krainaksiazek india as a secular state 20106761
- znaleziono 3 produkty w 1 sklepie
Clash within HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
While America is focused on religious militancy and terrorism in the Middle East, democracy has been under siege from religious extremism in another critical part of the world. As Martha Nussbaum reveals in this penetrating look at India today, the forces of the Hindu right pose a disturbing threat to its democratic traditions and secular state. Since long before the 2002 Gujarat riots--in which nearly two thousand Muslims were killed by Hindu extremists--the power of the Hindu right has been growing, threatening India's hard-won constitutional practices of democracy, tolerance, and religious pluralism. Led politically by the Bharatiya Janata Party, the Hindu right has sought the subordination of other religious groups and has directed particular vitriol against Muslims, who are cast as devils in need of purging. The Hindu right seeks to return to a "pure" India, unsullied by alien polluters of other faiths, yet the BJP's defeat in recent elections demonstrates the power that India's pluralism continues to wield. The future, however, is far from secure, and Hindu extremism and exclusivity remain a troubling obstacle to harmony in South Asia. Nussbaum's long-standing professional relationship with India makes her an excellent guide to its recent history. Ultimately she argues that the greatest threat comes not from a clash between civilizations, as some believe, but from a clash within each of us, as we oscillate between self-protective aggression and the ability to live in the world with others. India's story is a cautionary political tale for all democratic states striving to act responsibly in an increasingly dangerous world.
Engaging with Bediuzzaman Said Nursi Ashgate Publishing Limited
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Too often interfaith dialogue is generic and unfocused. Often it involves 'liberals' from each tradition coming together to criticize the 'conservatives' in their own traditions. This book provides a model for interfaith dialogue that challenges very directly the 'dialogue industry'. This book involves a Christian theologian in deep conversation with a Muslim theologian. Bediuzzaman Said Nursi (1877-1960) was born at the end of the Ottoman Empire and lived through the emergence of an aggressive secular state. He had to think through, in remarkably creative ways, the challenge of faith within a secular environment, the relationship of faith and politics, and the implications and challenge of diversity and difference. His entire project is captured in his magnum opus "The Risale-i Nur". In the first eight chapters of this book, we engage closely with the thought of Nursi and tease out insights that Christians can learn from and accommodate. Having established the method, the second section of the book examines the precise implications for the interfaith movement. The problem with the interfaith movement is that it is an act of western cultural imperialism - they are taking the individualist assumptions of modern America and imposing them on the conversation. The problems with John Hick's and Leonard Swidler's approach are exposed. Moving out from Islam, the book then demonstrates how the model of Interfaith changes when Christians are in conversation with Hinduism in India. A new set of Dialogue Ten Commandments are suggested. The book concludes with an appeal for a commitment to include and reach the 'conservatives' in the major religious traditions.
History of Mongolia Books on Demand
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 173. Chapters: Qing Dynasty, Mongol invasion of Rus', Göktürks, Xiongnu, Orkhon inscriptions, Golden Horde, Xianbei, Timeline of Mongolian history, Mongol Empire, History of modern Mongolia, Tibet during the Ming Dynasty, Yuan Dynasty, Liao Dynasty, Mongol invasion of Khwarezmia, Mongol invasions of Syria, Mongol invasions of Japan, Northern Yuan Dynasty, Mongol invasions of India, Oirats, Mongols before Genghis Khan, Mongol Jin Dynasty War, Mongol conquest of the Song Dynasty, Borjigin, Mongol invasions of Chechnya, Esen taishi, Mongol invasions of Korea, Pei-ta-shan Incident, Uyghur Khaganate, Mongol invasions of Vietnam, Mongol invasions of Georgia and Armenia, Rouran Khaganate, Mongol invasion of China, Kerait, Tang Dynasty in Inner Asia, Four Oirats, The Secret History of the Mongols, Xueyantuo, Manghit, Xianbei state, Mongolia during Qing rule, Mongol invasions of Tibet, Ariq Böke, Treaty of Kyakhta, Mongol invasion of Volga Bulgaria, List of medieval Mongolian tribes and clans, Khara Khula, Kaidu, Mongolian nobility, Khamag Mongol, Jalayir, Mongol bow, Altan Tobchi, Ongud, Afanasevo culture, Ystoria Mongalorum, List of Mongolian monarchs, Protectorate General to Pacify the North, Bolad, Ordo, Mongol invasion of Central Asia, Onggirat, Alan Goa, Ötüken, Darughachi, Khöshöö Tsaidam Monuments, Choros, Outer Mongolia, Choghtu Khong Tayiji, Imperial Seal of Mongolia, Mongolian manuscript maps, Sartuul, Toquz Oghuz, Avarga, Chingissid, Tata-tonga, Altan Debter. Excerpt: The exact nature of Sino-Tibetan relations during the Ming Dynasty (1368 1644) of China is unclear. Analysis of the relationship is further complicated by modern political conflicts, and the application of Westphalian sovereignty to a time when the concept did not exist. Some Mainland Chinese scholars, such as Wang Jiawei & Nyima Gyaincain, assert that the Ming Dynasty had unquestioned sovereignty over Tibet, pointing to the Ming court's issuing of various titles to Tibetan leaders, Tibetans' full acceptance of these titles, and a renewal process for successors of these titles that involved traveling to the Ming capital. Scholars within the PRC also argue that Tibet has been an integral part of China since the 13th century, thus a part of the Ming Empire. But most scholars outside the PRC, such as Turrell V. Wylie, Melvin C. Goldstein, and Helmut Hoffman, say that the relationship was one of suzerainty, that Ming titles were only nominal, that Tibet remained an independent region outside Ming control, and that it simply paid tribute until the reign of Jiajing (1521 1566), who ceased relations with Tibet. Some scholars note that Tibetan leaders during the Ming frequently engaged in civil war and conducted their own foreign diplomacy with neighboring states such as Nepal. Some scholars underscore the commercial aspect of the Ming-Tibetan relationship, noting the Ming Dynasty's shortage of horses for warfare and thus the importance of the horse trade with Tibet. Others argue that the significant religious nature of the relationship of the Ming court with Tibetan lamas is underrepresented in modern scholarship. In hopes of reviving the unique relationship of the earlier Mongol leader Kublai Khan (r. 1260 1294) and his spiritual superior Drogön Chögyal Phagpa (1235 1280) of the Tibetan Sakya sect, the Ming Chinese Yongle Emperor (r. 1402 1424) made a concerted effort to build a secular and religious alliance with Deshin Shekpa (1384 1415), the Kar...
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