krainaksiazek a simplified tax structure for the united states 20131282
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Inequality in America Brookings Institution
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
A bedrock American principle is the idea that all individuals should have the opportunity to succeed on the basis of their own effort, skill, and ingenuity. - Federal Reserve Chairman Ben Bernanke. Income inequality has been on the rise since the late 1970s, but the economic and financial crisis of 2008 instigated an unemployment epidemic that dramatically compounded this problem in the United States and catapulted the issue to the center of debate. There is wide agreement across the political spectrum that high inequality is contributing to undesirable circumstances such as stagnant household income, rising poverty rates, and increased borrowing and debt, though there is much less agreement on remedies. "Inequality in America" provides a snapshot of the issues posed by the growing concentrations of income, focusing on the United States but drawing on international comparisons to help set the context. The authors examine the economic, technological, and political drivers of inequality and identify worrying trends associated with its rise. They demonstrate how specific factors have exacerbated income inequality, including technological change, international trade, changes in labor market participation, and the increasing role of the financial sector. Their clear and concise exposition makes the issues surrounding income distribution accessible to a wider public. As they write in the conclusion: "We have argued that tackling the worst effects of inequality and re-establishing a measure of equal opportunity requires increased investment in crucial public goods: first, education; second, a more progressive and simplified tax system; and third, increased international cooperation to avoid a race to the bottom. Education, tax, and other such policies are pursued by other high performing advanced countries and can be shaped for the United States in a way that is fully consistent with an efficient and competitive American economy."
Demography Rowman & Littlefield
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
This comprehensive, introductory text takes an applied, interdisciplinary approach. Because one author is a sociologist and the other a demographer, the text introduces perspectives from many different disciplines. This is the most applied book on the market-Part II shows students how to use the multitude of demographic resources available to them as consumers of data. Demography: The Science of Population, Second Edition includes two chapters focusing on quantitative models, a topic not usually covered so extensively in introductory texts. It uses case studies throughout to illustrate in a realistic and concrete manner key points made in the text. It draws examples from recent U.S. Census data, United Nations and World Bank reports, tables from the National Center for Health Statistics, and from U.S. state and county-level sources. New to the Second Edition This second edition is divided into four main parts; each part begins with a short introduction, and all chapters include end-of-chapter summaries. All tables, related narrative, and graphics have been updated to include data from the 2000 and 2010 census counts, more recent estimates for the United States-especially the American Community Survey-and comparable new data from international sources (e.g. World Bank, Population Research Bureau World Data Sheet). Several new figures have been added throughout the text. Part I: An Overview of Population Science, introduces the field of demography and provides a summary of its subject matter. The chapters in this part have been reorganized to reflect changes in the discipline. *Chapter 1 now includes a new "the study of populations" section, a shorter Chapter 2 covers population size, and its former discussion of structure has been moved to Chapter 3. This de-emphasizes the history of population science to some extent and increases emphasis on population size as the key demographic variable. * Chapter 4 presents the main principles and analytical techniques associated with the three "static" characteristics of populations: size, structure, and geographic distribution. Part II: Population Dynamics: Vital Events and Growth, reflects the wealth of data and analytical techniques now available from The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and its "Wonder" utility. The first three chapters focus on the vital events of birth, death, and migration. The final chapter in this part brings this material together in a discussion of population growth: its measurement, its history, and current related policy concerns. Part III: Population Models, introduces the principles of life table analysis, population estimation, and projection. This material has been simplified and updated. Chapter 9, The Life Table: An Introduction, has been revised to accord with the new federal alignment for vital statistics between the CDC and National Institute for Health Statistics. Life tables from non-U.S. sources are increased in number and in detailed functions. Part IV: Demography in Application, provides overviews of population policy, the environment, and demographic resources, along with a brief postscript on population in the larger scheme of things. What appeared as two appendices in the first edition, one on the history of population policy and one on tourism as a type of international migration, have been combined to create a new Chapter 14. The end of chapter material has been shortened and now contains a summary, key terms, and notes. This text is accompanied by a teaching and learning package designed to enhance the experience of both instructors and students. Instructor's Manual and Test Bank. For each chapter in the text, this author-written resource provides a chapter summary, key terms with definitions, Doing Demography exercises, important websites, and further readings. The test bank section includes multiple choice and true/false questions. The Instructor's Manual and Test Bank is available to adopters for download on the text's catalog page at www.rowman.com. Testing Software. This customizable test bank is available as either a Word file or in Respondus 4.0(c). Respondus 4.0(c) is a powerful tool for creating and managing exams that can be printed to paper or published directly to the most popular learning management systems. Exams can be created offline or moved from one LMS to another. Respondus LE is available for free and can be used to automate the process of creating print tests. Respondus 3.5, available for purchase or via a school site license, prepares tests to be uploaded to an LMS. Click here: http://www.respondus.com/products/testbank/search.php to submit your request. Additional study tools. Respondus StudyMate(c) is available to help students master the basics of course material through learning activities, self-assessments, and games. A dozen activities-such as flash cards, crosswords, and quizzes-engage students with course content in an individualized way. Students can access StudyMate activities using computers, smartphones, and tablets. StudyMate also integrates seamlessly with the most popular learning management systems. Lecture Slides. A set of PowerPoint(R) slides provides lecture outlines as well as the tables and figures from the text. The slides are available to adopters for download on the text's catalog page at www.rowman.com. Interactive eText. The Interactive eText allows students to access this textbook anytime and anywhere they want. The eText for Demography: The Science of Population, Second Edition, includes everything that is in the print edition but also features direct links to flash cards, self-quizzes, and additional activities designed to enhance the concepts in each chapter. The Interactive eText can be purchased at www.rowman.com or all other eBook retailers. Companion Website. Accompanying the text is an open-access Companion Website designed to reinforce the main topics. For each chapter, flash cards, self-quizzes, and additional activities help students master the information they learn in the classroom. Students can access the Companion Website from their computer or mobile device via the text's catalog page at www.rowman.com.
Securitisation of Derivatives & Alternative Asset Classes Kluwer Law International
Securitisation has survived the threats that emerged in the aftermath of the collapses of Enron, WorldCom, and Parmalat. Today, global securitisation markets continue to go from strength to strength, particularly as regards the evolution of new synthetic structures and the application of securitisation technology to fresh asset classes. This Yearbook focuses on the latest innovations in securitisation, including the securitisation of derivatives and alternative asset classes, and also exotic variations on the securitisation of well-established asset classes. Twenty-nine distinguished authors all of them active in the global securitisation markets as advisers, structurers, facilitators, or regulators brilliantly elucidate such topics as the following: synthetic squares as an effective means of arbitrage securitisation; collateralised debt obligations from a ratings perspective; use of, and potential for, synthetic securitisation in Germany and Italy; weather derivatives; use of equity derivatives as alternatives to credit risk; securitisation of alternative asset classes in Japan and the United States; covered bonds in a variety of European jurisdictions; new types of commercial mortgage backed securities; securitisation of non-performing tax receivables as an example of public sector securitisation; and securitisation structures in the Islamic regulatory and legal framework. The complex and sometimes controversial issues of documentation are well covered, as are all significant legal and regulatory issues. Three concluding essays detail the recent changes in accountancy fuelled by perceived abuse of existing regulations, and the revised framework for capital adequacy formulated by the Basel Committee. The Yearbook provides detailed information on the legal structure of innovative securitisations as well as recent developments in the accounting and regulatory treatment of securitisations. For legal advisers, investors, and regulators, there is no more useful guide to current and emerging trends and opportunities in securitisation.
Sklepy zlokalizowane w miastach: Warszawa, Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Katowice
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