krainaksiazek jews and muslims in the russian empire and the soviet union 20123830
- znaleziono 6 produktów w 2 sklepach
Bullion coins Books LLC, Reference Series
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 71. Chapters: Gold coins, Silver coins, Denarius, Krugerrand, Napoleon, Platinum coin, American Silver Eagle, Morgan dollar, Libertad, Constantine ruble, Flowing Hair dollar, Canadian Gold Maple Leaf, Canadian Silver Maple Leaf, Liudhard medalet, Solidus, Bracteate, Junk silver, Chinese Silver Panda, Bullion coin, Maria Theresa thaler, Vreneli, Canterbury-St Martin's hoard, Gold Dinar, German gold mark, Mancus, Histamenon, Tetarteron, Ducat, Florin, Louis d'or, Miliaresion, Australian Gold Nugget, Britannia, Saint George the Victorious, Islamic gold dinar, Bezant, Chinese Gold Panda, Stavraton, Hyperpyron, Basilikon, America the Beautiful Silver Bullion Coins, Politikon, Aureus, Koban, Kitco, Kreuzer, Friedrich d'or, Columnarios, Kelantanese dinar, Kijang Emas, Quadrigatus, Doubloon, Hexagram, Moidore, Sequin, Australian Silver Kangaroo, Palladium coin, Siliqua, Spur ryal, Australian Silver Kookaburra, Centenario, Augustalis, Reka Devnia Hoard, Ireland 1996 25 euro coin, Akçe, South African Mint, Biatec, Miliarense, Grosso of Venice, Michaelaton, Nectanebo II gold stater, Ireland 1990 50 ECU coin, Ireland 1995 commemorative 1 pound coin, Fijian gold pacific sovereign, Orzel bielik, Ying Yuan, Bahar Azadi Coin, Ashrafi, Sultani. Excerpt: Platinum coins are a form of currency. Platinum has an international currency symbol under ISO 4217 of XPT. The issues of legitimate platinum coins were initiated by Spain in Spanish-colonized America in the 18th century and continued by the Russian Empire in the 19th century. As a form of currency, these coins proved to be impractical: platinum resembles many less expensive metals, and, unlike the more malleable and ductile silver and gold, it is very difficult to work. Several commemorative coin sets have been issued starting from 1978 and became popular among coin collectors. The major platinum bullion coins include the American Platinum Eagle, the Canadian Platinum Maple Leaf, the Australian Platinum Koala, the Isle of Man Noble, the Chinese Platinum Panda and several series by the Soviet Union and later by the Russian Federation. The production of most platinum coins stopped around 2005 except for the American Platinum Eagle - one of the world's most popular platinum coins - which was still being produced in 2009. Platinum was first used for minting coins in Spanish-colonized America. Following the discovery of platinum in gold rocks, the Spaniards for a long time could not work it because they had no technology for processing this metal. The then-cheap platinum was used for various kinds of frauds, such as substituting it for the more expensive silver. After the discovery that platinum alloys with gold, counterfeiters began to add it to gold coins. The platinum confiscated from counterfeiters was then thrown into the sea, in accordance with the royal decree of 1735. Later, the practice of adding platinum to gold as a ligature was adopted by the authorities in Spain in order to lower the gold content of coins. Also in Spain, in the mid-19th century, counterfeiters began producing British Sovereigns out of a gold-plated alloy of platinum and copper, relying on a similar specific weight of platinum and gold. Experimental mule sample manufactured in UK. The obvers
Mosfilm films (Film Guide) Books LLC, Reference Series
