krainaksiazek just cause 3 standard edition guide 20129863
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Oxygen Forensic Detective (zawiera 12 m-cy aktualizacji) GSM-Support, Kraków
Oprogramowanie użytkowe > Oxygen > Programy dla śledczych
Oxygen Forensic Detective (zawiera 12 m-cy aktualizacji) - to oprogramowanie dla komputerów klasy PC służące do wydobycia maksymalnej ilości informacji z telefonów komórkowych i smartfonów, w celach dochodzeniowo-śledczych. Program ten odegrał znaczącą rolę w śledztwach w postępowaniach kryminalnych i innych w ponad 20 krajach na całym świecie. Jednym z głównych zastosowań tego oprogramowania jest odzyskiwanie informacji, które mogą służyć jako dowód w postępowaniu sądowym. Firma GSM-SUPPORT posiada bezpośrednią autoryzację od producenta na sprzedaż oprogramowania firmy Oxygen Software. Supports live data acquisition from 11,000+ mobile devices running on iOS, Android, Windows 8, Windows Mobile 5/6, RIM(Blackberry), Symbian, Bada, Chinese MTK chipset, and feature phones. Offers advanced Oxygen Forensic
Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis Oxford University Press
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Amytrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS or motor neurone disease) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease that can cause profound suffering for both the patient and their family. Whilst new treatments for ALS are being developed, these are not curative and offer only the potential to slow its progression. Palliative care must therefore be integral to the clinical approach to the disease. Palliative Care in Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis: From diagnosis to bereavement reflects the wide scope of this care; it must cover not just the terminal phase, but support the patient and their family from the onset of the disease. Both the multidisciplinary palliative care team and the neurology team are essential in providing a high standard of care and allowing quality of life (both patient and carer) to be maintained. Clear guidelines are provided to address care throughout the disease process. Control of symptoms is covered alongside the psychosocial care of patients and their families. Case studies are used to emphasise the complexity of the care needs and involvement of the patient and family, culminating in discussion of bereavement. Different models of care are explored, and this new edition utilizes the increase in both the evidence-base and available literature on the subject. New topics discussed include complementary therapies, personal and family experiences of ALS, new genetics research, and updated guidelines for patient care, to ensure this new edition remains the essential guide to palliative care in ALS.
Intermediate Accounting, 3e, by Spiceland/Sepe/Tomassini will gain support in traditional and technology-driven accounting departments, especially those looking for a more concise, decision-making text that reinforces challenging concepts via CD-ROM. The revision of this text is based around a "Learning System." The revision of this "Learning System" was built on improving the clarity of the chapters, emphasizing more decision-making in order to prepare students for the changes taking place on the CPA exam, acknowledging the diversity of students and their learning styles by creating supplemental materials to assure the success of every student, and creating a consistent text and supplemental package for both students and instructor's giving us the best possible intermediate text on the market. Returning to the Third edition is the award winning "Coach" CD-ROM. The Coach CD-ROM is a multimedia product integrating audio and video clips, animated illustrations, cases, and alternative reading material that helps students comprehend some of the more difficult topics associated with intermediate accounting. Designed specifically for the Spiceland text, instructors and students will find these learning tools placed strategically throughout the text. This is the most comprehensive Learning System in Intermediate Accounting. At only 1120 pages (300 pages less than the average intermediate accounting text), Spiceland/S/T has not sacrificed content for pages. Instead, the authors have created a very flexible text with a student friendly writing style that focuses on explaining not just how to apply a procedure, but why it's applied. GradeSummit(TM) is a dynamic self-assessment and exam preparation service for students and instructors. Detailed diagnostic analysis of strengths and weaknesses enables efficient and effective study for students and effortless information for instructors. Find out more at www.gradesummit.com.|Reorganization of Chapters 3, 4, and 5. Based on extensive market feedback, the authors rearranged these chapters so that the basic financial statements are presented contiguously in Chapters 3 and 4. Consequently, the balance sheet is now covered before presenting the income measurement material.|Chapter 4 - Early coverage of Earnings Management/Earnings Quality. Part "A" of this chapter, the income statement, has been restructured by framing the discussion of income statement presentation within the context of earnings quality/earnings management. As one of the HOTTEST topics in the news today, Earnings Quality refers to the ability of reported earnings (income) to predict a company's future earnings. Financial analysts evaluate a company's earnings quality by attempting to separate a company's transitory earnings effects from its permanent earnings. This analysis is critical to investment decisions.