krainaksiazek physics of elementary particles 20107050

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Lectures on Elementary Particles and Quantum Field Theory, Volume 2: 1970 Brandeis University Summer Institute in Theoretical Physics - 2837120735

253,22 zł

Lectures on Elementary Particles and Quantum Field Theory, Volume 2: 1970 Brandeis University Summer Institute in Theoretical Physics MIT PR

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna


Elementary Particles and the Laws of Physics - 2852493943

97,54 zł

Elementary Particles and the Laws of Physics Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Perhaps the two most important conceptual breakthroughs in twentieth century physics are relativity and quantum mechanics. Developing a theory that combines the two seamlessly is a difficult and ongoing challenge. This accessible book contains intriguing explorations of this theme by the distinguished physicists Richard Feynman and Steven Weinberg. Richard Feynman's contribution examines the nature of antiparticles, and in particular the relationship between quantum spin and statistics. In his essay, Steven Weinberg speculates on how Einstein's theory of gravitation might be reconciled with quantum theory in the final laws of physics. Both these Nobel laureates have made huge contributions to fundamental research in physics, as well as to the popularization of science. Anyone interested in the development of modern physics will find this a fascinating book.


Concepts Uniting Some Physics: Toward One Theory for Elementary Particles, Objects, and the Cosmos - 2850321754

147,91 zł

Concepts Uniting Some Physics: Toward One Theory for Elementary Particles, Objects, and the Cosmos



Microcosmos: The World Of Elementary Particles - 2849003005

229,99 zł

Microcosmos: The World Of Elementary Particles

Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Mathematics & science>Physics>Particle & high-energy physicsKsiążki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Mathemat...



Introduction to Elementary Particles - 2834684800

315,42 zł

Introduction to Elementary Particles Wiley

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Die Elementarteilchenphysik ist auf der ganzen Welt ein fester Bestandteil im Curriculum des Physikstudiums. Umso wichtiger ist es daher, dass auf diesem Gebiet bereits in den ersten Semestern ein solides Wissensfundament gelegt wird - nicht zuletzt als Vorbereitung auf die Themenbereiche Hochenergie- oder Kernphysik. In diesen Band ist die gesamte Lehrerfahrung von David Griffiths eingeflossen - eine begehrte "Ware", die in der Neuauflage nun auch ein Lösungsmanual präsentiert, das die zahlreichen Aufgaben und Fragen der Kapitelenden aufnimmt. Der Autor versteht es, sich den Themen in einer lebendigen Sprache zu nähern, die jedoch im Hinblick auf Präzision keine Kompromisse eingeht. So eröffnet der Band den Zugang zu den Theorien ebenso wie zu Modellen und Rechenoperationen. Das Werk wird von vielen Lehrenden empfohlen und kann bereits jetzt als Klassiker innerhalb der einführenden Werke zur Elementarteilchenphysik bezeichnet werden.In the second, revised edition of a well-established textbook, the author strikes a balance between quantitative rigor and intuitive understanding, using a lively, informal style. The first chapter provides a detailed historical introduction to the subject, while subsequent chapters offer a quantitative presentation of the Standard Model. A simplified introduction to the Feynman rules, based on a "toy" model, helps readers learn the calculational techniques without the complications of spin. It is followed by accessible treatments of quantum electrodynamics, the strong and weak interactions, and gauge theories. New chapters address neutrino oscillations and prospects for physics beyond the Standard Model. The book contains a number of worked examples and many end-of-chapter problems. A complete solution manual is available for instructors.


Elementary Particles - 2845908612

77,35 zł

Elementary Particles BERTRAMS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Fermi was the winner of the Nobel Prize in 1938 for research on neutron physics, and of the Medal of Merit for his work on the U.S. atomic bomb project. This book makes field theories of elementary particles accessible to a larger number of students.


