krainaksiazek is there a way out of here poems in a life of mental illness 20049710

- znaleziono 32 produkty w 5 sklepach

Is There a Way Out of Here?: Poems in a Life of Mental Illness - 2834155099

97,77 zł

Is There a Way Out of Here?: Poems in a Life of Mental Illness America Star Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

It is my hope that within these pages you will find something helpful, whether you suffer from mental illness, care for the mentally ill, are family and friends to someone who is mentally ill, and even for any person from any walk of life; I hope you find a poem that brings hope, touches your heart, or identifies with your feelings. There is hope, around every corner... -GLEE M. HILLCREST

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Spalona Żywcem Wyd. Kieszonkowe - Souad - 2846246553

10,24 zł

Spalona Żywcem Wyd. Kieszonkowe - Souad

Książki & Multimedia > Książki

Opis - Pierwsze na świecie świadectwo ofiary zbrodni honorowej. Miała siedemnaście lat i zakochała się: zhańbiła rodzinę. Więc rodzina wydała na nią wyrok śmierci... Pokochała go pierwszą miłością. Myślała, że się z nią ożeni. Ale ukochany zniknął, a ona odkryła, że jest w ciąży. A w jej świecie to najcięższa zbrodnia... W zapomnianej przez Boga wiosce w Cisjordanii kobiety są warte mniej niż zwierzęta domowe. Tu mężczyzna jest panem życia i śmierci żony, córki, siostry. Brat może bezkarnie zabić siostrę, matka - córkę, kolejną bezużyteczną dziewczynkę, jaka się urodzi. Tu kobiecie odbiera się godność, a nawet życie zgodnie z odwiecznym obyczajem i uświęconą tradycją. A śmierć jest karą dla dziewczyny, która zhańbi rodzinę. Tak jak Souad. Wyrok wydaje jej ojciec. Szwagier dokonuje egzekucji. Oblewa Souad benzyną i podpala... SOUAD przeżyła - cudem, ale rodzina usiłowała zabić ją nawet w szpitalu. Na zawsze jednak pozostanie straszliwie okaleczona - na ciele i duszy. I wciąż musi się ukrywać; dopóki żyje, jej rodzinę okrywa hańba. Spalona żywcem, opublikowana pod pseudonimem szokująca opowieść o piekle, jakim było jej dzieciństwo i młodość, stała się międzynarodowym bestsellerem. Wydana w 37 w krajach książka przerywa tabu milczenia wobec istniejącej nadal w krajach muzułmańskich barbarzyńskiej tradycji. Nieludzkiego obyczaju, prawa mężczyzn, na mocy którego co najmniej pięć tysięcy kobiet pada co roku ofiarą zbrodni honorowej. Nazwa - Spalona Żywcem Wyd. Kieszonkowe Autor - Souad Oprawa - Miękka Wydawca - Amber Kod ISBN - 9788324159406 Kod EAN - 9788324159406 Wydanie - 1 Rok wydania - 2016 Tłumacz - 31182,maria rostworowska; Format - 110 x 175 x 14 Ilość stron - 224 Podatek VAT - 5% Premiera - 2016-06-23

Sklep: InBook.pl

Success Through a Positive Mental Attitude - 2826913158

127,10 zł

Success Through a Positive Mental Attitude Ishi Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The Powers of the Mind - Your Mind - Are Unlimited. Have You Ever Really Understood Them, and What They Can Mean in Your Life? Here, you will discover an amazing plan based on the concept: "what the mind can conceive and believe - the mind can achieve." It shows you how to rid your mind of cobwebs-think clearly and explore the subconscious for new ideas; how to set your sights on a goal and attain it, through persistent thinking and positive action. Here, too, is practical advice on how to find satisfaction in your job; how to raise your energy level and how to master the technique of "get-up-and-go, A chapter, You've Got a Problem? That's Good! shows how to meet problems head on, pluck out the good elements, and use them to advantage. In simple, straightforward language here are 5 self-motivators, that provide a springboard to success . . 6 steps to cheerfulness. A vital factor in human relationships . . . 3 ways to rid yourself of guilt, a common barrier to success. Honest answers to your personal analysis questionnaire - based on 17 principles for success-reveal your success pattern, your ambitions. And the chances of making them come true. Filled to the brim with tried, tested rules and personal case histories, this book will go with you on your journey to success - but you must put the principles to work. Start now, on your way to success in business, at home and in your social life. Here is your guide, Read what others have done, how they have done it, and remember that you can do it, too.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Mental Chemistry - 2826862148

