krainaksiazek legitimacy in international policy 20124711

- znaleziono 9 produktów w 2 sklepach

'New Governance' in employment policy - 2826721339

66,37 zł

'New Governance' in employment policy GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Western Europe, grade: 1,7, University of Regensburg (Institut für Politikwissenschaften), course: "New Governance" in der Beschäftigungspolitik, 15 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: The Barcelona Council in March 2002 confirmed that full employment was the overarching goal of the EU and called for a reinforced Employment Strategy to fortify the Lisbon Strategy. The European Employment Strategy (EES) was to be aligned more closely to the Lisbon goal of sustained economic growth, more and better jobs and greater social cohesion by 2010.The EES initiated a new working method at EU level, which was to become known as the Open Method of Coordination (OMC). In contrast to binding legal norms, this method is based on the voluntary cooperation of the MS and the principles of mutual learning and subsidiarity. Unlike the requirements of the Stability and Growth Pact (SGP) with elements of hard governance , the EES relies on soft governance . The competences of the MS in the range of employment and social affairs remain untouched. Following the theory of Fritz Scharpf, the effectiveness of policy measures on EU- level depends on the willingness and the ability of national governments to bring in their own resources of legitimacy for the implementation of decisions on European level. The EES itself depends largely on the readiness of the MS to implement the policy measures proposed, as there are not envisioned any financial penalties when not reaching the targets. Subsequent, I try to adumbrate the implementation of the EES in Spain and Portugal starting from a short survey of the economic background on the basis of the Council s recommendations and the NAPs of 2004. I aim to expose the reaction of the national governments on the recommendations. Furthermore, I allude to the linkage between the ESF and the EES and the involvement of the social partners in Spain and Portugal. Closing, I compare the development on regional level in terms of three structural indicators, which are important regarding the targets defined by the Employment Guidelines: the gender gap of employment rate, the age gap of employment rate and the long- term unemployment. Basis is Eurostat- data for regions on NUTS- level 2 of the year 2003.


Foreign Policy of the GDR in Africa - 2847855578

243,20 zł

Foreign Policy of the GDR in Africa BERTRAMS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In this 1990 book Gareth Winrow provides a comprehensive account in English of East German foreign policy towards Africa since the early 1950s. He challenges the view of the GDR's role in Africa as solely that of a proxy for the Soviet Union. Instead, as he convincingly argues, East German foreign policy in general, and in Africa in particular, should be understood as a strategy both for closer ties with the Soviet Union and for international recognition and legitimacy. The author explores the development of GDR relations with Africa and shows how they remain of particular significance as a means of discrediting the West German presence and supporting Soviet interests. The Foreign Policy of the GDR in Africa is based on an extensive use of official East German texts and statistics. It will be of interest to specialists and students of Soviet and East European studies, with special reference to the GDR, North


Privatizing Pensions - 2837507796

109,36 zł

Privatizing Pensions UNIVERSITY PRESSES

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

To what extent do international organizations, global policy networks, and transnational policy entrepreneurs influence domestic policy makers? Have we entered a new phase of globalization that, unbeknownst to most citizens, shapes policies that used to be the sole domain of domestic politics? "Privatizing Pensions" reveals how international institutions - such as the World Bank, USAID, and other transnational policy actors - have played a seminal role in the development, diffusion, and implementation of new pension reforms that are transforming the postwar social contract in more than thirty countries worldwide, including the United States.Mitchell Orenstein shows how transnational actors have driven change in a policy area once thought to be beyond reform in many countries, and how they have done so by deploying their unique resources and legitimacy to promote new ideas, recruit disciples worldwide, and provide a broad range of technical assistance to government reformers over the long term. He demonstrates that while domestic decision makers may retain veto power over these reforms - which replace traditional social security with individual pension savings accounts - transnational policy makers play the role of "proposal actors," shaping the information, preferences, and resources of their domestic clients. "Privatizing Pensions" argues that even the most quintessentially domestic areas of policy have been thoroughly globalized, and that these international influences must be better understood.


