# krainaksiazek on the reynolds transport theorem for fluid systems 20097177

- znaleziono 7 produktów w 1 sklepie

### Stability and Transport in Magnetic Confinement Systems Springer, Berlin

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

Stability and Transport in Magnetic Confinement Systems provides an advanced introduction to the fields of stability and transport in tokamaks. It serves as a reference for researchers with its highly-detailed theoretical background, and contains new results in the areas of analytical nonlinear theory of transport using kinetic theory and fluid closure. The use of fluid descriptions for advanced stability and transport problems provide the reader with a better understanding of this topic. §In addition, the areas of nonlinear kinetic theory and fluid closure gives the researcher the basic knowledge of a highly relevant area to the present development of transport physics.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

### Stability and Transport in Magnetic Confinement Systems Springer, Berlin

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

This book is an advanced introduction to stability and transport in tokamaks, offering highly-detailed theoretical background, and new results in the areas of analytical nonlinear theory of transport using kinetic theory and fluid closure.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

### Kinetic Theory of Gases and Plasmas Springer Netherlands

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

Kinetic theory is the link between the non--equilibrium statistical mechanics of many particle systems and macroscopic or phenomenological physics. Therefore much attention is paid in this book both to the derivation of kinetic equations with their limitations and generalizations on the one hand, and to the use of kinetic theory for the description of physical phenomena and the calculation of transport coefficients on the other hand. The book is meant for researchers in the field, graduate students and advanced undergraduate students. At the end of each chapter a section of exercises is added not only for the purpose of providing the reader with the opportunity to test his understanding of the theory and his ability to apply it, but also to complete the chapter with relevant additions and examples that otherwise would have overburdened the main text of the preceding sections. The author is indebted to the physicists who taught him Statistical Mechanics, Kinetic Theory, Plasma Physics and Fluid Mechanics. I gratefully acknowledge the fact that much of the inspiration without which this book would not have been possible, originated from what I learned from several outstanding teachers. In particular I want to mention the late Prof. dr. H. C. Brinkman, who directed my first steps in the field of theoretical plasma physics, my thesis advisor Prof. dr. N. G. Van Kampen and Prof. dr. A. N. Kaufman, whose course on Non-Equilibrium Statistical Mechanics in Berkeley I remember with delight.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

