krainaksiazek complexity studies as a new tool 20096010

- znaleziono 227 produktów w 15 sklepach

Approaches to Geo-Mathematical Modelling: New Tools for Complexity Science - 2827033227

604,30 zł

Approaches to Geo-Mathematical Modelling: New Tools for Complexity Science John Wiley & Sons Inc

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Geo-mathematical modelling: models from complexity science Sir Alan Wilson, Centre for Advanced Spatial Analysis, University College London Mathematical and computer models for a complexity science tool kit Geographical systems are characterised by locations, activities at locations, interactions between them and the infrastructures that carry these activities and flows. They can be described at a great variety of scales, from individuals and organisations to countries. Our understanding, often partial, of these entities, and in many cases this understanding is represented in theories and associated mathematical models. In this book, the main examples are models that represent elements of the global system covering such topics as trade, migration, security and development aid together with examples at finer scales. This provides an effective toolkit that can not only be applied to global systems, but more widely in the modelling of complex systems. All complex systems involve nonlinearities involving path dependence and the possibility of phase changes and this makes the mathematical aspects particularly interesting. It is through these mechanisms that new structures can be seen to 'emerge', and hence the current notion of 'emergent behaviour'. The range of models demonstrated include account-based models and biproportional fitting, structural dynamics, space-time statistical analysis, real-time response models, Lotka-Volterra models representing 'war', agent-based models, epidemiology and reaction-diffusion approaches, game theory, network models and finally, integrated models. Geo-mathematical modelling: * Presents mathematical models with spatial dimensions. * Provides representations of path dependence and phase changes. * Illustrates complexity science using models of trade, migration, security and development aid. * Demonstrates how generic models from the complexity science tool kit can each be applied in a variety of situations This book is for practitioners and researchers in applied mathematics, geography, economics, and interdisciplinary fields such as regional science and complexity science. It can also be used as the basis of a modelling course for postgraduate students.


Computability and Complexity Theory - 2826649247

281,88 zł

Computability and Complexity Theory Springer

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This revised and extensively expanded edition of Computability and Complexity Theory comprises essential materials that are core knowledge in the theory of computation. The book is self-contained, with a preliminary chapter describing key mathematical concepts and notations. Subsequent chapters move from the qualitative aspects of classical computability theory to the quantitative aspects of complexity theory. Dedicated chapters on undecidability, NP-completeness, and relative computability focus on the limitations of computability and the distinctions between feasible and intractable. Substantial new content in this edition includes:§a chapter on nonuniformity studying Boolean circuits, advice classes and the important result of Karp Lipton.a chapter studying properties of the fundamental probabilistic complexity classesa study of the alternating Turing machine and uniform circuit classes. an introduction of counting classes, proving the famous results of Valiant and Vazirani and of Todaa thorough treatment of the proof that IP is identical to PSPACE With its accessibility and well-devised organization, this text/reference is an excellent resource and guide for those looking to develop a solid grounding in the theory of computing. Beginning graduates, advanced undergraduates, and professionals involved in theoretical computer science, complexity theory, and computability will find the book an essential and practical learning tool.§Topics and features: §Concise, focused materials cover the most fundamental concepts and results in the field of modern complexity theory, including the theory of NP-completeness, NP-hardness, the polynomial hierarchy, and complete problems for other complexity classes Contains information that otherwise exists only in research literature and presents it in a unified, simplified mannerProvides key mathematical background information, including sections on logic and number theory and algebra Supported by numerous exercises and supplementary problems for reinforcement and self-study purposes


Vulnerability, Risks, and Complexity - 2850999120

320,96 zł

Vulnerability, Risks, and Complexity Hogrefe Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

It encompasses papers investigating human habitats in a variety of settlement structures within several natural settings that are affected by negative impacts of extreme weather events, natural hazards, infectious diseases, contaminations, or crime. Further, it provides empirical case studies describing ways to strengthen environmentally-sound behavior and how people behave in very specific living conditions, e.g. in post-disaster settlements. The focus of the book is on the necessity of studying vulnerability, risks, and complexity as expressions of the major impacts of global change on human habitats. These include not only climate and hazard impacts but also new socio-demographic trends and regional economic developments influencing people's quality of life and their capacities to cope with global change. The book will be useful to scholars in cross-cutting areas of urban, hazard, planning, governance and sustainability research in strong relation to socio-psychological perspectives. The readers benefit from new theoretical as well as empirically based research findings in the emerging field of social-science vulnerability studies. The contributions cover six broad research fields: Reflections on vulnerability and risk in complex environments Coping with climate change and natural hazards Social dimensions of vulnerability and risks Participation and strategies of risk reduction Strengthening pro-environmental behaviour Place making and urban design


Complexity - 2841433358

109,27 zł

Complexity Birkhäuser Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Today it is complexity studies, with their starting point in physics, that define the current approach to the concept of complexity. They have established a new connection between the natural sciences and information technology and have thus become a central premise of computer-based approaches to design.