From Governance to Government? - 2846351273

112,20 zł

From Governance to Government? GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Examination Thesis from the year 2012 in the subject Business economics - Economic Policy, grade: 1,0, Copenhagen Business School (Department of Business and Politics), course: International Political Economy, language: English, abstract: The global financial crisis of 2008 has inevitably caused intense debates on the conceptualfoundations and the practice of global business regulation. There have been widespread calls formore efficient regulation and supervision of the international financial system, and explicitly, of thebanking sector. The Basel Committee on Banking Supervision (BCBS), an international standardsetting body constituted by national supervisory authorities, has particularly fallen into disrepute.For the German economist Martin Hellwig, the BCBS seemed to be more an accelerant [to thecrisis] rather than an extinguisher , which failed marvelously . One might or might not agree withhim, but it remains to state that the question of legitimacy of cross-border business regulation andits efficiency has been increasingly questioned in the aftermath of the financial crisis: Whogoverns the globe? In whose benefit? What of democratic sovereignty? Evidently, the future of the BCBS seems to be at stake. Only if its guidelines, based on voluntaryrecommendations, are perceived as legitimate, the BCBS can continue to exercise its regulatoryauthority. As Eric Helleiner predicts, financial crisis represent a turning point within the governanceof international financial markets: Regulation may be accompanied by a growing fragmentation ofinternational financial governance over the medium term. Aart Scholte also summarizes that thescale, effectiveness, and legitimacy of global governance lag far behind the world s needs . In thiscontext this paper will examine i) the sources of authority of the BSCS on the basis of the currentBasel Accord, also known as Basel III , and ii) address the question whether financial regulationcan actually be exercised on a global scale or primarily underlies the solely implementation bynational governments. The rest of the paper proceeds as follows. Section two begins with a generalintroduction to the BCBS, its scope of functions and the committee s embeddedness in the globalbusiness regulatory environment. This is followed by the exposition of the main theoreticalframework based on the sources of authority by Avant et al. Section five turns to the analysis ofBasel III in accordance with the methodological norms of the previously presented theory. Finally,section five provides a conclusion and answers the initially put question of legitimacy of crossborderbusiness regulation.[...]


War on Terrorism & American Empire - 2212825208

93,10 zł

War on Terrorism & American Empire Routledge

Inne 1

This new study shows how the American-led 'war on terror' has brought about the most significant shift in the contours of the international system since the end of the Cold War. A new 'imperial moment' is now discernible in US foreign policy in the wake of the neo-conservative rise to power in the USA, marked by the development of a fresh strategic doctrine based on the legitimacy of preventative military strikes on hostile forces across any part of the globe. Key features of this new volume include: an alternative, critical take on contemporary US foreign policy; a timely, accessible overview of critical thinking on US foreign policy, imperialism and war on terror; the full spectrum of critical view sin a single volume; and many of these essays are now 'contemporary classics'. The essays collected in this volume analyse the historical, socio-economic and political dimensions of the current international conjuncture, and assess the degree to which the war on terror has transformed the nature and projection of US global power. Drawing on a range of critical social theories, this collection seeks to ground historically the analysis of global developments since the inception of the new Bush Presidency and weigh up the political consequences of this imperial turn. This book will be of great interest for all students of US foreign policy, contemporary international affairs, international relations and politics.


Canadian Federalism - 2826662095

312,90 zł

Canadian Federalism Oxford University Press, Canada

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The third edition of Canadian Federalism: Performance, Effectiveness, and Legitimacy offers 18 original essays that cast a critical eye on the institutions, processes, and policy outcomes of Canadian federalism. This text documents how Canadian intergovernmental relations have evolved in response to such issues as fiscal deficits; the chronic questioning of the Canadian federal system's legitimacy by many Quebec voters and Aboriginal groups, among others; health care; environmental policies; and international trade. Contributed by prominent Canadian political scientists, this collection evaluates the ability of the federal system to meet these and other challenges, and also highlights the factors that will likely shape future paths of federalism in Canada. This edition includes new chapters on Quebec, regionalism, and immigration. It also offers enhanced pedagogical features, making the text more comprehensive and accessible to students.


