krainaksiazek the potential of indigenous institutions for local development 20045556

- znaleziono 7 produktów w 1 sklepie

Biotechnology to Improve Indigenous Potato Cultivars in Bangladesh - 2834701012

259,68 zł

Biotechnology to Improve Indigenous Potato Cultivars in Bangladesh LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Present study was under taken with a view to improve the yield potential of indigenous (local) potato varieties (IPVs). Six IPVs viz., Lal Shill, Patnai, Shill Bilati, Lal Pakri, Sada Gutti and Challisha were selected as experimental materials. These IPVs are popular among the potato growers of the Northern part of Bangladesh because of their high value due to high culinary quality and storability. In the present study three in vitro techniques viz., i) heat treatment followed by meristem culture for the development of virus free planting materials; ii) induction of microtuber for rapid production of virus free planting materials, iii) induction and evaluation of somaclonal variation were employed for the varietal improvement of the selected IPVs and iv) polyploids were induced via colchicine treatment and those were evaluated in the field level. This work explained that colchicine treatment enhances plant height, results in more fresh weight of plant and number of leaves, which consequently increase the number of tuber and finally increase total fresh weight of tubers of local potato varieties of Bangladesh.


NGO Education and the Development of Civil Society in Cambodia - 2834696341

274,08 zł

NGO Education and the Development of Civil Society in Cambodia LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In Cambodia, as in many other post-conflict countries, civil society is weak and poorly developed. Following thirty years of violent civil unrest, the country remains scarred politically and socially. Relations between government and local communities are tenuous, and the capacity for civic participation in the development and implementation of community-based social programs is severely limited. Consequently a number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are striving to strengthen Cambodian civil society and to enhance the capacity of local communities to engage effectively with government institutions. This book presents the results of an ethnographic case study of two NGO- sponsored educational programs that are striving to strengthen local civic capacity and to foster productive democratic relationships between community leadership and local government officials. The study highlights the potential for strengthening Cambodian grassroots civil society in circumstances characterized by deep-seated socio- cultural traditions, post-war undercurrents of resistance to modernization, and abiding suspicion of government authorities.


Biotechnology - 2826968420

398,40 zł

Biotechnology Greenwood Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This collection of 14 essays written by leading researchers on a variety of topics related to biotechnology focuses on the social, ethical, economic, legal, and political aspects of biotechnological applications. Usually defined as any technique that uses living organisms or processes to make or modify products, to improve plants or animals, or to develop micro-organisms, biotechnology has political characteristics similar to those of other technological advances, such as applications of artificial intelligence in manufacturing or new procedures in medicine. In all of these innovations, the rapid application of new scientific knowledge challenges existing social values, legal and political protections, and production processes. In presenting some of the technically and politically complex policy issues that need to be faced by local, state, and national-level policy makers, as well as academic, business, agricultural, and medical institutions during the next decade, these chapters anticipate an array of social, economic, and institutional consequences that will occur if biotechnology gains wide acceptance. The volume is divided into four sections that assess various facets of the biotechnological phenomenon. In Part I, biotechnology's social and political dimensions are probed in three chapters that examine the subject from three very different perspectives. American universities, agricultural cooperatives, and developing countries are the focus of Part II which investigates the response of institutions to biotechnological development. In Part III, biotechnology's potential impacts are gauged in three chapters that analyze economic and legal influences, inquire into the dairy industry and regulation of genetically engineered organisms, and evaluate regulatory experience with food safety. The final section is devoted to a presentation of public policy responses to biotechnology and includes four chapters that center on issue development and responsibilities, economic development and public policy as they relate to biotechnology, and a challenge to congressional policy makers and policy analysts. A real groundbreaker with substantial implications for the 21st century, this collection of essays must be read by all public policy makers and by scientists working to further biotechnological development. This work is suitable as a textbook in upper level and graduate courses in public policy, interdisciplinary biotechnology, and science and technology courses.


