krainaksiazek fundamental physics of gases 20106976

- znaleziono 9 produktów w 3 sklepach

Ionized Gases - 2848540367

473,90 zł

Ionized Gases Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Market: Scientists, engineers, and graduate students in atomic physics, astrophysics, spectroscopy, atmospheric and solid state physics, and semiconductor research. Drawn from the author's lectures to undergraduates at Oxford University, this 1955 work features probing analyses of many problems in atomic physics, plasma physics, spectroscopy, atmospheric and solid state physics. By emphasizing fundamental concepts and the limitations of treatments rather than the details of theories, this book has become a valued reference tool both in academia and among professionals in the scientific community. TOC:Partial Contents: 1. Historical Notes. 2. Conduction in Feebly Ionized Gases. 3. Production of Charged Particles: Excitation and Ionization; Emission of Charges from Solids. 4. Mobility and Charge Transfer. 5. Diffusion and Mutual Repulsion: Diffusion; Mutual Repulsion. 6. Recombination: Recombination between Ion and Ion; Recombination between Ions and Electrons. 7. Ionization and Excitation in an Electric Field. 8. Glow Discharge.


Atomic Physics - 2826711111

91,54 zł


Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

CHAPTER I KINETIC THEORY OF GASES 1. Atomic Theory in Chemistry 2. Fundamental Assumptions of the Kinetic Theory of Gases 3. Calculation of the Pressure of a Gas 4. Temperature of a Gas 5. Specific Heat 6. Law of Distribution of Energy and Velocity 7. Free Path 8. Determination of Avogadro's Number CHAPTER II ELEMENTARY PARTICLES 1. Conduction of Electricity in Rarefied Gases 2. Canal Rays and Anode Rays (Positive Rays) 3. X-rays 4. Radiations from Radioactive Substances 5. "Prout's Hypothesis, Isotopy, the Proton" 6. The Neutron 7. Cosmic Rays. Positrons 8. Mesons and Nuclear Forces CHAPTER III THE NUCLEAR ATOM 1. Lorentz's Electron Theory 2. The Theorem of the Inertia of Energy 3. Investigation of Atomic Structure by Scattering Experiments 4. Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy. The Neutrino 5. Heavy Hydrogen and Heavy Water 6. Nuclear Reactions and Radioactive Decay CHAPTER IV WAVE-CORPUSCLES 1. Wave Theory of Light. Interference and Diffraction 2. Light Quanta 3. Quantum Theory of the Atom 4. Compton Effect 5. Wave Nature of Matter. De Broglie's Theory 6. Experimental Demonstration of Matter Waves 7. "The Contradiction between the Wave Theory and the Corpuscular Theory, and its Removal" CHAPTER V ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND SPECTRAL LINES 1. The Bohr Atom; Stationary Orbits for Simply Periodic Motions 2. Quantum Conditions for Simply and Multiply Periodic Motions 3. Matrix Mechanics 4. Wave Mechanics 5. Angular Momentum in Wave Mechanics 6. Parity 7. The Statistical Interpretation of Wave Mechanics 8. Emission and Absorption of Radiation CHAPTER VI SPIN OF THE ELECTRON AND PAULI'S PRINCIPLE 1. Alkali Doublets and the Spinning Electron 2. The Anomalous Zeeman Effect 3. The Hydrogen Atom and X-ray Terms 4. The Helium Atom 5. Pauli's Exclusion Principle 6. The Periodic System. Closed Shells 7. Magnetism 8. Wave Theory of the Spin Electron 9. Density of the Electronic Cloud CHAPTER VII QUANTUM STATISTICS 1. Heat Radiation and Planck's Law 2. Specific Heat of Solids and of Polyatomic Gases 3. Quantisation of Balck Body Radiation 4. Bose-Einstein Statistics of Light Quanta 5. Einstein's Theory of Gas Degeneration 6. Fermi-Dirac Statistics 7. Electron Theory of Metals. Energy Distribution 8. Thermionic and Photoelectric Effect in Metals 9. Magnetism of the Electron Gas 10. Electrical and Thermal Conductivity. Thermoelectricity CHAPTER VIII MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 1. Molecular Properties as an Expression of the Distribution of Charge in the Electronic Cloud 2. Experimental Determination of the Molecular Constants 3. Band Spectra and the Raman Effect 4. Chemical Binding. Classification of Types of Binding 5. Theory of Heteropolar Ionic Binding 6. Theory of Co-valency Binding 7. Theory of van der Waals Forces and other Types of Binding CHAPTER IX QUANTUM THEORY OF SOLIDS 1. Introduction 2. Modes of Lattice Vibration 3. Quantisation of the Lattice Vibrations 4. Inelastic Scattering of Neutrons 5. The Mössbauer Effect 6. Electrons in a Periodic Lattice Band 7. Metals and Insulators 8. Metals 9. Superconductivity 10. Ferromagnetism 11. Insulators and Semiconductors CHAPTER X NUCLEAR PHYSICS 1. The Size of the Nucleus and a-Decay 2. Angular Momentum and Magnetic Moment 3. The Deuteron and Nuclear Forces 4. Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Saturation 5. The Nuclear Shell Model 6. The Nuclear Collective Model 7. ß-Decay and K-Capture 8. Nuclear Electromagnetic Interactions 9. "The Drop Model, Nuclear Reactions and Fission " Conclusion by M. Born APPENDICES I. Evaluation of Some Integrals Connected with the Kinetic Theory of Gases II. "Heat Conduction, Viscosity, and Diffusion" III. Van der Waals' Equation of State IV. The Mean Square Deviation V. Theory of Relativity VI. Electron Theory VII. The Theorem of the Inertia of Energy VIII. Calculation of the Coefficient of Scattering for Radiation by a Free Particle IX. Rutherford's Scattering Formula for a-rays X. The Compton Effect XI. Phase Velocity and Group Velocity XII. Elementary Derivation of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relation XIII. Hamiltonian Theory and Action Variables XIV. Quantisation of the Elliptic Orbits in Bohr's Theory XV. The Oscillator according to Matrix Mechanics XVI. The Oscillator according to Wave Mechanics XVII. The Vibrations of a Circular Membrane XVIII. Solution of Schrödinger's Equation for the Kepler (Central Force) Problem XIX. The Orbital Angular Momentum XX. Deduction of Rutherford's Scattering Formula by Wave Mechanics XXI. Deduction of the Selection Rules for Electric Dipole Radiation XXII. Anomalous Zeeman Effect of the D Lines of Sodium XXIII. Enumeration of the Terms in the Case of Two p-Electrons XXIV. Atomic Form Factor XXV. The Formalism of Quantum Mechanics XXVI. General Proof of the Uncertainty Relation XXVII. Transition Probabilities XXVIII. Quantum Theory of Emission of Radiation XXIX. The Electrostatic Energy of Nuclei XXX. Theory of a-Disintegration XXXI. The Ground State of the Deuteron XXXII. Meson Theory XXXIII. The Stefan-Boltzmann Law and Wien's Displacement Law XXXIV. Absorption by an Oscillator XXXV. Temperature and Entropy in Quantum Statistics XXXVI. Thermionic Emission of Electrons XXXVII. Temperature Variation of Paramagnetism XXXVIII. Theory of Co-valency Binding XXXIX. Time-independnet Perturbation Theory for Non-degenerate States XL. Theory of the van der Waals Forces XLI. The Modes of Vibration of a Linear Monatomic Chain Bibliography Index


