krainaksiazek 8 principles to creating a high performance organization 20044813
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Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
With PowerPivot, Microsoft brings the power of Microsoft's business intelligence tools to Excel and SharePoint users. Self-service business intelligence today augments traditional BI methods, allowing faster response time and greater flexibility. If you're a business decision-maker who uses Microsoft Office or an IT professional responsible for deploying and managing your organization's business intelligence systems, this guide will help you make the most of PowerPivot. Professional Microsoft PowerPivot for Excel and SharePoint describes all aspects of PowerPivot and shows you how to use each of its major features. By the time you are finished with this book, you will be well on your way to becoming a PowerPivot expert. This book is for people who want to learn about PowerPivot from end to end. You should have some rudimentary knowledge of databases and data analysis. Familiarity with Microsoft Excel and Microsoft SharePoint is helpful, since PowerPivot builds on those two products. This book covers the first version of PowerPivot, which ships with SQL Server 2008 R2 and enhances Microsoft Office 2010. It provides an overview of PowerPivot and a detailed look its two components: PowerPivot for Excel and PowerPivot for SharePoint. It explains the technologies that make up these two components, and gives some insight into why these components were implemented the way they were. Through an extended example, it shows how to build a PowerPivot application from end to end. The companion Web site includes all the sample applications and reports discussed. What This Book Covers After discussing self-service BI and the motivation for creating PowerPivot, the book presents a quick, end-to-end tutorial showing how to create and publish a simple PowerPivot application. It then drilsl into the features of PowerPivot for Excel in detail and, in the process, builds a more complex PowerPivot application based on a real-world case study. Finally, it discusses the server side of PowerPivot (PowerPivot for SharePoint) and provides detailed information about its installation and maintenance. Chapter 1, "Self-Service Business Intelligence and Microsoft PowerPivot," begins Part I of the book. This chapter describes self-service BI and introduces PowerPivot, Microsoft's first self-service BI tool. It provides a high-level look at the two components that make up PowerPivot - PowerPivot for Excel and PowerPivot for SharePoint. Chapter 2, "A First Look at PowerPivot," walks you through a simple example of creating a PowerPivot application from end to end. In the process, it shows how to set up the two components of PowerPivot, and describes the normal workflow of creating a simple PowerPivot application. Chapter 3, "Assembling Data," starts off Part II of the book, and explains how to bring data into PowerPivot from various external data sources. It also introduces the extended example that you will build in this and subsequent chapters. Chapter 4, "Enriching Data," shows how to enhance the data you brought into your application by creating relationships and using PowerPivot's expression language, Data Analysis Expressions (DAX). Chapter 5, "Self-Service Analysis," describes how to use your PowerPivot data with various Excel features, such as PivotTables, PivotCharts, and slicers to do analysis. Chapter 5 also delves further into DAX, showing how to create and use DAX measures. Chapter 6, "Self-Service Reporting," shows how to publish your PowerPivot workbook to the server side of PowerPivot (PowerPivot for SharePoint), and make use of its features to view and update PowerPivot reports. It also shows how to use the data in a PowerPivot workbook as a data source for reports created in other tools such as Report Builder 3.0 and Excel. Chapter 7, "Preparing for SharePoint 2010," is the first chapter in Part III of the book. It describes the components of SharePoint 2010 that are relevant for PowerPivot, and looks at how PowerPivot for SharePoint interacts with those components. Chapter 8, "PowerPivot for SharePoint Setup and Configuration," provides instructions on how to set up and configure a multi-machine SharePoint farm that contains PowerPivot for SharePoint. Chapter 9, "Troubleshooting, Monitoring, and Securing PowerPivot Services," gives tips on how to troubleshoot PowerPivot for SharePoint issues. It also shows how to monitor the health of your PowerPivot for SharePoint environment, and discusses relevant security issues. Chapter 10, "Diving into the PowerPivot Architecture," describes at a deeper level the architecture of PowerPivot, both client and server. It also explains the Windows Identity Foundation and discusses the use of Kerberos in the context of PowerPivot for SharePoint. Chapter 11, "Enterprise Considerations," talks about common PowerPivot for SharePoint enterprise considerations: capacity planning, optimizing the environment, upgrade considerations, and uploading performance. Appendix A provides instructions for setting up the data sources that are used to build the SDR Healthcare extended example in Chapters 3 through 6. Additionally, two "bonus" elements are available online at this book's companion Web site: Appendix B is a comprehensive DAX reference that describes all the DAX functions and provides code snippets that show how to use them. A special chapter describes real-world scenarios in which PowerPivot is used to solve common problems.
