krainaksiazek the human nature of a university 20106609

- znaleziono 375 produktów w 9 sklepach

Beyond Human Nature - 2826719584

58,50 zł

Beyond Human Nature Penguin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

We are constantly told that human traits - from aggression to gender differences - are 'hardwired'. In "Beyond Human Nature" Jesse J. Prinz reveals that it is the societies we live in, not our genes, that determine how we think and feel. From why mental illness differs so widely between cultures to how geography influences morals, from our sexual preferences to how we learn languages, he proves that the vast diversity of behaviour is not ingrained. This is a book about humanity's power to transcend nature; and one that, ultimately, celebrates our differences. Jesse J. Prinz is currently a Distinguished Professor of philosophy at the City University of New York and an Adjunct Professor of Philosophy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill where he taught until January 2009. He works primarily in the philosophy of psychology and has produced books and articles on emotion, moral psychology, aesthetics and consciousness. "From start to finish this book is a fine, balanced, enormously learned and informative blast on the trumpet of common sense and humane understanding ...wonderful". (Simon Blackburn, "New Statesman"). "The nature versus nurture tussle has been running for centuries, and into this fervid arena steps Jesse J. Prinz ...he explores the origins of knowledge, language, thought and emotion and argues that there is not one human nature, but many". (Carl Wilkinson, "Financial Times"). "Jesse Prinz wants to call a halt to the "century of the gene" ...in a backlash against the tyranny of DNA". ("Sydney Morning Herald").

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Religion and Human Nature - 2845289286

202,76 zł

Religion and Human Nature Oxford University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Continuing Keith Ward's series on comparative religion, this book deals with religious views of human nature and destiny. The beliefs of six major traditions are presented: the view of Advaita Vedanta that there is one Supreme Self, unfolding into the illusion of individual existence; the Vaishnava belief that there is an infinite number of souls, whose destiny is to be released from material embodiment; the Buddhist view that there is no eternal Self; the Abrahamic belief that persons are essentially embodied souls; and the materialistic position that persons are complex material organisms. Indian ideas of rebirth, karma, and liberation from samsara are critically analysed and compared with semitic belief in the intermediate state of Sheol, Purgatory or Paradise, the Final Judgement and the resurrection of the body. The impact of scientific theories of cosmic and biological evolution on religious beliefs is assessed, and a form of 'soft emergent materialism' is defended, with regard to the soul. In this context, a Christian doctrine of original sin and atonement is presented, stressing the idea of soterial, as opposed to forensic, justice. Finally, a Christian view of personal immortality and the 'end of all things' is developed in conversation with Jewish and Muslim beliefs about judgement and resurrection.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Treatise of Human Nature - 2843492875

134,57 zł

Treatise of Human Nature Oxford University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

A Treatise of Human Nature (1739-40), David Hume's comprehensive attempt to base philosophy on a new, observationally grounded study of human nature, is one of the most important texts in Western philosophy. It is also the focal point of current attempts to understand 18th-century philosophy. The Treatise first explains how we form such concepts as cause and effect, external existence, and personal identity, and to form compelling but unconfirmable beliefs in the entities represented by these concepts. It then offers a novel account of the passions, explains freedom and necessity as they apply to human choices and actions, and concludes with detailed explanations of how we distinguish between virtue and vice and of the different kinds of virtue. Hume's Abstract of the Treatise, also included in the volume, outlines his 'chief argument' regarding our conception of, and belief in, cause and effect. The texts printed in this volume are those of the critical edition of Hume's philosophical works now being published by the Clarendon Press. The volume includes a substantial introduction explaining the aims of the Treatise as a whole and of each of its ten parts, extensive annotations, a glossary of terms, a comprehensive index, and suggestions for further reading.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

The Balance of Nature and Human Impact - 2826720099

553,29 zł

The Balance of Nature and Human Impact Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