Risk Management of Water Supply and Sanitation Systems - 2826993695

706,72 zł

Risk Management of Water Supply and Sanitation Systems Springer Netherlands

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Each year more than 200 million people are affected by floods, tropical storms, droughts, earthquakes, and also operational failures, wars, terrorism, vandalism, and accidents involving hazardous materials. These are part of the wide variety of events that cause death, injury, and significant economic losses for the countries affected. §In an environment where natural hazards are present, local actions are decisive in all stages of risk management: in the work of prevention and mitigation, in rehabilitation and reconstruction, and above all in emergency response and the provision of basic services to the affected population. Commitment to systematic vulnerability reduction is crucial to ensure the resilience of communities and populations to the impact of natural and manmade hazards.§Current challenges for the water and sanitation sector require an increase in sustainable access to water and sanitation services in residential areas, where natural hazards pose the greatest risk. In settlements located on unstable and risk-prone land there is growing environmental degradation coupled with extreme conditions of poverty that increase vulnerability. The development of local capacity and risk management play vital roles in obtaining sustainability of water and sanitation systems as well as for the communities themselves. §Unfortunately water may also represent a potential target for terrorist activity or war conflict and a deliberate contamination of water is a potential public health threat. An approach which considers the needs of communities and institutions is particularly important in urban areas affected by armed conflict. Risk management for large rehabilitation projects has to deal with major changes caused by conflict: damaged or destroyed infrastructure, increased population, corrupt or inefficient water utilities, and impoverished communities.§Water supply and sanitation are amongst the first considerations in disaster response. The greatest water-borne risk to health in most emergencies is the transmission of faecal pathogens, due to inadequate sanitation, hygiene and protection of water sources. However, some disasters, including those involving damage to chemical and nuclear industrial installations, or involving volcanic activity, may create acute problems from chemical or radiological water pollution. Sanitation includes safe excreta disposal, drainage of wastewater and rainwater, solid waste disposal and vector control.§This book is based on the discussions and papers prepared for the NATO Advanced Research Workshop that took place in Ohrid, Macedonia under the auspices of the NATO Security Through Science Programme and addressed problems Risk management of water supply and sanitation systems impaired by operational failures, natural disasters and war conflicts.§The main purpose of the workshop was to critically assess the existing knowledge on Risk management of water supply and sanitation systems, with respect to diverse conditions in participating countries, and promote close co-operation among scientists with different professional experience from different countries.§The ARW technical program comprised papers on 4 topics, : (a) Vulnerability of Wastewater and Sanitation Systems, (b) Vulnerability of Drinking Water Systems, (c) Emergency response plans, and (d) Case studies from regions affected by Drinking Water System, Wastewater and Sanitation System failures.


Law, Tropical Forests and Carbon - 2826839328

536,00 zł

Law, Tropical Forests and Carbon Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Emerging from the scientific parameters underpinning REDD+ (including the measurement of carbon stocks, reporting and verification), Law, Tropical Forests and Carbon considers the crucial challenges for global and national governance and the legal rights and interests of indigenous people and local communities, all of which have fundamental implications for development and poverty alleviation. With contributions from leading experts in the fields of law, governance, science, development studies and geography, it sheds light on the complexity of REDD+ and offers perspectives on the extent to which REDD+ agreements can be enforced under international law and in concert with new private and public domestic institutions.


Women in the Middle East and North Africa - 2826644864

89,76 zł

Women in the Middle East and North Africa INDIANA UNIVERSITY PRESS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Tracing the evolution of the role of women beginning with ancient Middle Eastern societies through the seventeenth century, Guity Nashat employs a rational choice theoretical framework to examine the interplay between local practices and early Islamic beliefs and institutions. She further examines the expansion of Islam throughout the area and the subsequent development of the foundations of Islamic law and practice with regard to women. Judith E Tucker surveys women and gender issues in the nineteenth and twentieth century Middle East with a particular focus on economic activity, access to political power, and contributions to cultural life. This essay also addresses the role that Islam and indigenous custom are thought to play in shaping women's lives.


Organizational Theory: The importance of Stakeholders in Project Management - 2827043851

94,40 zł

Organizational Theory: The importance of Stakeholders in Project Management GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seminar paper from the year 2013 in the subject Business economics - Business Management, Corporate Governance, Atlantic International University, language: English, abstract: Contemporary project management recognizes the importance of stakeholder involvement in project initiation, planning and execution. This is particularly so as stakeholder s interests, involvement and expectations all influence project execution as well as its impact. Project management is the planning, organizing, directing and controlling of resources for a relatively short-term objective that has been established to complete specific goals and objectives . Stakeholders refers to any individuals, groups, or institutions who have a vested interest in the natural resources of the project area and who potentially will be affected by project activities and have something to gain or lose if conditions change or stay the same . Thus in the context of project management, stakeholders are all those who need to be considered in achieving project goals and whose participation and support are crucial to its success. Stakeholders can be internal to the project or external. The major stakeholders in project management are the project managers, project team, sponsors of the project, customers or project beneficiaries, government, local communities among others. In project management, stakeholders are identified through stakeholder analysis. Stakeholder analysis identifies all primary and secondary stakeholders who have a vested interest in the issues with which the project or policy is concerned . The main aims of stakeholder analysis are to identify the interests of stakeholders and potential areas of conflict as well as ways to reduce negative impacts on vulnerable and disadvantaged groups . The importance of stakeholders is in project management is evident at different levels. Firstly, it gives the concerned people say over how projects may affect their lives. Secondly, it is essential for project sustainability. Thirdly, it generates a sense of ownership if initiated early in the development process. Fourthly, it builds capacity and enhances responsibility. Fifthly, it provides opportunities for learning for both the project team and stakeholders themselves. This paper thus examines the importance of stakeholders in project management informed by the view that all the important decisions during initiation, planning and execution stages of the project are made by these stakeholders.


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