39,11 zł

Mental Chemistry BERTRAMS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Here are the secrets to Mental Chemistry; in this book you will learn how to improve your life by removing some kinds of thoughts and adding others. It works much like conventional chemistry; if you change the elements in a molecule you change the molecule. By changing elements of the way you think you will learn how to become a different, better, happier, and more successful you. Long before Michael Losier and James Arthur Ray reminded the world just how affective the power of positive thinking could be in Laws of Attraction and The Science of Success Charles F. Haanel had mapped out the science of it.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Consolations of Philosophy - 2212839584

45,80 zł

Consolations of Philosophy Penguin

Nauki humanistyczne

Alain de Botton, best-selling author of How Proust can Change Your Life, has set six of the finest minds in the history of philosophy to work on the problems of everyday life. Here then are Socrates, Epicurus, Seneca, Montaigne, Schopenhauer and Nietzsche on some of the things that bother us all; lack of money, the pain of love, inadequacy, anxiety, the fear of failure and the pressure to conform.

Sklep: Albertus.pl

Bye-Bipolar, Life Ain't Over - 2843289173

156,60 zł

Bye-Bipolar, Life Ain't Over TRAFFORD PUB

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Why read a book when the book can read to you? This book just doesn't explain in dry, unpronounceable language what having bipolar disease is, it takes you through the various labyrinthine dimensions of it through stories and poems, and back out the other side to peace and even contentment with the challenges the author has faced in her life, fought and won, with the victory of life over an inevitable permanent institutionalization, like her biological grandfather, or a premature death from the devastating effects of this illness. The purpose of this book is to bring hope to all who suffer mental illness and feel like there is no way out.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Shunned - 2827087832

263,82 zł

Shunned Printondemand-worldwide.com

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

People with mental illness commonly describe the stigma and discrimination they face as being worse than their main condition. Discrimination can pervade every part of their daily life - their personal life, working life, sense of citizenship, their ability to maintain even a basic standard of living. Though things have certainly improved in the past 50 years, discrimination against the mentally ill is still a major problem throughout the world. It can manifest itself in subtle ways, such as the terminology used to describe the person or their illness, or in more obvious ways - by the way the mentally ill might be treated and deprived of basic human rights. Should we just accept such discrimination as deeply rooted and resistant to change, or is this something that we can collectively change if we understand and commit ourselves to tackling the problem? Shunned presents clearly for a wide readership information about the nature and severity of discrimination against people with mental illness and what can be done to reduce this. The book features many quotations from people with mental illness showing how this has affected their home, personal, social, and working life. After showing, both from personal accounts and from a thorough review of the literature, the nature of discrimination, the book sets out a clear manifesto for change. Written by a leading figure in mental health in a lively and accessible manner, the book presents a fascinating and humane portrayal of the problem of stigma and discrimination, and shows how we can work to reduce it.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Just Be Well - 2826803487