### Applied Hydro- and Aeromechanics Dover Publications

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

ENGINEERING SOCIETIES MONOGRAPHS PREFACE INTRODUCTION CHAPTER 1 ELEMENTS OF HYDRODYNAMICS 1. The Equation of Euler for One-dimensional Flow 2. The Equation of Bernoulli for One-dimensional Flow; Three-dimensional Equation of Euler 3. Definition of Viscosity; Equation of Navier-Stokes CHAPTER II LAWS OF SIMILARITY 4. The Law of Similarity under the Action of Inertia and Viscosity 5. The Law of Similarity under the Action of Inertia and Gravity 6. Relation between Considerations of Similarity and Dimensional Analysis CHAPTER III FLOW IN PIPES AND CHANNELS A. Laminar Flow 8. General 9. The Fundamental Investigation of Hagen 10. The Investigation of Poiseuille 11. The Law of Hagen-Poiseuille 12. Derivation of Hagen-Poiseuille's Law from Newton's Viscosity Law 13. Limits of the Validity of the Hagen-Poiseuille Law 14. Phenomena Near the Entrance of the Tube 15. The Length of Transition 16. The Pressure Distribution in the Region Near the Entrance 17. The Correction Term for Kinetic Energy 18. The Velocity Distribution in the Region Near the Entrance 19. The Pressure Drop in the Entrance Region in the Case of Laminar Flow 20. The Importance of the Pressure Drop in the Entrance Region for Viscosity Measurements B. The Transition between Laminar and Turbulent Flow 21. The First Investigations by Hagen 22. The Fundamental Investigation by Reynolds 23. The Critical Reynolds' Number 24. Influence of the Initial Disturbance on the Critical Reynolds' Number 25. The Conditions at the Transition between Laminar and Turbulent Flow 26. Intermittent Occurrence of Turbulence 27. Measurements of Pressure Drop at the Transition between Laminar and Turbulent Flow 28. Independence of the Critical Reynolds' Number of the Length of the Tube C. Turbulent Flow 29. Historical Formulas for the Pressure Drop 30. The Resistance Formula of Blasius for Smooth Tubes 31. The Resistance Law for Rough Tubes 32. Roughness and Waviness of the Walls 33. Measurement of the Mean Velocity of a Turbulent Flow Means of a Pitot Tube 34. The Turbulent Velocity Distribution 35. The Turbulent Velocity Distribution in the Region of Transition Near the Entrance of the Tube 36. The Pressure Drop in the Turbulent Region of Transition 37. Convergent and Divergent Flow CHAPTER IV BOUNDARY LAYERS 38. The Region in Which Viscosity is Effective for Large Reynolds' Numbers 39. The Order or Magnitude of the Various Terms in the Equation of Navier-Stokes for Large Reynolds' Numbers 40. The Differential Equation of the Boundary Layer 41. Definition of Thickness of the Boundary Layer 42. Estimate of the Order of Magnitude of the Thickness of the Boundary Layer for the Flow along a Flat Plate 43. Skin Friction Due to a Laminar Boundary Layer 44. Back Flow in the Boundary Layer as the Cause of Formation of Vortices 45. Turbulent Boundary Layers 46. The Seventh-root Law of the Turbulent Velocity Distribution 47. Shear Stress at the Wall in the Case of a Turbulent Boundary Layer and the Thickness of This Layer 48. Friction Drag Due to a Turbulent Boundary Layer 49. Laminar Boundary Layer Inside a Turbulent one 50. Means of Avoiding the Creation of Free Vortex Sheets and Their Consequences 51. Influencing the Flow by Sucking Away the Boundary Layer 52. Rotating Cylinder and Magnus Effect CHAPTER V DRAG OF BODIES MOVING THROUGH FLUIDS 53. Fundamental Notions 54. Newton's Resistance Law 55. Modern Ideas on the Nature of Drag 56. The Deformation Resistance for Very Small Reynolds' Numbers 57. The Influence of a Very Small Viscosity on the Drag 58. The Relative Importance of Pressure Drag and Friction Drag with Various Shapes of the Body 59. The Variation of the Drag with Reynolds' Number 60. "The Laws of Pressure Drag, Friction Drag, and Deformation Drag" 61. General Remarks on the Experimental Results 62. The Relation c = f (R) for the Infinite Cylinder 63. The Region above the Critical Reynolds' Number 64. "The Resistance Law for Finite Cylinders, Spheres, and Streamlines Bodies" 65. Resistance in Fluids with Free Surfaces; Wave Resistance 66. The General Resistance Law 67. Resistance to Potential Flow 68. Drag of a Sphere Is Zero for Uniform Potential Flow 69 Resistance Due to Acceleration 70. Application of the Momentum Theorem 71. Mutual Forces between Several Bodies Moving through a Fluid 