Elementary Particles - 2845908022

90,70 zł

Elementary Particles YALE UNIVERSITY PRESS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

First published in 1951, Enrico Fermi's "Elementary Particles" continues to guide physicists and scholars. Fermi's descriptions of the then-known particle universe and its nascent conceptual framework allow readers to glimpse the foundations of the field from the perspective of one of its most distinguished contributors. Over sixty years of research has provided answers to many of the questions Fermi poses in this book, but the biggest mysteries, regarding the origin and unification of forces, remain. As the high-energy physics community analyzes the results from ongoing experiments, such as those at the Large Hadron Collider, this historic work will be of interest to researchers, academics, and students. A new foreword by Yale University physicist Thomas Appelquist summarizes the text for those without advanced mathematics training and provides an engaging update, detailing advances in quantum field theory.


The Discovery of Subatomic Particles Revised Edition - 2826725330

255,17 zł

The Discovery of Subatomic Particles Revised Edition Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In this absorbing commentary on the discovery of the atom's constituents, Steven Weinberg accomplishes a brilliant fusion of history and science. This is in effect two books, cleverly interwoven. One is an account of a sequence of key events in the physics of the twentieth century, events that led to the discoveries of the electron, proton and neutron. The other is an introduction to those fundamentals of classical physics that played crucial roles in these discoveries. Physical concepts are introduced where needed to understand the historical story, and each new concept builds on physics already explained. Throughout the book, connections are shown between the historic discoveries of subatomic particles and work today at the frontiers of physics. A final chapter describes the discoveries of new elementary particles up to the present day.