Tool Kits in Regional Science - 2834142625

897,74 zł

Tool Kits in Regional Science Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

§Regional Science is now more than 50 years old; in the last two decades, significant advances in methodology have occurred, spurred in large part by access to computers. The range of analytical techniques now available is enormous; this books provides a sampling of the toolkit that is now at the disposal of analysts interested in understanding and interpreting the complexity of the spatial structure of sub- national economies. The set of tools ranges from the more traditional (input-output) to new developments in computable general equilibrium models, nonlinear dynamics, neural modelling and innovation.


Key Tropes in Inter-American Studies - 2852758657

147,86 zł

Key Tropes in Inter-American Studies WVT Wissenschaftlicher Verlag Trier

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This book is a key text for scholars and students that study the Americas in a multilingual and transdisciplinary fashion. The dialogical paradigm that underlies any sincere Inter-American scholarship makes clear that no single scholarly positioning can capture the complexity of Inter-American connectivity. This is what Inter-American Studies share with Global Studies: A necessity to negotiate multiple and at times conflictive paradigms to tackle its objects of investigation. The volume introduces eight key tropes in Inter-American Studies, as they have emerged from the work of the IAS web publication platform fiar forum for inter-american research since the latter's foundation in 2008.§The editors have selected eight key tropes and regrouped essays from the period between 2008 and 2015 to highlight some of the most important paradigms for the pursuit of interdisciplinary Inter-American studies. The tropes include 'colonial/decolonial,' 'independence,' 'religion,' 'border,' 'mobility,' 'race/indigeneity,' 'gender,' and 'decolonial reflections.' The key tropes chosen should not be seen as separate entities for in many respects they are related or overlap to some degree; nor are they meant to be an exclusive list of terms. They function more as a representative selection to illustrate recent paradigms and their application. For every trope the editors have included one article in English and one in Spanish.§§"fiar is an innovative international journal in the forefront of interdisciplinary research into Inter-American studies. It brings together writers and readers-researchers and an audience-that cut across linguistic and cultural lines and provides cultural comparisons that are as refreshing as they are necessary. Here the New World-the Americas-are explored in their plurality and in a global context. In rigorous and exciting ways, this journal examines significant topics, including indigenous peoples and those who complicate the relation between center and margin and those who cross borders."§Jonathan Hart, Clare Hall; University of Cambridge


Studies in the Way of Words - 2852635547

173,26 zł

Studies in the Way of Words HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This volume, Grice's first book, includes the long-delayed publication of his enormously influential 1967 William James Lectures. But there is much, much more in this work. Paul Grice himself has carefully arranged and framed the sequence of essays to emphasize not a certain set of ideas but a habit of mind, a style of philosophizing. Grice has, to be sure, provided philosophy with crucial ideas. His account of speaker-meaning is the standard that others use to define their own minor divergences or future elaborations. His discussion of conversational implicatures has given philosophers an important tool for the investigation of all sorts of problems; it has also laid the foundation for a great deal of work by other philosophers and linguists about presupposition. His metaphysical defense of absolute values is starting to be considered the beginning of a new phase in philosophy. This is a vital book for all who are interested in Anglo-American philosophy.


Biochemical Studies During Organogenesis - 2845522244

328,77 zł

Biochemical Studies During Organogenesis LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Plant tissue culture technique has opened new vistas not only in commercial propagation and crop improvement programme but plays a vital role in resolving mysteries of mechanism which are not possible in the intact plants due to complexity in their organisation. Identification of protein(s) synthesized during sequential stages of differentiation gives an insight into biochemical changes associated with differentiation. This master dissertation is divided into six chapters.Chapter-1 highlights the significance of the study along with objectives.Chapter-2 is compilation of relevant literature indicating the present status of the problem. Chapter-3 deals with the detailed account of materials and technique applied. Chapter-4 results along with tables, photographs and illustrations have been described. Chapter-5 highlights the results and their interpretation in the light of available literature. Chapter-6 presents summary of the work. In the last, literature cited has been given. This master dissertation will especially prove a boon and valuable asset for the post-graduate students specializing in the field of micropropagation, differentiation and its biochemical basis.


Macarthur Bible Studies: Mark - 2839145502

40,38 zł

Macarthur Bible Studies: Mark Nelson Bibles

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Revised and updated, the MacArthur Study Guide Series takes the participant on a journey through the Bible, book by book. Inquisitive questions, "Keys to the Text" feature, and new material compose this useful and concise tool from renowned Bible teacher John MacArthur.