72. Resistance with Discontinuous Potential Flow 73. Stoke's Law of Resistance 74. Experimental Verification for Water; Influence of the Walls of the Vessel 75. Experimental Verification for Gases 76. Correction of Stoke's Law by Oseen 77. The Resistance of Bodies in Fluids of Very Small Viscosity 78. The Resistance of the Half Body 79. Momentum of a Source 80. The Resistance of a Body Calculated from Momentum Considerations 81. Method of Betz for the Determination of the Drag from Measurements in the Wake 82. The Kármán Trail 83. Application of the Momentum Theorem to the Kármán Trail 84. Bodies of Small Resistance; Streamlining 85. Comparison of the Calculated Pressure Distribution with the Experimental One 86. Friction Drag of Flat Plates CHAPTER VI AIRFOIL THEORY A. Experimental Results 87. Lift and Drag 88. The Ratio of Lift to Drag; Gliding angle 89. The Lift and Drag Coefficients 90. The Polar and Moment Diagrams of an Airfoil 91. Relation between the Flying Characteristics of Airfoils and Their Pofiles 92. Properties of Slotted Wings 93. The Principle of Operation of a Slotted Wing 94. Pressure Distribution on Airfoils B. The Airfoil of Infinite Length (Two-dimensional Airfoil Theory) 95. Relation beween Lift and Circulation 96. The Pressure Integral over the Airfoil Surface 97. Derivation of the Law of Kutta-Joukowsky by Means of the Flow through a Grid 98. Derivation of the Lift Formula of Kutta-Joukowsky on the Assumption of a Lifting Vortex 99. The Generation of Circulation 100. The Starting Resistance 101. The Velocity Field in the Vicinity of the Airfoil 102. Application of Conformal Mapping to the Flow round Flat or Curved Plates 103. Superposition of a Parallel Flow and a Circulation Flow 104. Determination of the Amount of Circulation 105. Joukowsky's Method of Conformal Mapping 106. Mapping of Airfoil Profiles with Finite Tail Angle C. Three-dimensional Airfoil Theory 107. Continuation of the Circulation of the Airfoil in the Wing-tip Eddies 108. Transfer of the Airplane Weight to the Surface of the Earth 109. Relation between Drag and Aspect Ratio 110. Rough Estimate of the Drag 111. The Jump in Potential behind the Wing 112. The Vortex Sheet behind the Wing with Lift Tapering toward the Tips 113. The Downward Velocity Induced by a Single Vortex Filament 114. Determination of the Induced Drag for a Given Lift Distribution 115. Minimum of the Induced Drag; the Lift Distribution of an Airfoil of Given Shape and Angle of Attack 116. Conversion Formulas 117. Mutual Influence of Bound Vortex Systems; the Unstaggered Biplane 118. The Staggered Biplane 119. The Total Induced Drag of Biplanes 120. Minimum Theorem for Multiplanes 121. The Influence of Walls and of Free Boundaries 122. Calculation of the Influece for a Circular Cross Section CHAPTER VII EXPERIMENTAL METHODS AND APPARATUS A. Pressure and Velocity Measurements 123. General Remarks on Pressure Measurement in Liquids and Gases 124. Static Pressure 125. Total Pressure 126. Velocity Measurement with Pitot-static Tube 127. Determination of the Direction of the Velocity 128. Fluid Manometers 129. Sensitive Pressure Gages 130. Vane Wheel Instruments 131. Electrical Methods of Velocity Measurement 132. Velocity Measurements in Pipes and Channels 133. Venturi Meter 134. Orifices 135. Weirs 136. Other Methods for Volume Measurement B. Drag Measurements 137. The Various Methods 138. Towing Tests 139. The Method of Free Falling 140. Rotating-arm Measurements 141. Drag Measurement in the Natural Wind 142. Advantages of Drag Measurement in an Artificial Air Stream C. Wind Tunnels 143. The First Open Wind Tunnels of Stanton and Raibouchinsky 144. The First Closed Wind Tunnels in Göttingen and London 145. The First Wind Tunnel of eiffel with Free Jet 146. Modern English Tunnels 147. The Large Wind Tunnel in Göttingen 148. Wind Tunnels in Other Countries 149. Suspension of the Models and Measurement of the Forces 150. The Three-component Balance in Göttingen 151. The Aerodynamic Balance of Eiffel D. Visualizing Flow Phenomena 152. Fundamental Difficulties 153. Mixing Smoke in air Streams 154. Motions in the Boundary Layer 155. Three-dimensional Fluid Motions 156. Two-dimensional Fluid Motions 157. Advantage of Photographs over Visual Observations 158. Streamlines and Path Lines 159. Slow and Fast Moving Pictures 160. Long-exposure Moving Pictures 161. Technical Details PLATES INDEX

