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Eddy Covariance Springer Netherlands
Ksi▒┐ki / Literatura obcojŕzyczna
This highly practical handbook is an exhaustive treatment of eddy covariance measurement that will be of keen interest to scientists who are not necessarily specialists in micrometeorology. The chapters cover measuring fluxes using eddy covariance technique, from the tower installation and system dimensioning to data collection, correction and analysis.žWith a state-of-the-art perspective, the authors examine the latest techniques and address the most up-to-date methods for data processing and quality control. The chapters provide answers to data treatment problems including data filtering, footprint analysis, data gap filling, uncertainty evaluation, and flux separation, among others. The authors cover the application of measurement techniques in different ecosystems such forest, crops, grassland, wetland, lakes and rivers, and urban areas, highlighting peculiarities, specific practices and methods to be considered. The book also covers what to do when you have all your data, summarizing the objectives of a data base as well as using case studies of the CarboEurope and FLUXNET databases to demonstrate the way they should be maintained and managed. Policies for data use, exchange and publication are also discussed and proposed.žThis one compendium, is a valuable source of information on eddy covariance measurement that allows readers to make rational and relevant choices in positioning, dimensioning, installing and maintaining an eddy covariance site; collecting, treating, correcting and analyzing eddy covariance data; and scaling up eddy flux measurements to annual scale and evaluating their uncertainty.
The goal of Fundamental Financial Accounting Concepts is to enable students to understand how any given business event affects the financial statements. The ┼╝financial statements model┼╝ is a highly praised feature because it allows students to visualize the simultaneous impact of business events on all of the key financial statements (the income statement, the balance sheet, and the statement of cash flows). The mechanics of accounting coverage (debits and credits) is delayed until chapter 4. Instructors have flexibility as to the amount of emphasis they want to place on this topic.Two New Annual Reports Integrated Throughout Text--Edmonds┼╝ now includes the 2003 Harley- Davidson, Inc. Annual Report and the 2003 Topps Company, Inc Annual Report. In the Annual Report and Financial Statement Analysis Projects section (Appendix D) projects for each of these companies are included as well as a general purpose report project instructors can assign for any company┼╝s annual report. |New Comprehensive Problem ┼╝ Chapters 5 through 11 now include a comprehensive problem designed to integrate concepts across chapters. These problems help students understand interrelationships between various accounting concepts. |The text was rewritten and updated with all new pronouncements that were implemented through July 2004. |Ethics Case ┼╝ There is an ethics case in the Think, Analyze, Communicate section of the end-of-chapter materials for each chapter. |Topic Tackler Plus DVD--Topic Tackler Plus is unique because it integrates video clips, PowerPoint slides, interactive exercises, and a self-test for the two most difficult and/or important topics in each chapter into a n guided study session. Just as important, it is text-specific and reinforces the core concepts in the text. Icons in the margins of the text highlight the concepts covered in Topic Tackler Plus . The navigation is incredibly simple and no installation is necessary. Also on the DVD are Videos for each chapter as well as audio-narrated PowerPoint slides walking students through the self-review study problem in each chapter of the text. |One Pass integrates all of the text┼╝s multimedia resources. With just one access code, students can obtain state of the art study aids, including Homework Manager, NetTutor and an online version of the text. |Homework Manager: This web-based software duplicates problem structures directly from the end-of-chapter material in the textbook. It uses algorithms to provide a limitless supply of self-graded practice for students. It shows students where they made errors. All Exercises and Problems in Series A are available with Homework Manager. |Enhanced discussion of matching concept in chapters 2 and 3. Appropriate adjustments made to later chapters such as replacing the percentage of receivables method of accounting for bad debts with the percentage of sales method. |A Look Back/A Look Forward ┼╝ Each chapter ends with a summary of the main points and a preview of the next chapter with an emphasis on how they connect. This approach enhances the stepwise, logical organization of the book and helps students understand how everything connects together. |Distinctive Financial Statements Model┼╝This pedagogical tool helps students visualize the simultaneous impact of business events on all of the key financial statements (the income statement, the balance sheet, and the statement of cash flows). |Business Transactions are Classified into 4 Logical Categories┼╝Instead of attempting to memorize transactions, students learn to classify events as belonging to one of four conceptual categories. More specifically, students learn to classify transactions as being a 1) Asset source, 2) Asset use, 3) Asset exchange, or 4) Claims Exchange. This approach encourages students to think about the effects of events rather than the memorization of recording procedures. |Coverage of Multi-Period Cycles┼╝Typically, financial accounting texts focus only on one accounting cycle. Edmonds presents the key financial statements in such a way as to demonstrate the impact of related events over multiple accounting cycles. This benefits students by showing them the impact of business decisions over time. Managers of companies rarely make important decisions based on only one accounting cycle. |Integrated Statement of Cash Flows┼╝Coverage of the statement of cash flows begins in the first chapter and continues throughout the text. Students are first asked to analyze the cash account. When the cash account is used as the data source, preparing a statement of cash flows is simply a matter of learning how to classify events as operating, investing or financing activities. More complicated topics such as the indirect method and a T-account approach for the conversion of accruals to cash are covered in Ch. 12. |Decision-Making Orientation┼╝Concepts are introduced within a decision-making context. Features such as ┼╝Curious Accountant┼╝ highlight real world accounting issues and decisions. |Extensive and Innovative Problem Material: -Analyze, Think, Communicate-- Updated for this edition. Problems in this section feature a strong critical thinking component and provide opportunities for writing and group assignments. ATC contains Annual Report Problems (featuring the Harley-Davidson and Topps Company annual reports), Financial Ratio Problems (using real data from actual companies), Writing Assignments, Ethical Dilemmas, EDGAR Cases, and Working With Excel and Mastering Excel problems. - Working With Excel and Mastering Excel problems require students to create their own spreadsheets, using information from the text. These are at the end of each chapter. Screen captures and spreadsheet tips are provided on the Edmonds┼╝ website to help guide students. Excel Templates ┼╝A logo identifies end-of-chapter problems that include an Excel template. These help students develop spreadsheet skills. The templates are on the OLC website. Questions, Exercises, and Problems from the previous edition have been thoroughly revised as well. The authors have included more exercises with a variety of lengths to give instructors more flexibility in making assignments and expanded problem materials by adding a B set of exercises that mirror the A set exercises.