It is clear that nature is undergoing rapid changes as a result of human activities such as industry, agriculture, travel, fisheries and urbanisation. What effects do these activities have? Are they disturbing equilibria in ecological populations and communities, thus upsetting the balance of nature, or are they enhancing naturally occurring disequilibria, perhaps with even worse consequences? It is often argued that large-scale fluctuations in climate and sea-levels have occurred over and over again in the geological past, long before human activities could possibly have had any impact, and that human effects are very small compared to those that occur naturally. Should we conclude that human activity cannot significantly affect the environment, or are these naturally occurring fluctuations actually being dangerously enhanced by humans? This book examines these questions, first by providing evidence for equilibrium and non-equilibrium conditions in relatively undisturbed ecosystems, and second by examining human-induced effects.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Language, Cognition, and Human Nature - 2845097351

72,77 zł

Language, Cognition, and Human Nature Oxford University Press Inc

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Collects for the first time Steven Pinker's most influential scholarly work on language and cognition. Pinker is a highly eminent cognitive scientist, and these essays emphasize the importance of language and its connections to cognition, social relationships, child development, human evolution, and theories of human nature.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Human Rights in a Post Human World: Critical Essays - 2844858944

72,86 zł

Human Rights in a Post Human World: Critical Essays Oxford University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This work is described by its distinguished author as a sequel to The Future of Human Rights. It is an analysis of the state of human rights in a 'post human' and 'machinistic' world almost overwhelmed by security concerns, 'terrorist threats', and technoscience. It begins with a series of questions: Are there now two different realms of human rights: human rights in times of peace and human rights in the 'state of exception'? Does such a distinction affect the nascent jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court? In what way do these impact on global social policy concerning development? The book goes on to present a critique of approaches towards a theory of human rights proposed by Amartya Sen and Sen's emphasis on the ethical, as opposed to juridical, nature of such rights. Focusing on the human right to development, the author examines why the UN Declaration on the Human Right to Development has not attracted more attention and goes on to highlight the work of Arjun Sengupta and its implications for the human right to development. It goes on to examine how in the current world scenario the 'emancipatory potential' of human rights may be carried forward in theoretical work and through activism.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Human Trafficking, Human Security, and the Balkans - 2844167788

292,84 zł

Human Trafficking, Human Security, and the Balkans University of Pittsburgh Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

South Eastern Europe, especially the Western Balkan region, has emerged as a nexus point in human trafficking. This work brings together contributors who analyze and offer solutions to this challenge. It also considers the nature and ramifications of the gap between human security rhetoric and institutional policy steps against human trafficking.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Human Trafficking, Human Security, and the Balkans - 2844167785

189,77 zł

Human Trafficking, Human Security, and the Balkans University of Pittsburgh Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

South Eastern Europe, especially the Western Balkan region, has emerged as a nexus point in human trafficking. This work brings together contributors who analyze and offer solutions to this challenge. It also considers the nature and ramifications of the gap between human security rhetoric and institutional policy steps against human trafficking.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Man is by Nature a Political Animal - 2840796609

159,00 zł

Man is by Nature a Political Animal University of Chicago Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In "Man Is by Nature a Political Animal", Peter K. Hatemi and Rose McDermott bring together a diverse group of contributors to examine the ways in which evolutionary theory and biological research are increasingly informing analyses of political behavior. Focusing on the theoretical, methodological, and empirical frameworks of a variety of biological approaches to political attitudes and preferences, the authors consider a wide range of topics, including the comparative basis of political behavior, the utility of formal modeling informed by evolutionary theory, the genetic bases of attitudes and behaviors, psychophysiological methods and research, and the wealth of insight generated by recent research on the human brain. Through this approach, the book reveals the biological bases of many previously unexplained variances within the extant models of political behavior. The diversity of methods discussed and variety of issues examined here will make this book of great interest to students and scholars seeking a comprehensive overview of this emerging approach to the study of politics and behavior.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Natural Law and Human Dignity - 2834684594