Thermal Physics - 2826816325

789,78 zł

Thermal Physics Elsevier Science & Technology

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In Thermal Physics: Thermodynamics and Statistical Mechanics for Scientists and Engineers, the fundamental laws of thermodynamics are stated precisely as postulates and subsequently connected to historical context and developed mathematically. These laws are applied systematically to topics such as phase equilibria, chemical reactions, external forces, fluid-fluid surfaces and interfaces, and anisotropic crystal-fluid interfaces. Statistical mechanics is presented in the context of information theory to quantify entropy, followed by development of the most important ensembles: microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical. A unified treatment of ideal classical, Fermi, and Bose gases is presented, including Bose condensation, degenerate Fermi gases, and classical gases with internal structure. Additional topics include paramagnetism, adsorption on dilute sites, point defects in crystals, thermal aspects of intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors, density matrix formalism, the Ising model, and an introduction to Monte Carlo simulation. Throughout the book, problems are posed and solved to illustrate specific results and problem-solving techniques. Includes applications of interest to physicists, physical chemists, and materials scientists, as well as materials, chemical, and mechanical engineersSuitable as a textbook for advanced undergraduates, graduate students, and practicing researchersDevelops content systematically with increasing order of complexitySelf-contained, including nine appendices to handle necessary background and technical details