|Update on Pronouncement Drafts FAS No. 132 (revised 2003) - Employers' Disclosures about Pensions and Other Postretirement Benefits-an amendment of FASB Statements No. 87, 88, and 106 FAS No. 150, Accounting for Financial Instruments with Characteristics of both Liabilities and Equity Accounting Changes and Error Corrections -a replacement of APB Opinion 20 Exchanges of Productive Assets - an amendment of APB Opinion No. 29. Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation: A Comparison of FASB Statement No. 123, Accounting for Stock-Based Compensation, and its related interpretations. Expanded coverage of the Sarbanes Oxley Act in Chapter 1|CPA Review IntegrationIn 2004 McGraw-Hill/Irwin will provide you and your students with a true CPA Exam experience By exposing students to those skills now necessary to succeed both in their careers and on the computerized CPA Exam - Research, Analysis, Judgment, Understanding and Communication - your students will now be exposed to these requirements in their intermediate accounting course through our new CPA Review simulations. Several simulations tied to the text will be available on the bookĹźs website. |Decision Makers' Perspective - sections added to various chapters throughout the text to help students learn how to apply the knowledge they learn in class to the real world after graduation. Earnings Management topics are often revisited in these sections of the text. This text addresses the issues of how creditors use information about accounts receivables and inventories, determine which information is useful to investors, and why managers choose a particular accounting method over an allowable alternative. By the end of this course, students will be able to use accounting information to make decisions, understand financial reporting issues, and most importantly, critically evaluate reporting alternatives.|Updated real-world examples featuring a variety of companies such as Microsoft, Ford, and Gap, Inc. help students understand theoretical concepts by studying the decisions made by progressive companies.|Updated FASB Pronouncements - 130, 131, 132, 133, 137, 141-146 all incorporated throughout the text with material detailing the impacts of these pronouncements.|Revenue Recognition - Revenue recognition has become one of the hottest financial reporting issues. The most frequently cited issue in federal class action litigation is improper revenue recognition. Complex business transactions, particularly for high technology companies, make revenue recognition a difficult task, one that needs to be thoroughly understood by students.|Chapter 14, Bonds and Long-Term Notes, has been reorganized to create greater flexibility in the choice of topics to be covered. 3 Parts: Postretirement Benefits Other than Pensions, Stock-Based Compensation Plans, and Other Compensation Prior to Retirement.|Coverage of accounting errors expanded in Chapter 22 - Using Enron's error correction experience as backdrop. These topics will show the relevance of accounting to students.|Updated Computerized Test Bank - Each chapter of the TB has a planning grid that classifies each question according to the primary learning objective and the level of learning that it tests. Learning levels, based on a form of Bloom's educational taxonomy, divides questions as follows: Level One - Knows terms & facts. Level Two - Understands Principles and Concepts. Level Three - Applies Principles and Concepts. Many questions have been revised or updated from the 2e test bank, several redundant ones have been eliminated and many new ones have been included. The new questions emphasize more critical thinking and increased emphasis on interpreting information from real world financial statements and disclosures.|Online Learning Center- The OLC is a dynamic website providing students with added material that traditionally has been available at an additional cost. The Spiceland OLC includes quizzes, practice sets, articles, Excel Templates, PPT Slides, Electronic Cases, Check Figures, FASB Pronouncement Summaries, links to Relevant News and References, and Flash Cards. There are also 60 Real-Time, Real-World Electronic cases. Each case has solutions and links to other websites. The OLC is free with the purchase of a new text. (www.mhhe.com/spiceland3e)|Expanded coverage of comprehensive income. Comprehensive income, as covered in the first and second editions, will now include real-world disclosure examples and presentations.|Coach CD-ROM - The Coach CD-ROM is an interactive CD-ROM that is fully integrated throughout the text, helping students understand some of the more difficult topics surrounding Intermediate Accounting. This CD-ROM includes audio & video clips to help visual learners comprehend difficult topics in an environment that is more suitable to their learning needs. There are also animated illustrations, electronic cases, review exercises, and additional journal readings.|Author-written supplements - The Spiceland author team writes all primary supplements to ensure a perfect fit between the text and supporting materials.|Conceptual Emphasis - Spiceland is more conceptual in how it successfully explains not just how to account for something, but why you account for it in a particular manner.|Flexibility - The author team has organized the chapters modularly so basic concepts are covered early in the chapter, while more difficult concepts can be studied later, or skipped completely. With other encyclopedic texts, this can be very difficult for instructors to accomplish.