krainaksiazek the russian energy sector the way for future development 20097754

- znaleziono 4 produkty w 3 sklepach

Energy Security of the European Union and Russia: A relationship of interdependence - 2826855108

101,24 zł

Energy Security of the European Union and Russia: A relationship of interdependence GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seminar paper from the year 2010 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Region: Eastern Europe, grade: 9 out of 10, Maastricht University (Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences), course: Module D - Traid and Aid - European Studies, Specialisation in International Politics of the European Union, language: English, abstract: Energy security is a topic with growing importance on the global political agendas. Within the European Union (EU) the consideration of supply security is of particular significance as the member states depend on outside sources, meaning principally oil and gas, to satisfy their need of energy. The EU-27 was dependent on oil imports on 82.6% and on gas imports on 60.3% in 2007. Own resources are not sufficient and in the present days the EU merely covers 46.9% of the energy consumption by its own means. When the current trends proceed the EU will be dependent on 90% for oil, 70% for gas and 100% for coal in years 2030-40.Therefore, the role of producer countries becomes increasingly important, especially regarding Russia as it is the biggest importer to the EU in crude oil, gas and hard coal. The supply dependence on Russia could have severe consequences for the EU as gas disruptions leading to supply crises in several member states like in 2006 and 2009 had already shown.But also the Russian Federation is dependent because the EU is one of the most important consumers of its gas and oil exports. Russia s economy is reliant on oil and gas production; in 2007 the energy sector generated about 64% of its exports revenues. Accordingly, Russia also has to deal with the problem of energy security, but in the perspective that it aims at securing demand and the purchase of its gas and oil resources, especially by the EU.As both parties depend on each other in their energy security there is a case of interdependence in the EU-Russian energy relationship. When examining this relation of interdependence it is interesting not just to regard the present state of affairs but also the trends and future development and how the EU and Russia deal with that. For the analysis the notions of sensitivity and vulnerability are used. The guiding research question of this paper is therefore: What is the degree of sensitivity and vulnerability for the EU and Russia regarding their relation of interdependence in energy security? It is hypothesized that the Russian Federation is more vulnerable, especially on the subject of its political strategy.The concept of interdependence by Robert Keohane and Joseph Nye provides the theoretical basis for this paper. In order to conclude this paper, the degrees of sensitivity and vulnerability of the actors are evaluated and the hypothesis is proven right or wrong.


Current issues of sustainable development - priorities and trends - 2619308260

32,00 zł

Current issues of sustainable development - priorities and trends Uniwersytet Opolski


