krainaksiazek take a technowalk materials structures 20044420

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Svenska utifran: Schematic grammar. Swedish structures and everyday phrases. Rosyjski komentarz - 2829795724

9,90 zł

Svenska utifran: Schematic grammar. Swedish structures and everyday phrases. Rosyjski komentarz Svenska Institutet

Szwecja / Gramatyka szwedzka

Książka z rosyjskim komentarzem. (Schematic grammar, in Russian.) Svenska utifran is a series of educational materials for beginners in Swedish. The series consists of a textbook, short dictionaries, a set of cassettes or CDs, a schematic grammar featuring Swedish structures and everyday phrases, two exercise books and a pronunciation guide. The textbook is exclusively in Swedish and contains information about Swedish society and culture. The texts are illustrated with both drawings and photos. The grammar and exercise books are based on the textbook, but can also be used independently. It should be noted that the material is not intended for self- instruction. Schematic Grammar - Swedish Structures and Everyday Phrases accompanies the Svenska utifran course package. Although some examples in this grammar have been taken from the textbook, the grammar is nevertheless intended for independent use. Please note that this item is purchased separately and does not include the other articles in the Svenska utifran series. Svenska utifran to jeden z najlepszych i najbardziej popularnych podręczników do nauki języka szwedzkiego. Dużo czytanek i ćwiczeń językowych. Przejrzyście wyjaśniona gramatyka.

Sklep: Księgarnia.Poltax.waw.pl

Nanoscale Structure & Assembly at Solid-Fluid 2vols - 2212836822

2003,20 zł

Nanoscale Structure & Assembly at Solid-Fluid 2vols Kluwer Academic Publishers

Inne 1

All of us have read about the vast potential inherent in nanotechnology and the exciting impact it has had in changing our lifestyle in the 21st century. One of the basic issues confronting us is how to fabricate devices or materials on the nano scale. What is the basic physics governing the formation of nano phases? How can biological systems inspire us to formulate nano scale architectures, in the way nature has always done and continues to do? These are two main areas of focus in this book. The aim of this reference is to take us to the root of these issues: the solid-fluid interfacial structures and the basic interactions between structural units that determine the kinetics of nano particles and assembly formation, and subsequently the resulting structures and functionalities of the nano phases and devices. By taking a fresh look at the novel nano structure engineering and surface probing technologies from a global viewpoint of fundamental principles, the two volumes of this book direct our focus from the macroscopic phase to the nano structures ranging from inorganic to bio nano materials. Featuring contributions from a number of international experts in the related fields, this book offers a comprehensive and synergistic look into these challenging issues in terms of theoretical modeling, computer simulations, advanced surface probing and fabrication and interface characterizations. The book also provides a link to the nanostructure engineering of some novel materials playing an important role in advancing technologies in this field. Volume I focuses on both the theoretical and experimental aspects of crystal surfaces and solid-fluid interfacial structures, the effect of ordering and disordering of the interfacial molecules on the kinetics of crystalline matter, and in particular on the nano crystalline phase and the formation of self-organized nanofiber networks. Expertly written chapters expand the existing knowledge on surface/interfacial structures associated with bulk phases to the micro/nano structural domain, presenting examples of the characterization and manipulation of self-organized nano structures. The subject matter covers also the principles and technologies concerning nano phases, surface/interface structure formation and characterization, and fabrication. Volume II is devoted to the assembly of bio-related nano structures and hybrid nano materials and systems. The part on bio-related nanostructures focuses on the aggregation and pattern formation of protein molecules, or biomaterials in the bulk and on the surface of designated substrates. The way to control the process of biomineralization, biological matrices, hierarchical structures and other bio-related materials by relying on robust methods, such as templating, AFM, Chemoselective Ligation, scanning probe nanolithography will also be treated in detail. In addition, innovative techniques to engineer complex nano structures such as molecular design and molecular self assembly are highlighted. Written for: Graduate students, researchers and professionals

