England: From the Earliest Period to the Reign of King Stephen "William of Malmesburt," according to archbishop Usher, "is the chief of our historians;" Leland records him "as an elegant, learned, and faithful historian;" and Sir Henry Saville is of opinion, that he is the only man of his time who has discharged his trust as an historian. His History of the Kings of England was translated into English by the Rev. John Sharpe, and published in quarto, in 1815. Though the language of Mr. Sharpe's work is by no means so smooth as the dialect of the present day would require, yet the care with which he examined MSS., and endeavoured to give the exact sense of his author, seemed so important a recommendation, that the editor of the present volume has gladly availed himself of it as a ground-work for his own labours. The result of this plan is, that the public are enabled to purchase without delay and at an insignificant expense, the valuable contemporary historian, who has hitherto been like a sealed book to the public, or only accessible through a bulky volume, the scarcity of which served to exclude it from all but public libraries or the studies of the wealthy. But the translation of Mr. Sharpe has by no means been reprinted verbatim. Within the last ten years a valuable edition of the original text, with copious collations of MSS., has been published by the English Historical Society. This edition has been compared with the translation, and numerous passages retouched and improved. Some charters, also, have been added, and a large number of additional notes appended at the foot of the pages, together with a few other improvements and additions calculated to render this interesting history more acceptable to the reading public. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

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Foreign Quarterly Review, Vol. 12 - 2862180147

105,03 zł

Foreign Quarterly Review, Vol. 12 Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from The Foreign Quarterly Review, Vol. 12: July and October, M. DCCC. XXXIII The lives which have been devoted most assiduously and successfully to the intellectual pursuits of science, are seldom those which are most fertile in incident, or which afford the best subject-matter for the biographer. Were it otherwise, that of Newton, whose high destiny it was to unravel the mechanism of the universe, and who contributed so largely to the advancement of natural knowledge, would be one of the most interesting and instructive that ever was written. Yet the biography of Newton is little else than a general history of the progress of the mathematical and physical sciences during the age in which he lived. Exclusive of his scientific discoveries, his life presents very few incidents of peculiar interest, or from which we may derive any lessons of practical wisdom. Thirty years of it, after the age of boyhood, he passed in the retirement of a college, closely engaged in profound studies, and having very little commerce with the world. For a short time he occupied a seat in Parliament, where he made no conspicuous figure; and though he afterwards held the office of Master of the Mint, yet he neither took an active part in public affairs, nor connected himself in any way with the political history of his country. The latter part of it - and it was prolonged to the full term of human existence - differed in no respect from that of thousands of ordinary men, in affluent circumstances, of a literary turn, and quietly going through a specified routine of official duty. Accordingly, it is not from anecdotes relating to his domestic life, but in the study of those immortal works which he has left behind him, that we can discover his superiority over other men, or learn the vast extent of the obligation which the world owes to his genius. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

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Kindergarten Journal, 1910 (Classic Reprint) - 2869091189

56,77 zł

Kindergarten Journal, 1910 (Classic Reprint) Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from The Kindergarten Journal, 1910 One of the interesting and absorbing subjects of discussion for scholars of modern times has been, and still is, the place which the primitive savage occupies in the history of mankind. This science which studies the human family from its infancy, thousands of years ago, to the present time, in its progress of culture, contributed to by myth, legend, language and custom, is called the science of Folk-Lore. The savage in his very lowest state was occupied with nothing more than supplying his physical needs, but as he very slowly and gradually ascended in the scale of humanity he began to do some thinking, and to deserve the name of "man," which means "to think." He began to perceive the world which surrounded him with its great mountain heights and valleys; its lakes and rivers; its birds and animals; trees and plants. His ear began to be trained to the various sounds of nature; the rumble of thunder; the roar of the sea; the rustle of the leaves on the trees; and the trickling of the tiny rivulet down the hillside. He began to wonder about it and then to ask himself the cause. Then came the attempt to explain it. What was more natural than to endow all external forces with life? He saw likenesses between himself and this phenomena of nature. His great imagination supplied qualities and faculties like his own, such as feeling, willing, hearing and speaking. It was life answering to life without the power to explain; consequently all things were personified. I think we will all agree that the childhood of humanity presents us with a magnified picture of the small boy and girl of today. The little girl bestows fond mother love on a piece of muslin roiled up to look like a doll; while the boy rides a piece of a broomstick and imagines he is making a journey into an unknown world on a fine black charger. This same imagination permitted the savage to interpret all things around him thru analogy. He lived, surrounded by great jungles inhabited by huge, fierce beasts, and water in which lived other wild animals. They seemed to possess powers far beyond those of himself. They could run and fly and swim with incredible swiftness. They were wonderful in their strength. No wonder then that man considered them his superiors and regarded them with awe and fear. He was often inadequately armed and unable to cope with them in battle, consequently he was a slave to these beliefs in nature's powers. One author tells us that "In a cave in France supposed by geologists to be 100,000 years old may be seen the oldest extant picture of man. It represents a very small man, naked and defenseless, fleeing in terror from an enormous serpent. It is the true image of primitive man in his relationship to Nature, and touches the heart with its vivid expression of feebleness and fear." These outside natural objects were very powerful forces in developing early history. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Turkish Archery and the Composite Bow - 2878809090

70,36 zł

Turkish Archery and the Composite Bow Martino Fine Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

2016 Reprint of 1947 Second Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition Software. Klopsteg is assured a place in the history of archery through his scientific investigations of the bow and the revolution in archery technology that he launched. His introduction to archery came in the summer of 1929 when he bought a primitive archery set for the amusement of his three daughters. With his own training in physics and research experience in projectile flight, Klopsteg found himself fascinated by the ancient art of shooting arrows with the bow and quickly adopted the sport as his own hobby. Klopsteg, with the trained eye of the scientist, questioned whether the traditional English longbow which had remained essentially unchanged for centuries, expressed the bow's most efficient form. This scientific investigation of the physics of archery launched a revolution in bow design. Soon other archers were successfully experimenting with manmade materials for both bows and arrows, and the technology of archery is today very different from the sport as Klopsteg first found it. In addition to his research into the efficient design of the bow, Klopsteg pursued an academic investigation into the history and technology of Turkish archery. The result of his studies was the publication of "Turkish Archery and the Composite Bow." The publication of this book contributed to the adoption of the composite bows of reflexed shape in the late 1930s.

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Reconsidering the American Way of War - 2869617278

156,82 zł

Reconsidering the American Way of War Georgetown University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Challenging several longstanding notions about the American way of war, this book examines US strategic and operational practice from 1775 to 2014. It surveys all major US wars from the War of Independence to the campaigns in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as most smaller US conflicts to determine what patterns, if any, existed in American uses of force. Contrary to many popular sentiments, Echevarria finds that the American way of war is not astrategic, apolitical, or defined by the use of overwhelming force. Instead, the American way of war was driven more by political considerations than military ones, and the amount of force employed was rarely overwhelming or decisive. As a scholar of Clausewitz, Echevarria borrows explicitly from the Prussian to describe the American way of war not only as an extension of US policy by other means, but also the continuation of US politics by those means. The book's focus on strategic and operational practice closes the gap between critiques of American strategic thinking and analyses of US campaigns. Echevarria discovers that most conceptions of American strategic culture fail to hold up to scrutiny, and that US operational practice has been closer to military science than to military art. Providing a fresh look at how America's leaders have used military force historically and what that may mean for the future, this book should be of interest to military practitioners and policymakers, students and scholars of military history and security studies, and general readers interested in military history and the future of military power.

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