krainaksiazek a simplified tax structure for the united states 20131282
- znaleziono 4 produkty w 2 sklepach
Final Report of the Study of Highway Excise Tax Structure Forgotten Books
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Excerpt from Final Report of the Study of Highway Excise Tax Structure: Report of the Secretary of Treasury to the United States Congress Pursuant to Section 507 Public Law 95-599 Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1978 Section 507 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act of 1978 directs the Treasury Department, in consultation with the Secretary of Transportation and the staff of the Joint Committee on Taxation, to review the excise taxes now dedicated to the Highway Trust Fund with respect to administrative aspects and taxpayer compliance burdens, and to recommend improvements in excise taxation which would enhance tax administration, equity, and compliance. In the alternative, the Treasury can recommend a new system of raising revenues to fund the Trust Fund which would meet the objectives of improved administration, equity, and compliance. The recommendations are to be formulated in conjunction with the recommendations of the cost allocation study of the Department of Transportation (DOT) as required by Section 506 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act. The Treasury Department has submitted two progress reports on the Section 507 study. The Second Progress Report was submitted in October, 1981. The final report of the Department of Transportation on the cost allocation study required by Section 506 was completed in May, 1982. This report is the final report of the Department of the Treasury in response to the requirement contained in Section 507. (The texts of Section 506 and 507 of the Surface Transportation Assistance Act are shown in Attachment 1.) About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
The Fading American Dream: The Occupy Movement as a Response to Economic Inequality in the American Society GRIN Verlag
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Bachelor Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject American Studies - Miscellaneous, grade: 1,0, University of Mannheim, language: English, abstract: Research has shown that social inequality is very apparent in today s US class structure and has even worsened within the last several decades. The researcher will argue that the Occupy movement was a response to the status quo of class inequality and growing wealth disparity. Along with the dissatisfaction caused by the entrenchment of social and economic inequality, the Occupy movement was further fueled by the breakdown of the United States housing market, the bailout of financial institutions with tax money, and the global economic crisis from 2008 onward. These events directly affected countless families throughout the U.S. in the form of foreclosures, unemployment, and cuts in social programs. Ultimately, these economic failures even challenged the American majority s nearly limitless faith in the American-style capitalism, i.e., a system based on laissez-faire economics.In order to present the Occupy movement as it relates to current economic and social conditions in the United States, the researcher will begin by analyzing the reality of American class structure and economic inequality, followed by a brief discussion of the financial crisis from 2008 to the present. The researcher will show that the crisis and pervasive influence of moneyed interests in the American political system has led to increasing social and economic disparities between the elite class and the middle and lower classes. The purpose of this Bachelor s thesis is ultimately to contrast the concept and the promise of the American Dream with the American reality of increasing social inequality and social immobility and thus explain the emergence of the Occupy movement. Finally, the researcher will discuss the implications of the Anti-Wall Street protests for American politics and society and show that the Occupy movement has significantly altered political discourse in America.
Public Budgeting in Context Jossey Bass Wiley
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Public budgeting structure, process, legal framework and policy with examples from industrialized and developing countries Public Budgeting in Context examines budgeting at all levels of U.S. government-federal, state, and local-and in a sample of governments around the world. The book assesses the context of public budgeting in these governments, especially the legal foundations for its practice and how the process and final budgets are impacted by governance structures, laws, various budget actors and different branches of government. The author presents focused attention on the influences on government budgets of the executive, legislative and judicial branches of government, the bureaucracy, the public and the media. In light of worldwide fiscal malaise, especially during and since the Great Recession, this book illustrates the heightened complexity of the budgeting environment that pervades all governments today-industrialized or developing, large or small. For those who like to dive into the details, the book presents numerous examples of public budgeting as practiced and points to the wealth of data available for analyses of the budgetary context and process, budget shares and results regarding virtually any government of interest. Chapters cover the constitutional and statutory provisions for budgeting in selected governments. Budget and policy agenda setting and executive leadership, legislative budget powers and the influence of the judiciary on modern government budgets are exposed. Budget execution requirements of the bureaucracy, the input of customers, clients and citizens to government budgets, and media influences on public budgets and agencies are highlighted. Budget mechanics-budget types, formats, timelines and reforms-are introduced and compared. Taxes and intergovernmental revenues are considered, with predominant tax choices at every level of government in the United States and those in a select, developing country represented. The book introduces an emerging method for investigating the outcomes of government spending-human rights budget analysis-and includes as an example the assessment of budget reform and results of public health spending in one selected government. Highlights of Public Budgeting in Context Offers a comprehensive text for understanding public budgeting in governments of a variety of contexts and capacities and across different levels Written by a noted expert in the field of public budgeting and financial management Contains illustrative examples from industrialized and developing countries Guides to innumerable datasets with information about governments and their budgets Includes a companion website filled with templates for budget and fiscal analysis Unravel the complex issues of modern public budgeting using this unique presentation of its practice in a variety of governments in the U.S. and a select sample from around the world.
Securitisation of Derivatives & Alternative Asset Classes Kluwer Law International
Securitisation has survived the threats that emerged in the aftermath of the collapses of Enron, WorldCom, and Parmalat. Today, global securitisation markets continue to go from strength to strength, particularly as regards the evolution of new synthetic structures and the application of securitisation technology to fresh asset classes. This Yearbook focuses on the latest innovations in securitisation, including the securitisation of derivatives and alternative asset classes, and also exotic variations on the securitisation of well-established asset classes. Twenty-nine distinguished authors all of them active in the global securitisation markets as advisers, structurers, facilitators, or regulators brilliantly elucidate such topics as the following: synthetic squares as an effective means of arbitrage securitisation; collateralised debt obligations from a ratings perspective; use of, and potential for, synthetic securitisation in Germany and Italy; weather derivatives; use of equity derivatives as alternatives to credit risk; securitisation of alternative asset classes in Japan and the United States; covered bonds in a variety of European jurisdictions; new types of commercial mortgage backed securities; securitisation of non-performing tax receivables as an example of public sector securitisation; and securitisation structures in the Islamic regulatory and legal framework. The complex and sometimes controversial issues of documentation are well covered, as are all significant legal and regulatory issues. Three concluding essays detail the recent changes in accountancy fuelled by perceived abuse of existing regulations, and the revised framework for capital adequacy formulated by the Basel Committee. The Yearbook provides detailed information on the legal structure of innovative securitisations as well as recent developments in the accounting and regulatory treatment of securitisations. For legal advisers, investors, and regulators, there is no more useful guide to current and emerging trends and opportunities in securitisation.
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