Six Sigma Prentice Hall
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Start Six Sigma Fast-And Achieve Powerful Business Benefits Within Months This book offers leaders a proven turnkey approach to launching a Six Sigma initiative in 90 days and using it to transform your company within a year. Drawing on their experience with fifty Six Sigma programs at companies ranging from AlliedSignal to Motorola, Stephen A. Zinkgraf and his contributors show how to rapidly align people, strategy, processes, and customers in support of your initiative-and gain powerful momentum for success. You'll walk through preparing for an enterprise-wide launch, executing it flawlessly, and establishing a foundation for achieving sustainable results over the long term. Zinkgraf's techniques, roadmaps, and milestones can help you quickly launch any complex change initiative-even those unrelated to Six Sigma. Taken together, they offer a complete framework for driving and managing change: the #1 core competency for twenty-first century executives. Coverage includes * Leading Six Sigma: roadmaps, milestones, and techniques for delivering fast, sustainable gains * Effectively preparing, flawlessly executing, and extending your impact for years to come * Identifying opportunities, building teams, choosing partners, defining metrics, managing risk, and much more * Discovering best practices from over fifty successful launches: techniques that work with any large-scale change initiative Discover how to get dramatic business results from Six Sigma faster than you ever thought possible, and use Six Sigma to drive transformative change for years to come. Writing for executives and initiative leaders, Stephen A. Zinkgraf presents a high-speed methodology for linking Six Sigma to business strategy, planning and executing a flawless launch, aligning the entire enterprise behind performance improvement, and achieving powerful results in both the short and long term. Zinkgraf helped lead Larry Bossidy's pioneering Six Sigma program at AlliedSignal-he and his team have participated in more than fifty Six Sigma launches. In this book, he reveals best practices for leading every step of the process. You'll learn how to identify, prioritize, and charter breakthrough projects...choose the right partners...define roles...build and train teams...mitigate risks...implement effective metrics...and "evangelize" the organization. Then, after you've launched, Zinkgraf shows how to improve your program-and use HR, IT, and other business levers to extend your impact. Simply put, if you're leading Six Sigma, this book's Six Sigma roadmaps, milestones, and techniques represent the fastest route to the most business value. * Master the lessons of the world's best Six Sigma deployments Learn from the experiences of AlliedSignal, Motorola, 3M, and fifty other Six Sigma leaders * Link Six Sigma directly to your balance sheet Set aggressive, measurable business goals-and achieve them * Plan and execute a flawless launch-within 90 days! Define priorities, organize teams, choose partners, structure enterprise-wide deployments, and more * Sustain Six Sigma for the long term Using a clearly defined leadership roadmap, align organization structure, compensation, succession planning, IT resources, and more * Avoid the classic Six Sigma "failure modes" Why Six Sigma projects fail, and how to keep it from happening to you Preface xiii Acknowledgments xvii About the Author xix Contributors List xxi PARTI: PRE-LAUNCH 1 Chapter 1: Six Sigma-The Initiative, the Deployment, the Technology 3 Chapter 2: The True Nature of Six Sigma: The Business Model 17 Chapter 3: Six Sigma Launch Philosophy 37 Chapter 4: Getting Early Support: Selecting a Six Sigma Provider 55 Chapter 5: Strategy: The Alignment of External Realities, Setting Measurable Goals, and Internal Actions 69 Chapter 6: Defining the Six Sigma Program Expectations and Metrics 87 PART II: THE FIRST 90 DAYS 103 Chapter 7: Defining the Six Sigma Project Scope 105 Chapter 8: Defining the Six Sigma Infrastructure 117 Chapter 9: Committing to Project Selection, Prioritization, and Chartering 149 Chapter 10: Creating Six Sigma Executive and Leadership Workshops 185 Chapter 11: Selecting and Training the Right People 209 Chapter 12: Communicating the Six Sigma Program Expectations and Metrics 235 PART III POST-LAUNCH 253 Chapter 13: Creating the Human Resources Alignment 255 Chapter 14: Defining the Software Infrastructure: Tracking the Program and Projects 285 Chapter 15: Leading Six Sigma for the Long Term 303 Chapter 16: Reinvigorating Your Six Sigma Program 329 Appendix A: RFP Sample Format 357 Appendix B: About the Contributors 367 Index 371