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Source: Wikipedia. Commentary (films not included). Pages: 103. Chapters: The Battleship Potemkin, Waterloo, Liberation, Stalker, Andrei Rublev, Solaris, Come and See, War and Peace, Office Romance, The Mirror, Operation Y and Other Shurik's Adventures, Alexander Nevsky, Ivan's Childhood, Kin-dza-dza!, I Am Cuba, The Irony of Fate, The Diamond Arm, Battle of Moscow, Ivan Vasilievich: Back to the Future, Ballad of a Soldier, Taming of the Fire, Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears, Ilya Muromets, Siberiade, Nostalghia, The Cranes Are Flying, Kidnapping, Caucasian Style, Dersu Uzala, The Fall of Berlin, White Sun of the Desert, The Pokrovsky Gate, The Steamroller and the Violin, The Battle of Stalingrad, Scarlet Sails, I Step Through Moscow, Beware of the Car, Agony, Teheran 43, The Red Tent, The Forty-First, The Ascent, Two Comrades Were Serving, At Home Among Strangers, Air Crew, Jolly Fellows, Kosmicheskiy reys, The Elusive Avengers, Gentlemen of Fortune, Nine Days in One Year, Soldiers of Freedom, Mary Poppins, Goodbye, The Crown of the Russian Empire, or Once Again the Elusive Avengers, Welcome, or No Trespassing, The Very Same Munchhausen, Carnival Night, Time, Forward!, Viy, Earthly Love, The New Adventures of the Elusive Avengers, A Man from the Boulevard des Capucines, Take Aim, The Chairman, Lenin in Paris, Volga-Volga, Solo Voyage, Stariki-razboyniki, Miles of Fire, Destiny, Hussar Ballad, Mimino, Station for Two, The Sannikov Land, My Friend, Kolka!, The Star, Circus, Anna Karenina, Optimistic Tragedy, Lenin in 1918, Queen of the Gypsies, We Are from Jazz, Intergirl, Takeoff, The Assassin of the Tsar, The Garage, The Brothers Karamazov, Adventures of a Dentist, Hostile Whirlwinds, Hot Snow, An Ordinary Miracle, The Ballad of the Valiant Knight Ivanhoe, Minin and Pozharsky, Bootleggers, Pugachev, Going Inside a Storm, Formula of Love, Hopelessly Lost, Aerograd, Dead Souls, A Hunting Accident, Thirty Three, Suvorov, Admiral Nakhimov, Chronicle of Flaming Years, The Alive and the Dead, The Cossacks, Uncle Vanya, Five Days, Five Nights, Little Tragedies, A Very English Murder, Zhukovsky, Anna Karamazoff, In the Name of the Fatherland, Michurin, Autumn Marathon, Sofiya Perovskaya, The Return of Vasili Bortnikov, The Kreutzer Sonata, The Blizzard, Balzaminov's Marriage, The Little Golden Calf, Aybolit-66, The Adjutant of His Excellency, The Murderers are Coming, Wolfhound, A Lesson in History, Tchaikovsky, Victory, Do Not Shoot at White Swans, Afonya, Private Life, June 31st. Excerpt: Liberation (Russian: , translit. Osvobozhdenie, German: , Polish: ) is an epic five-part film series considered the most large-scale World War II film ever made in the Soviet Union. Filmed from 1967 to 1971, the first part was released during 1970 for the 25th anniversary of Victory Day. The series was a Soviet-Polish-East German-Italian-Yugoslavian co-production, by the studios Mosfilm, ZF-Start/PRF-ZF, Deutsche Film AG, Dino de Laurentiis Cinematografica and Avala Film. It was directed by Yuri Ozerov. The script was written by Yuri Bondarev and Oscar Kurganov. The films are a dramatized account of the liberation of the Soviet Union's territory and the subsequent defeat of Nazi Germany in the Great Patriotic War, focusing on five major Eastern Front campaigns: the Battle of Kursk, the Lower Dnieper Offensive, Operation Bagration, the Vistula-Oder Offensive and the Battle of Berlin. The series was created under the aegis of Soviet authorities, with the mil...
