krainaksiazek introduction to international political economy 20108130
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Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Economics, finance, business & management>Economics>Political economy
Offers An Introduction To The Fundamental Theories And Issues Of International Political Economy (IPE). This Book Introduces Students To The Three Main Theoretical Approaches In IPE: Free Market, Institutionalist, And, Historical Materialist.
Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Economics, finance, business & management>Economics>Political economyKsiążki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>...
The Fourth Edition Of This Popular Text Is A Sophisticated And Authoritative Introduction To The Field Of International Political Economy That Combines History And Theoretical Approaches With Contemporary Issues And Debates.
Global Political Economy Oxford University Press
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
The fourth edition of this popular text is a sophisticated and authoritative introduction to the field of international political economy that combines history and theoretical approaches with contemporary issues and debates.
International Economic Policies in a Globalized World Springer, Berlin
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
The papers in this volume study political-economy aspects of policies associated with globalization: while globalization has generated efficiency gains, the resolution of the associated domestic income-redistribution consequences has in general involved political processes. The papers are divided into two groups, with the first group being concerned with issues of trade policy and the second considering policies with regard to immigration, the environment, foreign aid and competition. As a group, the research papers in the first part of the volume not only cover key trade policy issues that are driven by the globalization process but also provide a comprehensive review of the modeling approaches of endogenous trade policy theory. TOC:Introduction.- Part I: The Political Economy of Trade Policy: Endogenous Distribution and the Political Economy of Trade Policy.- Lobbying for Tariff Protection: the Case of Bertrand Rivalry.- The Value of Multilateral Trade Liberalization and the Need for Third-Party Sanction.- Commercial Culture, Political Culture and the Political Economy of Trade Policy: The Case of Japan.- Protection and Jobs: Explaining the Structure of Trade Barriers Across Industries.- Part II: The Political Economy of International Relations: Unemployed Immigrants and Voter Sentiment in the Welfare State.-Strategic Emission Tax-Quota Nonequivalence Under International Carbon Leakage.- Allocation of Aid Between and Within Recipients: A Political Economic Approach.- Optimal Competition Policy in a Model of Vertical Production Chain.- Some Economics of Parallel Imports and Trade Policy.
Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Economics, finance, business & management>Business & management>International businessKsiążki Obcojęzyczne...
Offers A Business-centric Introduction To Political Risk That Familiarizes International Managers With The Concept And Accelerate The Learning Curve Towards Proficient And Coherent Political Risk Management. This Title Explores The Key Political Risks Tha
Introduction to Comparative Politics Houghton Mifflin Company
Written by a distinguished group of comparativists, this innovative and accessible introductory text surveys 12 key countries organized according to their level of political development: established democracies, transitional democracies, and non-democracies. The country studies illuminate four comparative themes in a global context: the world of states, examining the interaction of states within the international order; governing the economy, covering the role of the state in economic management; the democratic idea, discussing the pressure for more democracy and the challenges of democratization; and the politics of collective identities, studying the political impact of diverse attachments and sources of group identity. The theoretical framework developed in an expanded introduction provides a rich context for each country study, and clear prose makes the book accessible to students with little or no background in political science. Students will also benefit from the data sheet at the beginning of each chapter that includes basic demographic, socioeconomic, and political information, to aid in country comparisons. In addition, they can use the Geographic Setting sections in each chapter, as well as maps, tables, charts, photographs, and political cartoons to further their understanding of each country studied. New! All 12 country studies, as well as two additional studies, are available in an online database. Instructors may choose from among these chapters (a minimum of 7) to create a customized text. East-Central Europe and South Africa will be available for Fall 2003 classes, and two new countries will be added every year. New! The chapter on the United States has been broadened in response to reviewer comments. New! Expanded coverage throughout includes a focus on the political and military aspects of globalization in the post-September 11 world. New! Recently added information includes the effects of ethnic, nationalist, and religious divisions. Complete updates include discussion of political events, elections, and other circumstances that influence change. Key terms appear as bold in the text and a glossary at the end defines key concepts in comparative politics. In addition, an appendix explains the Human Development Index