Statistical Physics - 2826637262

106,50 zł

Statistical Physics Dover Publications

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

PART I Principles of statistical thermodynamics 1 The first law of thermodynamics 1-1. Systems and state variables 1-2. The equation of state 1-3. "Large" and "small" systems; statistics of Gibbs versus Boltzman" 1-4. "The First Law; heat, work, and energy" 1-5. Precise formulation of the First Law for quasistatic change Problems 2 Elementary statistical methods in physics 2-1. Probability distributions; binomial and Poisson distributions 2-2. Distribution function for large numbers; Gaussian distribution 2-3. Statistical dealing with averages in time; virial theorem Problems 3 Statistical counting in mechanics 3-1. Statistical counting in classical mechanics; Liouville theorem and ergodic hypothesis 3-2. Statistical counting in quantum mechanics Problems 4 The Gibbs-Boltzmann distribution law 4-1. Derivation of the Gibbsian or canonical distribution 4-2. Elucidation of the temperature concept 4-3. The perfect gas; Maxwellian distribution 4-4. Energy distribution for small and large samples; thermodynamic limit 4-5. Equipartition theorem and dormant degrees of freedom Problems 5 Statistical justification of the Second Law 5-1. Definition of entropy; entropy and probability 5-2. "Proof of the Second Law for "clamped" systems" 5-3. The Ehrenfest or adiabatic principle 5-4. Extension of the Second Law to general systems 5-5. Simple examples of entropy expressions 5-6. Examples of entropy-increasing processes 5-7. Third Law of thermodynamics Problems 6 Older ways to the Second Law 6-1. Proof by the method of Carnot cycles 6-2. Proof of Caratheodory Problems 7 Thermodynamic exploitation of the Second Law; mass transfer problems 7-1. Legendre transformations and thermodynamic potentials 7-2. Thermodynamics of bulk properties; extensive and intensive variables 7-3. Equilibrium of two phases; equation of Clausius and Clapeyron 7-4. "Equilibrium of multiphase, multicomponents systems; Gibbs' phase rule" 7-5. Refined study of the two-phase equilibrium; vapor pressure of small drops Problems 8 The grand ensemble; classical statistics of independent particles 8-1. Statistics of the grand ensemble 8-2. Other modified statistics; Legendre-transformed partition functions 8-3. Maxwell-Boltzmann particle statistics 8-4. Particle versus system partition function; Gibbs paradox 8-5. Grand ensemble formulas for Boltzmann particles Problems 9 Quantum statistics of independent particles 9-1. Pauli exclusion principle 9-2. Fermi-Dirac statistics 9-3. Theory of the perfect Fermi gas 9-4. Bose-Einstein statistics 9-5. The perfect Bose gas; Einstein condensation PART II Equilibrium statistics of special systems 10 Thermal properties of electromagnetic radiation 10-1. Realization of equilibrium radiation; black body radiation 10-2. Thermodynamics of black body radiation; laws of Stefan-Boltzmann and Wien 10-3. Statistics of black body radiation; Planck's formula Problems 11 Statistics of the perfect molecular gas 11-1. Decomposition of the degrees of freedom of a perfect molecular gas 11-2. Center-of-mass motion of gaseous molecules 11-3. Rotation of gaseous molecules 11-4. The rotational heat capacity of hydrogen 11-5. Vibrational motion of diatomic molecules 11-6. The law of mass action in perfect molecular gases Problems 12 The problem of the imperfect gas 12-1. Equation of state from the partition function 12-2. Equation of state from the virial theorem 12-3. Approximate results from the virial theorem; van der Waals' equation 12-4. The Joule-Thomson effect 12-5. Ursell-Mayer expansion of the partition function; diagram summation 12.6 Mayer's cluster expansion theorem 12-7. Mayer's formulation of the equation of state of imperfect gases 12-8. Phase equilibrium between liquid and gas; critical phenomenon Problems 13 Thermal properties of crystals 13-1. Relation between the vibration spectrum and the heat capacity of solids 13-2. Vibrational bands of crystals; models in one dimension 13-3. Vibrational bands of crystals; general theory 13-4. Debye theory of the heat capacity of solids 13-5. Vapor pressure of solids Problems 14 Statistics of conduction electrons in solids 14-1. The distinction of metals and insulators in fermi statistics 14-2. Semiconductors: electrons and holes 14-3. Theory of thermionic emission 14-4. Degeneracy and non-degeneracy: electronic heat capacity in metals 14-5. "Doped" semiconductors: n-p junctions" Problems 15 Statistics of magnetism 15-1. Paramagnetism of isolated atoms and ions 15-2. Pauli paramagnetism 15-3. Ferromagnetism; internal field model 15-4. Ferromagnetism; Ising model 15-5. Spin wave theory of magnetization Problems 16 Mathematical analysis of the Ising model 16-1. Eigenvalue method for periodic nearest neighbor systems 16-2. One-dimensional Ising model 16-3. Solution of the two-dimensional Ising model by abstract algebra 16-4. Analytic reduction of the results for the two dimensional Ising model 17 Theory of dilute solutions 17-1. Thermodynamic functions for dilute solutions 17-2. Osmotic pressure and other modifictions of solvent properties 17-3. Behavior of solutes in dilute solutions; analogy to perfect gases 17-4. Theory of strong electrolytes Problems "PART III Kinetic theory, transport coefficients and fluctuations" 18 Kinetic justification of equilibrium statistics; Boltzmann transport equation 18-1. Derivation of the Boltmann transport equation 18-2. Equilibrium solutions of the Boltzmann transport equation; Maxwellian distribution 18-3. Boltzmann's H-theorem 18-4. Paradoxes associated with the Boltzmann transport equation; Kac ring model 18-5. Relaxation rate spectrum for Maxwellian molecules 18-6. Formal relaxtion theory of the Boltzmann equation Problems 19 Transport properties of gases 19-1. Elementary theory of transport phenomena in gases 19-2. Determination of transport coefficients from the Boltzmann equation 19-3. Discussion of empirical viscosity data Problems 20 Kinetics of charge carriers in solics and liquids 20-1. Kinetic theory of Ohmic conduction 20-2. Nature of the charge carriers in matter; Nernst relation 20-3. Nature of the electric carriers in metals; law of Wiedmann and Franz 20-4. Separation of carrier density and carrier velocity; Hall effect Problems 21 Kinetics of charge carriers in gases 21-1. Kinetics of the polarization force 21-2. "High field" velocity distribution of ions and electrons in gases" 21-3. Velocity distribution functions for electrons; formulas of Davydov and Druyvesteyn 22 Fluctuations and Brownian motion 22-1. Equilibrium theory of fluctuations 22-2. Brownian motion 22-3. Spectral decompostion of Brownian motion ; Wiener-Khinchin theorem Problems 23 Connection between transport coefficients and equilibrium statistics 23-1. Nyquist relation 23-2. Kubo's equilbrium expression for electrical conductivity 23-3. Reduction of the Kubo relation to those of Nernst and Nyquist 23-4. Onsager relations Problem Supplementary Literature Answers to Problems Index