Chechnya University of Pennsylvania Press
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Chechnya From Nationalism to Jihad James Hughes "James Hughes has produced the most comprehensive, thoroughly documented, and up-to-date study of the Chechen conflict available. This sophisticated and subtle analysis places Chechnya in the context of broader debates about nationalism and ethnic politics, theories of empire and secession, and the propensity of new democracies to go to war."--Matthew Evangelista, Cornell University "Hughes offers a new way of thinking about ethnopolitical conflict by examining conflict dynamics as part of the causation chain in a conflict."--History: Reviews of New Books "Does the book have value for the military historian? Absolutely."--Journal of Military History "an excellent starting point for anyone looking for insight into how the radical Sunni Salafi movement both evolved and commandeered the struggle in Chechnya, which could also serve as an example as to how Al-Qaeda could hijack other nationalist struggles in the future."--International Affairs "An exemplary case study...Throughout, insights into the consequences of the collapse of the Soviet Union, the reconstitution of a federated Russia, and the leadership of Vladimir Putin abound...Highly recommended. "--Choice The sheer scale and brutality of the hostilities between Russia and Chechnya stand out as an exception in the mostly peaceful breakup of the Soviet Union. Chechnya: From Nationalism to Jihad provides a fascinating analysis of the transformation of secular nationalist resistance in a nominally Islamic society into a struggle that is its antithesis, jihad. Hughes locates Chechen nationalism within the wider movement for national self-determination that followed the collapse of the Soviet empire. When negotiations failed in the early 1990s, political violence was instrumentalized to consolidate opposing nationalist visions of state-building in Russia and Chechnya. The resistance in Chechnya also occurred in a regional context where Russian hegemony over the Caucasus, especially the resources of the Caspian basin, was in retreat, and in an international context of rising Islamic radicalism. Alongside Bosnia, Kashmir, and other conflicts, Chechnya became embedded in Osama Bin Laden's repertoire of jihadist rhetoric against the "West." It was not simply Russia's destruction of a nationalist option for Chechnya, or "Wahabbist" infiltration from without, that created the political space for Islamism. Rather, we must look also at how the conflict was fought. The lack of proportionality and discrimination in the use of violence, particularly by Russia, accelerated and intensified the Islamic radicalization and thereby transformed the nature of the conflict. James Hughes is Professor of Comparative Politics at the London School of Economics and Political Science. National and Ethnic Conflict in the 21st Century 2007 | 296 pages | 6 x 9 | 5 illus. ISBN 978-0-8122-2030-8 | Paper | $26.50s | GBP17.50 ISBN 978-0-8122-0231-1 | Ebook | $26.5s | GBP17.50 World Rights | Political Science Short copy: The conflict in Chechnya involves many of the most contentious issues in contemporary international politics. By providing us with a persuasive and challenging study, Hughes sets out the indispensable lessons for other conflicts involving the volatile combination of insurgency and counterinsurgency, most notably the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.
Islam and Nazi Germany's War The Belknap Press
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
In the most crucial phase of the Second World War, German troops, fighting in regions as far apart as the Sahara and the Caucasus, confronted the Allies across lands largely populated by Muslims. Nazi officials saw Islam as a powerful force with the same enemies as Germany: the British Empire, the Soviet Union, and the Jews. Islam and Nazi Germany s War" is the first comprehensive account of Berlin s remarkably ambitious attempts to build an alliance with the Islamic world. Drawing on archival research in three continents, David Motadel explains how German officials tried to promote the Third Reich as a patron of Islam. He explores Berlin s policies and propaganda in the Muslim war zones, and the extensive work that authorities undertook for the recruitment, spiritual care, and ideological indoctrination of tens of thousands of Muslim volunteers who fought in the Wehrmacht and the SS. Islam and Nazi Germany s War" reveals how German troops on the ground in North Africa, the Balkans, and the Eastern front engaged with diverse Muslim populations, including Muslim Roma and Jewish converts to Islam. Combining measured argument with a masterly handling of detail, it illuminates the profound impact of the Second World War on Muslims around the world and provides a new understanding of the politics of religion in the bloodiest conflict of the twentieth century."
Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Society & social sciences>Society & culture: general>Social groups>Religious groups: social & cultural ...
An Illustrated Survey Of The Lives And History Of Jews In The Russian Empire, The Soviet Union, And The Post-Soviet Era.
