# krainaksiazek fundamental physics of gases 20106976

- znaleziono 12 produktów w 3 sklepach

### Ionized Gases Springer, Berlin

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

Market: Scientists, engineers, and graduate students in atomic physics, astrophysics, spectroscopy, atmospheric and solid state physics, and semiconductor research. Drawn from the author's lectures to undergraduates at Oxford University, this 1955 work features probing analyses of many problems in atomic physics, plasma physics, spectroscopy, atmospheric and solid state physics. By emphasizing fundamental concepts and the limitations of treatments rather than the details of theories, this book has become a valued reference tool both in academia and among professionals in the scientific community. TOC:Partial Contents: 1. Historical Notes. 2. Conduction in Feebly Ionized Gases. 3. Production of Charged Particles: Excitation and Ionization; Emission of Charges from Solids. 4. Mobility and Charge Transfer. 5. Diffusion and Mutual Repulsion: Diffusion; Mutual Repulsion. 6. Recombination: Recombination between Ion and Ion; Recombination between Ions and Electrons. 7. Ionization and Excitation in an Electric Field. 8. Glow Discharge.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

### Atomic Physics DOVER PUBLICATIONS

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

CHAPTER I KINETIC THEORY OF GASES 1. Atomic Theory in Chemistry 2. Fundamental Assumptions of the Kinetic Theory of Gases 3. Calculation of the Pressure of a Gas 4. Temperature of a Gas 5. Specific Heat 6. Law of Distribution of Energy and Velocity 7. Free Path 8. Determination of Avogadro's Number CHAPTER II ELEMENTARY PARTICLES 1. Conduction of Electricity in Rarefied Gases 2. Canal Rays and Anode Rays (Positive Rays) 3. X-rays 4. Radiations from Radioactive Substances 5. "Prout's Hypothesis, Isotopy, the Proton" 6. The Neutron 7. Cosmic Rays. Positrons 8. Mesons and Nuclear Forces CHAPTER III THE NUCLEAR ATOM 1. Lorentz's Electron Theory 2. The Theorem of the Inertia of Energy 3. Investigation of Atomic Structure by Scattering Experiments 4. Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy. The Neutrino 5. Heavy Hydrogen and Heavy Water 6. Nuclear Reactions and Radioactive Decay CHAPTER IV WAVE-CORPUSCLES 1. Wave Theory of Light. Interference and Diffraction 2. Light Quanta 3. Quantum Theory of the Atom 4. Compton Effect 5. Wave Nature of Matter. De Broglie's Theory 6. Experimental Demonstration of Matter Waves 7. "The Contradiction between the Wave Theory and the Corpuscular Theory, and its Removal" CHAPTER V ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND SPECTRAL LINES 1. The Bohr Atom; Stationary Orbits for Simply Periodic Motions 2. Quantum Conditions for Simply and Multiply Periodic Motions 3. Matrix Mechanics 4. Wave Mechanics 5. Angular Momentum in Wave Mechanics 6. Parity 7. The Statistical Interpretation of Wave Mechanics 8. Emission and Absorption of Radiation CHAPTER VI SPIN OF THE ELECTRON AND PAULI'S PRINCIPLE 1. Alkali Doublets and the Spinning Electron 2. The Anomalous Zeeman Effect 3. The Hydrogen Atom and X-ray Terms 4. The Helium Atom 5. Pauli's Exclusion Principle 6. The Periodic System. Closed Shells 7. Magnetism 8. Wave Theory of the Spin Electron 9. Density of the Electronic Cloud CHAPTER VII QUANTUM STATISTICS 1. Heat Radiation and Planck's Law 2. Specific Heat of Solids and of Polyatomic Gases 3. Quantisation of