|Chapter Opening Financial Reporting Cases - Each chapter opens with a Financial Reporting Case that places the students in the role of the decision-maker. These cases help students understand why and how the material covered in a given chapter is applied in business. Questions relating to these cases are placed appropriately throughout the chapter where the learned concepts can be applied. Solutions to these questions are located in the End-of-Chapter material.|Ethical Dilemmas - Ethical boxes are integrated throughout the text and are intended to create an awareness of accounting issues with ethical ramifications. This timely information is great for classroom discussions and ask students to consider situations dealing with fraud, accounting for contingencies, and post-retirement pension plans.|Global Perspectives - International boxes integrated throughout the text to give students a sense of how accounting is use in other countries. Students will get some insight into how income tax regulations are handled in other countries, how investments are reported, and uniformity of accounting standards in a global marketplace.|Additional Consideration Boxes provide students with more detail on selected topics such as understanding ratios, LIFO/FIFO, and goodwill.|Broaden Your Perspective Cases - An integral part of each chapter, these cases prepare students for the New Uniform CPA exam by helping them develop these four critical skills: research, analysis, judgment, and communication. These cases allow students to apply the knowledge they are gaining in the course.|Concept Review Exercises w/Solutions - Reinforces the understanding of chapter material, and allows students to apply concepts and procedures learned in earlier chapters prior to their homework assignment. Some chapters will discuss more than one distinct topic, and in so doing, a concept review exercise will immediately follow.|McGraw-HillĹźs Knowledge Gateway - The Complete Resource for Teaching Online Courses. McGraw-Hill/Irwin, in partnership with Eduprise, is proud to bring this unique service to instructors. This comprehensive Website contains a wealth of information for any professor interested in teaching online. Level one is available to any instructor browsing our Website. Level two is reserved for McGraw-Hill customers and contains access to free technical and instructional design assistance. For more details, visit http://mhhe.eduprise.com/home.nsf|PageOut is McGraw-HillĹźs unique point-and click course Website tool, enabling you to create a full-featured, professional quality course Website without knowing HTML coding. With PageOut you can post your syllabus online, assign McGraw-Hill Online Learning Center or eBook content, add links to important off-site resources, and maintain student results in the online grade book. You can send class announcements, copy your course site to share with colleagues, and upload original files. PageOut is free for every McGraw-Hill/Irwin user and, if youĹźre short on time, we even have a team ready to help you create your site!|You can customize this text with McGraw-Hill/Primis Online. A digital database offers you the flexibility to customize your course including material from the largest online collection of textbooks, readings, and cases. Primis leads the way in customized eBooks with hundreds of titles available at prices that save your students over 20% off bookstore prices. Additional information is available at 800-228-0634.|PowerWeb. This online reservoir of discipline-specific news articles and essays offer a great way to keep your course current, while complementing textbook concepts with real-world applications. Articles and essays from leading periodicals and niche publications in specific disciplines are reviewed by professors like you to ensure fruitful search results every time. PowerWeb also offers current news, weekly updates with assessment, interactive exercises, Web research guide, study tips, and much more! http://www.dushkin.com/powerweb.|BusinessWeek Edition. Your students can subscribe to 15 weeks of Business Week for a specially priced rate of $8.25 in addition to the price of the text. Students will receive a pass code card shrink-wrapped with their new text. The card directs students to a Website where they enter the code and then gain access to BusinessWeekĹźs registration page to enter address info and set up their print and online subscription as well. |Wall Street Journal Edition. Your students can subscribe to the Wall Street Journal for 15 weeks at a specially priced rate of $20.00 in addition to the price of the text. Students will receive a "How To Use the WSJ" handbook plus a pass code card shrink-wrapped with the text. The card directs students to a Website where they enter the code and then gain access to the WSJ registration page to enter address info and set up their print and online subscription, and also set up their subscription to Dow Jones Interactive online for the span of the 15-week period. |Standard & PoorĹźs Educational Version of Market Insight. McGraw-Hill/Irwin is proud to partner with Standard & PoorĹźs to offer access to the Educational Version of Standard & PoorĹźs Market Insight(c). This rich online resource provides six years of financial data for over 370 top companies. The password-protected Website is the perfect way to bring real data into todayĹźs classroom. This is free with selected McGraw-Hill titles, and is available for an extra $5 with additional titles. Contact your rep for more information or visit www.mhhe.com/edumarketinsight.