Sklep: Albertus.pl

Bridges: A Postcard History - 2854391869

297,26 zł

Bridges: A Postcard History Schiffer Publishing Ltd

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Take a tour through time and learn about the exciting engineering developments that allowed the primitive bridges of ancient man evolve to the masterworks of today. This unique treatment, showing the large variety of bridge forms, is illustrated with postcards, archival photographs, and technical drawings and diagrams. These detailed images show stone arch, suspension, movable, and many more bridges. Laymen and engineers alike are certain to come away with a better understanding of the role of bridges in our built environment from the expert explanations of bridge types, materials, and construction to amusing anecdotes associated with these structures. Landmark bridges, construction methods, the interstate system, railroad bridges, and even bridge disasters are all documented in this technical record of civil engineering challenges and feats.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Magic of Tents - 2212828554

106,60 zł

Magic of Tents Harper Collins

Sztuka

For years, architects have enjoyed the challenge of incorporating lightweight structures -- fabrics, tents, canopies, membranes, and so on -- into their designs. Such materials are a welcome boon to architectural creativity, allowing designers to envision spaces that take innovative shapes and interact with their surroundings in ways unattainable with conventional materials. Recent years have seen an increase in the use of such structures, in part because advances in computer technology have made it easier to render and model such projects, and in part because such structures are ideally suited to today's increasing concerns about environmentalism and sustainability.The Magic of Tents showcases innovative uses of lightweight, tented structures from across the United States and around the world -- from an Arizona school to an Istanbul bank, from a Miami nightclub on the beach to a private home in Germany, from corporate headquarters in Los Angeles to offices in Oslo, and many more! The book features both residential and commercial projects, projects with both exterior and interior usages, projects where the tented element is the driving component of the design, and projects that incorporate lightweight structures to accent or address a specific need.Endlessly flexible, nurturing of creativity, cost -- and energy-conscious, tented structures are an ideal means to address many concerns of modern architecture -- a creative means to not only define space, but also to transform it into something to meet all sorts of design needs, for projects both grand and small.

Sklep: Albertus.pl

Rheophysics: Matter in all its States - 2854357322

472,86 zł

Rheophysics: Matter in all its States Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This book presents a unified view of the physical-chemical origin of the mechanical behaviour of gases, simple solids and liquids, suspensions, polymers, emulsions, foams, granular materials, along with their techniques for measuring the behaviour. Beside molecular matters in all their classical gaseous, solid or liquid states we deal daily with a number of materials made of coarser elements such as polymers, cells, grains, bubbles, droplets. They take on the familiar appearance of paints, inks, cement, mud, foams, emulsions, toothpastes, gels, etc. These materials exhibit complex structures and sometimes amazing types of mechanical behaviours, often intermediate between that of a simple liquid and that of a simple solid. In a practical way the aim is to analyze their internal evolutions (aging, restructuring, phase separation, etc), then to formulate these materials in accordance with the wanted properties, and eventually to devise new materials. In that aim it is critical to understand how these materials deform or flow depending on the interactions and structures formed by the elements they contain.§This book is intended for students as well as more advanced researchers in mechanics, physics, chemistry, biology. The mathematical formalism is reduced in order to focus on the physical explanations of the phenomena.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Fundamentals of the Mechanics of Solids - 2854483384

309,56 zł

Fundamentals of the Mechanics of Solids Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This distinctive textbook aims to introduce readers to the basic structures of the mechanics of deformable bodies, with a special emphasis on the description of the elastic behavior of simple materials and structures composed by elastic beams. The authors take a deductive rather than inductive approach and start from a few first, foundational principles. A wide selection of exercises, many with hints and solutions, are provided throughout and organized in a way that will allow readers to form a link between abstract mathematical concepts and real-world applications.§§The text begins with the definition of bodies and deformations, keeping the kinematics of rigid bodies as a special case; the authors also distinguish between material and spatial metrics, defining each one in the pertinent space. Subsequent chapters cover observers and classes of possible changes; forces, torques, and balances, the latter two derived from the invariance under classical changes in observers of the power of the external actions over a body, rather than postulated a priori; constitutive structures; variational principles in linear elasticity; the de Saint-Venant problem; yield criteria and a discussion of their role in the representation of material behavior; and an overview of some bifurcation phenomena, focusing on the Euler rod. An appendix on tensor algebra and tensor calculus is included for readers who need a brief refresher on these topics.§§Fundamentals of the Mechanics of Solids is primarily intended for graduate and advanced undergraduate students in various fields of engineering and applied mathematics. Prerequisites include basic courses in calculus, mathematical analysis, and classical mechanics.§§

