krainaksiazek empirical methods in language studies 20096995

- znaleziono 9 produktów w 3 sklepach

Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Exchange Rate Communication - 2827099787

75,36 zł

Theoretical and Empirical Analysis of Exchange Rate Communication GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seminar paper from the year 2007 in the subject Economics - Finance, grade: 1,0, Otto Beisheim School of Management Vallendar, course: Seminar in International Finance, language: English, abstract: The overall aim of this paper is first to review existing papers and based on this to conduct own research in the field of the effect of macroeconomic news in general and, more specific, ECB communication on exchange rates. Exchange rate communication is a special form of macroeconomic news that is issued by central banks. Existing research on the effect of this communication has lead to often diverging result that illustrate the high intensity and dynamics of the current academic debate with regard to this matter. On one hand evidence of a relatively high impact on the mean and volatility of currency markets is found (e.g. by Fratzscher (2004)) whereas others (e.g. Jansen, de Haan (2005)) do not chronicle statistically significant and persistent results. The difficulty of understanding the response of currency markets becomes even harder when the significance of the respective context of news e.g. day of the week effect is considered or asymmetric responses are taken into account. Among the group of central banks especially the European Central Bank has attracted high attention in academic research. Preceding studies generally create dummy variables to measure ECB communication. These variables are then by different methods regressed against the exchange rate or other financial assets in order to find explanatory relationships. This paper follows this approach by using the dummy variable of Rosa, Verga (2006). Ultimately we arrive at three major findings using our dataset. (a) Communication and interest changes by central banks are interpreted differently by currency markets: While communication that suggests raising interest rates seems to be an alarming warning signal with regard to possible inflation, interest rate increases see to be interpreted as attempts to mitigate this danger. (b) There are indicators that the exchange rate reacts more slowly to news coming from the U.S. (c) Based not on high frequency but on daily data we merely arrive at results that do not allow us to reject the null hypothesis that exchange rate communication actually does not have a significant impact on exchange rate returns.


Statistical Methods and Reasoning for the Clinical Sciences - 2826757633

482,24 zł

Statistical Methods and Reasoning for the Clinical Sciences PLURAL PUBLISHING,INC

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The growing emphasis on evidence-based practice has increased the importance of using clinical studies for empirical demonstration of the efficacy of clinical interventions. As a result, speech-language pathologists and audiologists must be well-versed in research methods and statistical analysis. In fact, a demonstrated knowledge of statistics (including a stand-alone course in statistics) is a requirement of ASHA certification effective September 1, 2014. Statistical Methods and Reasoning for the Clinical Sciences is the ideal textbook to meet the need for a solid understanding of statistics for communication sciences and disorders. The author clearly defines and illustrates the foundational concepts of statistics, including statistical vocabulary, population parameters, sampling methods, and descriptive methods like measures, correlation, and regression. Emphasis is placed on the topic of probability because a firm grasp of the probabilistic approach is essential for any clinician to generate a precise diagnosis. The readers of this textbook will: Comprehend how clinical research reflects a series of steps that conform with the scientific method of problem solving (observation, hypothesis formation, hypothesis testing, verification, and evaluation). Appreciate the importance of including rationales in a research study that entail three interrelated tasks: description (why it was done), explanation (what was done and to whom), contextualization (how the results relate to other bodies of knowledge). Distinguish between "statistical significance" and "clinical significance." Value the importance of scientific literacy as a major ingredient of evidence practice. With its comprehensive scope and timely content Statistical Methods and Reasoning for the Clinical Sciences is the ideal text for students of communication sciences and disorders who wish to engage in truly evidence-based practice.


Studying Second Language Acquisition from a Qualitative Perspective, 1 - 2826986176

611,84 zł

Studying Second Language Acquisition from a Qualitative Perspective, 1 Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The monograph presents a selection of empirical papers dealing with second and multiple language acquisition, in which qualitative research methodology is employed. Each of the studies reported in individual chapters is based on a solid theoretical background and an overview of studies in a given area. Although the main focus is on qualitative methods, some of the papers demonstrate the complementarity of quantitative and qualitative approaches in studying language acquisition.