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
This book is primarily a practical reference book for professional XSLT developers. It assumes no previous knowledge of the language, and many developers have used it as their first introduction to XSLT; however, it is not structured as a tutorial, and there are other books on XSLT that provide a gentler approach for beginners. The book does assume a basic knowledge of XML, HTML, and the architecture of the Web, and it is written for experienced programmers. There's no assumption that you know any particular language such as Java or Visual Basic, just that you recognize the concepts that all programming languages have in common. The book is suitable both for XSLT 1.0 users upgrading to XSLT 2.0, and for newcomers to XSLT. The book is also equally suitable whether you work in the Java or .NET world. As befits a reference book, a key aim is that the coverage should be comprehensive and authoritative. It is designed to give you all the details, not just an overview of the 20 percent of the language that most people use 80 percent of the time. It's designed so that you will keep coming back to the book whenever you encounter new and challenging programming tasks, not as a book that you skim quickly and then leave on the shelf. If you like detail, you will enjoy this book; if not, you probably won't. But as well as giving the detail, this book aims to explain the concepts, in some depth. It's therefore a book for people who not only want to use the language but who also want to understand it at a deep level. The book aims to tell you everything you need to know about the XSLT 2.0 language. It gives equal weight to the things that are new in XSLT 2.0 and the things that were already present in version 1.0. The book is about the language, not about specific products. However, there are appendices about Saxon (the author's own implementation of XSLT 2.0), about the Altova XSLT 2.0 implementation, and about the Java and Microsoft APIs for controlling XSLT transformations, which will no doubt be upgraded to handle XSLT 2.0 as well as 1.0. A third XSLT 2.0 processor, Gestalt, was released shortly before the book went to press, too late to describe it in any detail. But the experience of XSLT 1.0 is that there has been a very high level of interoperability between different XSLT processors, and if you can use one of them, then you can use them all. In the previous edition we split XSLT 2.0 and XPath 2.0 into separate volumes. The idea was that some readers might be interested in XPath alone. However, many bought the XSLT 2.0 book without its XPath companion and were left confused as a result; so this time, the material is back together. The XPath reference information is in self-contained chapters, so it should still be accessible when you use XPath in contexts other than XSLT. The book does not cover XSL Formatting Objects, a big subject in its own right. Nor does it cover XML Schemas in any detail. If you want to use these important technologies in conjunction with XSLT, there are other books that do them justice. This book contains twenty chapters and eight appendixes (the last of which is a glossary) organized into four parts. The following section outlines what you can find in each part, chapter, and appendix. Part I: Foundations: The first part of the book covers essential concepts. You should read these before you start coding. If you ignore this advice, as most people do, then you read them when you get to that trough of despair when you find it impossible to make the language do anything but the most trivial tasks. XSLT is different from other languages, and to make it work for you, you need to understand how it was designed to be used. Chapter 1: XSLT in Context: This chapter explains how XSLT fits into the big picture: how the language came into being and how it sits alongside other technologies. It also has a few simple coding examples to keep you alert. Chapter 2: The XSLT Processing Model: This is about the architecture of an XSLT processor: the inputs, the outputs, and the data model. Understanding the data model is perhaps the most important thing that distinguishes an XSLT expert from an amateur; it may seem like information that you can't use immediately, but it's knowledge that will stop you making a lot of stupid mistakes. Chapter 3: Stylesheet Structure: XSLT development is about writing stylesheets, and this chapter takes a bird's eye view of what stylesheets look like. It explains the key