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Inorganic Chemistry - 2826627293

263,16 zł

Inorganic Chemistry PEARSON

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Now in its fourth edition, Housecroft & Sharpe's Inorganic Chemistry is a well-respected and leading international textbook. Inorganic Chemistry is primarily designed to be a student text but is well-received as a reference book for those working in the field of inorganic chemistry. Inorganic Chemistry provides both teachers and students with a clearly written and beautifully-illustrated introduction to core physical-inorganic principles. It introduces the descriptive chemistry of the elements and the role played by inorganic chemistry in our everyday lives. Chapters on catalysis and industrial processes, bioinorganic chemistry, and inorganic materials and nanotechnology include many of the latest advances in these fields. There is a new chapter on experimental techniques, and the large number of worked examples, exercises and end-of-chapter problems illustrate a broad range of their applications in inorganic chemistry. The striking full-colour design includes a wealth of three-dimensional molecular and protein structures and photographs, enticing students to delve into the world of inorganic chemistry. Throughout its four editions, Inorganic Chemistry has successfully given both teachers and students the tools with which to approach the subject confidently and with enjoyment. Environmental issues linked to inorganic chemistry, topics relating inorganic chemistry to biology and medicine, and the applications of inorganic chemicals in the laboratory, industry and daily life form the basis of a wide range of topic boxes in the book, helping students to appreciate the importance and relevance of the subject. A strong pedagogic approach is at the heart of Inorganic Chemistry. While worked examples take students through calculations and exercises step by step, the sets of self-study exercises and end-of-chapter problems reinforce learning and develop subject knowledge and skills. The end-of-chapter problems include sets of 'overview problems', and problems entitled 'inorganic chemistry matters' which use everyday material to illustrate the relevance of the material in each chapter. Definitions panels and end-of-chapter checklists offer students excellent revision aids. Further reading suggestions, from topical articles to recent literature papers, encourage students to explore topics in more depth.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Andy Goldsworthy in America - 2826786830

143,30 zł

Andy Goldsworthy in America BERTRAMS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

ANDY GOLDSWORTHY IN AMERICA This study looks at the contemporary British artist, Andy Goldsworthy, and his work in the United States of America. Goldsworthy's presence in America grew steadily with a series of exhibitions beginning in the late Nineties with the Storm King Wall and show. This was followed by: Cornell University in 2000; the Three Cairns show and installations in 2002-03; Austin Museum in 2003; the Garden of Stone and Stone Houses in New York City in 2003-04; and Roof in Washington in 2005. There are a number of essential sites to visit for Andy Goldsworthy's art in America: (1) the slate mounds in Washington's National Gallery of Art; (2) Garden of Stones in New York's Museum of Jewish Heritage; (3) the cracked stones at the de Young Museum in San Francisco; (4) the Storm King Wall in New York; and (5) Three Cairns in Des Moines, Iowa. Fully illustrated, including images of the American landscape, and Goldsworthy's contemporaries. Includes photographs taken by the author of Andy Goldsworthy's works in America, including in Washington, DC, San Francisco, New York State and Iowa. Bibliography and notes. WILLIAM MALPAS has written books on Richard Long and land art, as well as three books on Andy Goldsworthy, including the forthcoming Andy Goldsworthy In America. Malpas's books on Richard Long and Andy Goldsworthy are the only full-length studies of these artists available. EXTRACT Andy Goldsworthy works with the natural world, and within nature. He uses natural materials in natural shapes and forms set in natural contexts. Goldsworthy takes his cue from nature: as Jan Dibbets put it in 1969: 'I realized that if you want to use nature, you have to derive the appropriate structure from nature too'. Nature may be the starting-point but, as we'll see, the end-point - art - is entirely cultural and not something you'll ever find in the natural world. Andy Goldsworthy seems to be a particularly gentle and sensitive artist, compared to many sculptors and land artists: he stitches together leaves to form lines (which're often placed in water, or over branches), or makes circular slabs of snow, or entwines twigs in an arc. He creates a delicate spiral of chestnut leaves, called Autumn Horn (1986); he pins bright yellow dandelions on willowherb stalks in a circle, on bluebells (1987); he makes lines and cairns of pebbles; a horizontal line of red sumach leaves was pinned to a willow (at Storm King in 1998); he rubs red stones to stain rockpools; he pins leaves to tree trunks; he fashions a zigzag line of hogweed stalks along a fallen elm tree (2002); he makes hollow, circular structures, recalling igloos, from slate, leaves, driftwood and bracken; he creates long wavy ridges in Arizonan and Australian desert sand; he throws sand and sticks in the air and photographs the moment.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Andy Goldsworthy in America - 2854422554