Balck Body Radiation 4. Bose-Einstein Statistics of Light Quanta 5. Einstein's Theory of Gas Degeneration 6. Fermi-Dirac Statistics 7. Electron Theory of Metals. Energy Distribution 8. Thermionic and Photoelectric Effect in Metals 9. Magnetism of the Electron Gas 10. Electrical and Thermal Conductivity. Thermoelectricity CHAPTER VIII MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 1. Molecular Properties as an Expression of the Distribution of Charge in the Electronic Cloud 2. Experimental Determination of the Molecular Constants 3. Band Spectra and the Raman Effect 4. Chemical Binding. Classification of Types of Binding 5. Theory of Heteropolar Ionic Binding 6. Theory of Co-valency Binding 7. Theory of van der Waals Forces and other Types of Binding CHAPTER IX QUANTUM THEORY OF SOLIDS 1. Introduction 2. Modes of Lattice Vibration 3. Quantisation of the Lattice Vibrations 4. Inelastic Scattering of Neutrons 5. The Mössbauer Effect 6. Electrons in a Periodic Lattice Band 7. Metals and Insulators 8. Metals 9. Superconductivity 10. Ferromagnetism 11. Insulators and Semiconductors CHAPTER X NUCLEAR PHYSICS 1. The Size of the Nucleus and a-Decay 2. Angular Momentum and Magnetic Moment 3. The Deuteron and Nuclear Forces 4. Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Saturation 5. The Nuclear Shell Model 6. The Nuclear Collective Model 7. ß-Decay and K-Capture 8. Nuclear Electromagnetic Interactions 9. "The Drop Model, Nuclear Reactions and Fission " Conclusion by M. Born APPENDICES I. Evaluation of Some Integrals Connected with the Kinetic Theory of Gases II. "Heat Conduction, Viscosity, and Diffusion" III. Van der Waals' Equation of State IV. The Mean Square Deviation V. Theory of Relativity VI. Electron Theory VII. The Theorem of the Inertia of Energy VIII. Calculation of the Coefficient of Scattering for Radiation by a Free Particle IX. Rutherford's Scattering Formula for a-rays X. The Compton Effect XI. Phase Velocity and Group Velocity XII. Elementary Derivation of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relation XIII. Hamiltonian Theory and Action Variables XIV. Quantisation of the Elliptic Orbits in Bohr's Theory XV. The Oscillator according to Matrix Mechanics XVI. The Oscillator according to Wave Mechanics XVII. The Vibrations of a Circular Membrane XVIII. Solution of Schrödinger's Equation for the Kepler (Central Force) Problem XIX. The Orbital Angular Momentum XX. Deduction of Rutherford's Scattering Formula by Wave Mechanics XXI. Deduction of the Selection Rules for Electric Dipole Radiation XXII. Anomalous Zeeman Effect of the D Lines of Sodium XXIII. Enumeration of the Terms in the Case of Two p-Electrons XXIV. Atomic Form Factor XXV. The Formalism of Quantum Mechanics XXVI. General Proof of the Uncertainty Relation XXVII. Transition Probabilities XXVIII. Quantum Theory of Emission of Radiation XXIX. The Electrostatic Energy of Nuclei XXX. Theory of a-Disintegration XXXI. The Ground State of the Deuteron XXXII. Meson Theory XXXIII. The Stefan-Boltzmann Law and Wien's Displacement Law XXXIV. Absorption by an Oscillator XXXV. Temperature and Entropy in Quantum Statistics XXXVI. Thermionic Emission of Electrons XXXVII. Temperature Variation of Paramagnetism XXXVIII. Theory of Co-valency Binding XXXIX. Time-independnet Perturbation Theory for Non-degenerate States XL. Theory of the van der Waals Forces XLI. The Modes of Vibration of a Linear Monatomic Chain Bibliography Index

