krainaksiazek the united nations and genocide 20131426

- znaleziono 15 produktów w 2 sklepach

Prevention of Genocide Under International Law - 2826947780

519,58 zł

Prevention of Genocide Under International Law Intersentia Ltd

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Genocide is the crime of crimes which shocks the conscience of mankind the most because of the unspeakable damage and pain it causes. This book studies the obligation to prevent genocide under international law and more particularly the extent of that obligation under the Genocide Convention and customary international law. Although, this obligation is recognised in public international law, the issue what this obligation actually entails has not received much attention in scholarly works and in practice. Even recent debates focused on intervention at the stage where genocide is about to be committed or is being committed, ignoring prevention at early stages. Yet, such early prevention is pivotal in order to effectively reduce the risk of genocide. Drawing upon, inter alia, the 2007 Genocide judgment of the International Court of Justice, the author puts forward a distinction between primary, secondary and tertiary levels of prevention of genocide . Within this temporal structure, he analyses and applies the obligation to prevent genocide by states and the United Nations. This leads to a clarification of that legal obligation by filling it with concrete international legal measures to be taken by both states and the United Nations at each level, and by suggesting improvements which include the creation of national and international institutions to actively promote and monitor the prevention of genocide.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Raphael Lemkin and the Struggle for the Genocide Convention - 2834134878

635,04 zł

Raphael Lemkin and the Struggle for the Genocide Convention PALGRAVE MACMILLAN

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This book is the first complete biography of Raphael Lemkin, the father of the United Nations Genocide Convention, based on his papers; and shows how his campaign for an international treaty succeeded. In addition, the book covers Lemkin's inauguration of the historical study of past genocides.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Raphael Lemkin and the Struggle for the Genocide Convention - 2834135597

129,23 zł

Raphael Lemkin and the Struggle for the Genocide Convention PALGRAVE MACMILLAN

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Now published for the first time in paperback, this is the first comprehensive biography of Raphael Lemkin (1900-59), the man who invented the word genocide and campaigned relentlessly for the United Nations Genocide Convention. Utilising Lemkin's own papers as well as other sources, it contextualises his career, showing how his ideas were formed in the midst of ethnic strife in Eastern Europe and as a member of the international law circuit. The book focuses on the campaign for a convention orchestrated by Lemkin, dealing both with its supporters and enemies, particularly the British government. While Lemkin drew attention to the need to preserve diverse cultures, both in his campaigning and his historical writing, the Western powers amended the convention, so that it became an instrument solely for preventing physical genocide. The book also covers Lemkin's historical research on genocide, presenting a number of studies, particularly of colonial genocide.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Eyewitness to a Genocide - 2826930697

106,83 zł

Eyewitness to a Genocide Cornell University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Why was the UN a bystander during the Rwandan genocide? Do its sins of omission leave it morally responsible for the hundreds of thousands of dead? Michael Barnett, who worked at the U.S. Mission to the United Nations from 1993 to 1994, covered Rwanda for much of the genocide. Based on his firsthand experiences, archival work, and interviews with many key participants, he reconstructs the history of the UN's involvement in Rwanda.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Lemkin on Genocide - 2834141973

481,09 zł

Lemkin on Genocide Lexington Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Providing an annotated commentary on two unpublished manuscripts written by international law and genocide scholar Raphael Lemkin, Steven L. Jacobs offers a critical introduction to the father of genocide studies. Lemkin coined the term "genocide" and was the motivating force behind the 1948 United Nations Convention on the Punishment and Prevention of the Crime of Genocide. The materials collected here give readers further insight into this singularly courageous man and the issue which consumed him in the aftermath of the Second World War. It is a welcome addition to the library of genocide and Holocaust Studies scholars and students alike.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

United Nations & the Maintenance of International Security - 2212824814

87,20 zł

United Nations & the Maintenance of International Security Greenwood Publishing Group

Inne 1

International security needs to be understood in much broader terms in the aftermath of the Cold War. This extensively revised edition retains the valuable descriptions and analyses of the United Nations' achievements and failures, while placing them in the context of the ever-broadening definition of international security and of changing attitudes toward national sovereignty and humanitarian intervention. In order to deal with the internal struggles that are now the prevalent form of conflict, it is necessary to allay the root causes of tensions within societies. Means of enforcement must be applied to prevent gross violations of human rights, including genocide. Sutterlin describes the background of innovations that recent crises have imposed on the UN. He analyses how recent reforms have affected the UN's capacity to deal with the security problems of the 21st century. Peacekeeping, peace-enforcement, peace-building, and the application of sanctions all bring new challenges. In one chapter, Sutterlin focuses on the UN's experience in enforcing disarmament in Iraq. A new chapter details the impact of terrorism and weapons of mass destruction on UN policies and actions. This systematic presentation, using scholarly analysis and a practitioner's inside knowledge, should provide a readable and challenging text for courses on the United Nations.