Principles of International Politics CQ Press
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Renowned scholar Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations and transformed the field, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition based on extensive reviewer feedback and guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever before, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility.aWhat hasnEt changed is Bueno de MesquitaEs commitment to covering the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics and examination are all there: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, an exploration of the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations, international law, and the global environment. The first part of the book, oFoundationsooffers highly accessible coverage of key concepts, introducing students to different ways to think about the national interest and showing them how to use game theory and the strategic perspective/selectorate theory to better understand what happens in all aspects of international affairs. This section uses debate over North KoreaEs nuclear weapons development as an ongoing example to build concepts and build confidence in the studentEs how of basic modeling ideas. Also covered is a basic, intuitive introduction to game theory and other evidence and logic based tools for analyzing international relations. Part II, oWar,o next provides a more thorough evaluation of how domestic political incentives and the domestic institutions of governance shape choices about conflict initiation, escalation, and termination. It also surveys major theories of war and conflict, working through hypotheses derived from constructivism, neo-realism, liberalism and selectorate theory and evaluating them against the evidence to see what actually works and what doesnEt.Chapters in Part III, oPeace,o build on the logic of collective action to help students see why it is so difficult to get national governments to do owhat is righto even when they can agree on what is right, with chapters covering the effectiveness of international organizations and international law, as well as a thorough evaluation of environmental issues, human rights enforcement and the domestic and the international political economy of trade. aPart IV, oWorld Ordero emphasizes efforts to promote the spread of democracy and economic prosperity. It also addresses how to understand and deal with terrorism. Whether examining terrorism, the spread of democracy or the alleviation of poverty, chapters in this section carefully examine which strategies work, which do not, and why. The Arab Spring provides a useful ongoing example of the strengths and weaknesses of foreign aid policy and military intervention policies. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn how to mobilize the key concepts and models themselvesA'thus develop a new method for thinking about world affairs. More than ever before, Principles provides a comprehensive evaluation of all aspects of international affairs, systematically compares the accuracy of competing approaches to international relations, and walks students through the simple, intuitive models and games that capture the essence of the strategic, selectorate viewpoint.
A Short Introduction to Micro-and Macroeconomics Uniwersytet Opolski
The part about microeconomics focuses on the problem of choice, the working of the market, the theory of the firm, the role of the government in case the market does not a proper job and the problem of reduced competition e.g. in case of monopoly. Much space is devoted to institutions and transaction costs. This topic is relevant for analysing the the working of markets, organisations and other types of systems used for production and trade or for analysing the influence of e.g. laws and regulations on economic activity. This part integrates economics with sociology, political and legal sciences. The part about macroeconomics focuses on issues related to national income and the banking system. What is national income? What causes national income to increase? What is the function of the central bank and the government in the development of the economy? What is the effect of ?printing money?? Does economic growth mean that everyone has a ?better life?? The book may be of interest for students of economics, history, political science, sociology, law, geography, etc. in