C++ Primer Plus PEARSON
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
C++ Primer Plus, Sixth Edition New C++11 Coverage C++ Primer Plus is a carefully crafted, complete tutorial on one of the most significant and widely used programming languages today. An accessible and easy-to-use self-study guide, this book is appropriate for both serious students of programming as well as developers already proficient in other languages. The sixth edition of C++ Primer Plus has been updated and expanded to cover the latest developments in C++, including a detailed look at the new C++11 standard. Author and educator Stephen Prata has created an introduction to C++ that is instructive, clear, and insightful. Fundamental programming concepts are explained along with details of the C++ language. Many short, practical examples illustrate just one or two concepts at a time, encouraging readers to master new topics by immediately putting them to use. Review questions and programming exercises at the end of each chapter help readers zero in on the most critical information and digest the most difficult concepts. In C++ Primer Plus, you'll find depth, breadth, and a variety of teaching techniques and tools to enhance your learning: * A new detailed chapter on the changes and additional capabilities introduced in the C++11 standard * Complete, integrated discussion of both basic C language and additional C++ features* Clear guidance about when and why to use a feature* Hands-on learning with concise and simple examples that develop your understanding a concept or two at a time* Hundreds of practical sample programs* Review questions and programming exercises at the end of each chapter to test your understanding* Coverage of generic C++ gives you the greatest possible flexibility* Teaches the ISO standard, including discussions of templates, the Standard Template Library, the string class, exceptions, RTTI, and namespacesTable of Contents 1: Getting Started with C++ 2: Setting Out to C++ 3: Dealing with Data 4: Compound Types 5: Loops and Relational Expressions 6: Branching Statements and Logical Operators 7: Functions: C++'s Programming Modules 8: Adventures in Functions 9: Memory Models and Namespaces 10: Objects and Classes 11: Working with Classes 12: Classes and Dynamic Memory Allocation 13: Class Inheritance 14: Reusing Code in C++ 15: Friends, Exceptions, and More 16: The string Class and the Standard Template Library 17: Input, Output, and Files 18: The New C++11 Standard A Number Bases B C++ Reserved Words C The ASCII Character Set D Operator Precedence E Other Operators F The stringTemplate Class G The Standard Template Library Methods and Functions H Selected Readings and Internet Resources I Converting to ISO Standard C++ J Answers to Chapter Reviews
Management - The Essence of the Craft Campus Verlag GmbH
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Author's Preface to the English Edition 2010 In this book I am presenting a new kind of management for a new kind of world. It is my concept of right and good management for functioning organizations in functioning societies of exceeding complexity. The need for such a concept arises because conventional management - by which, basically, I mean the US-type management theory and practice now applied worldwide - has come to its very limits as it is unable to deal with the consequences of its own success. The result of its tremendous achievements is a world of inextricably interrelated dynamic systems which are incomprehensibly complex. This has largely been ignored by the dominating US management approach because it was never designed for such conditions. It now fails exactly for this reason, thereby causing the present crisis. I have actually been predicting this for years in many of my publications, including the German version of this book which was first published in 2005. The fact that success almost inevitably breeds its own failure is often overlooked, although it is well known in many fields and in particular in those that accept complexity explicitly as their research subject such as biology or ecology. Albert Einstein already remarked that one cannot solve problems with the same methods which produced them. Failure to manage complexity as the major cause of the worldcrisis What, at present, a majority - at least in the West - considers to be a mere financial crisis can probably be much better understood if it is looked at from an altogether different perspective: the failure to understand and manage complexity. Business and society seem to be undergoing one of the most fundamental transformations in history. Only on the surface, and only if perceived in conventional categories, do present changes appear to be financial and economic in nature. What is happening might better be understood as an Old World dying because a New World is being born. There will hardly be any bridges back to the old state of affairs. Perhaps the most practical premise to navigate by is that whatever can change will change. If so, we are witnessing no less than the almost complete collapse of the formerly so efficient US management approach, which was developed mainly in the context of business administration and taught in business schools as the ultimate wisdom with regard to the running of corporations in a world where its premises applied to an ever lesser degree. Its realities have already been changing for quite some time but this went largely unnoticed because most people tend to see only the old familiar patterns in the new realities. We are experiencing in particular the failure of the US-type of corporate governance and the kind of top management which is dominated almost exclusively by financial variables only. We see the collapse of the shareholder value approach, which due to its short term profit orientation is largely ignoring the customer and is hostile to future-oriented investing and innovating, thereby systematically misdirecting the allocation of societal resources. The failure of the US-approach is, among other aspects, the consequence of mistaking financial investment for real investment, thereby undermining the former strengths of the US-economy, of confusing mountains of bad debts with sustainable wealth, and of failing to distinguish between healthy and pathological growth. Ironically, what collapsed first was the financial system which appeared to be the most highly developed and sophisticated system ever designed. It was believed to be free of systemic risk by most experts and run by the world's most excellent executives educated in what were thought to be the best universities and business schools worldwide. However, complex systems have properties and laws of their own. Their