97,93 zł

Just Be Well Writers of the Round Table Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Millions of Americans suffer from chronic diseases-cancer, diabetes, depression, obesity, mental illness, and many more-and traditional medicine is failing to bring them back to health. Doctors write prescriptions to combat symptoms but, all too often, don't even try to solve the root cause of the condition. In Just Be Well, Dr. Tom Sult points the way toward a new path. He and a growing number of physicians practice functional medicine, a discipline that treats people, not diseases. Functional medicine doctors ask "Why do you have this illness?"-not "How can we stem the tide of symptoms?" They see that each of us is a marvelously interconnected system, and that when we understand what lies at the heart of a condition, we can work our way back to true wellness through changes in our lifestyle, attitude, and relationship with the world around us. Chapter by chapter, Dr. Sult takes you through the eight key physiological processes of the functional medicine matrix, weaving together accessible information, real-life patient stories, and actionable advice you can use to begin your own journey back to wellness. Whether you're suffering from a debilitating condition or just don't feel the vibrant health you used to, Dr. Sult's advice will benefit you. The stories he has to share aren't about miracle cures or instant results; they're about how people just like you have joined the functional medicine movement and discovered the power to just be well. PRAISE FOR JUST BE WELL "If I had a complex, chronic illness, I would want a guide like Dr. Sult. I trust his deep intelligence and intuition, and I love his sense of humor. And Dr. Sult calls it as he sees it. In Just Be Well, Dr. Sult takes what can seem complicated and onerous-articulating the underlying causes of disease and what to do about it-and turns it into an accessible, captivating, and hope-filled read, complete with patient stories and his own personal journey of discovery. This book will provide direction for patients who are spinning their wheels in the dominant medical paradigm. It will also inspire physicians mired in the limitations of the same medical paradigm eager for a more effective approach." Kara N. Fitzgerald, ND Integrative and Functional Medicine Co-author and editor, Case Studies in Integrative and Functional Medicine Contributing author, Textbook of Functional Medicine Contributing author, Laboratory Evaluations for Integrative and Functional Medicine "This book was so much fun to read! It reminded me of the pleasure I experienced when reading Rachel Remen's Kitchen Table Wisdom. Not only did I learn a tremendous amount, but like reading a novel, I enjoyed the experience of story. Tom Sult is a master storyteller. Dr. Sult's book shows us why the medical profession must switch from concern about what a patient has (the diagnosis) to why they have it. In acute illness and injury, the diagnosis and appropriate protocol for treatment is important. In chronic illness, Dr. Sult helps us understand why it is time to say goodbye to the diagnosis. Instead, we must begin to figure out why the person has this problem at this time and how it relates to other problems she or he has. What is the underlying biochemistry? What is this person's past and present environment? What are this person's stressors and mindset? This book is the best explanation of functional medicine that I have ever read, and if we hope to reverse the upward trend of chronic disease in America, this book has the answers. I highly recommend it." Bill Manahan, MD Past president, American Holistic Medical Association

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Overcoming Shock - 2826764045

75,01 zł

Overcoming Shock New Horizon Press Publishers Inc.,U.S.

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Whether it is suddenly losing a loved one, finding out your spouse is having an affair, learning that your child is using drugs, or discovering that a child has a major illness, shock is the body's way of saying, "I can't deal with this right now and I need a moment to collect myself." When people experience trauma, they can be both damaged and shocked. While trauma is recorded in us psychologically, shock is recorded physiologically. This is why we can have both emotional and physical responses long after a traumatic event. Overcoming Shock explains the physiology of shock and how shock can control our responses to life. It shows how it impacts our lives and how it can be effectively treated. Zimberoff and Hartman explain that it is important to understand that nearly everybody experiences shock at one time or other in their lives. Overcoming Shock explores the effects of shock on our lives, including its profound impact on miscommunication, abuse in relationships, tenacious addictions, depression, mental illness, and even spiritual seeking. Here are proven tools for successful treatment and real-life examples of people who have overcome the debilitating patterns caused by shock and trauma.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Chasing Hope - 2826784191

68,60 zł

Chasing Hope Writers of the Round Table Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Christine Walker's son was just four years old when he was diagnosed with ADHD, bipolar disorder, and autism. In 2004, knowledge of and resources for childhood mental illness were scarce and Christine was thrust into a lonely maze of figuring out which treatments, therapies, and medications could help her child. In the decade since his diagnosis, Christine often wished for a manual, a guide that would pass on "real deal" mom-to-mom information and tips she needed to sometimes just get through the day and ultimately to help her family navigate this maze with knowledge, grace, humor, and love. For those at the beginning of the journey, this is that manual. "Chasing Hope is a GPS for any family raising a child with special needs. Written by a parent on the journey, Christine Walker gives not only hope to parents, but simple, effective, and meaningful steps to be part of policy solutions." -Former Congressman John Edward Porter Founder of the Congressional Human Rights Caucus Former chairman of PBS and Trustee Emeritus, JFK Center for the Performing Arts "Christine Walker's Chasing Hope presents a candid portrayal of an ongoing journey. The trip chronicles her emotion-filled experiences related to seeking answers and solutions for her son who has significant disabilities. Chasing Hope honestly addresses the sadness, disappointment, frustration, and anger. It also captures the hope and happiness associated with her son. This book, which highlights extensive and exhaustive searching, offers tremendous insights to families with children with significant needs. Chasing Hope should be read by all parents, educators, and physicians." -Dr. Tim Thomas Northern Suburban Special Education District Superintendent "The Zen philosopher Alan Watts echoed the wisdom I've gleaned from the lake. 'The only way to make sense out of change,' he said, 'is to plunge into it, move with it, and join the dance.'" -Phil Jackson (quoting Alan Watts) 11-time NBA championship and Hall of Fame coach "Chasing Hope is not only a resource for families with children with autism and mental illness, but for policy makers as well. Schuyler's story illustrates a serious policy failure. Mrs. Walker's willingness to share her family's story in such an authentic manner is exceptional, and exemplifies the fearlessness she has shown throughout Schuyler's journey. The resolution of policy failures is only possible when brave families, like the Walkers, give voice to the issues. That Mrs. Walker had to become an expert in Schuyler's condition and the policy options available is heartbreaking, but her commitment to sharing the knowledge she acquired will undeniably help countless families." -Dr. Angela Fontes Northwestern University "As a health professional and parent of a child with ASD I found myself reliving many of the emotions and feelings that were evoked by this book. The struggle to get the right diagnosis and treatment will strike a cord with parents. Some of the writing was so true to life that it raised the hairs on the back of my neck; reading about how driven a parent can become in this situation was fantastic. The lack of help for these children is an international problem and it is important for health professionals, policy makers, and other parents to hear such stories so that further action can be taken to improve help for future generations. I would encourage everyone who has an interest in this area to read this account and to reflect on the issues raised." -Dr. Khalid Karim Senior Clinical Teaching Fellow, University of Leicester, England Consultant Child and Adolescent P