Sklep: Libristo.pl

### Thermal and Statistical Physics New Academic Science Ltd

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

Many students at undergraduate level struggle with the basic concepts of thermodynamics and statistical physics such as entropy, phase space, y-space, micro-canonical, canonical and grand canonical ensembles, statistical weight (thermodynamic probability), accessible states, density of states, partition function. In this book the author has made every effort to explain these basic concepts and notions in the simplest possible way, keeping in mind the limitations and difficulties of an average student. The book begins with the kinetic theory of gases and transport phenomena and gives the students a thorough grounding in the fundamental aspects of the topics such as Maxwell's law of distribution of molecular speeds, mean free path, viscosity, thermal conduction and diffusion. Next, the topics on equation of state and critical constant are discussed. The chapters from 4 - 9 are devoted to the development of thermodynamic concepts and the application of the laws of thermodynamics to the thermodynamic processes. A sufficient number of solved examples enable the students to test their conceptual understanding and analytical skills. A comprehensive discussion of on the failure of classical theory of radiation and the emergence of quantum concepts viz. the particle nature of radiation is presented in the chapters on radiations. Part II of the book presents a lucid and systematic exposition of the fundamental principles of the most fascinating, exciting, stimulating and challenging subject - statistical physics. The understanding of statistical physics requires knowledge of quantum mechanics at introductory level and a little bit of mathematics of undergraduate level. Though this book provides a self-contained study material, the knowledge of more advanced mathematical tools will make the learning process of statistical physics easier.

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### Atomic Physics Oxford University Press

**Książki**

This book illustrates the history of Atomic Physics and shows how its most recent advances allow the possibility of performing precise measurements and achieving an accurate control on the atomic state. Written in an introductory style, this book is addressed to advanced undergraduate and graduate students, as well as to more experienced researchers who need to remain up-to-date with the most recent advances. The book focuses on experimental investigations, illustrating milestone experiments and key experimental techniques, and discusses the results and the challenges of contemporary research. Emphasis is put on the investigations of precision physics: from the determination of fundamental constants of Nature to tests of General Relativity and Quantum Electrodynamics; from the realization of ultra-stable atomic clocks to the precise simulation of condensed matter theories with ultracold gases. The book discusses these topics while tracing the evolution of experimental Atomic Physics from traditional laser spectroscopy to the revolution introduced by laser cooling, which allows the manipulation of atoms at a billionth of a degree above absolute zero and reveals new frontiers of precision in atomic spectroscopy.

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### Introduction to Space Physics Cambridge University Press

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

All aspects of space plasmas in the Solar System are introduced and explored in this text for senior undergraduate and graduate students. Introduction to Space Physics provides a broad, yet selective, treatment of the complex interactions of the ionized gases of the solar terrestrial environment. The book includes extensive discussion of the Sun and solar wind, the magnetized and unmagnetized planets, and the fundamental processes of space plasmas including shocks, plasma waves, ULF waves, wave particle interactions, and auroral processes. The text devotes particular attention to space plasma observations and integrates these with phenomenological and theoretical interpretations. Highly coordinated chapters, written by experts in their fields, combine to provide a comprehensive introduction to space physics. Based on an advanced undergraduate and graduate course presented in the Department of Earth and Space Sciences at the University of California, Los Angeles, the text will be valuable to both students and professionals in the field.

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### Probability, Statistics and Truth Dover Publications