Sklep: Libristo.pl

### Computational Subsurface Hydrology Springer, Berlin

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

Any numerical subsurface model is comprised of three components: a theoretical basis to translate our understanding phenomena into partial differential equations and boundary conditions, a numerical method to approximate these governing equations and implement the boundary conditions, and a computer implementation to generate a generic code for research as well as for practical applications. Computational Subsurface Hydrology: Reactions, Transport, and Fate is organized around these themes. The fundamental processes occurring in subsurface media are rigorously integrated into governing equations using the Reynolds transport theorem and interactions of these processes with the surrounding media are sophisticatedly cast into various types of boundary conditions using physical reasoning. A variety of numerical methods to deal with reactive chemical transport are covered in Computational Subsurface Hydrology: Reactions, Transport, and Fate with a particular emphasis on the adaptive local grid refinement and peak capture using the Lagrangian-Eulerian approach. The topics on coupled fluid flows and reactive chemical transport are unique contributions of this book. They serve as a reference for research as well as for practical applications with a computer code that can be purchased from the author. Four computer codes to simulate vertically integrated horizontal solute transport (LEMA), contaminant transport in moving phreatic aquifers in three dimensions (3DLEMA), solute transport in variably saturated flows in two dimensions (LEWASTE), and solute transport under variably saturated flows in three dimensions (3DLEWASTE) are covered. These four computer codes are designed for generic applications to both research and practical problems. They could be used to simulate most of the practical, real-world field problems. Reactive chemical transport and its coupling with fluid flows are unique features in this book. Theories, numerical implementations, and example problems of coupled reactive transport and flows in variably saturated media are presented. A generic computer code, HYDROGEOCHEM 3.0, is developed. A total of eight example problems are used to illustrate the application of the computational model. These problems are intended to serve as examples for setting up a variety of simulations that one may encounter in research and field-site applications. Computational Subsurface Hydrology: Reactions, Transport, and Fate offers practicing engineers and scientists a theoretical background, numerical methods, and computer codes for modeling contaminant transport in subsurface media. It also serves as a textbook for senior and graduate course on reactive chemical transport in subsurface media in disciplines such as civil and environmental engineering, agricultural engineering, geosciences, soil sciences, and chemical engineering. Computational Subsurface Hydrology: Reactions, Transport, and Fate presents a systematic derivation of governing equations and boundary conditions of subsurface contaminant transport as well as reaction-based geochemical and biochemical processes. It discusses a variety of numerical methods for moving sharp-front problems, expounds detail procedures of constructing Lagrangian-Eulerian finite element methods, and describes precise implementation of computer codes as they are applied to subsurface contaminant transport and biogeochemical reactions.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

### An Introduction to Chaos in Nonequilibrium Statistical Mechanics Cambridge University Press

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

This book is an introduction to the applications in nonequilibrium statistical mechanics of chaotic dynamics, and also to the use of techniques in statistical mechanics important for an understanding of the chaotic behaviour of fluid systems. The fundamental concepts of dynamical systems theory are reviewed and simple examples are given. Advanced topics including SRB and Gibbs measures, unstable periodic orbit expansions, and applications to billiard-ball systems, are then explained. The text emphasises the connections between transport coefficients, needed to describe macroscopic properties of fluid flows, and quantities, such as Lyapunov exponents and Kolmogorov-Sinai entropies, which describe the microscopic, chaotic behaviour of the fluid. Later chapters consider the roles of the expanding and contracting manifolds of hyperbolic dynamical systems and the large number of particles in macroscopic systems. Exercises, detailed references and suggestions for further reading are included.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

### A Steady State Subchannel Heat Transfer Code for Plate Fueled Reactors LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

**Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna**

This work develops a plate-fueled reactor subchannel steady state heat transfer code (PFSC) using a one-dimensional subchannel model. Verification and Validation is done for the PFSC by deriving several key equations, which are used in the subchannel heat transfer analysis, from the Reynolds Transport Theorem. This activity allows the subchannel model to be extended to include uncertainties and biases associated with the modeling simplifications. The initial basis for the development of the subchannel code is the High Flux Isotope Reactor (HFIR), which is a leading example of a high performance plate-fueled research reactor. The PFSC includes new features from the existing HFIR Steady State Heat Transfer Code (SSHTC). A code to code comparison is done between the new flexible subchannel code and the HFIR SSHTC, as well as a comparison to an analytical solution for a simplified case with uniform heat flux and constant fluid properties. Biases associated with the one-dimensional assessment of the subchannel model are also reviewed. These activities provide quality assurance for the PFSC.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

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