Sklep: Albertus.pl

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War in Sub-Saharan African Conflicts - 2827006557

99,20 zł

Sexual Violence as a Weapon of War in Sub-Saharan African Conflicts GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Research Paper from the year 2010 in the subject Sociology - Gender Studies, printed single-sided, grade: A, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine (-), course: Diploma in Tropical Nursing, language: English, abstract: Gender based violence (GBV) is a complex, multidimensional problem which the World Health Organisation (WHO, 2005) describes as a universal phenomenon . So much so, that GBV is recognised as a serious human rights and public health problem that concerns all members of society, (Murray and Lopez, 1996, Inter-Agency Standing Committee, 2005). Subsequently, GBV has been incorporated into the Millennium Development Goals, where reducing GBV will have a direct effect on achieving Goal three; the promotion of gender equality and empowerment of women. This issue has gained international attention, as a direct result of civil conflicts in Bosnia and Rwanda, where human rights abuses were seen violated on a magnitude never before recorded and described as acts of genocide, (United Nations Security Council, UNSC, 1999). In Rwanda, it is thought that about 500,000 women were raped by Hutu militia, (Human Rights Watch, 1996). Further atrocities have been documented in Sierra Leone, where approximately 50,000 to 64,000 internally displaced women have reported war-related sexual assaults (Physicians for Human Rights, 2002). In Kenya, following the disputed presidential elections in 2008, violence erupted which saw acts of sexual violence (SV), such as, gang rape and mutilation. United Nations (UN, 2007) reports suggest that 27, 000 rapes occurred in one region of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) in 2007. SV has been predominant in many other conflicts such as in Uganda (Giller et al, 1991) and Sudan (Amnesty International, 2004). Research on this area tends to use the terms GBV and SV interchangeably and cannot be explored fully in this paper. There is limited research focusing on violence against males, and therefore this paper will concentrate on SV against women specifically. This paper will discuss why SV has become part of warfare in Sub-Saharan Africa and then examine the treatment programmes aimed at survivors, in particular focusing on the barriers to effective implementation of programmes.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Courts in Conflict - 2826779579

346,38 zł

Courts in Conflict Oxford University Press Inc

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The rise of international criminal trials has been accompanied by a call for domestic responses to extraordinary violence. Yet there is remarkably limited research on the interactions among local, national, and international transitional justice institutions. Rwanda offers an early example of multi-level courts operating in concert, through the concurrent practice of the United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (ICTR), the national Rwandan courts, and the gacaca community courts. Courts in Conflict makes a crucial and timely contribution to the examination of these pluralist responses to atrocity at a juncture when holistic approaches are rapidly becoming the policy norm. Although Rwanda's post-genocide criminal courts are compatible in law, an interpretive cultural analysis shows how and why they have often conflicted in practice. The author's research is derived from 182 interviews with judges, lawyers, and a group of witnesses and suspects within all three of the post-genocide courts. This rich empirical material shows that the judges and lawyers inside each of the courts offer notably different interpretations of Rwanda's transitional justice processes, illuminating divergent legal cultures that help explain the constraints on the courts' effective cooperation and evidence gathering. The potential for similar competition between domestic and international justice processes is apparent in the current practice of the International Criminal Court (ICC). However, this competition can be mitigated through increased communication among the different sites of justice, fostering legal cultures of complementarity that can more effectively respond to the needs of affected populations.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Turkish law - 2836092066