Data Envelopment Analysis, 1 Springer, Berlin
Ksi▒┐ki / Literatura obcojŕzyczna
This handbook serves as a complement to the Handbook on Data Envelopment Analysis (eds, W.W. Cooper, L.M. Seiford and J, Zhu, 2011, Springer) in an effort to extend the frontier of DEA research. It provides a comprehensive source for the state-of-the art DEA modeling on internal structures and network DEA. žChapter 1 provides a survey on two-stage network performance decomposition and modeling techniques. Chapter 2 discusses the pitfalls in network DEA modeling. Chapter 3 discusses efficiency decompositions in network DEA under three types of structures, namely series, parallel, and dynamic. Chapter 4 studies the determination of the network DEA frontier. In chapter 5 additive efficiency decomposition in network DEA is discussed. An approach in scale efficiency measurement in two-stage networks is presented in chapter 6. Chapter 7 further discusses the scale efficiency decomposition in two stage networks.žChapter 8 offers a bargaining game approach to modeling two-stage networks. Chapter 9 studies shared resources and efficiency decomposition in two-stage networks. Chapter 10 introduces an approach to computing the technical efficiency scores for a dynamic production network and its sub-processes. Chapter 11 presents a slacks-based network DEA. Chapter 12 discusses a DEA modeling technique for a two-stage network process where the inputs of the second stage include both the outputs from the first stage and additional inputs to the second stage. Chapter 13 presents an efficiency measurement methodology for multi-stage production systems. Chapter 14 discusses network DEA models, both static and dynamic. The discussion also explores various useful objective functions that can be applied to the models to find the optimal allocation of resources for processes within the black box, that are normally invisible to DEA. Chapter 15 provides a comprehensive review of various type network DEA modeling techniques.žChapter 16 presents shared resources models for deriving aggregate measures of bank-branch performance, with accompanying component measures that make up that aggregate value. Chapter 17 examines a set of manufacturing plants operating under a single umbrella, with the objective being to use the component or function measures to decide what might be considered as each plant s core business. Chapter 18 considers problem settings where there may be clusters or groups of DMUs that form a hierarchy. The specific case of a set off electric power plants is examined in this context. Chapter 19 models bad outputs in two-stage network DEA. Chapter 20 presents an application of network DEA to performance measurement of Major League Baseball (MLB) teams. Chapter 21 presents an application of a two-stage network DEA model for examining the performance of 30 U.S. airline companies. Chapter 22 then presents two distinct network efficiency models that are applied to engineering systems.ž
A clinically-oriented, prescriptive guide to diagnosing and treating mood disorders Over 19 million American are afflicted with depression and/or other mood disorders, and their ranks seem to be growing. Internists and psychiatrists struggling to ease their patients' pain need up-to-date guidance that embraces the latest clinical and pharmacological studies. They will find it in The Physician's Guide to Depression and Bi-Polar Disorders. Unlike much of the literature on mood disorders, which lack a true clinical focus, The Physician's Guide intensively treats all of the issues required to formulate a successful strategy for the clinical management of mood disorder patients. In this volume you will find authoritative guidelines and state-of-the-art research from experts in the field, including the Chief of the Mood and Anxiety Disorder Research Program of the National Institutes of Health; the Chairman of the Department of Psychiatry at one of the country's top schools of medicine; and America's leading patient-directed organization focusing on these most prevalent mental illnesses. This first step-by-step mood disorder guidebook designed specifically for physician use: Helps physicians detect, diagnose, and treat depression and bi-polar disorders in a concise, results-oriented way Provides a clinically rigorous method for quickly and accurately linking symptoms to each disorder Offers clear, up-to-date information on psychotropic drugs -- with definitive instructions on the use of these antidepressants and mood stabilizers in the treatment of each disorder, including dosage guidelines Covers mood disorders as primary illnesses Focuses also on how mood disorders affect the diagnosis, treatment, and course of specific medical illnesses FROM DIAGNOSIS TO TREATMENT AND PATIENT MANAGEMENT -- A UNIQUE PHYSICIAN'S GUIDE TO DEPRESSION AND BI-POLAR ILLNESSProvides a clinically rigorous method for quickly linking symptoms to each disorder Over 19 million people in the U.S. are afflicted with depression and other mood disorders Market size is more than 150,000 psychiatrists and general physicians combined1. Very clinically oriented and prescriptive┼╝Which drugs treat which disorders, and what dose to deliver.2. Perfect resource for the primary care giver.3. Focuses on identifying symptoms of mood disorders, and how to correlate them to each syndrome.
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t1=0.064, t2=0, t3=0, t4=0.025, t=0.064