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Cracow Indological Studies XV. History and Society as Depcted in Indian Literature and Art. Part II. ŚRAVYA. Poetry & Prose - 2829811161

15,99 zł

Cracow Indological Studies XV. History and Society as Depcted in Indian Literature and Art. Part II. ŚRAVYA. Poetry & Prose Księgarnia Akademicka Sp. z o.o.

Książki ogólne / naukowe

IntroductionThe present volume of Cracow Indological Studies contains articles addressing different issues pertaining to a broadly formulated subject Histoiy and Society as Described in Indian Literature and Art. Its first part (Cracow Indological Studies, vol. 14) was devoted to visual and performing arts, as obviously the interpretation of sculptures, paintings, objects of craft as well as film art cannot be neglected while searching for pieces of information providing a better insight into the ancient and modern histoiy of India. The articles presented in the second part use literary sources in order to examine diverse aspects of the past and present. Similarly to the first part, which contains in its subtitle the Sanskrit word drsya-‘what should be looked at’-and in this way brings together the varied phenomena which can be described by this term, starting from ancient Indian theatrical art and finishing with modem Indian cinematography, the present volume’s subtitle also refers to the indigenous Indian theory of literature, using the Sanskrit word sravya or ‘what should be listened to’, ‘what is worth listening to’. This term covers both poetry and prose compositions. The authors of this particular volume bring manifold literary works, among them also scientific treatises and scriptures, which ‘should be listened to’ to readers’ attention and analyse them in order to have a better understanding of Indian society and culture. The essentially plural identity of Indian literature is represented in this volume by the pan-Indian Sanskrit literary tradition, Hindi literary culture encompassing the North of India and the most important and ancient among the South Indian Dravidic literatures, namely Tamil writings. The specialists explore a great number of issues: the relations between writing, history and ideology, gender, class, changing sensibilities, discourse and language-to name only a few.The opening article by Tiziana Pontillo introduces the fascinating question of asceticism as a permanent life choice. The authoress quotes Raghuvamsa passages regarding renunciation as a praiseworthy act rather than an obvious course of life. She focuses on two relevant passages from the Buddhacarita: one of them presents Buddha’s father, whose lineage probably did not observe the brahmanic varna- srama system, however wishing that his son would go successively through prescribed stages of life and not renounce the world too early. Indeed, Asvaghosa’s work reflects the socio-religious conflict between the brahmanic inclusivistic theory of four ordered stages of life and the Buddhist encouragement to renounce the world (here the latter path is unusually called arsamarga). The article elaborates also on the term suksma dharma, interpreting it as an ‘uncertain common dharma path’, constituting the point of departure for both, the true Buddhist dharma and the brahmanic srauta reform.The next paper, “Political Metaphors in the Mahakavya. The Conceptual Metaphor THE STATE IS THE HUMAN BODY in Magha’s Sisupala- vadha”, authored by Anna Trynkowska, applies cognitive linguistics methods in order to study the metaphor. The selected stanzas concern politics, a subject which appears prominently in Sanskrit court poems, and the conceptual metaphor under discussion is “the state is the human body”. Trynkowska shows it in the relevant passages of Magha’s poem entitled Sisupalavadha. Perhaps it is not surprising that the majority of examples provided by Magha focus on the condition of the state and its stability. The fitness of the human body is mapped onto political stability and the power of functional elements of the state. Political enemies are conceptualized here in terms of diseases, causing an inappropriate condition of the human body. There are also stanzas naming these dangerous diseases, consumption being referred to most frequently. Trynkowska presents the set of mappings used in these metaphors, specifying the categories in the source domain (the human body, its structure and condition as well as the causes of an inappropriate condition of the body and their remedies) and the corresponding functional elements of the state in the target domain. The proposed method of analysis sheds more light on the structure of such stylistic devices and helps in a better understanding and noticing of their specific features.The epic poem which Tomasz Winiarski discusses is the famous Raghuvamsa by Kalidasa. The author has identified a very interesting passage in its sixteenth canto (verses 4-24), which presents a dying capital city in a very specific way. The main stress is on the role of the female characters in the description. Step by step Winiarski introduces the reader into the sophisticated technique implied by Kalidasa, namely the process of deconstructing/reconstructing the image of the city, a subtle play between reality and illusion, the past and present, light and darkness. The images stereotypical and characteristic of kavya literature are put into an unusual context and combined in unusual ways. As Winiarski points out, taking kavya works as the source of knowledge “may be deceptive if one wants to know what the physical reality and the form of a city was”, but “it is a valid and maybe the only source to answer the question of what it meant for Indians of that time. (...) the way urban life was rendered in stories and poetry was, and still is, a way to fully understand what the city was, how to be a part of it, and how to preserve its existence and meaning.”The following two papers deal with the Sanskrit historiography in South India.Rajendran Chettiarthodi examines the Musikavamsa, a poem written in the 11th century by Atula, as an example of sanskritization of regional history. Choosing Sanskrit as his medium and the mahakavya as a form of expression Atula made an attempt to enhance the prestige of his patron, king Srikantha of the Musika dynasty ruling over North Kerala (...)

