krainaksiazek fire marshal ii 20054218

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Nationalism, Anti-semitism and Fascism in France - 2846346903

140,21 zł

Nationalism, Anti-semitism and Fascism in France Eurospan

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This wide-ranging work confronts the complex question of nationalism in France in its various permutations myths, obsessions, possibilities, and dangers. French nationalism has always been a double-edged sword, from its beginnings in the French Revolution through the two Napoleonic empires, Boulangism, the Dreyfus affair, the fascist groups of the 1930 s, Marshal Petain s National Revolution during World War II, and its latest contemporary incarnation in Jean-Marie Le Pen s National Front. The author distinguishes between an open nationalism, based on the revolutionary values of liberty and equality for all, and closed nationalism, which is xenophobic and, more particularly, antisemitic. He studies not only governments and political figures Napoleon, Louis Napoleon, Marshal Petain, and General de Gaulle but also the myths associated with nationalism. These myths are captured in newspaper articles (the charity bazaar fire of 1897), in literature (Huysmans, Celine), and in the writings of insurgents (Edouard Drumont, Jules Guerin). The author pays particular attention to French national socialism, which wanted to transcend the categories of left and right in order to unite workers and owners under the banner of a providential leader, but which inevitably scapegoated the Jews. In tracing the history of closed nationalism and its need for a providential man, the author also sheds new light on the relation between socialism and fascism in France, most recently brought to the fore by the Mitterand government in the 1980s.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Demyansk, 1942-43 - 2826695737

74,91 zł

Demyansk, 1942-43 Osprey Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The fighting around the town of Demyansk was one of the longest encirclement battles on the Eastern Front during World War II, stretching from February 1942 to February 1943. Originally, the German 16. Armee occupied Demyansk in the autumn of 1941 because it was key terrain that would be used as a springboard for an eventual offensive into the Valdai Hills. Instead, the Soviet winter counter offensive in February 1942 encircled the German II Armeekorps and other units, inside the Demyansk Pocket. Yet despite severe pounding from five Soviet armies, the embattled German troops held the pocket and the Luftwaffe organized a major aerial resupply effort to sustain the defenders. For the first time in military history, an army was supplied entirely by air. In February 1943, Marshal Timoshenko was ordered to launch an offensive to cut off the base of the salient and annihilate the 12 divisions. At the same time, Hitler finally came to his senses after the Stalingrad debacle and authorized the 16. Armee to withdraw from the pocket. This volume will conclude with the drama of a German Army-sized withdrawal under fire in winter, under attack from three sides.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Sklepy zlokalizowane w miastach: Warszawa, Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Katowice

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