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

PREFACE PREFACE TO THE THIRD GERMAN EDITION FIRST LECTURE The Definition of Probability Amendment of Popular Terminology Explanation of Words Synthetic Definitions Terminology The Concept of Work in Mechanics An Historical Interlude The Purpose of Rational Concepts The Inadequacy of Theories Limitation of Scope Unlimited Repetition The Collective The First Step towards a Definition Two Different Pairs of Dice Limiting Value of Relative Frequency The Experimental Basis of the Theory of Games The Probability of Death First the Collective-then the Probability Probability in the Gas Theory An Historical Remark Randomness Definition of Randomness: Place Selection The Principle of the Impossibility of a Gambling System Example of Randomness Summary of the Definition SECOND LECTURE The Elements of the Theory of Probability The Theory of Probability is a Science Similar to Others The Purpose of the Theory of Probability The Beginning and the End of Each Problem must be Probabilities Distribution in a Collective Probability of a Hit; Continuous Distribution Probability Density The Four Fundamental Operations First Fundamental Operation: Selection Second Fundamental Operation: Mixing Inexact Statement of the Addition Rule Uniform Distribution Summary of the Mixing Rule Third Fundamental Operation: Partition Probabilities after Partition Initial and Final Probability of an Attribute The So-called Probability of Causes Formulation of the rule of Partition Fourth Fundamental Operation: Combination A New Method of Forming Partial Sequences: Correlated Sampling Mutually Independent Collectives Derivation of the Multiplication Rule Test of Independence Combination of Dependent Collectives Example of Noncombinable Collectives Summary of the Four Fundamental Operations A Problem of Chevalier de Méré Solution of the Problem of Chevalier de Méré Discussion of the Solution Some Final Conclusions Short Review THIRD LECTURE Critical Discussion of the Foundations of Probability The Classical Definition of Probability Equally Likely Cases ... ... Do Not Always Exist A Geometrical Analogy How to Recognize Equally Likely Cases Are Equally Likely Cases of Exceptional Significance? The Subjective Conception of Probability Bertrand's Paradox The Suggested Link between the Classical and the New Definitions of Probability Summary of Objections to the Classical Definition Objections to My Theory Finite Collectives Testing Probability Statements An Objection to the First Postulate Objections to the Condition of Randomness Restricted Randomness Meaning of the Condition of Randomness Consistency of the Randomness Axiom A Problem of Terminology Objections to the Frequency Concept Theory of the Plausibility of Statements The Nihilists Restriction to One Single Initial Collective Probability as Part of the Theory of Sets Development of the Frequency Theory Summary and Conclusion FOURTH LECTURE The Laws of Large Numbers Poisson's Two Different Propositions Equally Likely Events Arithmetical Explanation Subsequent Frequency Definition The Content of Poisson's Theorem Example of a Sequence to which Poisson's Theorem does not Apply Bernoulli and non-Bernoulli Sequences Derivation of the Bernoulli-Poison Theorem Summary Inference Bayes's Problem Initial and Inferred Probability Longer Sequences of Trials Independence of the Initial Distribution The Relation of Bayes's Theorem to Poisson's Theorem The Three Propositions Generalization of the Laws of Large Numbers The Strong Law of Large Numbers The Statistical Functions The First Law of Large Numbers for Statistical Functions The Second Law of Large Numbers for Statistical Functions Closing Remarks FIFTH LECTURE Application Statistics and the Theory of Errors What is Statistics? Games of Chance and Games of Skill Marbe's Uniformity in the World' Answer to Marbe's Problem Theory of Accumulation and the Law of Series Linked Events The General Purpose of Statistics Lexis' Theory of Dispersion The Mean and the Dispersion Comparison between the Observed and the Expected Variance Lexis' Theory and the Laws of Large Numbers Normal and Nonnormal Dispersion Sex Distribution of Infants Statistics of Deaths with Supernormal Dispersion Solidarity of Cases Testing Hypotheses R. A. Fisher's Likelihood' Small Sample Theory Social and Biological Statistics Mendel's Theory of Heredity Industrial and Technological Statistics An Example of Faulty Statistics Correction Some Results Summarized Descriptive Statistics Foundations of the Theory of Errors Galton's Board Normal Curve Laplace's Law The Application of the Theory of Errors SIXTH LECTURE Statistical Problems in Physics The Second Law of Thermodynamics Determinism and Probability Chance Mechanisms Random Fluctuations Small Causes and Large Effects Kinetic Theory of Gases Order of Magnitude of 'Improbability' Criticism of the Gas Theory Brownian Motion Evolution of Phenomena in Time Probability 'After Effects' Residence Time and Its Prediction Entropy Theorem and Markoff Chains Svedberg's Experiments Radioactivity Prediction of Time Intervals Marsden's and Barratt's Experiments Recent Development in the Theory of Gases Degeneration of Gases: Electron Theory of Metals Quantum Theory Statistics and Causality Causal Explanation Newton's Sense Limitations of Newtonian Mechanics Simplicity as a Criterion of Causality Giving up the Concept of Causality The Law of Causality New Quantum Statistics Are Exact Measurements Possible? Position and Velocity of a Material Particle Heisenberg's Uncertainty Principle Consequences for our Physical Concept of the World Final Considerations SUMMARY OF THE SIX LECTURES IN SIXTEEN PROPOSITIONS NOTES AND ADDENDA SUBJECT INDEX NAME INDEX

