krainaksiazek soviet foreign propaganda 20106925
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Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Society & social sciences>Politics & government>Political control & freedoms>PropagandaKsiążki Obcojęzy...
Stalin and His Hangmen: The Tyrant and Those Who Killed for Him Random House Inc
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
Stalin did not act alone. The mass executions, the mock trials, the betrayals and purges, the jailings and secret torture that ravaged the Soviet Union during the three decades of Stalin's dictatorship, were the result of a tight network of trusted henchmen (and women), spies, psychopaths, and thugs. At the top of this pyramid of terror sat five indispensable hangmen who presided over the various incarnations of Stalin's secret police. Now, in his harrowing new book, Donald Rayfield probes the lives, the minds, the twisted careers, and the unpunished crimes of Stalin's loyal assassins. Founded by Feliks Dzierzynski, the Cheka-the Extraordinary Commission-came to life in the first years of the Russian Revolution. Spreading fear in a time of chaos, the Cheka proved a perfect instrument for Stalin's ruthless consolidation of power. But brutal as it was, the Cheka under Dzierzynski was amateurish compared to the well-oiled killing machines that succeeded it. Genrikh Iagoda's OGPU specialized in political assassination, propaganda, and the manipulation of foreign intellectuals. Later, the NKVD recruited a new generation of torturers. Starting in 1938, terror mastermind Lavrenti Beria brought violent repression to a new height of ingenuity and sadism. As Rayfield shows, Stalin and his henchmen worked relentlessly to coerce and suborn leading Soviet intellectuals, artists, writers, lawyers, and scientists. Maxim Gorky, Aleksandr Fadeev, Alexei Tolstoi, Isaak Babel, and Osip Mandelstam were all caught in Stalin's web-courted, toyed with, betrayed, and then ruthlessly destroyed. In bringing to light the careers, personalities, relationships, and "accomplishments" of Stalin's key henchmenand their most prominent victims, Rayfield creates a chilling drama of the intersection of political fanaticism, personal vulnerability, and blind lust for power spanning half a century. Though Beria lost his power-and his life-after Stalin's death in 1953, the fundame
Cold War Civil Rights Princeton University Press
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
In 1958, an African-American handyman named Jimmy Wilson was sentenced to die in Alabama for stealing two dollars. Shocking as this sentence was, it was overturned only after intense international attention and the interference of an embarrassed John Foster Dulles. Soon after the United States' segregated military defeated a racist regime in World War II, American racism was a major concern of U.S. allies, a chief Soviet propaganda theme, and an obstacle to American Cold War goals throughout Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Each lynching harmed foreign relations, and "the Negro problem" became a central issue in every administration from Truman to Johnson. In what may be the best analysis of how international relations affected any domestic issue, Mary Dudziak interprets postwar civil rights as a Cold War feature. She argues that the Cold War helped facilitate key social reforms, including desegregation. Civil rights activists gained tremendous advantage as the government sought to polish its international image. But improving the nation's reputation did not always require real change. This focus on image rather than substance - combined with constraints on McCarthy-era political activism and the triumph of law-and-order rhetoric - limited the nature and extent of progress. Archival information, much of it newly available, supports Dudziak's argument that civil rights was Cold War policy. But the story is also one of people: an African-American veteran of World War II lynched in Georgia; an attorney general flooded by civil rights petitions from abroad; the teenagers who desegregated Little Rock's Central High; African diplomats denied restaurant service; black artists living in Europe and supporting the civil rights movement from overseas; conservative politicians viewing desegregation as a communist plot; and, civil rights leaders who saw their struggle eclipsed by Vietnam. Never before has any scholar so directly connected civil rights and the Cold War. Contributing mightily to our understanding of both, Dudziak advances - in clear and lively prose - a new wave of scholarship that corrects isolationist tendencies in American history by applying an international perspective to domestic affairs. In her new preface, Dudziak discusses the way the Cold War figures into civil rights history, and details this book's origins, as one question about civil rights could not be answered without broadening her research from domestic to international influences on American history.
SS: Wiking Casemate
Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna
The divisions of the Waffen-SS were the elite of Hitler's armies in WWII. SS-Wiking is an in-depth examination of one of the most notorious, the Wiking division, which was largely recruited from foreign volunteers from German-occupied countries in Europe after 1940. Despite their non-Germanic background, the Norwegians, Dutch, Danes, Belgians, Finns, and other nationalities, often motivated by an extreme anti-Communist zeal and believing that the Soviet Union was their real enemy, fought hard on the Eastern Front for the Nazi cause, and won considerable praise for their bravery. SS-Wiking explores the background to the unit's formation during the war, its propaganda value to Nazi Germany, the men it recruited, the key figures involved in the division, and its organisation. It also looks at the specialist training of the Waffen-SS, and the uniforms and insignia that the members of the division wore. SS-Wiking also provides a full combat record of the unit during its existence. The book describes the unit's service in on the Eastern Front, including the invasion of Russia, the capture of Rostov, the hard-fought defensive battles of 1943, the breakout from the Cherkassy pocket, and the defence of Warsaw, to the fruitless attempt to relieve Budapest and the unit's effective destruction by the war's end. Illustrated with rare photographs, and with an authoritative text and detailed appendices, SS-Wiking is a definitive history of one of Germany's top fighting units of WWII.
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