171,50 zł

Natural Law and Human Dignity University Press Group Ltd

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Ernst Bloch (1885-1977), one of the most original and influential of contemporary European thinkers and a founder of the Frankfurt School, has left his mark on a range of fields from philosophy and social theory to aesthetics and theology. Natural Law and Human Dignity, the first of his major works to appear in English is unique in its attempt to get beyond the usual oppositions between the natural law and social utopian traditions, providing basic insights on the question of human rights in a socialist society. Natural Law and Human Dignity is a sweeping yet synthetic work that critically reviews the great legal philosophies, from Plato to the present, in order to uncover and clarify the normative features of true socialism. Along the way it offers thoughtful reflections on topics as diverse as the abolition of poverty and degradation, the nature of the state, and the installation of freedom and dignity.Taking the idea of natural law as his guiding thread, Bloch argues that revolution and right, rather than being antagonistic, are fundamentally interconnected. With their emphasis on human dignity, the traditions of natural law have an irreplaceable contribution to make to the socialist vision of a more humane society. In his effort to wed the demands of law and right to the agenda of social revolution, Bloch offers a radical restructuring of our understanding of the social world. This rethinking of the fundamental principles of political philosophy is the product of a long personal and philosophical odyssey. Bloch lived as a writer in Munich, Bern, and Berlin until he was forced to emigrate to Czechoslovakia and then to the United States during World War 11. After the war he returned to East Germany, where he held a chair in philosophy at the University of Leipzig. He emigrated to the west as the Berlin Wall was being built (carrying the manuscript of this book under his arm), and he taught at the University of Tubingen until his death. Natural Law and Human Dignity is included in the series Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought, edited by Thomas McCarthy.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Human Embryology and Morphology (Classic Reprint) - 2844162979

83,19 zł

Human Embryology and Morphology (Classic Reprint) Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from Human Embryology and Morphology The issue of a new edition has given the author an opportunity not only of incorporating recent additions to our knowledge of the development and morphology of the human body, but also of recasting many of the chapters. Over eighty new illustrations have been added. The chief alterations relate to sections dealing with the origin of the foetal membranes, the growth of the embryo and foetus, and the nature of the basal ganglia of the brain. The chapters dealing with the pharynx, the ear, the heart, and the lymphatic system have been rearranged and to a large extent rewritten. The enquiries of the late Professor Franklin P.Mall have shown that human embryos, in their earlier stages, are a week older than was formerly believed. The estimated ages of embryos now given in this work are based on Professor Mall's calculations. Experience has confirmed the author in his earlier opinion that the facts of embryology are barren and meaningless until they are interpreted in the light of our knowledge of the evolution of the human body - a knowledge which must be founded on a comprehensive survey of comparative anatomy and physiology. Hence in this new edition the author has sought to give, not only a descriptive history of the development of the various systems of the body, but to make the facts intelligible by bringing a knowledge of comparative anatomy and evolution to bear on them. Human Embryology and Comparative Anatomy have become vast fields of knowledge. Here they are dealt with only in so far as they bear directly on the nature of the human body, and reflect what the author has found to be useful in the course of his daily work and teaching. Every effort has been made to make the book representative of the latest British Research. In the preparation of the present edition the author has become indebted to a very wide circle of friends too numerous to be mentioned individually. He cannot, however, allow the occasion to pass without a warm acknowledgment of his indebtedness to Dr. Alexander Low, Lecturer on Embryology in the University of Aberdeen, for the help he has given. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Human Dignity - 2826645948

117,03 zł

Human Dignity HARVARD UNIVERSITY PRESS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

We often speak of the dignity owed to a person. And dignity is a word that regularly appears in political speeches. Charters are promulgated in its name, and appeals to it are made when people all over the world struggle to achieve their rights. But what exactly is dignity? When one person physically assaults another, we feel the wrong demands immediate condemnation and legal sanction. Whereas when one person humiliates or thoughtlessly makes use of another, we recognize the wrong and hope for a remedy, but the social response is less clear. The injury itself may be hard to quantify. Given our concern with human dignity, it is odd that it has received comparatively little scrutiny. Here, George Kateb asks what human dignity is and why it matters for the claim to rights. He proposes that dignity is an 'existential' value that pertains to the identity of a person as a human being. To injure or even to try to efface someone's dignity is to treat that person as not human or less than human - as a thing or instrument or subhuman creature. Kateb does not limit the notion of dignity to individuals but extends it to the human species. The dignity of the human species rests on our uniqueness among all other species. In the book's concluding section, he argues that despite the ravages we have inflicted on it, nature would be worse off without humanity. The supremely fitting task of humanity can be seen as a 'stewardship' of nature. This secular defense of human dignity - the first book-length attempt of its kind - crowns the career of a distinguished political thinker.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