Sklep: Księgarnia.Poltax.waw.pl

Dog in the Sky - 2843501258

42,31 zł

Dog in the Sky Bloodaxe Books Ltd

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

"The Dog in the Sky" offers a view of the world that is skewed, vibrant and larger than life. Here, words turn into tiger-moths or laughing birds, the Minotaur finds his Ariadne and Pinochio's sister cuts loose from her strings. "The Dog in the Sky" is drunk on life, on love, on air thick with peach light, but also shows the flipside where you can't trust the earth beneath your feet. In her second collection, Helen Ivory takes you further into a world of illusions and transformations. Here are voices lost inside mental illness, divided and diverting selves, as well as sinister figures who control their madness and make things happen. She creates puppet shows in which larger-than-life forces pull the strings and write the scripts, drawing also from the darkly dramatic world of fairytale and myth. 'There is something subtle and unique about Helen Ivory's writing. You can see the shadows she moves among, the fabulists and fantasists, but there is a numbed, almost purely narrative quality to the voice which destabilises itself as it goes along. Her best poems are quite exquisite, not so much a matter of known poetic craft as of vision, instinct and frayed edgy experience playing it dead straight' - George Szirtes. 'Ivory's language, seemingly innocuous, sometimes almost deadpan, is in fact highly and instinctively wrought to contain the elusive resonance of her subject-matter...myth, madness, dislocation of self, shifting intent of narrator and her quixotic elemental world...They capture the imagination at full strength. Prepare, therefore, to be disturbed' - Sarah Law, "Stride".

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Time Cure - 2826703248

117,01 zł

Time Cure Jossey Bass Wiley

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In his landmark book, The Time Paradox , internationally known psychologist Philip Zimbardo showed that we can transform the way we think about our past, present, and future to attain greater success in work and in life. Now, in The Time Cure , Zimbardo has teamed with clinicians Richard and Rosemary Sword to reveal a groundbreaking approach that helps those living with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) to shift their time perspectives and move beyond the traumatic past toward a more positive future. Time Perspective Therapy switches the focus from past to present, from negative to positive, clearing the pathway for the best yet to come: the future. It helps PTSD sufferers pull their feet out of the quicksand of past traumas and step firmly on the solid ground of the present, allowing them to take a step forward into a brighter future. Rather than viewing PTSD as a mental illness the authors see it as a mental injury --a normal reaction to traumatic events--and offer those suffering from PTSD the healing balm of hope. The Time Cure lays out the step-by-step process of Time Perspective Therapy, which has proven effective for a wide range of individuals, from veterans to survivors of abuse, accidents, assault, and neglect. Rooted in psychological research, the book also includes a wealth of vivid and inspiring stories from real-life PTSD sufferers--effective for individuals seeking self-help, their loved ones, therapists and counselors, or anyone who wants to move forward to a brighter future.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