order to obtain a quick introduction to micro- and macroeconomics in English. Na podręcznik pt. Krótki wstęp do mikro i makroekonomii składają się dwie części. Część dotycząca mikroekonomii koncentruje się na problemie wyboru, mechanizmie działania rynku, teorii przedsiębiorstwa, roli rządu w przypadku, gdy rynek nie funkcjonuje w sposób właściwy, oraz na kwestii ograniczonej konkurencyjności, np. w przypadku monopolu. Sporo miejsca poświęcone zostało instytucjom i kosztom dokonywania transakcji. Temat ten jest istotny dla dokonania analiz sposobu działania rynku, organizacji oraz innych typów systemów wykorzystywanych w produkcji i handlu, lub do analizy wpływu, np. prawa i regulacji prawnych na działalność gospodarczą. Część ta łączy ekonomię z socjologią, naukami politycznymi i prawniczymi. Część odnosząca się do makroekonomii skupia się na sprawach związanych z dochodem i systemem bankowości. Co to jest dochód narodowy? Co wpływa na jego wzrost? Jaką funkcję pełni bank centralny oraz rząd w rozwoju gospodarki? Jaki jest efekt ?drukowania pieniędzy?? Czy wzrost gospodarczy oznacza, że wszystkim ?żyje się lepiej?? Książka jest adresowana do studentów ekonomii, historii, nauk politycznych, socjologii, prawa, geografii, itp. (i nauk pokrewnych?), którzy otrzymują krótkie wprowadzenie do tematyki mikro- i makroekonomii w języku angielskim. Spis treści: Introduction MICROECONOMICS Chapter 1 - What is economics about? 1.1. Introduction 1.2. Economic methodology and tools of economic analysis 1.3. The production possibility curve 1.3.1. Opportunity Costs 1.3.2. How to increase the production possibilities? 1.4. Economic systems 1.5. A deeper analysis of governance structures and decision making 1.5.1. The collapse of real existing socialism 1.5.2. Main elements of the transition 1.6. The inefficiencies of a soft-budget constraint 1.6.1. What is efficiency? 1.6.2. Institutions and efficiency 1.6.3. The economics of shortage 1.6.4. Sowiet-Type Economies 1.6.5. Western economies Chapter 2 - The market mechanism 2.1. The market - supply and demand 2.2. The demand curve and the supply curve 2.3. Maximum prices and shortages 2.4. Shifts of and movements along the demand curve 2.5. Shifts of and movements along the supply curve 2.6. Case study - the effect of a disease on the price of meat 2.7. Price elasticity of demand 2.8. Income elasticity of demand and cross-price elasticity of demand Chapter 3 - The theory of the firm 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Profit maximisation 3.2.1. Profit maximisation by comparing total revenue and total costs 3.2.2. The production decision in the short run 3.2.3. Profit maximisation by comparing marginal revenue and marginal costs 3.3. Economies of stale . 3.4 Economic and accounting profits Chapter 4 - Institutions, transaction costs and economic activity 4.1. Introduction 4.2. What are institutions? 4.3. Incentives 4.4. The institution of property rights 4.5. The notion of transaction costs 4.5.1. Search costs 4.5.2. Negotiation costs 4.5.3. Control costs 4.6. Valuable attributes in the public domain 4.6.1. Maximum prices and the public domain 4.7. An example of changing property rights 4.8. Some examples of changing property rights in Poland and Russia 4.9. Factors that may lower transaction costs 4.9.1. Market competition and law of contract 4.9.2. Social capital Chapter 5 - Market failure and the role of the government 5.1. Introduction 5.2. The role of the government in the mixed economy 5.3. Reasons for market failure 5.4. External effects 5.4.1. What are external effects? 5.4.2. The importance of property rights 5.4.3. Poland's environmental problems 5.4.4. Case study - economic growth, car use and environmental problems Chapter 6 - Imperfect competition 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Perfect competition 6.3. Monopoly 6.3.1. Profit maximisation under monopoly 6.3.2. Is a monopoly good or bad for society? 6.4. Monopolistic competition and oligopoly 6.4.1. Monopolistic competition 6.4.2. Oligopoly 6.4.3. Price discrimination MACROECONOMICS Chapter 7 - National income accounting 7.1. Introduction 7.2. Factors of economic growth 7.3. Gross domestic product 7.3.1 National income 7.3.2 Government expenditure 7.3.3 International trade 7.4. Problems with national income accounting Chapter 8 - Determinants of national income in the short run 8.1. Introduction 8.2. Determinants of national income 8.2.1. Consumption 8.2.2. Determinants of consumption 8.2.3. Investment 8.2.4. Government expenditure and net export 8.2.5. The macroeconomic equilibrium 8.3. The multiplier 8.3.1. How to calculate the multiplier 8.4. Aggregate demand and fiscal policy 8.4.1. Tax and national income 8.4.2. Automatic stabilisers and active fiscal policy 8.4.3. The multiplier and international trade Chapter 9 - Money and banking 9.1. Introduction 9.2. Functions of money 9.3. Banking and the creation of money 9.4. The central bank and the money supply 9.5. Money Demand 9.6. Equilibrium on the money market Chapter 10 - Aggregate demand, aggregate supply and the price level 10.1. Introduction 10.2. Keynesian versus neo-classical economics 10.3. Aggregate demand and aggregate supply 10.4. Supply-side policies Chapter 11 - Economic growth and economic development 11.1. Introduction 11.2. Some figures on economic growth 11.3. Potential and real output 11.4. Factors of economic growth 11.5. Economic development Bibliography List of figures List of tables