Painting Abstraction: New Elements in Abstract Painting_Nickas Bob - 2822175299

234,00 zł

Painting Abstraction: New Elements in Abstract Painting_Nickas Bob Wydawnictwo: Phaidon


Painting Abstraction: New Elements in Abstract Painting   ISBN: 9780714849331 Autor: Nickas Bob     Rok wydania: 2009-10-17 Ilość stron: 343 Oprawa: twarda Format: 250 x 290 mm ISBN: 9780714849331 In recent years, abstract painting has developed a rich complexity that, more than ever, rewards intensive viewing. Bob Nickas introduces the reader to the key issues in contemporary abstraction while profiling eighty artists who, in the last five years, have made it one of the most exciting areas in contemporary art. Each artist's paintings are illustrated in lavish full-colour images and accompanied by a text that leads the reader through the work in language both accessible and illuminating. The product of extensive new research and several dozen studio visits with artists around the world, Nickas's text brings out the key details and distinctions in their work, creating a vivid picture of a field awash in creative innovation. Painting Abstraction is an essential reference tool for curators, critics, artists and collectors, and a major statement on the future of painting from one of contemporary art's most respected voices. Featuring: Tomma Abts, Richard Aldrich, John Armleder, Monika Baer, Kristin Baker, Francis Baudevin, Lisa Beck, Alex Brown, Agnieszka Brzezanska, Varda Caivano, Mike Cloud, Karin Davie, Jules de Balincourt, Philippe Decrauzat, Tomory Dodge, Jacob Feige, Chris Finley, Kim Fisher, Bernard Frize, Wayne Gonzalez, Joanne Greenbaum, Katharina Grosse, Mark Grotjahn, Wade Guyton, Alex Hay, Mary Heilmann, Daniel Hesidence, Mamie Holst, Jacqueline Humphries, Nathan Hylden, Xylor Jane, Chris Johanson, Tony Just, Jutta Koether, Bill Komoski, Michael Krebber, Alex Kwartler, David Malek, Marta Marce, Chris Martin, Julie Mehretu, Alison Miller, Katy Moran, Olivier Mosset, Carrie Moyer, Elizabeth Neel, Odili Donald Odita, Steven Parrino, Peter Peri, Ann Pibal, Monique Prieto, R.H. Quaytman, David Ratcliff, Anselm Reyle, Bernd Ribbeck, Ruth Root, Alex Ross, Sterling Ruby, Wilhelm Sasnal, Thomas Scheibitz, Anja Schwoerer, James Siena, Amy Sillman, Josh Smith, Rudolf Stingel, Esther Stocker, Philip Taaffe, John Tremblay, Alan Uglow, Daan Van Golden, Chris Vassell, Charline von Heyl, Kelley Walker, Dan Walsh, Chuck Webster, Stanley Whitney, Jens Wolf, Clare Woods, Christopher Wool and Heimo Zobernig.


New Politics of Surveillance & Visibility - 2212835016

94,10 zł

New Politics of Surveillance & Visibility University of Toronto Press

Inne 1

Since the terrorist attacks of September 2001, surveillance has been put forward as the essential tool for the 'war on terror,' with new technologies and policies offering police and military operatives enhanced opportunities for monitoring suspect populations. The last few years have also seen the public's consumer tastes become increasingly codified, with 'data mines' of demographic information such as postal codes and purchasing records. Additionally, surveillance has become a form of entertainment, with 'reality' shows becoming the dominant genre on network and cable television. In The New Politics of Surveillance and Visibility, editors Kevin D. Haggerty and Richard V. Ericson bring together leading experts to analyse how society is organized through surveillance systems, technologies, and practices. They demonstrate how the new political uses of surveillance make visible that which was previously unknown, blur the boundaries between public and private, rewrite the norms of privacy, create new forms of inclusion and exclusion, and alter processes of democratic accountability. This collection challenges conventional wisdom and advances new theoretical approaches through a series of studies of surveillance in policing, the military, commercial enterprises, mass media, and health sciences.