Introduction to Regge Theory and High Energy Physics - 2212841688

249,70 zł

Introduction to Regge Theory and High Energy Physics Cambridge University Press


Originally published in 1977, this book presents an extended introduction to the theory of hadrons, the elementary particles which occur in the atomic nucleus. The main emphasis is on the theory of the complex angular momentum plane 'Regge theory', which has grown from Regge's demonstration in 1959 that it is useful to regard angular momentum as a complex variable when discussing solutions of the Schrodinger equation for non-relativistic potential scattering. This theory helps to classify the many different particles which have been discovered in recent years, to explain the forces between these particles and to predict the results of high-energy scattering experiments. Regge theory thus serves as a unifying concept drawing together many different features of high-energy physics. This monograph is intended primarily for research students just beginning to concern themselves with particle physics, but more experienced workers will also find much to interest them in this detailed survey of the basic ideas and results of Regge theory.


Atomic Physics - 2826711111

92,49 zł


Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

CHAPTER I KINETIC THEORY OF GASES 1. Atomic Theory in Chemistry 2. Fundamental Assumptions of the Kinetic Theory of Gases 3. Calculation of the Pressure of a Gas 4. Temperature of a Gas 5. Specific Heat 6. Law of Distribution of Energy and Velocity 7. Free Path 8. Determination of Avogadro's Number CHAPTER II ELEMENTARY PARTICLES 1. Conduction of Electricity in Rarefied Gases 2. Canal Rays and Anode Rays (Positive Rays) 3. X-rays 4. Radiations from Radioactive Substances 5. "Prout's Hypothesis, Isotopy, the Proton" 6. The Neutron 7. Cosmic Rays. Positrons 8. Mesons and Nuclear Forces CHAPTER III THE NUCLEAR ATOM 1. Lorentz's Electron Theory 2. The Theorem of the Inertia of Energy 3. Investigation of Atomic Structure by Scattering Experiments 4. Mass Defect and Nuclear Binding Energy. The Neutrino 5. Heavy Hydrogen and Heavy Water 6. Nuclear Reactions and Radioactive Decay CHAPTER IV WAVE-CORPUSCLES 1. Wave Theory of Light. Interference and Diffraction 2. Light Quanta 3. Quantum Theory of the Atom 4. Compton Effect 5. Wave Nature of Matter. De Broglie's Theory 6. Experimental Demonstration of Matter Waves 7. "The Contradiction between the Wave Theory and the Corpuscular Theory, and its Removal" CHAPTER V ATOMIC STRUCTURE AND SPECTRAL LINES 1. The Bohr Atom; Stationary Orbits for Simply Periodic Motions 2. Quantum Conditions for Simply and Multiply Periodic Motions 3. Matrix Mechanics 4. Wave Mechanics 5. Angular Momentum in Wave Mechanics 6. Parity 7. The Statistical Interpretation of Wave Mechanics 8. Emission and Absorption of Radiation CHAPTER VI SPIN OF THE ELECTRON AND PAULI'S PRINCIPLE 1. Alkali Doublets and the Spinning Electron 2. The Anomalous Zeeman Effect 3. The Hydrogen Atom and X-ray Terms 4. The Helium Atom 5. Pauli's Exclusion Principle 6. The Periodic System. Closed Shells 7. Magnetism 8. Wave Theory of the Spin Electron 9. Density of the Electronic Cloud CHAPTER VII QUANTUM STATISTICS 1. Heat Radiation and Planck's Law 2. Specific Heat of Solids and of Polyatomic Gases 3. Quantisation of Balck Body Radiation 