The Euro as a Stabilizer in the International Economic System Springer, Berlin
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
The introduction of the euro was an important event for the world economy and the international political system. For the first time in history, a substantial group of European countries-eleven of the fifteen members of the European Union including three members of the G-7-have voluntarily agreed to replace their national currencies with a single currency. The euro area has already become established as the second largest currency area in the world and will therefore become a major player in the international monetary system. The creation of the euro poses a number of interesting questions. Will the euro be a strong or a weak currency? Will the euro challenge the leading position hitherto held by the United States dollar and would sharing of the burdens and advantages of reserve currency status improve or worsen the stability of the international monetary system? How will the euro affect US relations with Europe? Does the formation of the euro intensify European integration in other fields? Is a bi-polar international monetary system viable? These and other issues motivated the Luxembourg Institute for European and International Studies and the Pierre Werner Foundation to organize an international conference in Luxembourg on December 3-4, 1998, on the eve of the birth of the euro. At the outset we were aware that the issue of the euro went far beyond pure economics. Money, after all, is too important a subject to be left to economists.
Globalization & its Discontents Penguin
Our world is changing. Globalization is not working. It is hurting those it was meant to help. And now, the tide is turning
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Opis - Pierwsze na świecie świadectwo ofiary zbrodni honorowej. Miała siedemnaście lat i zakochała się: zhańbiła rodzinę. Więc rodzina wydała na nią wyrok śmierci... Pokochała go pierwszą miłością. Myślała, że się z nią ożeni. Ale ukochany zniknął, a ona odkryła, że jest w ciąży. A w jej świecie to najcięższa zbrodnia... W zapomnianej przez Boga wiosce w Cisjordanii kobiety są warte mniej niż zwierzęta domowe. Tu mężczyzna jest panem życia i śmierci żony, córki, siostry. Brat może bezkarnie zabić siostrę, matka - córkę, kolejną bezużyteczną dziewczynkę, jaka się urodzi. Tu kobiecie odbiera się godność, a nawet życie zgodnie z odwiecznym obyczajem i uświęconą tradycją. A śmierć jest karą dla dziewczyny, która zhańbi rodzinę. Tak jak Souad. Wyrok wydaje jej ojciec. Szwagier dokonuje egzekucji. Oblewa Souad benzyną i podpala... SOUAD przeżyła - cudem, ale rodzina usiłowała zabić ją nawet w szpitalu. Na zawsze jednak pozostanie straszliwie okaleczona - na ciele i duszy. I wciąż musi się ukrywać; dopóki żyje, jej rodzinę okrywa hańba. Spalona żywcem, opublikowana pod pseudonimem szokująca opowieść o piekle, jakim było jej dzieciństwo i młodość, stała się międzynarodowym bestsellerem. Wydana w 37 w krajach książka przerywa tabu milczenia wobec istniejącej nadal w krajach muzułmańskich barbarzyńskiej tradycji. Nieludzkiego obyczaju, prawa mężczyzn, na mocy którego co najmniej pięć tysięcy kobiet pada co roku ofiarą zbrodni honorowej. Nazwa - Spalona Żywcem Wyd. Kieszonkowe Autor - Souad Oprawa - Miękka Wydawca - Amber Kod ISBN - 9788324159406 Kod EAN - 9788324159406 Wydanie - 1 Rok wydania - 2016 Tłumacz - 31182,maria rostworowska; Format - 110 x 175 x 14 Ilość stron - 224 Podatek VAT - 5% Premiera - 2016-06-23
National Assessment Vietnam GRIN Verlag
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Document from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, printed single-sided, grade: none, Macquarie University, language: English, abstract: Vietnam provides a fascinating paradigm, the communist state that overcame foreign intervention and reunited a torn country. The introduction of Doi Moi (economic renovation) in 1986 saw the country move from a planned economy to a market economy, one that takes the honours for fastest growing economy in Asia behind only China.§Despite these advances, Vietnam also faces significant challenges. There are the issues of rampant corruption, human trafficking, the effects of the global financial crisis, border disputes amongst others that stand in the way of the national project of building the fatherland . On top of this, Vietnam is still recovering from the years of war that brought the birth of modern Vietnam.§This assessment will provide analysis of the political trends, social issues, economy, environmental issues and security threats that Vietnam is faced with.