106,17 zł

Turkish law Books LLC, Reference Series

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Source: Wikipedia. Pages: 82. Chapters: Censorship in Turkey, Constitutions of Turkey, LGBT rights in Turkey, Law enforcement in Turkey, Referendums in Turkey, Taxation in Turkey, Treaties of Turkey, Turkish court system, Turkish criminal law, Turkish jurists, Montreux Convention Regarding the Regime of the Turkish Straits, Fourth Geneva Convention, Antarctic Treaty System, North Atlantic Treaty, Treaty of Lausanne, United Nations Charter, Wassenaar Arrangement, Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Turkish constitutional referendum, 2010, Orhan Pamuk, JITEM, Article 301, Constitution of Turkey, Legal system of the Republic of Turkey, First Geneva Convention, Third Geneva Convention, Yasar Kemal, Turkish National Police Academy, Treaty of Kars, Elif Safak, Perihan Magden, Ayse Nur Zarakolu, Constitutional Court of Turkey, Ragip Zarakolu, Turkish constitutional referendum, 2007, Michael Dickinson, Second Geneva Convention, Martial law and state of emergency in Turkey, Turkish Constitution of 1921, Covenant of the League of Nations, Zürich and London Agreement, Central Treaty Organization, Joost Lagendijk, Muhammed Hamdi Yazir, Kismetim-1 incident, Turkish nationality law, Meltem Arikan, List of illegal political parties in Turkey, Turkish Language Act Ban, Human Rights Association, Ankara Agreement, Varlik Vergisi, Turkish Constitution of 1961, RTÜK, Refik Koraltan, Treaty of Moscow, Treaty of Guarantee, Police Special Operation Teams, Namik Kemal Zeybek, Ahmet Cevdet Pasha, The Agreement on Strategic Partnership and Mutual Support, Court of Cassation, Convention between Italy and Turkey, 1932, Convention Concerning the Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations, Turkish copyright law, Lucky-S incident, Pontos Kültürü, Treaty of Saadabad, Osman Can, Turkish Constitution of 1924, Turkish constitutional referendum, 1982, Constitutional history of Turkey, Armistice of Mudanya, Undersecretariat of Public Order and Security, Surname Law, Vedat Buz, Independence Court, Turkish Institute for Police Studies, Turkish referendum, 1988, Turkish constitutional referendum, 1961, Midnight Express, Turkish referendum, 1987, Turkish Council of State, Haciz Courts, Kavass. Excerpt: A constitutional referendum on a number of changes to the constitution was held in Turkey on 12 September 2010. The results showed the majority supported the constitutional amendments, with 58% in favour and 42% against. The changes were aimed at bringing the constitution into compliance with European Union standards. Supporters of Turkish EU membership hope constitutional reform will facilitate the membership process. After the military coup of 12 September 1980, a new constitution was drafted, designed by the military junta that came to power. Thirty years later, a referendum was held regarding a number of amendments to that constitution. In 2010, the Turkish parliament adopted a series of constitutional amendments. The amendments did not achieve the required two-thirds majority (67%) to immediately implement the changes. However, they did receive a majority of 330 votes (60%), which was sufficient to present the amendments to the electorate in a referendum. A constitutional change to make it more difficult for the Supreme Court to dissolve parties failed to pass. The reform package was accepted by parliament on 7 May, initiating the referendum process. The referendum was expected to be held 60 days after the publication of the package in the O...

Sklep: Libristo.pl

After the Fall - 2826949369

181,98 zł

After the Fall Missouri Historical Society Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

War in the Balkans dominated headlines throughout the 1990s, displacing millions of ordinary people and renewing debate over responses to genocide in the modern era. St. Louis is home today to nearly 20,000 refugees from war in Bosnia-Herzegovina, one of the largest concentrations of any city in the United States.As awareness of the large Bosnian community in St. Louis grows, relatively little is known about the actual lives and experiences of these refugees. "After the Fall" looks at the impact of the war and the reality of "ethnic cleansing" in the life of one extended Bosnian family in St. Louis.Through richly textured photographs and compelling first-person interview narratives, "After the Fall" tells the story of the Oric family from the city of Srebrenica, survivors of the 1995 fall of the United Nations-declared "safe area" and what has been called the single greatest atrocity in Europe since the end of World War II.Important for those interested in human rights, photojournalism, immigration, and regional history, "After the Fall" opens a door of understanding on a significant new community in St. Louis of people rebuilding their lives in the aftermath of one of the twentieth century's most brutal conflicts.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Memorial Museums - 2826873100