4. Bose-Einstein Statistics of Light Quanta 5. Einstein's Theory of Gas Degeneration 6. Fermi-Dirac Statistics 7. Electron Theory of Metals. Energy Distribution 8. Thermionic and Photoelectric Effect in Metals 9. Magnetism of the Electron Gas 10. Electrical and Thermal Conductivity. Thermoelectricity CHAPTER VIII MOLECULAR STRUCTURE 1. Molecular Properties as an Expression of the Distribution of Charge in the Electronic Cloud 2. Experimental Determination of the Molecular Constants 3. Band Spectra and the Raman Effect 4. Chemical Binding. Classification of Types of Binding 5. Theory of Heteropolar Ionic Binding 6. Theory of Co-valency Binding 7. Theory of van der Waals Forces and other Types of Binding CHAPTER IX QUANTUM THEORY OF SOLIDS 1. Introduction 2. Modes of Lattice Vibration 3. Quantisation of the Lattice Vibrations 4. Inelastic Scattering of Neutrons 5. The Mössbauer Effect 6. Electrons in a Periodic Lattice Band 7. Metals and Insulators 8. Metals 9. Superconductivity 10. Ferromagnetism 11. Insulators and Semiconductors CHAPTER X NUCLEAR PHYSICS 1. The Size of the Nucleus and a-Decay 2. Angular Momentum and Magnetic Moment 3. The Deuteron and Nuclear Forces 4. Nuclear Structure and Nuclear Saturation 5. The Nuclear Shell Model 6. The Nuclear Collective Model 7. ß-Decay and K-Capture 8. Nuclear Electromagnetic Interactions 9. "The Drop Model, Nuclear Reactions and Fission " Conclusion by M. Born APPENDICES I. Evaluation of Some Integrals Connected with the Kinetic Theory of Gases II. "Heat Conduction, Viscosity, and Diffusion" III. Van der Waals' Equation of State IV. The Mean Square Deviation V. Theory of Relativity VI. Electron Theory VII. The Theorem of the Inertia of Energy VIII. Calculation of the Coefficient of Scattering for Radiation by a Free Particle IX. Rutherford's Scattering Formula for a-rays X. The Compton Effect XI. Phase Velocity and Group Velocity XII. Elementary Derivation of Heisenberg's Uncertainty Relation XIII. Hamiltonian Theory and Action Variables XIV. Quantisation of the Elliptic Orbits in Bohr's Theory XV. The Oscillator according to Matrix Mechanics XVI. The Oscillator according to Wave Mechanics XVII. The Vibrations of a Circular Membrane XVIII. Solution of Schrödinger's Equation for the Kepler (Central Force) Problem XIX. The Orbital Angular Momentum XX. Deduction of Rutherford's Scattering Formula by Wave Mechanics XXI. Deduction of the Selection Rules for Electric Dipole Radiation XXII. Anomalous Zeeman Effect of the D Lines of Sodium XXIII. Enumeration of the Terms in the Case of Two p-Electrons XXIV. Atomic Form Factor XXV. The Formalism of Quantum Mechanics XXVI. General Proof of the Uncertainty Relation XXVII. Transition Probabilities XXVIII. Quantum Theory of Emission of Radiation XXIX. The Electrostatic Energy of Nuclei XXX. Theory of a-Disintegration XXXI. The Ground State of the Deuteron XXXII. Meson Theory XXXIII. The Stefan-Boltzmann Law and Wien's Displacement Law XXXIV. Absorption by an Oscillator XXXV. Temperature and Entropy in Quantum Statistics XXXVI. Thermionic Emission of Electrons XXXVII. Temperature Variation of Paramagnetism XXXVIII. Theory of Co-valency Binding XXXIX. Time-independnet Perturbation Theory for Non-degenerate States XL. Theory of the van der Waals Forces XLI. The Modes of Vibration of a Linear Monatomic Chain Bibliography Index