Introduction to the Theories and Varieties of Modern Crime i - 2826914139

332,02 zł

Introduction to the Theories and Varieties of Modern Crime i ACADEMIC PRESS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Polarization between political religionists and militant secularists on both sides of the Atlantic is on the rise. Critically engaging with traditional secularism and religious accommodationism, this collection introduces a constitutional secularism that robustly meets contemporary challenges. It identifies which connections between religion and the state are compatible with the liberal, republican, and democratic principles of constitutional democracy and assesses the success of their implementation in the birthplace of political secularism: the United States and Western Europe. Approaching this issue from philosophical, legal, historical, political, and sociological perspectives, the contributors wage a thorough defense of their project's theoretical and institutional legitimacy. Their work brings fresh insight to debates over the balance of human rights and religious freedom, the proper definition of a nonestablishment norm, and the relationship between sovereignty and legal pluralism. They discuss the genealogy of and tensions involving international legal rights to religious freedom, religious symbols in public spaces, religious arguments in public debates, the jurisdiction of religious authorities in personal law, and the dilemmas of religious accommodation in national constitutions and public policy when it violates international human rights agreements or liberal-democratic principles. If we profoundly rethink the concepts of religion and secularism, these thinkers argue, a principled adjudication of competing claims becomes possible.


Compliant Rebels - 2836344892

408,34 zł

Compliant Rebels Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seventeen million people have died in civil wars and rebel violence has disrupted the lives of millions more. In a fascinating contribution to the active literature on civil wars, this book finds that some contemporary rebel groups actually comply with international law amid the brutality of civil conflicts around the world. Rather than celebrating the existence of compliant rebels, the author traces the cause of this phenomenon and argues that compliant rebels emerge when rebel groups seek legitimacy in the eyes of domestic and international audiences that care about humanitarian consequences and human rights. By examining rebel groups' different behaviors such as civilian killing, child soldiering, and allowing access to detention centers, Compliant Rebels offers key messages and policy lessons about engaging rebel groups with an eye toward reducing civilian suffering in war zones.


Learning to Talk - 2844575152

250,47 zł

Learning to Talk Greenleaf Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The UN Global Compact complements other corporate citizenship initiatives by promoting dialogue on the relationship between business and society. At the same time it is the only truly global corporate citizenship initiative. It is not an auditable standard; indeed, it is not a standard or a code in the way that these are normally viewed. It is a set of principles through which business and the United Nations can work in partnership for global social development. For some businesses it is a simplified codification of their existing policies and management practices, but for many engagement represents a challenge and an opportunity to raise their game by aligning profitability with the common good. As the only genuinely global corporate citizenship initiative, the Global Compact draws its moral authority from the UN Secretary-General and its moral and political legitimacy from the UN as the only global political body. It can be viewed as a series of nested networks involving the Secretary-General's Office, the ILO, UNEP, UNHCHR, UNDP and UNIDO, business, NGOs and labour. It can variously be described as an international learning network, as a social network of people and organisations engaged in a global conversation, as a global public policy network, and as a multi-stakeholder dialogue. It is all of these things, but more than anything its greatest success has been in providing a convening platform for a growing global conversation about social development among a variety of actors. However the Global Compact is viewed, it is time to reflect on the first tentative steps of an initiative born in the aftermath of the Cold War, in the "triumph of global economic liberalism" and mass demonstrations against "globalisation". In its first few years, the world has experienced 9/11 and the Iraq War, not forgetting the forty or so civil wars that are ongoing at this time. Whatever is written about the UN Global Compact or its success will be tentative. But there can be some serious reflection on its aims and origins; some telling of stories of engagement; and discussion on how this initiative has quickly become an important reference point in the dialogue on global and corporate governance.


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