182,98 zł

Memorial Museums Berg Publishers

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The past 25 years has seen an extraordinary boom in a new kind of cultural complex: the memorial museum. These seek to research, represent, commemorate and teach on the subject of dreadful, violent histories. With World War and Holocaust memorials as precursors, the kinds of events now recognized include genocide in Armenia, Cambodia, Rwanda and the Balkans, state repression in Eastern Europe, apartheid in South Africa, terrorism in the United States, political "disappearances" in Chile and Argentina, massacres in China and Taiwan, and more. This book is the first of its kind to "map" these new institutions and cultural spaces, which, although varying widely in size, style and political situation, are nonetheless united in their desire to promote peace, tolerance and the avoidance of future violence. Moving across nations and contexts, Memorial Museums critically analyzes the tactics of these institutions and gauges their wider public significance.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Humanitarian Intervention - 2834138158

656,44 zł

Humanitarian Intervention Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

'The genocide in Rwanda showed us how terrible the consequences of inaction can be in the face of mass murder. But the conflict in Kosovo raised equally important questions about the consequences of action without international consensus and clear legal authority. On the one hand, is it legitimate for a regional organization to use force without a UN mandate? On the other, is it permissible to let gross and systematic violations of human rights, with grave humanitarian consequences, continue unchecked?' (United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan). This book is a comprehensive, integrated discussion of 'the dilemma' of humanitarian intervention. Written by leading analysts of international politics, ethics, and law, it seeks, among other things, to identify strategies that may, if not resolve, at least reduce the current tension between human rights and state sovereignty. This volume is an invaluable contribution to the debate on all aspects of this vital global issue.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Rules for the World - 2212826228

54,50 zł

Rules for the World Cornell University Press

Inne 1

Rules for the World provides an innovative perspective on the behavior of international organizations and their effects on global politics. Arguing against the conventional wisdom that these bodies are little more than instruments of states, Michael Barnett and Martha Finnemore begin with the fundamental insight that international organizations are bureaucracies that have authority to make rules and so exercise power. At the same time, Barnett and Finnemore maintain, such bureaucracies can become obsessed with their own rules, producing unresponsive, inefficient, and self-defeating outcomes. Authority thus gives international organizations autonomy and allows them to evolve and expand in ways unintended by their creators. Barnett and Finnemore reinterpret three areas of activity that have prompted extensive policy debate: the use of expertise by the IMF to expand its intrusion into national economies; the redefinition of the category "refugees" and decision to repatriate by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees; and the UN Secretariat

Sklep: Albertus.pl

International Law Reports - 2826690799

1114,13 zł

International Law Reports Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The International Law Reports is the only publication in the world wholly devoted to the regular and systematic reporting in English of decisions of international courts and arbitrators as well as judgments of national courts. Among the cases reported in Volume 115 are the 1998 decision of the Supreme Court of Canada concerning whether Quebec has the right to unilateral secession from Canada, the 1996 judgment concerning the preliminary objections in the case concerning the Application of the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide (Bosnia and Herzegovina v. Yugoslavia) and the 1997 Order on Counter-Claims, and the 1996 decisions of the United Nations Human Rights Committee.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Just and Unjust Peace - 2838462228

123,26 zł

Just and Unjust Peace Oxford University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In the wake of massive injustice, how can justice be achieved and peace restored? Is it possible to find a universal standard that will work for people of diverse and often conflicting religious, cultural, and philosophical backgrounds? In Just and Unjust Peace, Daniel Philpott offers an innovative and hopeful response to these questions. He challenges the approach to peace-building that dominates the United Nations, western governments, and the human rights community. While he shares their commitments to human rights and democracy, Philpott argues that these values alone cannot redress the wounds caused by war, genocide, and dictatorship. Both justice and the effective restoration of political order call for a more holistic, restorative approach. Philpott answers that call by proposing a form of political reconciliation that is deeply rooted in three religious traditions-Christianity, Islam, and Judaism-as well as the restorative justice movement. These traditions offer the fullest expressions of the core concepts of justice, mercy, and peace. By adapting these ancient concepts to modern constitutional democracy and international norms, Philpott crafts an ethic that has widespread appeal and offers real hope for the restoration of justice in fractured communities. From the roots of these traditions, Philpott develops six practices-building just institutions and relations between states, acknowledgment, reparations, restorative punishment, apology and, most important, forgiveness-which he then applies to real cases, identifying how each practice redresses a unique set of wounds. Focusing on places as varied as Bosnia, Iraq, South Africa, Germany, Sierra Leone, Timor-Leste, Chile and many others-and drawing upon the actual experience of victims and perpetrators-Just and Unjust Peace offers a fresh approach to the age-old problem of restoring justice in the aftermath of widespread injustice.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

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