Day, money, way - A corpus-based investigation of the phraseology of three high frequency nouns and its implications for the design of TEFL materials - 2827041752

312,64 zł

Day, money, way - A corpus-based investigation of the phraseology of three high frequency nouns and its implications for the design of TEFL materials GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seminar paper from the year 2006 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Linguistics, grade: 1,3, University of Hannover (Englisches Seminar), course: Hauptseminar Corpora and Language Teaching, 40 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The use of corpora has expanded linguistic research possibilities, revolutionized theoretical concepts of language by applying empirical methods, and changed the face of applied linguistics. Although corpora are a tremendous asset to lexicography, translation studies, cultural studies and even to forensics, an awareness of their benefits has not fully arrived in the field of language teaching, yet. While insights from corpora linguistics have led to the development of a new and improved generation of dictionaries, most teaching materials for teaching English as a foreign language (TEFL) have been largely unaffected in this respect, and are regrettably still based on old conventions and on the intuition of course book designers.This unfortunate fact is the starting point for the term paper at hand, which investi-gates the high frequency nouns day, money and way in two corpora in order to compare their authentic use by native speakers to their illustration in German teaching materials. Its focus is set on phraseology and frequency to find out if these nouns are adequately represented, or if an amendment of teaching materials is necessary. The spoken part of the British National Corpus (BNC spoken) serves as the basis of this analysis, due to the fact that German language teaching policy favours a communicative approach aiming at the development of communicative competence and fluency in spoken English. The BNC findings are juxtaposed to the results of an analysis of the German English as a Foreign Language Textbook Corpus (GEFL TC), a corpus comprising two school book series. Additionally, the nouns introduction and presentation in the German English G 2000 textbook series are explored. Finally, as one approach to investigate the teaching materials for advanced learners, the respective entries are checked in three dictionaries aiming at this target group, namely the Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, the Macmillan Dictionary for Advanced Learners and the Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary of Current English.The paper will first provide the theoretical background for the analysis, and will explain its concept and methods. Subsequently, it will focus on the analysis results and will propose improvements to textbook design. Last but not least, it presents Data Driven Learning (DDL) as corpus-based complement of course books and devises six exercises, based on the corpora findings of the BNC spoken, to exemplify it.


Neuro-linguistic programming - 2826911696

92,48 zł

Neuro-linguistic programming Books on Demand

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 25. Chapters: List of studies on Neuro-linguistic programming, Methods of neuro-linguistic programming, NLP and science, History of neuro-linguistic programming, Therapeutic use of Neuro-linguistic programming, Sleight of mouth, New code of NLP, Association for Neuro Linguistic Programming, Index of NLP-related articles, List of Neuro-linguistic programming topics, NLP University. Excerpt: List of studies on Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP) summarizes the many studies that have been performed relevant to NLP, since the early 1980s. These tend to be of three types: studies, metastudies, and research in related fields (notably cognitive science and neuroscience). A fourth kind of evidence, called anecdotal evidence, refers to end-user reports, and is often of a less controlled nature or less carefully analysed in a rigorous manner. Anecdotal evidence may be considered suggestive, and a direction to further research,but scientists do not consider it "proof" in its own right. This article is intended to be read in conjunction with NLP and science, which summarizes and discusses the findings overall and considers how and where NLP stands in science. Actual clinical studies have been more productive, but many are merely suggestive or lack formal academic rigor. Equally (as researchers have pointed out), attempts have also been greatly obfuscated by many other factors, not least of which are unrealistic claims by some practitioners, poor scientific understanding of the subject being researched, failure to fully consider, control and understand all key variables, and often, lack of high quality experimental design. Key issues expected or highlighted include: Anchoring "NLP techniques using language patterns and questioning techniques appear to be of use... existing research evidence is limited and inconclusive... NLP is enthusiastically supported by those who practise it, and that is both its strength and potential weakness." "There is a growing body of empirical literature on Neuro-linguistic programming (NLP). A review of this literature by Sharpley (1984) failed to consider a number of methodological errors. In the present article the authors identify six categories of design and methodological errors contained in through April 1984. These categories include (a) lack of understanding of the concepts of pattern recognition and inadequate control of contex