concepts of rule-based programming using templates, and explains how to undertake programming-in-the-large by structuring your application using modules and pipelines. Chapter 4: Stylesheets and Schemas: A key innovation in XSLT 2.0 is that stylesheets can take advantage of knowledge about the structure of your input and output documents, provided in the form of an XML Schema. This chapter provides a quick overview of XML Schema to describe its impact on XSLT development. Not everyone uses schemas, and you can skip this chapter if you fall into that category. Chapter 5: The Type System: XPath 2.0 and XSLT 2.0 offer strong typing as an alternative to the weak typing approach of the 1.0 languages. This means that you can declare the types of your variables, functions, and parameters, and use this information to get early warning of programming errors. This chapter explains the data types available and the mechanisms for creating user-defined types. Part II: XSLT and XPath Reference: This section of the book contains reference material, organized in the hope that you can easily find what you need when you need it. It's not designed for sequential reading, though you might well want to leaf through the pages to discover what's there. Chapter 6: XSLT Elements: This monster chapter lists all the XSLT elements you can use in a stylesheet, in alphabetical order, giving detailed rules for the syntax and semantics of each element, advice on usage, and examples. This is probably the part of the book you will use most frequently as you become an expert XSLT user. It's a "no stone unturned" approach, based on the belief that as a professional developer you need to know what happens when the going gets tough, not just when the wind is in your direction. Chapter 7: XPath Fundamentals: This chapter explains the basics of XPath: the low-level constructs such as literals, variables, and function calls. It also explains the context rules, which describe how the evaluation of XPath expressions depends on the XSLT processing context in which they appear. Chapter 8: XPath: Operators on Items: XPath offers the usual range of operators for performing arithmetic, boolean comparison, and the like. However, these don't always behave exactly as you would expect, so it's worth reading this chapter to see what's available and how it differs from the last language that you used. Chapter 9: XPath: Path Expressions: Path expressions are what make XPath special; they enable you to navigate around the structure of an XML document. This chapter explains the syntax of path expressions, the 13 axes that you can use to locate the nodes that you need, and associated operators such as union, intersection, and difference. Chapter 10: XPath: Sequence Expressions: Unlike XPath 1.0, in version 2.0 all values are sequences (singletons are just a special case). Some of the most important operators in XPath 2.0 are those that manipulate sequences, notably the "for" expression, which translates one sequence into another by applying a mapping. Chapter 11: XPath: Type Expressions: The type system was explained in Chapter 5; this chapter explains the operations that you can use to take advantage of types. This includes the "cast" operation which is used to convert values from one type to another.A big part of this chapter is devoted to the detailed rules for how these conversions are done. Chapter 12: XSLT Patterns: This chapter returns from XPath to a subject that's specific to XSLT. Patterns are used to define template rules, the essence of XSLT's rule-based programming approach. The reason for explaining them now is that the syntax and semantics of patterns depends strongly on the corresponding rules for XPath expressions. Chapter 13: The Function Library: XPath 2.0 includes a library of functions that can be called from any XPath expression; XSLT 2.0 extends this with some additional functions that are available only when XPath is used within XSLT. The library has grown immensely since XPath 1.0. This chapter provides a single alphabetical reference for all these functions. Chapter 14: Regular Expressions: Processing of text is an area where XSLT 2.0 and XPath 2.0 are much more powerful than version 1.0, and this is largely through the use of constructs that exploit regular expressions. If you're familiar with regexes from languages such as Perl, this chapter tells you how XPath regular expressions differ. If you're new to the subject, it explains it from first principles. Chapter 15: Serialization: Serialization in XSLT means the ability to generate a textual XML document from the tree structure