286,60 zł

Andy Goldsworthy in America Crescent Moon Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

ANDY GOLDSWORTHY IN AMERICA This study looks at the contemporary British artist, Andy Goldsworthy, and his work in the United States of America. Goldsworthy's presence in America grew steadily with a series of exhibitions beginning in the late Nineties with the Storm King Wall and show. This was followed by: Cornell University in 2000; the Three Cairns show and installations in 2002-03; Austin Museum in 2003; the Garden of Stone and Stone Houses in New York City in 2003-04; and Roof in Washington in 2005. There are a number of essential sites to visit for Andy Goldsworthy's art in America: (1) the slate mounds in Washington's National Gallery of Art; (2) Garden of Stones in New York's Museum of Jewish Heritage; (3) the cracked stones at the de Young Museum in San Francisco; (4) the Storm King Wall in New York; and (5) Three Cairns in Des Moines, Iowa. Fully illustrated, including images of the American landscape, and Goldsworthy's contemporaries. Includes photographs taken by the author of Andy Goldsworthy's works in America, including in Washington, DC, San Francisco, New York State and Iowa. Bibliography and notes. WILLIAM MALPAS has written books on Richard Long and land art, as well as three books on Andy Goldsworthy, including the forthcoming Andy Goldsworthy In America. Malpas's books on Richard Long and Andy Goldsworthy are the only full-length studies of these artists available. EXTRACT Andy Goldsworthy works with the natural world, and within nature. He uses natural materials in natural shapes and forms set in natural contexts. Goldsworthy takes his cue from nature: as Jan Dibbets put it in 1969: 'I realized that if you want to use nature, you have to derive the appropriate structure from nature too'. Nature may be the starting-point but, as we'll see, the end-point - art - is entirely cultural and not something you'll ever find in the natural world. Andy Goldsworthy seems to be a particularly gentle and sensitive artist, compared to many sculptors and land artists: he stitches together leaves to form lines (which're often placed in water, or over branches), or makes circular slabs of snow, or entwines twigs in an arc. He creates a delicate spiral of chestnut leaves, called Autumn Horn (1986); he pins bright yellow dandelions on willowherb stalks in a circle, on bluebells (1987); he makes lines and cairns of pebbles; a horizontal line of red sumach leaves was pinned to a willow (at Storm King in 1998); he rubs red stones to stain rockpools; he pins leaves to tree trunks; he fashions a zigzag line of hogweed stalks along a fallen elm tree (2002); he makes hollow, circular structures, recalling igloos, from slate, leaves, driftwood and bracken; he creates long wavy ridges in Arizonan and Australian desert sand; he throws sand and sticks in the air and photographs the moment.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Leaders of Their Own Learning - 2854333500

116,41 zł

Leaders of Their Own Learning John Wiley & Sons Inc

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

From Expeditionary Learning Schools comes a proven approach to student assessment Leaders of Their Own Learning offers a new way of thinking about assessment based on the celebrated work of Expeditionary Learning Schools across the country. Student-Engaged Assessment is not a single practice but an approach to teaching and learning that equips and compels students to understand goals for their learning and growth, track their progress toward those goals, and take responsibility for reaching them. This requires a set of interrelated strategies and structures and a whole-school culture in which students are given the respect and responsibility to be meaningfully engaged in their own learning. Includes everything teachers and school leaders need to implement a successful Student-Engaged Assessment system in their schools Outlines the practices that will engage students in making academic progress, improve achievement, and involve families and communities in the life of the school Describes each of the book's eight key practices, gives advice on how to begin, and explains what teachers and school leaders need to put into practice in their own classrooms Ron Berger is Chief Program Officer for Expeditionary Learning and former public school teacher Leaders of Their Own Learning shows educators how to ignite the capacity of students to take responsibility for their own learning, meet Common Core and state standards, and reach higher levels of achievement. DVD and other supplementary materials are not included as part of the e-book file, but are available for download after purchase.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Photonic Crystals - 2843905887