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### Master Math Cengage Learning, Inc

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

"Master Math: Essential Physics 1/E" presents, teaches, and explains the fundamental topics of basic, algebra-based physics and provides fun examples, applications, and practice problems for your students. This book covers motion, force, momentum, Newton's laws, forces in equilibrium, forces in nature, energy and work, elasticity and vibrations, fluids, heat and temperature, gases, electric fields and electric current, electromagnetism, waves, sound, radiation, light and optics. There is also a brief introduction to relativity, quanta, atoms, structure of matter, and nuclei. "Master Math: Essential Physics 1/E" will teach your students the concepts of physics and also concisely explain to them how the essential equations of physics are derived, all in a student friendly and accessible manner.

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### Flash Of The Cathode Rays

**Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Mathematics & science>Physics>Particle & high-energy physicsKsiążki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Mathemat...**

The Electron Is Fundamental To Almost All Aspects Of Modern Life, Controlling The Behavior Of Atoms And How They Bind Together To Form Gases, Liquids, And Solids. This Book Presents The Story Of The Discovery Of The Electron And Its Role As The First Subatomic Particle In Nature. It Also Traces The Evolution Of The Concept Of Electrical Charge.

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### Statistical Mechanics Cambridge University Press

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

Based on the author's graduate course taught over many years in several physics departments, this 2006 book takes a 'reductionist' view of statistical mechanics, while describing the main ideas and methods underlying its applications. It implicitly assumes that the physics of complex systems as observed is connected to fundamental physical laws represented at the molecular level by Newtonian mechanics or quantum mechanics. Organised into three parts, the first section describes the fundamental principles of equilibrium statistical mechanics. The next section describes applications to phases of increasing density and order: gases, liquids and solids; it also treats phase transitions. The final section deals with dynamics, including a careful account of hydrodynamic theories and linear response theory. This textbook is suitable for a one year graduate course in statistical mechanics for physicists, chemists and chemical engineers. Problems are included following each chapter, with solutions to selected problems provided.

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### The Natural Philosophy of James Clerk Maxwell Cambridge University Press

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

This book provides an introductory yet comprehensive account of James Clerk Maxwell's (1831

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### Elementary Lectures in Statistical Mechanics Springer, Berlin

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

This textbook for graduate students and advanced undergraduates in physics and physical chemistry covers the major areas of statistical mechanics and concludes with a demonstration of applications of statistical mechanics at the level of current research. The presentation begins with the fundamental ideas of averages and ensembles, focusing on classical systems described by continuous variables such as position and momentum, and using the ideal gas as an example. It then turns to quantum systems, beginning with diatomic molecules and working up through blackbody radiation and chemical equilibria. The discussion of equilibrium properties of systems of interacting particles includes presents such techniques as cluster expansions and distribution functions and uses non-ideal gases, liquids, and solutions as examples. Dynamic behavior - treated more extensively than in other texts - is discussed from the point of view of correlation functions. The text concludes with a problem of current research, namely diffusion in a suspension of interacting hard spheres and what can be learned about such a system from scattered light. Intended for a one-semester course, the text includes several "asides" on topics that are usually omitted from introductory courses, as well as numerous problems at the ends of chapters.

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### Rarefied Gas Dynamics Springer, Berlin

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The book contains papers presented at the 24th International Symposium on Rarefied Gas Dynamics, a conference that is recognized as the principal forum for the presentation of recent advances in the field of rarefied gas dynamics. The topics include fundamental aspects of Boltzmann and related equations, transport theory, Monte Carlo methods, kinetic theory, gas phase molecular collision dynamics, gas surface interaction, state to state kinetics, rarefied plasmas, and non-equilibrium plasma kinetics. Applications in the fields of internal flows, vacuum systems, rarefied jets, plumes, molecular beams, scamjets and hypersonics, microflows, granular gases, electrical thrusters are discussed. Researchers in the fields of mathematics, physics, chemistry and engineering can strongly benefit from the interdisciplinary nature of the book.

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