The eighth volume of Economic and Environmental Studies titled ?Current Issues of Sustainable Development ? priorities and trands? includes papers from scholars from a many European countries ? Russia, Englnad, Lithuania, Poland, Germany, The Netherlands, France, Greece and Italy. Articles deal with theoretical issues of sustainable development, regional case studies of policy making for sustainable development, stakeholder involvement and education, sustainable development of rural areas and issues of business involvement in sustainable development. This volume may be of interest of scientists and students interested in the field of sustainable development. Furthermore, the articles may be a source of information for many policy makers. Ósmy numer czasopisma z serii ?Economic and Environmental Studies? zatytułowany ?Aktualne kwestie zrównoważonego rozwoju ? priorytety i trendy? zawiera artykuły naukowców z wielu krajów Europy ? Rosji, Anglii, Litwy, Polski, Niemiec, Holandii, Francji, Grecji oraz Włoch. Praca ta traktuje o teoretycznych kwestiach zrównoważonego rozwoju, studiach przypadku dotyczących kształtowania polityki zrównoważonego rozwoju, zaangażowaniu ?interesariuszy? w edukację, zrównoważonym rozwoju terenów wiejskich oraz zaangażowaniu biznesu w zrównoważony rozwój. Najnowszy numer adresowany jest do naukowców oraz studentów zainteresowanych kwestią zrównoważonego rozwoju. Publikację te mogą być również źródłem informacji dla osób zajmujących się polityką. Spis treści: Introduction Theoretical Issues of Sustainable Development Joost PLATJE, Who is Interested in What Kind of Sustainable Development? Time-Horizons and Stakeholder Interests Ludwik TOMIAŁOJĆ, Sustainable Development and Nature Conservation - The Necessity for Compromise Instead of Confrontation Bogusław FIEDOR and Romuald JOŃCZY, General Problems in the Interpretation and Implementation of the Concept of Sustainable Development Herman W. HOEN, "Transitology". The Revival of Geografic-Economic Research on the Transition in Cental and Eastern Europe Małgorzata BURGHARD-DZIUBIŃSKA, Sustainable Development as a Political Category Policy Making for Sustainable Development - regional case studies Janne JUURIKAS and Walter LEAL FILHO, Promoting Sustainable Development by Means of River Basin Management in the Baltic: the Watersketch Project Judith MARQUAND and Sergey KOSTAREV, Sustainable Development in Omsk - Lessons for Central Europe Verena Leila HOLZER, Sustainability and the Electricity Sector - Objectives, Instruments and Effectiveness of German Energy Policy Monika PARADOWSKA, Sustainable Transport and External Costs of Transport Fabrizio OLEARI, National Health Service Reform and Regional Devolution in Italy: are They Consistent with the Public Finance Strategy? A Critical Analysis of the Present Situation in the Friuli Venezia Giulia Region Holger KREFT, Municipal Sustainability Management: Minimising the Impact of Structural Development on Land Resources Stefan BUZAR and Maja GRABKOWSKA, The Social Reproduction of Flexibility in the Housing Environment: Stories from Inner-City Gdansk Inna AKSENOVA and Olga SERGIENKO, A Study of Consumers Attitudes Towards Environmentally Safe Food: a Case Study from St. Petersburg Policy Making for Sustainable Development - stakeholder involvement and education Remigijus CIEGIS, Dalia GINEITIENE, Stasys GIRDZIJAUSKAS and Elena TALOCKAITE, Capacity Building for Stakeholder Involvement in Sustainable Development Anna HAŁADYJ, Considering Legal Issues of Stakeholder Involvement in the Decision-Making Process - Lessons Learned and Challenges Ahead Karol KOCISZEWSKI, Environmental Protection in Agriculture Within the EU Strategy for Sustainable Development - Implications for Poland Andrzej GRACZYK and Zbigniew JAKUBCZYK, Investments in Environmental Projects as an Element of a Policy for Sustainable Development in the Region of Opole in 1993-2004 - from a Structural Point of View Evangelos I. MANOLAS, A Critical Introduction to Deep Ecology in Higher Education: an Application of Kolb's Model of Experiential Learning Sustainable Development of rural areas Jarosław CHORMAŃSKI and Kinga ZAKRZEWSKA, Application of GIS Techniques and Flood Modeling as a Tool for Supporting Sustainable Agriculture Maria ALEXEEVA and Olga SERGIENKO, Development of Organic Farming - the Russian Experience Wiktor SZYDŁO, Rural Development in Poland - Preliminary Results of European Budget Support and Determinants of Progress Barbara DESPINEY-ZOCHOWSKA, The Restructuring Process of Polish Agriculture in the Light of CAP Reforms Henryk MANTEUFFEL SZOEGE, Sustainable Development in Rural Poland from the Perspective of Environmental Economics Laura PŁATKOWSKA-PROKOPCZYK, Constraints on the Sustainable Development of Rural Areas in the Light of Integration with the European Union Urszula WĄSIKIEWICZ-RUSNAK, The Philosophy of Sustainable Development in the Strategy of a Local Business Company Agnieszka SKOWROŃSKA, Logistics as a Tool for Sustainable Development Anna BARWIŃSKA-MAŁAJOWICZ, Achievements and Future Perspectives of European Employment and Social Policy in the Context of the European Union's Sustainable Growth and Employment Strategy


Renewable Bioenergy Technologies, Risks, and Rewards - 2839145497

1308,04 zł

Renewable Bioenergy Technologies, Risks, and Rewards Professional Engineering Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Renewable Bioenergy - Technologies, Risks and Rewards explores the management of risks faced by bioenergy projects and the potential benefits that they bring. This volume includes papers from authoritative authors who have had first hand experience in the bioenergy sector, whether it be from the perspective of the farming sector, the suppliers of technology, the project developers, or the financiers. Their knowledge and experience will help identify the way forward for this emerging renewable energy sector, which has the potential to make a significant contribution to our future energy needs. Topics covered include: Fuel - Research and Development - The Government Perspective - Deploying Technology - Developers and Users - Covering the Risks - The Regulatory Context - Connecting and Selling


Triumph of Technology - 2212825410

122,90 zł

Triumph of Technology Cambridge University Press

Inne 1

The Triumph of Technology is taken from Lord Alec Broers 2005 BBC Reith Lectures on the role and importance of technology in our lives. The lectures discuss the way technology has shaped life since the beginnings of civilization, explaining how we owe to technologists most of what drives our world today, how technologies develop, and the excitement of the modern creative process. There are some who believe that technology's future development should be controlled, and that it may already have gone too far, especially in areas such as the use of energy - something which has the potential to permanently harm our environment. Alec Broers argues that although we need to understand such dangers, and use technology wisely, it can improve our lives - that we must look to technology to solve many of the problems that threaten our planet. Included here are the complete lectures plus a new introduction and conclusion.


Sklepy zlokalizowane w miastach: Warszawa, Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk, Szczecin, Bydgoszcz, Lublin, Katowice

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