My Near Death Experience - 2842081391

97,77 zł

My Near Death Experience Publish America

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

My first attempt at saving my own life was to learn everything available on the subject matter of my inflicting illness. By visualizing the illness in its entirety, I was able give my mind something tangible to work with; a better, visceral understanding of its nature. With a viable look into the mechanisms, whether it be mechanical, electrical or biological, I used the visual technique of fighting back. From a psychological or physiological stand point, I suppose one could do much the same. First, find the root to the problem. Understand its properties and its effects on you, and perhaps others who might suffer the same ailment. Then, decide whether or not your life is worth the trouble of taking a few easy steps to preserve your God given right to live. Second, make the decision to fight back with an un-daunting perseverance. And third, know you will win the battle of your life. Take no prisoners, and leave nothing to chance. Hit this thing that ails you head on and don't look back. When my back was against the wall, I chose to fight my way out. Flight was never an option for me. I had too much to live for and a family that depended on me. And I wasn't nearly ready to rest on my laurels. My credo would soon become, "Triumphant Victory Via The Sinews of Angry Fear". If spiritual strength is what drives you, use it. If anger or fear is what drives you, than use that. The tools I used to fight my battle is here in this book as I share them with you, now. This may very well be the battle of your life, for your life. Treat it like war, with your dukes up and your mind ready. I wish you well. K S Michaels is a survivor of over twenty-nine heart surgeries due to a rare congenital heart disease. He is a doting husband and a proud daddy. When not writing novels, he spends much of his donated time as a motivational speaker helping parents of behaviorally challenged adolescent children, and victims of the chronically ill at various hospitals and colleges. He offers accolades to Loma Linda International Heart Institute and Long Beach Memorial hospital for saving his life on more than one occasion. He grew up in Woodland Hills, California, and presently resides in the High Desert of California. His autobiography is titled: When To Give Up On Life And Child.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Adult Cloze - 2826890881