EU Human Rights Policies - 2834691422

361,45 zł

EU Human Rights Policies Oxford University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Despite recent constitutional arrangements, human rights remain an ambiguous and complex subject in the European Union. Human rights issues may have become increasingly relevant to the life of the EU over the past thirty years but there has been an institutional reluctance to mould a unified human rights policy worthy of the name. Nevertheless, the EU's practices have not been constructed randomly: they have evolved within discrete policy realms along coherent narrative lines. From the arguably mythical basis that the EU was founded upon a general principle of respect for human rights; policies and practices have developed along two distinct paths. Internally, within the EU, human rights are contingent. Scrutiny is erratic and even casual, and enforcement is left to the courts and independent agencies. Externally, in the EU's interactions with non-members, however, the story is very different: human rights are broad in concept. Collective notions of rights are accepted and promoted. Scrutiny can be intrusive and effective, and systems of enforcement, increasingly severe in scope and strength, have been applied. This bifurcation has direct implications for the EU's constitutional structure and its future human rights activities. It suggests that, through human rights language, conditions for conflict rather than integration have arisen, and that a system of double standards has been instituted. Williams therefore argues that the EU's claims to a credible human rights policy are suspect. This book examines the nature and scope of the bifurcation and explains its origins and development. In doing so it questions orthodox interpretations and provides a radical new reading of the EU's human rights law and practice. At its heart, the book claims that without a fundamental reappraisal of the basis upon which the EU responds to human rights, it will remain plagued by this ironical condition.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

The Philosophy of Human Evolution - 2826876779

553,29 zł

The Philosophy of Human Evolution Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This book provides a unique discussion of human evolution from a philosophical viewpoint, looking at the facts and interpretations since Charles Darwin's The Descent of Man. Michael Ruse explores such topics as the nature of scientific theories, the relationships between culture and biology, the problem of progress and the extent to which evolutionary issues pose problems for religious beliefs. He identifies these issues, highlighting the problems for morality in a world governed by natural selection. By taking a philosophical viewpoint, the full ethical and moral dimensions of human evolution are examined. This book engages the reader in a thorough discussion of the issues, appealing to students in philosophy, biology and anthropology.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Merit, Meaning and Human Bondage - 2835873948

257,09 zł

Merit, Meaning and Human Bondage UNIVERSITY PRESSES

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Perhaps everything we think, feel, and do is determined, and humans - like stones or clouds - are slaves to the laws of nature. Would that be a terrible state? Philosophers who take the incompatibilist position think so, arguing that a deterministic world would be one without moral responsibility and perhaps without true love, meaningful art, and real rationality. But compatibilists and semicompatibilists argue that determinism need not worry us. As long as our actions stem, in an appropriate way, from us, or respond in some way to reasons, our actions are meaningful and can be judged on their moral (or other) merit.In this highly original work, Nomy Arpaly argues that a deterministic world does not preclude moral responsibility, rationality, and love - in short, meaningful lives - but that there would still be something lamentable about a deterministic world. A person may respond well to reasons, and her actions may faithfully reflect her true self or values, but she may still feel that she is not free. Arpaly argues that compatibilists and semicompatibilists are wrong to dismiss this feeling - for which there are no philosophical consolations - as philosophically irrelevant. On the way to this bittersweet conclusion, Arpaly sets forth surprising theories about acting for reasons, the widely accepted idea that "ought implies can," moral blame, and more.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

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