Adventure in New Zealand, from 1839 to 1844 - 2826849304

96,73 zł

Adventure in New Zealand, from 1839 to 1844 British Library, Historical Print Editions

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

bTitle:/b Adventure in New Zealand, from 1839 to 1844 :br/br/bPublisher:/b British Library, Historical Print Editionsbr/br/The British Library is the national library of the United Kingdom. It is one of the world's largest research libraries holding over 150 million items in all known languages and formats: books, journals, newspapers, sound recordings, patents, maps, stamps, prints and much more. Its collections include around 14 million books, along with substantial additional collections of manuscripts and historical items dating back as far as 300 HISTORY OF AUSTRALIA, NEW ZEALAND & the PACIFIC collection includes books from the British Library digitised by Microsoft. This collection offers titles providing historical context for modern day Australia, New Zealand, Tasmania, Melanesia, Micronesia, Polynesia, and the Pacific Islands (collectively, Oceania). It includes studies of their relationship to British colonial heritage, Trans-Tasman history, resistance to colonization, and histories of sailors, traders, missionaries, and adventurers. br/br/++++br/The below data was compiled from various identification fields in the bibliographic record of this title. This data is provided as an additional tool in helping to insure edition identification:br/++++br/br/b /b British Librarybr/b /b Wakefield, Edward Jerningham; br/b /b /b 2 v. ; 23 /b IOL.1947.a.246br/


A Decision Procedure For The WSkS Logic - 2846346611

174,08 zł

A Decision Procedure For The WSkS Logic LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Various types of logics are often used as a means for formal specification of systems. The weak monadic second-order logic of k successors (WSkS) is one of these logics with quite high expressivity, yet still decidable. Although the complexity of checking satisfiability of a WSkS formula is not even in the ELEMENTARY class, there are approaches to this problem based on deterministic tree automata that perform well in practice, like the MONA tool that efficiently solves the class of practical formulae, but fails for some others. This work extends the class of practically solvable formulae with the use of recently developed techniques for efficient manipulation of non-deterministic automata (such as the antichains algorithm for testing universality) and designs a new decision procedure using non-deterministic automata. The procedure is implemented and is compared with the MONA tool and for some cases yield better results than MONA.


Baltic Transformed - 2843912421

444,23 zł

Baltic Transformed Rowman & Littlefield

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Why isn't the Baltic region like the Balkans? Why have the Baltic republics not experienced ethnic cleansing, border wars, authoritarian rule, and social chaos? Instead, peace, democracy, and market economies have taken root since the fall of communism. Walter C. Clemens, Jr. here uses complexity theory, which analyzes the role of self-organization in complex adaptive systems, to explain the 'Baltic miracle.' He argues that the theory is a vital tool for understanding the remarkable strides made by Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania since 1991 in coping with the transition to partnership with the new Europe. The Baltic peoples have adapted well to the demands of democracy, a market economy, and a constructive role in world affairs. The achievements of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania in the past decade are the more amazing when considered against the hundreds of years they were dominated by Teutonic knights, Hanseatic merchants, Sweden, Russia, and the USSR. Clemens uses this history as a springboard to analyze how Balts self-organize today to meet the challenges of transition. One of the first books to apply complexity theory to a major sphere of world politics, The Baltic Transformed will provoke constructive debate with its ambitious and well-grounded analysis of not only Baltic developments but European security more generally. Despite its theoretical foundation, the book is written in a clear and accessible style that will make it invaluable for courses on comparative politics, political development, international relations, security, or transition studies.


Homo Ludens as a Comic Character in Selected American Films - 2842083710

435,92 zł

Homo Ludens as a Comic Character in Selected American Films Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This book reveals the hitherto critically disregarded ludic elements in popular American comedy films, building on and expanding the theories developed by Johan Huizinga in his classic study Homo Ludens (1938) and Roger Caillois in Les jeux et les hommes (1958). To address the lack of attention paid to the play principle in film comedy studies, this book focuses exclusively on the elements typical of play that can be found in movies. It introduces two new categories describing play: óneiros and pragma, which allow analysis of how play in comedies is influenced by the relations between the player and non-players. The text is supplemented by the use of the author's drawings, which, because of their analytical and selective nature, are used as a tool for visual study. The play principle has a long tradition in American humor and the films examined here were chosen for their popularity and wide appeal, often acting as vehicles for Hollywood stars (e.g. Chevy Chase, Dan Aykroyd, Bill Murray, Steve Martin, Eddie Murphy, Goldie Hawn, Mike Myers, Jackie Chan or Chris Tucker). The actors' status allowed the filmmakers to construct situations in which the protagonists distanced themselves from the fictional situation. It is argued that the playful detachment from reality, typifying many of the fictional characters portrayed by actors with star status, is characteristic of the play principle in film. Another major consideration is the hotly debated notion of the accomplishment of goals in playful activities, and the book strongly supports the position that in narratives, play can (but does not have to) yield important results. The introduction of the categories of óneiros and pragma in play serves to highlight the complex relation between playfulness and practicality in the films discussed. Building on a comprehensive analysis of the ludic elements in selected popular American comedies, the book makes an important contribution to film studies, providing a unique perspective through its focus on the concept of homo ludens as a comic hero.


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