Brazil's Modern Architecture_Andreolli Elisabetta, Forty Adrian Wydawnictwo: Phaidon
WYDAWNICTWA ALBUMOWE > Architektura > Ogólne
Brazil's Modern Architecture ISBN: 9780714842929 Autor: Andreolli Elisabetta, Forty Adrian Rok wydania: 2004-11-15 Ilość stron: 240 Oprawa: twarda Format: 294 x 260 mm This is the most comprehensive survey and analysis of twentieth-century Brazilian Architecture, written by Brazilian architects and writers for an international audience. Its key events and buildings appear not in a conventional chronological account but within a series of thematic chapters (critical reception, construction issues, urbanism, typological description of the modern house, affordable housing and new fields of practice, survey of recent works). It is a history of Brazilian modern architecture retold with a Brazilian voice by the new generation of critics and historians. This book offers a fresh reading of the well-known era of high-modernism of the 1930s-1960s placing it within both the context of architecture before and since and the broader changes taking place in Brazilian culture at the time. It also charts post-Brasilia developments, including contemporary projects, showing how architects have adapted to the contradictions of an increasingly polarised society and the relevance of Brazilian architecture for current debates around issues such as large-scale urban growth and the tension between local identities and global civilisation. Covering around 200 projects, it is extensively illustrated with both historical black and white photographs and new colour photographs and drawings In cultural terms, Brazil is famous for its music and its architecture. As the largest and richest country in Latin America, Brazil is set apart from the others by its language, and by the ethnic diversity of its population, all of which contribute to its cultural distinctiveness. Yet, the architecture of twentieth-century Brazil is all too often represented by the work of one man (Oscar Niemeyer) or by two cities (Rio de Janeiro and Sao Paulo). This book is a study of Brazilian architecture in the twentieth-century, from the first modern houses of the 1920s and Le Corbusier's seminal visits to the country, through the well-known 'heroic' period of the 1940s-1950s and its crisis post-1964 up to contemporary developments. The high-modernist era coincided with the period of Brazil's most rapid economic growth around the middle of the century, when the country was transformed from a predominantly agricultural economy with coffee as its principal export, into an urbanised society with an industrial economy that saw the creation of Brasilia, one of the most utopian projects of the Modern Movement. Towards the end of this period, as society became increasingly polarised between a prosperous middle class and a very poor underclass, architects also became more pre-occupied with the nature of public buildings and the problems linked to accelerated urban growth. What has usually been seen as a period of creative experimentation in architecture underwent a crisis with the advent of the military dictatorship in 1964, while the rapid growth of the economy was sustained and even increased, with the consequent rise in activity of the building industry until the 1980s, one of the inherent contradictions of Brazil that this book seeks to address. While conventional accounts treat 1964 as the end of Brazilian architecture, this was not the case. Brazilian architects adapted to the changed circumstances, and developed new strategies that were no less creative, but sometimes less demonstrative. This has been particularly so since the restoration of democracy in the early 1980s, and again, a major theme of the book is to show continuities between the more recent work and that of the high-modernist era of the mid-century. The book will be edited by Elisabetta Andreoli and Adrian Forty, who will frame the main chapters with the introduction and a foreword to the survey of recent works. Five Brazilian writers will contribute essays to the body of the book that, together, provide a thorough study of modernist architecture and beyond in Brazil, and examine the works from the 'inside', explaining the social, cultural and political context that is so crucial to understanding the architecture.