Corpus-based analysis of the partial synonyms "oppress, repress, suppress" with regard to their contextual usage - 2837114623

99,20 zł

Corpus-based analysis of the partial synonyms "oppress, repress, suppress" with regard to their contextual usage GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seminar paper from the year 2004 in the subject English - Pedagogy, Didactics, Literature Studies, printed single-sided, grade: 1,7, (Institut für Anglistik/Amerikanistik), course: Seminar Collocations and meaning, 12 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The object of this analysis is the triplet of (ostensible) synonyms oppress, repress, and suppress, all of which express an action of subjection and therefore share at least a part of their meaning. Also, all three of them are (in most contexts) commonly translated into German as unterdrücken . The question is to what extent they may be called synonymous.In order to answer this question, the British National Corpus was taken as an empirical basis.Compiled corpora offer the advantage of an approach which is time-saving and potentially free of oversights or slips, as decisions are open to be checked at any time again. Data and methods thus allow for an empirical and replicable analysis of meaning.


Teaching and Researching English Accents in Native and Non-native Speakers - 2826874983

418,40 zł

Teaching and Researching English Accents in Native and Non-native Speakers Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Second language phonology is approached in this book from the perspective of data-based studies into the English sound system as used by native and non-native speakers of the language. The book offers a unique combination of psycholinguistic, sociolinguistic and pedagogical approaches, with individual contributions investigating the effect of selected conditioning factors on the pronunciation of English. With all the richness of approaches, it is a strong phonetic background that unifies individual contributions to the volume. Thus, the book contains a large body of original, primary research which will be of interest to experienced scientist, practitioners and lecturers as well as graduate students planning to embark on empirical methods of investigating the nature of the sound system.


Globalization, Discourse, Media: In a Critical Perspective - 2825691567

46,70 zł

Globalization, Discourse, Media: In a Critical Perspective Wydawnictwa Uniwersytetu Warszawskiego

Wydawnictwa naukowe i popularno-naukoweKomunikacja społeczna. Media. DziennikarstwoGlobalizacja

This volume deals with communicative, social and media-related aspects of discourses under globalization. In one way or another, all the contributions touch upon issues relating to new multilingualism and new multiculturalism, which are being propelled worldwide by politically and economically motivated processes of migration. The pivotal topics covered are: postmodern social identities (esp. national, transnational and consumer identities), linguistic and cultural variation and change under the influence of global English and new technologies, as well as the ideologization of public discourses and that of the media in particular. The chapters are united by their focus on in-depth critical interpretations of public (often political) discourses. While most of the contributions are couched in a Critical Discourse Analysis framework, room has been made for cognate interdisciplinary approaches to social communication. Alongside well grounded empirical studies, this volume features innovative theoretical reflections and proposals of how new approaches and methods for investigating social and linguistic phenomena might be employed to meet the challenges of the 21st century. The bilingual format of this volume (English and German) affords the possibility to elucidate on language- and culture- based variation and on how these respective issues are academically researched and socially mediated.


Metaphor Across Time And Conceptual Space - 2840151507

539,99 zł

Metaphor Across Time And Conceptual Space

Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Language>linguistics>Semantics, discourse analysis, etc

Presents The Results Of Several Diachronic Corpus Studies Of Conceptual Metaphor In A Longitudinal And Empirical Mixed Methods Design, Employing Both Quantitative And Qualitative Analysis Measures; The Study Design Was Informed By Usage-based Theory.


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