Symmetries in Fundamental Physics, 1 - 2836771932

913,69 zł

Symmetries in Fundamental Physics, 1 Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Over the course of the last century it has become clear that both elementary particle physics and relativity theories are based on the notion of symmetries. These symmetries become manifest in that the "laws of nature" are invariant under spacetime transformations and/or gauge transformations. The consequences of these symmetries were analyzed as early as in 1918 by Emmy Noether on the level of action functionals. Her work did not receive due recognition for nearly half a century, but can today be understood as a recurring theme in classical mechanics, electrodynamics and special relativity, Yang-Mills type quantum field theories, and in general relativity. As a matter of fact, as shown in this monograph, many aspects of physics can be derived solely from symmetry considerations. This substantiates the statement of E.P. Wigner "... if we knew all the laws of nature, or the ultimate Law of nature, the invariance properties of these laws would not furnish us new information." Thanks to Wigner we now also understand the implications of quantum physics and symmetry considerations: Poincare invariance dictates both the characteristic properties of particles (mass, spin, ...) and the wave equations of spin 0, 1/2, 1, ... objects. Further, the work of C.N. Yang and R. Mills reveals the consequences of internal symmetries as exemplified in the symmetry group of elementary particle physics. Given this pivotal role of symmetries it is thus not surprising that current research in fundamental physics is to a great degree motivated and inspired by considerations of symmetry. The treatment of symmetries in this monograph ranges from classical physics to now well-established theories of fundamental interactions, to the latest research on unified theories and quantum gravity.


Trends in Nuclear Physics, 100 Years Later - 2826657206

1571,24 zł

Trends in Nuclear Physics, 100 Years Later North Holland

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In the first years after the discovery of radioactivity it became clear that nuclear physics was, by excellence, the science of small quantum systems. Between the fifties and the eighties nuclear physics and elementary particles physics lived their own lives, without much interaction. During this period the basic concepts were defined. Recently, contrary to the specialization law often observed in science, the overlap between nuclear and elementary particle physics has become somewhat blurred. This Les Houches Summer School was set up with the aim of fighting off the excessive specialization evident in many international meetings, and return to the roots. The twofold challenge of setting up a fruitful exchange between experimentalists and theorists in the first place, and between nuclear and hadronic matter physicists in the second place was successfully met. The volume presents high quality, up-to-date reviews starting with an account of the birth and first developments of nuclear physics. Further chapters discuss the description of the nuclear structure, the physics of nuclei at very high spin, the existence of super-heavy nuclei as a consequence of shell structure, liquid-gas transition, including both a description and a review of the experimental situation. Other topics dealt with include the interactions between moderately relativistic heavy ions, the concept of a nucleon dressed by a cloud of pions, the presence of pions in the nucleus, the subnucleonic phenomena in nuclei and quark-gluons deconfinement transition, both theoretical and experimental aspects. Nuclear physics continues to influence many other fields, such as astrophysics, and is also inspired by these same fields. This cross-fertilisation is illustrated by the treatment of neutron stars in one of the final chapters. The last chapter provides an overview of a recent development in which particle and nuclear physicists have cooperated to revitalize an alternative method for nuclear energy production associating high energy production accelerators and sub-critical neutron multiplying assemblies.


Seven Brief Lessons on Physics - 2826625239

34,52 zł

Seven Brief Lessons on Physics Penguin UK

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Presents what you need to know about modern physics, the universe and our place in the world in seven lessons. In this introduction to modern physics, the author explains Einstein's theory of general relativity, quantum mechanics, black holes, the complex architecture of the universe, elementary particles, gravity, and the nature of the mind.


Relativistic Quantum Physics - 2826797639

241,82 zł

Relativistic Quantum Physics Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Quantum physics and special relativity theory were two of the greatest breakthroughs in physics during the twentieth century and contributed to paradigm shifts in physics. This book combines these two discoveries to provide a complete description of the fundamentals of relativistic quantum physics, guiding the reader effortlessly from relativistic quantum mechanics to basic quantum field theory. The book gives a thorough and detailed treatment of the subject, beginning with the classification of particles, the Klein


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