krainaksiazek english silver coinage since 1649 20126388

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1873 introductions - 2840800249

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1873 introductions Books LLC, Reference Series

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 29. Chapters: 1873 ships, Railway locomotives introduced in 1873, Swedish krona, HMS Raleigh, SS Indiana, SS Vienna, French ironclad Richelieu, SS Illinois, .45 Colt, Benson & Hedges, French ironclad Friedland, HMS Egeria, HMS Discovery, LB&SCR D1 class, MAS 1873 revolver, Governor Grover, USS Swatara, .44-40 Winchester, Russian monitor Novgorod, Livadia (yacht, 1873), HMS Shah, Russian cruiser General-Admiral, Eighth Street Crosstown Line, USS Knickerbocker, Grandpa Graf's, SS Dunraven, Heineken Pilsener, Central Pacific 173, USRC Manhattan, USS Alarm, HNoMS Rap, SMS Preussen, Colgate, LNWR 17in Coal Engine, HMS Sappho, HMS Flying Fish, PS Thomas Dugdale, SMS Frundsberg, PS Eleanor, Locomotives of the Dundalk, Newry and Greenore Railway, SS Abbotsford, NER Bogie Tank Passenger, HMS Conflict, HMS Renard, Deer Park Spring Water. Excerpt: The krona (plural: kronor; sign: kr; code: SEK) has been the currency of Sweden since 1873. Both the ISO code "SEK" and currency sign "kr" are in common use; the former precedes the value, the latter follows it. The currency is sometimes referred to as the "Swedish crown" in English (since krona literally means crown in Swedish). The Swedish krona also circulates in the Ĺland Islands alongside the official Finnish currency, the euro. One krona is subdivided into 100 öre (singular and plural; when referring to the currency unit itself, however, the plural is ören). However, all öre coins have been discontinued as of 30 September 2010. Goods can still be priced in öre, but all sums are rounded to the nearest krona when paying with cash. The introduction of the krona, which replaced at par the riksdaler, was a result of the Scandinavian Monetary Union, which came into effect in 1873 and lasted until World War I. The parties to the union were the Scandinavian countries, where the name was krona in Sweden and krone in Denmark and Norway, which in English literally means crown. The three currencies were on the gold standard, with the krona/krone defined as of a kilogram of pure gold. After dissolution of the monetary union, Sweden, Denmark, and Norway all decided to keep the names of their respective and now separate currencies. Between 1873 and 1876, coins in denominations of 1, 2, 5, 10, 25, and 50 öre and 1, 2, 10, and 20 kronor were introduced, with the 1, 2 & 5 öre in bronze, the 10, 25, 50 öre and 1 and 2 kronor in silver and the 10 & 20 kronor in gold. Gold 5 kronor were added in 1881. Production of gold coins ceased in 1902 and was only briefly restarted in 1920 and 1925 before ceasing entirely. Due to metal shortages during World War I, iron replaced bronze between 1917 and 1919. Nickel-bronze replaced silver in the 10, 25 & 50 öre in 1920, with silver returning in 1927. Metal shortages due to World War II again led to changes in the Swedish coinage. The nickel-b

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