Nes-Spiel Books LLC, Reference Series
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Quelle: Wikipedia. Seiten: 625. Nicht dargestellt. Kapitel: Tetris, Lemmings, Mule, Ultima, Donkey Kong, Mega Man, Indiana Jones, Pac-Man, Kirby, Super Mario Bros., Castlevania, Metroid, Prince of Persia, Ninja Gaiden, X-Men, Saint Seiya, Dragon Quest, Fire Emblem, Metal Gear, Kid Icarus, Kung-Fu Master, Street Fighter, F-15 Strike Eagle, Nazo No Murasamejo, Mother, Battletoads, Joust, Final Fantasy, Super Mario Bros. 3, Die Goonies, Maniac Mansion, Pirates!, Ducktales - Neues Aus Entenhausen, Archon, Galaga, Gauntlet, Bomberman, Wizardry, Ice Climber, Monster in My Pocket, King's Quest I: Quest for the Crown, Gradius, Bad Dudes Vs. Dragon Ninja, Contra, Elite, Tower Toppler, Kick Off, the Legend of Zelda, Double Dragon, Shinobi, Pitfall!, Operation Wolf, the Bard's Tale, Nintendo World Championships 1990, Final Fantasy Ii, Bionic Commando, Paperboy, Final Fight, Choplifter, Ghosts 'n Goblins, Sensible Soccer, Dragon's Lair, 1943: the Battle of Midway, Mario Tennis, Q*bert, Spelunker, Elevator Action, A-Train, Dig Dug, Qix, Rampart, Green Beret, Speedball, Spy Hunter, Nintendo Wars, Langrisser, Punch-Out!!, Nintendo World Cup, Gyruss, Bubble Bobble, Defender of the Crown, After Burner, Track & Field, Excitebike, Robotron: 2084, Rainbow Islands, Yie Ar Kung-Fu, Burgertime, International Superstar Soccer, King's Quest V: Absence Makes the Heart Go Yonder!, North & South, B.c. Kid, Zelda Ii: the Adventure of Link, Rampage, Toki, a Boy and His Blob, Empire City: 1931, 1942, Final Fantasy Iii, Micro Machines, Ganbare Goemon, Dig Dug Ii, Cabal, Karate Champ, Spy Vs Spy, Duck Hunt, Mario & Yoshi, Nectaris, Pooyan, Winter Games, Battle Chess, Stargate, Snake Rattle 'n' Roll, Skate or Die!, Murder on the Mississippi: the Adventures of Sir Charles Foxworth. Auszug: Tetris (Russian: ) is a puzzle video game originally designed and programmed by Alexey Pajitnov in the Soviet Union. It was created on June 6, 1984, while he was working for the Dorodnicyn Computing Centre of the Academy of Science of the USSR in Moscow. He derived its name from the Greek numerical prefix tetra- (all of the game's pieces, known as Tetrominoes, contain four segments) and tennis, Pajitnov's favorite sport. The Tetris game is a popular use of tetrominoes, the four element special case of polyominoes. Polyominoes have been used in popular puzzles since at least 1907, and the name is given by the mathematician Solomon W. Golomb in 1953. However, even the enumeration of pentominoes is dated to antiquity. The game (or one of its many variants) is available for nearly every video game console and computer operating system, as well as on devices such as graphing calculators, mobile phones, portable media players, PDAs, Network music players and even as an Easter egg on non-media products like oscilloscopes. It has even inspired Tetris serving dishes and been played on the sides of various buildings, with the record holder for the world's largest fully functional game of Tetris being an effort by Dutch students in 1995 that lit up all 15 floors of the Electrical Engineering department at Delft University of Technology. While versions of Tetris were sold for a range of 1980s home computer platforms, it was the hugely successful handheld version for the Game Boy launched in 1989 that established the reputation of the game as one of the most popular ever. Electronic Gaming Monthly's 100th issue had Tetris in first place as "Greatest Game of All Time". In 2007, Tetris came in second place in IGN's "100 Greatest Video Games of All Time". It has sold more than 70 million copies. In January 2010, it was announced that Tetris has sold more than 100 million copies for cell phones alone since 2005. A random sequence of tetrominoes (sometimes called "tetrads" in older v
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