driving forces - if systematically ignored - make them inevitably go out of control. Such systems are incomputable and unpredictable in principle and incomprehensible to the conventionally educated mind. They are non-linear, self-dynamic and continuously self-changing and self-restructuring in unforeseeable ways. They are largely self-organizing and self-regulating. Nevertheless, they can be - up to a degree - controlled and regulated albeit only by a fundamentally different kind of thinking, a new approach for managing complexity and by applying the right methods and tools which are the subject of this book and its companion volumes. Reliable Functioning by Wholistic Management Systems Economic and financial measures on the macro level alone will hardly cure the crisis. What it takes on the level of societal institutions is a new way of functioning which is described in my six volume series Management: Mastering Complexity in which I present my Malik Wholistic General Management Systems. This first volume contains an overview of the system as a whole whereas the other five volumes will describe the constitutive parts of the system. The second volume "Corporate Policy and Governance: How Organizations Self-Organize", was published in 2008 in German and will be available in English soon. The third volume on strategy is still due in 2010. The remaining three volumes will be dedicated to the new structure for functioning complex organizations, their appropriate culture and the kind of executives who have to be able to understand and master complexity. Together these six volumes will contain the essence of the most comprehensive General Management System worldwide. To the best of my knowledge my Wholistic General Management Systems are globally the only ones explicitly designed to ensure reliable functioning under conditions of exceedingly high and dynamic complexity. For this reason and because my Management Systems are universally applicable conventional business administration plays a limited role in my book. For practical reasons, however, I am going to illustrate the application of my systems mainly in the context of the business enterprise. Familiar concepts and terms are left unchanged wherever possible in order to avoid confusion for the practitioner whereas their meaning and most contents are new and different. The important new knowledge for mastering complex systems does not come from economics or business administration but from what I call the Complexity Sciences, i.e. Systemics, Bionics and Cybernetics, which can also be called the Sciences of Functioning. For the term "Functioning" I often use the synonym "Right and Good Management" as opposed to wrong and bad management. By this I want to point to the need to understand management as a true profession with its own standards of craftsmanship as indicated in the subtitle of this book. If the institutions of today's and more so of tomorrow's societies are supposed to function, management needs to liberate itself from fashions and fads and has to become a profession of the same status as for example the profession of the surgeon, the aircraft pilot or the lawyer all of which have as a matter of course their standards of professionalism. The foundation for a profession of effective management for functioning institutions is to be found in my earlier book Managing Performing Living. My General Management Systems - with the support of the experts of my own organization - have been developed, tested and implemented in numerous cases over more than 30 years in all sorts of institutions in business and non-business areas mostly in Europe and particularly in the German speaking world including their worldwide subsidiaries. What works in the complexities of these areas will almost certainly work worldwide. Having discussed the structure, functioning principles and effects of my systems with tens of thousands of executives of all levels I have strong arguments that there is only one kind of management that works effectively, namely Right and Good Management as I present it in my books, and that it is - contrary to mainstream thinking - universally valid and culturally invariant. Fashionable arbitrariness which so often characterizes management should not be given any place in what is one of the most important social functions. In most respects my Wholistic Management Systems for Functioning are the opposite of what is taught in most business schools. That they will have to change fundamentally as a consequence of the global crisis is hesitatingly becoming apparent to some - among them also a few leading ivy league schools. But it might be a long and hard way for them to recover from the fallacies of their own teachings and partly from the application of wrong management to themselves. At the same time, however, if they manage to change radically and fast it is one of the greatest opportunities for them to show effective leadership in the service of a functioning society in times of great change. Fredmund Malik St. Gallen, January 2010 Introduction "The very first step toward success in any occupation is to become interested in it." Sir William Osler (1849 - 1919), physician Our increasingly complex world cannot function without management, and it can hardly function without precise management. This is true for all kinds of societal institutions, be it commercial enterprises or other organizations. The purpose of this book is to help their managers and employees fulfill their demanding occupational tasks in a professional manner. In the midst of a jumble of doctrines, ideologies, and true innovations, this book will provide the overview required to distinguish right from wrong and useful from useless. These distinctions are indispensable for meeting both individual and shared responsibilities at each stage of a professional career. They are also crucial for successful and productive interaction. This book is a compact compendium for right and good management - for general management - in that it provides the necessary overview of what it entails. In the following volumes of this series, each of the elements of right and good management will be described in greater detail, including both theoretical content and recommended implementation approaches. Interested readers will be able to familiarize themselves with the tools and practices of the craft, along with numerous practical examples. As such, the present book is a prelude to a practical, comprehensive guide to what the management craft and managerial professionalism must entail. Sound general management is not about doing something new, modern, or fashionable. What matters is that it is right, that it works, and that it helps practitioners