Theoretical Atomic Physics - 2826869331

521,82 zł

Theoretical Atomic Physics Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This established text and reference contains an advanced presentation of quantum mechanics adapted to the requirements of modern atomic physics. It includes topics of great current interest such as semiclassical theory, chaos and Bose-Einstein condensation in atomic gases. The third edition of Theoretical Atomic Physics extends the successful second edition with a detailed treatment of the wave motion of atoms near the anticlassical or extreme quantum regime, and it also contains an introduction to some aspects of atom optics that are relevant for current and future experiments involving ultra-cold atoms. Various problems are included together with complete solutions. Because it has more emphasis on theory, this book enables the reader to appreciate the fundamental assumptions underlying standard theoretical constructs and to embark on independent research projects.


Atomic Physics - 2825832941

370,70 zł

Atomic Physics Oxford University Press


This book illustrates the history of Atomic Physics and shows how its most recent advances allow the possibility of performing precise measurements and achieving an accurate control on the atomic state. Written in an introductory style, this book is addressed to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as to more experienced researchers who need to remain up-to-date with the most recent advances. The book focuses on experimental investigations, illustrating milestone experiments and key experimental techniques, and discusses the results and the challenges of contemporary research. Emphasis is put on the investigations of precision physics: from the determination of fundamental constants of Nature to tests of General Relativity and Quantum Electrodynamics; from the realization of ultra-stable atomic clocks to the precise simulation of condensed matter theories with ultracold gases. The book discusses these topics while tracing the evolution of experimental Atomic Physics from traditional laser spectroscopy to the revolution introduced by laser cooling, which allows the manipulation of atoms at a billionth of a degree above absolute zero and reveals new frontiers of precision in atomic spectroscopy.


Flash Of The Cathode Rays - 2840036283

499,99 zł

Flash Of The Cathode Rays

Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Mathematics & science>Physics>Particle & high-energy physicsKsiążki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Mathemat...

The Electron Is Fundamental To Almost All Aspects Of Modern Life, Controlling The Behavior Of Atoms And How They Bind Together To Form Gases, Liquids, And Solids. This Book Presents The Story Of The Discovery Of The Electron And Its Role As The First Subatomic Particle In Nature. It Also Traces The Evolution Of The Concept Of Electrical Charge.


Statistical Mechanics - 2826644266

478,50 zł

Statistical Mechanics Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Based on the author's graduate course taught over many years in several physics departments, this 2006 book takes a 'reductionist' view of statistical mechanics, while describing the main ideas and methods underlying its applications. It implicitly assumes that the physics of complex systems as observed is connected to fundamental physical laws represented at the molecular level by Newtonian mechanics or quantum mechanics. Organised into three parts, the first section describes the fundamental principles of equilibrium statistical mechanics. The next section describes applications to phases of increasing density and order: gases, liquids and solids; it also treats phase transitions. The final section deals with dynamics, including a careful account of hydrodynamic theories and linear response theory. This textbook is suitable for a one year graduate course in statistical mechanics for physicists, chemists and chemical engineers. Problems are included following each chapter, with solutions to selected problems provided.


The Natural Philosophy of James Clerk Maxwell - 2838787749

320,80 zł

The Natural Philosophy of James Clerk Maxwell Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This book provides an introductory yet comprehensive account of James Clerk Maxwell's (1831


Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics - 2834156090

475,65 zł

Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics ACADEMIC PRESS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Introduction to Plasmas and Plasma Dynamics provides an accessible introduction to the understanding of high temperature, ionized gases necessary to conduct research and develop applications related to plasmas. While standard presentations of introductory material emphasize physics and the theoretical basis of the topics, this text acquaints the reader with the context of the basic information and presents the fundamental knowledge required for advanced work or study. The book relates theory to relevant devices and mechanisms, presenting a clear outline of analysis and mathematical detail; it highlights the significance of the concepts with reviews of recent applications and trends in plasma engineering, including topics of plasma formation and magnetic fusion, plasma thrusters and space propulsion. * Presents the essential principles of plasma dynamics needed for effective research and development work in plasma applications* Emphasizes physical understanding and supporting theoretical foundation with reference to their utilization in devices, mechanisms and phenomena * Covers a range of applications, including energy conversion, space propulsion, magnetic fusion, and space physics.


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