465,65 zł

Photonic Crystals UNIVERSITY PRESSES

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Since it was first published in 1995, Photonic Crystals has remained the definitive text for both undergraduates and researchers on photonic band-gap materials and their use in controlling the propagation of light. This newly expanded and revised edition covers the latest developments in the field, providing the most up-to-date, concise, and comprehensive book available on these novel materials and their applications. Starting from Maxwell's equations and Fourier analysis, the authors develop the theoretical tools of photonics using principles of linear algebra and symmetry, emphasizing analogies with traditional solid-state physics and quantum theory. They then investigate the unique phenomena that take place within photonic crystals at defect sites and surfaces, from one to three dimensions. This new edition includes entirely new chapters describing important hybrid structures that use band gaps or periodicity only in some directions: periodic waveguides, photonic-crystal slabs, and photonic-crystal fibers. The authors demonstrate how the capabilities of photonic crystals to localize light can be put to work in devices such as filters and splitters. A new appendix provides an overview of computational methods for electromagnetism. Existing chapters have been considerably updated and expanded to include many new three-dimensional photonic crystals, an extensive tutorial on device design using temporal coupled-mode theory, discussions of diffraction and refraction at crystal interfaces, and more. Richly illustrated and accessibly written, Photonic Crystals is an indispensable resource for students and researchers. Extensively revised and expanded Features improved graphics throughout Includes new chapters on photonic-crystal fibers and combined index-and band-gap-guiding Provides an introduction to coupled-mode theory as a powerful tool for device design Covers many new topics, including omnidirectional reflection, anomalous refraction and diffraction, computational photonics, and much more.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Case Study Homes_Bialobrzeski Peter - 2822175838

141,00 zł

Case Study Homes_Bialobrzeski Peter Wydawnictwo: Hatje Cantz

WYDAWNICTWA ALBUMOWE > Fotografia > Tematyczna > Monigrafie

Case Study Homes ISBN: 9783775724692 Autor: Bialobrzeski Peter Rok wydania: 2010-02-01 Ilość stron: 84 Oprawa: twarda Format: 220 x 230 mm An ironic take on the Case Study House Program--initiated in 1945 by  Arts and Architecture  magazine in an effort to develop low-priced single-family homes by architects such as Richard Neutra and Charles and Ray Eames--German photographer Peter Bialobrzeski's  Case Study Homes  was shot at the Baseco compound, a squatter camp near the Port of Manila, which is home to an estimated 70,000 people. As Bialobrzeski was considering the series--startling images of provisional structures fashioned from slats, cardboard, corrugated metal and other cast-off materials and refuse--Lehman Brothers Bank collapsed and the media declared a global economic crisis. These recent events lend resonance to Bialobrzeski's images, which recall the photographs of impoverished rural Americans commissioned by the Farm Security Administration in the 1930s. Conceived as a sketchbook for a larger project, the images evidence the human will to survive and a profound resourcefulness.

Sklep: Multistore24.pl

Principles of Systems Science, 1 - 2854236321

309,56 zł

Principles of Systems Science, 1 Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This pioneering text provides a comprehensive introduction to systems structure, function, and modeling as applied in all fields of science and engineering. Systems understanding is increasingly recognized as a key to a more holistic education and greater problem solving skills, and is also reflected in the trend toward interdisciplinary approaches to research on complex phenomena. While the concepts and components of systems science will continue to be distributed throughout the various disciplines, undergraduate degree programs in systems science are also being developed, including at the authors own institutions. However, the subject is approached, systems science as a basis for understanding the components and drivers of phenomena at all scales should be viewed with the same importance as a traditional liberal arts education.§§Principles of Systems Science contains many graphs, illustrations, side bars, examples, and problems to enhance understanding. From basic principles of organization, complexity, abstract representations, and behavior (dynamics) to deeper aspects such as the relations between information, knowledge, computation, and system control, to higher order aspects such as auto-organization, emergence and evolution, the book provides an integrated perspective on the comprehensive nature of systems. It ends with practical aspects such as systems analysis, computer modeling, and systems engineering that demonstrate how the knowledge of systems can be used to solve problems in the real world. Each chapter is broken into parts beginning with qualitative descriptions that stand alone for students who have taken intermediate algebra. The second part presents quantitative descriptions that are based on pre-calculus and advanced algebra, providing a more formal treatment for students who have the necessary mathematical background. Numerous examples of systems from every realm of life, including the physical and biological sciences, humanities, social sciences, engineering, pre-med and pre-law, are based on the fundamental systems concepts of boundaries, components as subsystems, processes as flows of materials, energy, and messages, work accomplished, functions performed, hierarchical structures, and more. Understanding these basics enables further understanding both of how systems endure and how they may become increasingly complex and exhibit new properties or characteristics.§§Serves as a textbook for teaching systems fundamentals in any discipline or for use in an introductory course in systems science degree programs§Addresses a wide range of audiences with different levels of mathematical sophistication§Includes open-ended questions in special boxes intended to stimulate integrated thinking and class discussion §Describes numerous examples of systems in science and society§Captures the trend towards interdisciplinary research and problem solving