fulfill their tasks to the best of their abilities. The subject of this book - and of the rest of my publications - is not the "management thinking of today". Rather, all my books are practical guides to effectiveness. They point out my personal opinions on different matters, which are often not in sync with mainstream thinking. Management. The Essence of the Craft continues, enlarges upon, and complements my book Managing Performing Living. While the latter deals with the conduct and actions of the individual manager, the present book goes much further in that it deals with the institution as a whole - with system-oriented general management. The book contains a series of propositions which, compared to mainstream thinking, may be regarded as provocative, unusual, and frequently even wrong - at least initially. In this book, and the books to follow, I am putting my arguments forward for discussion. Central Propositions 1.Management is society's most important function. The functioning of society depends on management. Only management turns resources into results. 2.Management can largely be acquired by learning. It is a profession and a craft. It follows the same rules of professionalism that are known and have proven useful in other professions. Talents are useful but not essential. 3.The only kind of management a person needs to learn is right and good management. Right and good management is universal, invariant, and independent of culture. It is equally valid for all kinds of organizations and all countries. There is no need for international, multicultural, or global management. All effective institutions function in the same way. They employ the same functional principles. 4.Apparent differences are not related to management but to the nature of the different tasks to be fulfilled in different organizations. 5.Not everyone can manage just any organization. This is not due to management skills but to the difference in operational tasks. 6.All managers in all organizations and across all hierarchy levels need the same kind of management skills. Not all, however, need them in the same degree of comprehensiveness and detail. Disregarding this principle leads to a lack of orientation and direction, which, in turn, means the end of communication and function. 7.In my view, most of the management ideas prevailing over the past fifteen years or so are false, misleading, and harmful. This is true in particular for anything related to the doctrine of shareholder value and its consequences - such as value-increasing strategies and a way of thinking that focuses predominantly on financial aspects. The stakeholder approach is equally wrong. 8.The economic difficulties of our time, which I believe will inevitably deepen, are largely due to factors other than political errors. They are results of misguided management, of faulty and poor management. As a result, the question as to what right and good management is gains all the more importance. A Word on the Terms Used In management - as opposed to other, more advanced and mature disciplines of learning - there is no such thing as uniform or common parlance. Quite to the contrary: most authors attempt to impress readers by inventing their own terms and slogans. This is a roadblock to progress and to acquiring management skills. For this book, I essentially draw on the terms used in the St. Gallen Management Model, the first and so far only wholistic, system-driven management model, as well as on the linguistic usage of Peter F. Drucker, the doyen of management theory. As far as cybernetics and system sciences are concerned, I draw on the terms used by Stafford Beer, the originator of management cybernetics, and my own book Strategie des Managements komplexer Systeme ["Strategy for the Management of Complex Systems"]. 1.The terms "company", "organization", and "institution" are largely used in the same sense. Certain variances in meaning relate to the degree of generality, or the special limitation to a segment of society. The most general terms are "institution" and "organization". They refer to all organizations existing in a society, no matter what kind or legal form. The term "company", in essence, belongs to the business sector. Whenever no specific pointers are provided, it will be clear from the context what I mean when using each of these terms. The term most frequently used in this book is "company" and other terms related to it, such as "corporate policy". The statements made will generally be applicable to all kinds of institutions. Depending on the field of usage, the terms might need to be adapted somewhat, as in "educational policy" or "health policy". 2.The term "management" itself can be understood in several ways: Firstly, as a function that exists in any kind of organization and is indispensable for its functioning. This is the so-called functional dimension of management. It is neither linked to specific persons nor to organizational elements. This function is not perceptible to our senses. It is incorporated in certain actions taken by individuals and in this way its impact is perceived. Secondly, the term "management" can be understood to be the sum of the legal and/or organizational authorities in an institution. Examples include the executive board of a private company, the executive committee of a public company, a national government, or a university's board of directors. This is referred to as the institutional dimension, and it also includes expanded boards of managers, group management, management circles, or partners' conferences. As far as mandatory and/or higher-level authorities are concerned, the respective responsibilities, rights, obligations, and accountabilities are governed by laws, articles of incorporation, or statutes. Those of other organizational entities are determined by common sense and habits. Thirdly, management can be understood to include the persons that belong to the institutional authorities mentioned. This is the personal dimension of management. In particular the terms "top management" and "top manager" frequently carry that meaning. 3.I use the term "management" in the same meaning as its German equivalent "Führung". Both terms mean the same. In all my German-language publications, I use the two terms synonymously. By contrast, the terms "management" and "leadership" do not mean the same. 4.In the chapter on structure, the term "organization" carries two different meanings: the first, as mentioned above, is what we refer to when we speak of an institution being an organization; the second is what we mean when we speak of an institution having an organization. Which one of the two meanings applies should be clear from the particular context.
