krainaksiazek a ramble of six thousand miles through the united states of america 20116558
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Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Lifestyle, sport & leisure>Travel & holiday>Travel writingKsiążki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Lifestyle,...
Otter Tail County, Minnesota, in the World War (Classic Reprint) Forgotten Books
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Excerpt from Otter Tail County, Minnesota, in the World War For nearly three years the United States of America suffered gross injustices through the trickery and hypocrisy of the Imperial German government, and yet had upheld its strict neutrality. But, when the German government inaugurated her policy of unrestricted submarine warfare, conditions became so unbearable that America, a peace and liberty loving nation, was compelled to take action to protect herself. On April 6th, 1917, news that Congress had declared that a state of war existed between the United States and Germany was flashed to Otter Tail County and to the world. Immediately the fighting blood of America's one hundred million rose to a raging fire of determination. Patriotism was kindled in every section of the country as overnight, and the United States became a sober work-shop, her citizens gravely determined that every ounce of her energy should be used to crush the biggest foe to democracy and mankind that had ever existed on the face of the earth. To raise an army of several millions and to send it three thousand miles across the sea; to clothe and to feed and to furnish munitions of war to an army of such huge proportions on active duty across the broad Atlantic, was no small task. Critics in this country as well as abroad, predicted failure on the part of our democratic form of government to successfully manage the gigantic undertaking which lay before it. While the Hohenzollerns, the Junker War Lords of Germany were jokingly referring to our declaration of war as a "bluff" and belittling the "lightning-trained" soldiery of this country, America was earnestly laying her foundations, massing up her huge resources of men, of money and of food, preparatory to her accomplishing the greatest feat in military history. That imperious and domineering autocrat of Germany who has lived to regret his words: "I will take no more nonsense from America," had serenely overslept and woke to find that the "lightning-trained" had, indeed, struck like a bolt from the sky. Just as the colonies at the time of the Revolutionary War had been aroused by Paul Revere in his perilous midnight ride, so America was awakened to the responsibilities of the world that lay before her. Thousands of sturdy, red-blooded young men responded to the nation's call, forming an endless stream to the training camps, across the sea and to the active battlefronts. Yes, America was awake to the situation. She realized that this was "a people's war, a war for freedom and justice and self-government amongst all the nations of the world, a war to make the world safe for the peoples who live upon it, and have made it their own, the German people themselves included." With the united co-operation and steadfast loyalty of everyone this huge task progressed with marvelous rapidity, despite the serious handicaps that were encountered on every side. When finally America and the Allies stemmed the tide of the Teutonic invasion and the Central Powers yielded and signed the Armistice on November 11th, 1918, the American Army numbered more than two million men-two million of the gamiest, snappiest fighting men that had ever stepped on any field of battle. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com
Rail, Steam and Speed Columbia University Press
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
From October 6 through 14, 1829, in a small village just outside Liverpool, England, ten thousand spectators gathered to witness one of the most remarkable events of the Industrial Age: a battle among locomotives that became known as the Rainhill Trials. Five machines were entered in the competition: the horse-powered Cycloped attained a top speed of only five miles per hour, while Perseverence -- which looked like a giant iron bottle standing upright atop four wagon wheels -- creaked along at a walking pace. But the three-way race between Robert Stephenson's Rocket, Timothy Harworth's Sans Pareil, and the crowd favorite, John Braithwaite and John Ericson's Novelty, astonished the gathered crowds. The unfamiliar clank of machinery, huge billows of steam, and unprecedented speeds of thirty miles per hour thrilled the crowds during the trials'carnival-like atmosphere. The Rocket won the competition, though it had been claimed that the machine was not the superior locomotive. Rail, Steam, and Speed explains why and offers an absorbing account of the trials, people, and science that gave birth to steam locomotion. The purpose of the trials had been to find a locomotive that could maintain a speed of ten miles per hour for a round trip totaling thirty-five miles, the distance separating Liverpool and Manchester, which were soon to be linked by the world's first passenger railway. But what was achieved during those nine days became a benchmark of the Industrial Revolution. Bringing the excitement of this great drama to life, Christopher McGowan introduces us to such pioneers as George Stephenson, who started as a colliery boy and finished as the father of the railways; John Ericsson, a Swedish Army officer who invented a new kind of locomotive in England but spent most of his life in the United States, where he built the Monitor for the Union Navy; and Richard Trevithick, whose eleven-year adventure in South America included winning and losing several fortunes, deserting Bolivar's army, and escaping the jaws of a crocodile. He encountered George Stephenson's son Robert in a Colombian hotel in one of the most bizarre meetings of the age. But the real stars are the locomotives themselves. McGowan shows how locomotives work and how they were developed -- from the gargantuan beam engines condensing low-pressure steam inside enormous cylinders to the small, high-pressure-driven engines of the maverick miner Trevithick. He adapted the engines to power road carriages, but atrocious roads led him to build an engine that could run on rails. And so was born the world's first steam locomotive and modern transportation.
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