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
The study aims at demonstrating the core principles to be implemented for protected transactions in developing and transitional countries to trigger economic development. Two approaches are discussed which claim having demonstrated that the institution of property is the most important source of economic activity: (i) the theory of property rights or new institutional economics and (ii) the property theory of the economy or property economics. Both schools, and (iii) reform programs of multilateral institutions based on the schools? approaches, are analyzed from the viewpoint of the dichotomy between property and possession.§Contents§Abstract§Directory§Introduction§Part I: The theory of property rights or new institutional economics§The fundamentals of new institutional economics§The "naive" theory of the emergence of private property rights: Armen A. Alchian and Harold Demsetz§The political theory of the emergence of private property rights: Douglass C. North§The fundamental flaw in new institutional economics: The missing distinction between property and possession§Part II: The property theory of the economy or property economics§Possession and property: Physical use of resources in mere production systems versus business operations of an economy§The rise and fall of collateral and own capital in the history of economic thought§The property theory of interest and money: Gunnar Heinsohn and Otto Steiger§The approaches to property by Hernando de Soto, Tom Bethell and Richard Pipes§Part III: Analysis of reform programs of multilateral institutions§The property reform programs of the "Instituto Libertad y Democracia" (ILD)§The social finance programs of the International Labour Office (ILO)§A shift in the World Bank?s thinking on IDA development programs?§The limitations of analyzing reform programs§Summary§References§Index.
A radical consequence of modernity GRIN Verlag
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Project Report from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Near East, Near Orient, printed single-sided, grade: 1,3, Middle East Technical University, language: English, abstract: This work deals with the broad topic of Politcal Power beyond the State and shows with the particular example of the Fethullah Gülen movement in Turkey how a non-state actor takes political power beyond the nation-state and slowly but surely transforms the identity of the Turkish Republic.A motivation to work on Fethullah Gülen as a political power beyond the state is the fact that Gülen in a survey of the British magazine on Foreign Policy in 2008 surprisingly was voted to be the most public intellectual in the worldThis paper will try to evaluate how a single person could become that influential during the last decades that he is supposed to be one of the leading forces within the Turkish state at the beginning of the 21st century. What aims follows the person whose name is associated with a media empire, with business enterprises and especially a huge education network in Turkey and worldwide?While writing this paper the author assumes that the Fethullah Gülen movement of today is already a political power beyond the Turkish nation-state which influences the economy, media, politics and education sustainable in an immense radius according to its own interests. Therefore, the main focus of this work will be to take a brief look at the motivations, origins and goals of the movement in regard of its activity in the educational sphere. In summary, as a starting point for this paper and a general research question serves the demand: Is the Fethullah Gülen Movement just a force beyond the Turkish state, or meanwhile through its strong educational network even THE force beyond the Turkish Republic? As a matter of fact that this a term paper and not a thesis the author will concentrate especially on the movement s educational engagement while claiming that it can be seen as the key for the community-transforming network.After a brief introduction into the life of Fethullah Gülen, his main point of views and convictions will be examined. In a further step the educational network of the movement and its major fields of activity will be highlighted. Afterwards, the characteristics of the movement as a power beyond the state will be explained to finally come to a conclusion in Chapter Five.Regarding the literature the author concentrates mainly on works from M. Hakan Yavuz, who is one of the main researches on political Islam in Turkey and Islamic inspired movements like Fethullah Gülen.
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