Adventure Cycle-Touring Handbook Trailblazer Publications
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
'...the definitive guide to how, where, why and what to do on a cycle expedition...' Adventure Travel Magazine (UK) Every cyclist dreams of making the Big Trip, the Grand Cycle Tour abroad. Whether that s a two-week trip or a year-long journey, the Adventure Cycle-Touring Handbook is the comprehensive manual that will make that dream a reality. Riding across Asia, cycling in Africa or pedaling from Patagonia to Alaska, whether you're planning your own Big Trip or just enjoy reading about other people's adventures, the Handbook is guaranteed to illuminate, entertain and above all, inspire. This fully revised 3rd edition includes: PART 1 Practical information How to prepare for a long-distance trip What to look for in a new bike with reviews of some of the world s best touring- and trekking-bikes Adapting a standard bike for the Big Ride Choosing components, equipment for the road and reviews of camping gear Health precautions, inoculations, visas, money and safety PART 2 Worldwide route outlines Across Europe, Asia, Australasia, North and South America and Africa; recommended routes within countries and overland. Everything from popular routes eg India s Leh-Manali Highway to lesser-known cycle-touring areas such as Mongolia. PART 3 Tales from the Saddle Ten first-hand accounts of spoke-bending biking adventures worldwide. Introduction Why are so many people going bike touring these days? A minority pastime during the heyday of the car, cycling has once again become a popular choice for travelling especially for long overseas trips. The first cycle-touring craze began in the 1870s. Then, as now, the bicycle offered a revolutionary way of touring: you go exactly where you want, when you want, and all under your own steam. This was before the age of the car and walking or riding a horse were the only other options until the bicycle. In 1885 the Rover Safety Bicycle came along, and for all the innovation since then, most modern touring bicycles would be recognizable to a Victorian, as would their derailleur gears. Bike touring is undergoing a boom at the moment but it is really one of many periodic rediscoveries. Bicycle design, components and gear are evolving to suit the changing needs and tastes of people. It s a combination of experimentation and using tried and tested designs, such as the 'diamond' frame of the Rover Safety Bicycle. The Adventure Cycle-Touring Handbook is all about looking at what people are choosing and using: what kind of bikes, what gear and what destinations are being chosen by today s bike tourers. There are many reasons for taking a bike on your next long trip. My own guess as to why bike touring is back in fashion is that many travellers get burned out by backpacking, which really amounts to travelling by bus and train for most of the time. Buses are certainly fast but they go from one noisy town to another, leaving little possibility of exploring the spaces in between, the places where the bus doesn t stop. Others use bikes to go even further off the beaten track: they want to go where buses don t go at all and perhaps where other vehicles cannot get to either. Paul Woloshansky built his own racks to carry extra gear after being told all too often: 'There s a prettier way to go but there s nothing out there at all.' Other adventurers, such as Sweden s Janne Corax (see p122), have said the same thing: there were times when there was no other way of getting to where they wanted to go. You couldn t get there on foot and you couldn t get there in a truck. It was possible only on a bicycle. Half the adventure, though, is in the riding itself. Being out in the fresh air and seeing much more than is possible from a bus or train window is always a good feeling, whether you are wandering around France or riding across India. A lot of today s cycle tourists are interested in the riding but not that interested in bikes. It s a means of transport and a way to carry bags comfortably, while sitting down and enjoying the view. Not everyone is drawn to the high passes of the Andes or the Himalaya but they are all enjoying that same sense of freedom and all that comes with it unexpected discoveries, off-route detours or an impromptu day off when you find a great place to stay. Trips like these are not as arduous as some expeditions but they are every bit as satisfying and they are still adventures, for they allow for spontaneity. And if you are carrying a tent and camping gear, you re prepared for just about any eventuality because you ve always got a place to spend the night. This book looks at the possibilities out there, the different styles of travelling and the basic gear and know-how that you need. We also look at some of the more exciting cycling destinations around the world, complete with suggestions as to which routes to take and what you need to plan a trip in that region. The Adventure Cycle-Touring Handbook does not set out to tell you exactly where to go: it s your adventure, after all. But it s good to have a general idea of a destination and what you re likely to find when you re there and this is what this book aims to do. In the final part of this book we include stories from all around the world, not just about the biking but also about the adventures cyclists had on their journeys. It s the old idea that a bike ride isn t just about the riding but also about the places you were able to get to and the people you got to meet and all because you decided to travel by bicycle."
Digital Lighting and Rendering PEARSON
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Learn the fine art and craft of digital lighting and rendering from an experienced pro whose lighting work you've seen in blockbuster films such as Monsters University, Toy Story 3, Up, WALL-E, Ratatouille, and The Incredibles. Jeremy Birn draws on his wealth of industry and teaching experience to provide a thoroughly updated edition of what has become the standard guide to digital lighting and rendering. Using beautiful, full-color examples; a friendly, clear teaching style; and a slew of case studies and tutorials, Jeremy demonstrates how to create strategic lighting for just about any project using any 3D application. By explaining not just how to use various lighting techniques but why, this guide provides the grounding graphics pros need to master Hollywood lighting techniques. * Learn how to pinpoint problems with your lighting and solve them to produce professional results. * Break scenes into passes and layers, and convincingly composite 3D models into real-world environments. * Adopt a linear workflow for more convincing lighting, global illumination, and compositing. * Apply advanced rendering techniques using subsurface scattering, physically based lighting, caustics, and high dynamic range images. * Build a bigger bag