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Workbook for Organic Synthesis - 2854245866

193,47 zł

Workbook for Organic Synthesis Wiley

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

One approach to organic synthesis is retrosynthetic analysis. With this approach chemists start with the structures of their target molecules and progressively cut bonds to create simpler molecules. Reversing this process gives a synthetic route to the target molecule from simpler starting materials. This "disconnection" approach to synthesis is now a fundamental part of every organic synthesis course. Workbook for Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition This workbook provides a comprehensive graded set of problems to illustrate and develop the themes of each of the chapters in the textbook Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition. Each problem is followed by a fully explained solution and discussion. The examples extend the student's experience of the types of molecules being synthesised by organic chemists, and the strategies they employ to control their syntheses. By working through these examples students will develop their skills in analysing synthetic challenges, and build a toolkit of strategies for planning new syntheses. Examples are drawn from pharmaceuticals, agrochemicals, natural products, pheromones, perfumery and flavouring compounds, dyestuffs, monomers, and intermediates used in more advanced synthetic work. Reasons for wishing to synthesise each compound are given. Together the workbook and textbook provide a complete course in retrosynthetic analysis. Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition There are forty chapters in Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd Edition: those on the synthesis of given types of molecules alternate with strategy chapters in which the methods just learnt are placed in a wider context. The synthesis chapters cover many ways of making each type of molecule starting with simple aromatic and aliphatic compounds with one functional group and progressing to molecules with many functional groups. The strategy chapters cover questions of selectivity, protection, stereochemistry, and develop more advanced thinking via reagents specifically designed for difficult problems. In its second edition updated examples and techniques are included and illustrated additional material has been added to take the student to the level required by the sequel, Organic Synthesis: Strategy and Control. Several chapters contain extensive new material based on courses that the authors give to chemists in the pharmaceutical industry. Workbook for Organic Synthesis: The Disconnection Approach, 2nd edition, combined with the main textbook, provides a full course in retrosynthetic analysis for chemistry and biochemistry students, and a refresher course for organic chemists working in industry and academia.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Lineages of the Absolutist State - 2854287766

190,85 zł

Lineages of the Absolutist State VERSO

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The political nature of Absolutism has long been a subject of controversy within historical materialism. Developing considerations advanced in Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism, this book situates the Absolutist states of the early modern epoch against the prior background of European feudalism. It is divided into two parts. The first discusses the overall structures of Absolutism as a state-system in Western Europe, from the Renaissance onwards. It then looks in turn at the trajectory of each of the specific Absolutist states in the dominant countries of the West - Spain, France, England and Sweden, set off against the case of Italy, where no major indigenous Absolutism developed. The second part of the work sketches a comparative prospect of Absolutism in Eastern Europe. The peculiarities, as well as affinities, of Eastern Absolutism as a distinct type of royal state, are examined. The variegated monarchies of Prussia, Austria and Russia are surveyed, and the lessons asked of the counter-example of Poland. Finally, the structureof the Ottoman Empire in the Balkans is taken as an external gauge by which the singularity of Absolutism as a European phenomenon is assessed. The work ends with some observations on the special position occupied by European development within universal history, which draws themes from both Passages from Antiquity to Feudalism andLineages of the Absolutist State together into a single argument - within their common limits - as materials for debate.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

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