that's manipulated by a stylesheet. This isn't part of XSLT processing proper, so (following W3C's lead) it's separated it into its own chapter. You can control serialization from the stylesheet using an declaration, but many products also allow you to control it directly via an API. Part III: Exploitation: The final section of the book is advice and guidance on how to take advantage of XSLT to write real applications. It's intended to make you not just a competent XSLT coder, but a competent designer too. The best way of learning is by studying the work of others, so the emphasis here is on practical case studies. Chapter 16: Extensibility: This chapter describes the "hooks" provided in the XSLT specification to allow vendors and users to plug in extra functionality. The way this works will vary from one implementation to another, so we can't cover all possibilities, but one important aspect that the chapter does cover is how to use such extensions and still keep your code portable. Chapter 17: Stylesheet Design Patterns: This chapter explores a number of design and coding patterns for XSLT programming, starting with the simplest "fill-in-the-blanks" stylesheet, and extending to the full use of recursive programming in the functional programming style, which is needed to tackle problems of any computational complexity. This provides an opportunity to explain the thinking behind functional programming and the change in mindset needed to take full advantage of this style of development. Chapter 18: Case Study: XMLSpec: XSLT is often used for rendering documents, so where better to look for a case study than the stylesheets used by the W3C to render the XML and XSLT specifications, and others in the same family, for display on the web? The resulting stylesheets are typical of those you will find in any publishing organization that uses XML to develop a series of documents with a compatible look-and-feel. Chapter 19: Case Study: A Family Tree: Displaying a family tree is another typical XSLT application. This example with semi-structured data-a mixture of fairly complex data and narrative text-that can be presented in many different ways for different audiences. It also shows how to tackle another typical XSLT problem, conversion of the data into XML from a legacy text-based format. As it happens, this uses nearly all the important new XSLT 2.0 features in one short stylesheet. But another aim of this chapter is to show a collection of stylesheets doing different jobs as part of a complete application. Chapter 20: Case Study: Knight's Tour: Finding a route around a chessboard where a knight visits every square without ever retracing its steps might sound a fairly esoteric application for XSLT, but it's a good way of showing how even the most complex of algorithms are within the capabilities of the language. You may not need to tackle this particular problem, but if you want to construct an SVG diagram showing progress against your project plan, then the problems won't be that dissimilar. Part IV: Appendices: A ppendix A: XPath 2.0 Syntax Summary: Collects the XPath grammar rules and operator precedences into one place for ease of reference. Appendix B: Error Codes: A list of all the error codes defined in the XSLT and XPath language specifications, with brief explanations to help you understand what's gone wrong. Appendix C: Backward Compatibility: The list of things you need to look out for when converting applications from XSLT 1.0. Appendix D: Microsoft XSLT Processors: Although the two Microsoft XSLT processors don't yet support XSLT 2.0, we thought many readers would find it useful to have a quick summary here of the main objects and methods used in their APIs. Appendix E: JAXP: the Java API for XML Processing: JAXP is an interface rather than a product. Again, it doesn't have explicit support yet for XSLT 2.0, but Java programmers will often be using it in XSLT 2.0 projects, so the book includes an overview of the classes and methods available. Appendix F: Saxon: At the time of writing Saxon (developed by the author of this book) provides the most comprehensive implementation of XSLT 2.0 and XPath 2.0, so its interfaces and extensions are covered in some detail. Appendix G: Altova: Altova, the developers of XML Spy, have an XSLT 2.0 processor that can be used either as part of the development environment or as a freestanding component. This appendix gives details of its interfaces. Appendix H: Glossary Note: CD-ROM/DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of eBook file.
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