of tricks by learning "old-school" approaches such as tweaking shadow maps, faking GI with occlusion passes, and other cheats and tricks that save render time. * Develop realistic materials and shaders, and design and assign detailed texture maps to your models. * Mimic photographic exposure and cinematography techniques to simulate real-life f-stops, lens breathing, bokeh effects, and Kelvin color temperatures for more photorealistic renderings. * Learn to light characters and environments in different situations: day or night; natural or artificial lights; indoors or outdoors; and in clear air, thick atmosphere, or under water. * Understand production pipelines at visual effects and animation studios, and prepare for collaborative work on large lighting teams * Get the latest insights into industry trends, and how to develop your lighting reel and get a job in an increasingly competitive industry. * Download many of the 3D scenes used in this book from the author's website to try texturing, lighting, and compositing on your own
This book contains interviewing techniques for building rapport, keeping control, and listening behind the words to hear what a candidate is really saying. "The Evaluation Interview" has been the essential interviewer's guidebook for more than 40 years. Its hands-on techniques and interviewing insights are renowned for helping hiring managers and personnel interviewers put applicants at ease and reveal their true character. This revised and updated fifth edition, is tailored to the realities of interviewing applicant's in today's workplace with new material covering: tactical interviewing strategies; how to ask 'behavioral' questions that leave interviewees no wiggle room Legal issues; questions you cannot ask in an interview; overall 'fit'; and evaluating candidates for how well they fit into your organization's culture and strategic priorities.Praise for previous editions of "The Evaluation Interview": 'Stands out above the rest...Should be in the library of every organization and owned personally by every personnel interviewer' - "Personnel Psychology". 'The definitive work in its field...This book lays down a technique used by thousands of personnel interviewers across the country' - "Esquire". 'People, in the final analysis, determine whether a business succeeds or fails. Organizations need to hire people with potential for growth. That is what this book is all about' - From Chapter 1.For four decades, "The Evaluation Interview" has set the standard for conducting accurate employment interviews, learning what makes prospective hires tick, and hiring only those people who will contribute to a company's growth as they grow along with it. This fifth edition updates the book, yet keeps intact the basic principles and guidelines that have made this human resources classic the most valuable and indispensable interviewer's guide on the market.Managers and HR professionals will gain essential information on: tips for developing rapport and encouraging the candidate to talk spontaneously; guidelines for crafting a detailed and accurate job description; key character traits for job levels - from administrative to executive; writing the interview summary and determining the overall interview result; and, using interviews to assist in succession planning, teambuilding, and other vital tasks.' Wherever they are faced with situations that require drawing another person out, finding out what is on that person's mind and analyzing the responses, students of this book have a genuine advantage' - From the Preface. More than just the actual employment interview, "The Evaluation Interview" is helpful in conducting numerous other day-to-day activities. The book includes on-campus interviews, on-the-job performance appraisals, information gathering from contractors, subordinates, and even superiors. The interviewing skills learned here can be applied to virtually any one-to-one situation, and will often spell the difference between evasive, selective responses and full disclosure."The Evaluation Interview" has retained its popularity for nearly two generations by combining fundamentally sound interviewing techniques with lively writing and up-to-the-minute behavioral research. It remains the essential guide for posing meaningful questions, gaining honest and complete answers, and getting the information you need to build a cohesive, dedicated, and long-term workforce.
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Until now, there has been no uniform system for reporting the results of thyroid fine needle aspiration (FNA) in the U.S. The terminology framework described in this book is an important advance in the field of cytopathology. It is a brainchild of the multidisciplinary National Cancer Institute Thyroid Fine Needle Aspiration State of The Science Conference, held in Bethesda, MD in October, 2007. This book will provide the reader with a unified approach to diagnosing and reporting thyroid FNA interpretations. It will serve as a reference guide not just for pathologists, but also endocrinologists, surgeons, and radiologists.§§Thyroid FNA is one of the most commonly performed cytologic procedures and is the standard diagnostic method for managing the patient with a thyroid nodule. In the past, ambiguous and inconsistent diagnostic criteria and terminology have hampered sample interpretation and patient management. It is hoped that, by bringing together national and international thyroid experts from diverse disciplines, the book will achieve its goal: to provide the reader with a generously illustrated and user-friendly reference on this unified approach to thyroid diagnostic criteria and reporting. The book will succinctly summarize and illustrate the salient points in the diagnosis of the non-neoplastic and neoplastic thyroid diseases. The chapters will be set up as follows: 1. Background, 2. Criteria, 3. Explanatory Notes, and 4. Sample reports.§§The development of the Bethesda System for Thyroid FNA parallels the development of the Bethesda System for Reporting Cervical Cytology, which was also the result of an NCI-sponsored multidisciplinary conference. Now in its 2nd edition (Solomon and Nayar, 2004, Springer), "The Bethesda System for Reporting Cervical Cytology" revolutionized the reporting of Pap test results. Virtually every cytopathology laboratory in the U.S. (and a large number overseas) uses the Bethesda System for reporting Pap test results and thus owns at least one copy of the book. The new terminology has already received much attention in the planning of upcoming national and international meetings. We expect that the Bethesda System for thyroid FNA will have the same effect in transforming, unifying, and improving the reporting of thyroid FNA results as its sister publication did for Pap testing.
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t1=0.11, t2=0, t3=0, t4=0.027, t=0.11