128,39 zł

Adult Cloze STUDYMATES

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This set of 30 cloze short stories is designed to provide reading and comprehension material that is appropriate for adults who have literacy skills that do not allow them to be/feel successful in their everyday lives. A number of reasons account for the large number of adults in this category. Failure in school, a broken family, illness, negative life experiences, emigration, second language English and many other causes may have contributed to their situation. Most of these adults are aware of their needs. They also often lack confidence in their reading ability and wish to improve and further develop their literacy skills.This is hard to achieve by oneself, so many adults look for support. Seeking help is a huge step.Adults who seek help may have different motivations, including getting a job or moving up the job ladder. Or it may mean gaining independence in commonplace tasks such as sitting a driving exam, writing a grocery list, reading the newspaper or doing personal banking. The main result of their efforts in literacy programs, in addition to increasing their reading skills, is the improvement of their self-image. They will be able to feel the effects in every part of their lives.How is the resource organized? The stories have been presented according to a continuum that gets gradually more difficult. They provide a variety of worthwhile reading development alternatives, using fiction and non-fiction. The contents of this resources approximately the average reading levels of 11-14 year olds. Each story is accompanied with a photo and five comprehension questions. This resource is produced in the form of black line master worksheets. Ideas for using photocopiable worksheets are suggested at the end of this introduction.What is Cloze? The cloze procedure was initially used for testing, diagnosing, classifying and identifying deficiencies in reading ability. Words are deleted from a passage and the reader is required to fill in the blanks. It is still widely used for diagnostic purposes. In recent years however the cloze procedure has also been used as an aid for reading instruction. Activities using the cloze procedure can help to develop reading and writing skills by teaching the student how to gain meaning from context clues. Cloze can also help with grammar, spelling and sequencing.How is comprehension tested? The purpose of reading is for the reader to gain information from the written word. It is possible to 'say' a word accurately but get no meaning or only a limited meaning from it. Therefore, checking the reader's understanding or comprehension of the text they have read is very important. Start by asking your student what the purpose of reading is. Many will answer with phrases such as 'learning to spell', or 'saying the words'. If necessary, explain to them that the whole point of reading is to take the meaning out of the words that the writer put there. You might like to discuss the fact that it doesn't matter too much whether they read every word correctly, or whether they sound good when reading aloud.What matters is whether they take the meaning from the text. Ask the students how they will know that they have understood the text. They will come to realise that by answering the questions accurately, they are demonstrating that they have actually read the text, ie that they have understood the meaning behind the individual words. After your initial assessment of each of your students, you may find some of them need to start by discussing what the story is about, and even, in the early stages, by reading the story once or twice to them before they try reading it. Then, having read the story as many times as they feel they need to in order to understand the meaning, the student will complete the five comprehension questions that accompany that particular story.Questions test a variety of comprehension skills and go beyond basic recall. Most of the questions are inferential, evaluative or analytical.Inferential, evaluative and analytical questions require the reader to think beyond the words or to 'read between the lines', picking subtle clues that are not immediately obvious. These questions usually require the reader to write answers based on their understanding or opinion of the story, draw conclusions, make predictions, identify main ideas and use context to guess meaning. Some of the stories require the use of reference materials such as a dictionary, maps and diagrams.Strategies - Each story can be used in many ways. Here are three: The tutor reads the story to the students with the missing words included, and then lets the students do the cloze exercise using their listening memory; The students read the story and fill in the gaps with any words they want. Their answers do not have to match the listed words, as long as they make sense in the context of the story. This should lead to an interesting discussion; and, Students read the story and then fill in the gaps, with the words provided, to complete the story so that it makes sense.After they are familiar with the story, they answer the questions you assign. Many different skills can be improved using different strategies with these stories.Discussion - discussing the topic of a story before the student reads it will give them clues; discuss related aspects of a story. Reading aloud - the way a text is read aloud, and words emphasised and grouped in particular ways, will indicate a level of understanding. Word identification - some words will be known by sight and reinforced in the text. Word attack (decoding) - decoding skills must be taught so that students can apply them when reading independently. Silent reading - silent reading is a highly developed skill which takes time to master. Help them gain confidence.Repetition - students begin to recall words when reading text a second or third time. Developing skilled reading has a lot to do with reading 'mileage' - just doing the practice.Photos - clues can also be gained from the photo on each page. This isn't cheating - it's something we all do to assist our understanding of text. Context - adults have a wealth of experience which they can use. To read effectively, readers need to learn to take risks without the fear of failure. Teach students how to guess what a word means using the surrounding clues. Use the word in another context to reinforce the learning. Analysis - encourage students to read analytically, thinking beyond the written information, and relating what they read to their own experiences. Some questions can have more than one right answer, as long as the reasoning is logical.Revision - the stories can be effectively used for revision. Keep stories in a folder so they can reread their favourites regularly. Enrichment - students may find particular stories more appealing than others. When they really enjoy a story, find related stories from other sources to read. These will more likely hold their interest and speed up their learning.Photocopiable resources - The following is a list of some of the ways in which photocopiable teaching resources (black line masters or BLM) may be used in an instructional environment to ensure variety of presentation and moderation in photocopying costs. Copy the resource to A4 paper at a rate of one sheet per student. Students write on the sheet. Copy the resource to A4 paper at a rate of one sheet per group. Students work together to complete one sheet between them. Use the resource as a tutor guide only, running the exploration as a tutor-guided activity. Copy the resource to the whiteboard. Copy the resource to an OHP transparency and project it on the wall. Keep the OHP with the resource book so that tutors choosing the same resource do not have to copy the page again.Some resources lend themselves to a discussion activity, where half the class does one activity and the other half does another.They pair up to 'mark' each other's work. Copy the resource to A3 paper using the enlarging function of your copier. Use this page as a wall chart. Copy the resource 2 per A4 sheet (depending on legibility). Guillotine. Students paste the small sheets into their workbooks then write their answers or complete the activities on the adjoining pages.Copy all the pages required for the unit to A3 to form a booklet. Pages can either be retained at A4 presentation size or reduced to A5. By choosing say 8 pages to present in this way during the unit, students can each receive a small booklet at the start of the unit comprised of just one or two sheets of A3 paper folded and stapled appropriately. Present a copy of the resource to students the day before the exercise. Explain that they will be required to present this part of the unit in their own way the following day. Use peer teaching by presenting the resource to one student to teach the ideas to others.

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