krainaksiazek some of its parts 20167099

- znaleziono 476 produktów w 13 sklepach

Races, Religions, and Institutions of Turkey and the Neighboring Countries (Classic Reprint) - 2862339090

49,09 zł

Races, Religions, and Institutions of Turkey and the Neighboring Countries (Classic Reprint) Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from The Races, Religions, and Institutions of Turkey and the Neighboring Countries The sources of the Aryan races, which now occupy Europe and some parts of Asia, are, it is believed, in Central Asia; but swarms of that branch of mankind have passed from their original seats in times anterior to history. The Persians were a very early and very civilised Aryan race, inhabiting a country much larger, much more fertile, and much more prosperous than the present Persia. Other Aryan races passed to the east, and, conquering the aboriginal tribes of India, formed the modern Hindoos. In Western Asia, again, Armenia, and Asia Minor were occupied by Aryan races; and in Europe, in the dawn of history, we find the greater part of the Continent occupied by early Aryan races - Latins, Greeks, and Celts. The Latins conquered and assimilated most of the Celtic countries, and formed the present Latin nations of Italy, France, and Spain. A portion of the countries to the eastward of Italy, upon the Danube, were also Latinised in early days, and traces of these Latinised races are still found there. The Greeks, though great in their civilisation, were never a very numerous people. They pushed their colonies and their civilisation beyond their own limits, and the neighbouring Macedonians becoming identified with them, they conquered a great part of the world. Although they were subjected by the Romans they achieved a moral conquest of their conquerors; and the Roman Empire in its later days became Greek in its language, its literature, its arts, and its religion. The Teutonic or German races were a later wave of the Aryan immigration, and occupied the modern Germany, the low German countries of Holland and Sleswig, England, and the countries which we call Scandinavian - viz., Denmark, Sweden, and Norway. Last of the Aryan races came the Slavs into Europe, and they are so important to our present subject that I shall ask your particular attention to them. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Perso-Arabic Loanwords in Hindustani. Part II. Linguistic study - 2829808526

28,99 zł

Perso-Arabic Loanwords in Hindustani. Part II. Linguistic study Księgarnia Akademicka Sp. z o.o.

Pozostałe kraje / arabski

Preface This book constitutes the second part of the two-volume monograph dedicated to the phenomenon of Perso-Arabic lexical borrowings in Hindustani (by some scholars also named Hindi-Urdu or Hirdu). It is a linguistic study of their adaptation, meant to demonstrate how the analyzed loanwords function in the contemporary system of the Hindustani language, through detailed examination of the adaptation processes, which occured on all the levels of this system: graphemic, phonetic and phonological, morphological, lexical and semantic. The first part, published in 2008, is a substantial dictionary of borrowings (Perso-Arabic Loanwords in Hindustani. Part I. Dictionary), encompassing over 5500 entries, which over the centuries (starting approximately from the 11th-12th c.), entered into the languages and dialects of North India* as a result of the contacts between local communities and Muslim incomers. The lexical material gathered in the Dictionary was taken as the corpus for this study. The analytical part of the book is preceded by a substantial theoretical introduction, in which, along with a brief explanation concerning the aim of the work and its methodical and formal assumptions, two issues, crucial for further considerations, are discussed in a synthetic but at the same time meticulous manner. The first - specifying the language of origin for the studied linguistic material, which was the basis for further analysis - is an attempt to display and scrutinize the ambiguous appellation “Hindustani” in its manifold meanings and scopes - especially in respect to two other terms, with which it is inseparably connected, namely Hindi and Urdu. Discussing the range of their meaning and demonstrating how they have been understood by particular users, researchers, and various official bodies in different periods, helped to outline the background for both constructing a definition of Hindustani and drawing its boundaries that are in force in the presented study: the linguistic continuum current in the common speech - a lingua franca, unofficially, but fully functioning as a link language on the Indian subcontinent. The second problem discussed in the Introduction is the situation of linguistic contact between the Persian and Indo-Arian languages. It is described in a broader context of intercultural encounters, which intensified after the 12th c., when the Muslims took over vast parts of the Indian subcontinent, establishing their domination not only in the sphere of politics and administration but also in that of culture. In the subsequent part of the study two areas were given special attention: an analysis of graphemic adaptation (Chapter 2) and phonetic and phonological changes (Chapter 3). The reason for this type of approach was the fact that both these areas of the Hindustani linguistic system are of a binary character, i.e. Hindustani employs two writing systems equally - the Nagari and the modified Perso-Arabic script (which was also used for original notation of the borrowed words). This dichotomy in the script can immensely influence the kind and degree of phonological changes and the phonetic realization of given lexemes. All this greatly complicates the process of studying lexical borrowings because, for example, the same lexemes can simultaneously undergo the processes of adaptation and adoption - depending on the language register. In Chapter 4, the analyzed loanwords are described in terms of their adaptation to the Hindustani morphological and syntactic system. This part of the book also includes information on the borrowed morphosyntactic phenomena, introduced into Hindustani during the process of immense lexical borrowing, and their influence on the native system. The last Chapter 5 is an attempt to categorize the discussed lexical material according to various criteria employed in both diachronic and synchronic linguistics. The analyses of Perso-Arabic loanwords in Hindustani presented in the book, although comprehensive, did not exhaust the whole extent of the issue - if only because of limiting the studied material to a definite set of lexemes and their sources. However, they provided a solid theoretical basis by showing and explaining the general mechanisms, which rule this phenomenon at all the levels of the language system. It is to be hoped that this work may be an inspiration for further - general or detailed - research, dedicated, for example, to such questions as the contextual functioning of the borrowings (depending on the kind of text/ethnolect/lan- guage register), intentional “macaronization” (here: Persianization or Arabicization) or the purification of language in the diachronic and synchronic approaches; internationalisms, doublets and caiques (which are only briefly mentioned in the book), etc. The work may also prove useful to researchers engaged in similar studies on other Indo-Aryan languages, as it can be assumed, with a high level of probability, that at least some of the phenomena and processes described in Hindustani are analogous to those occurring in other South Asian linguistic substrata. * Here and in most of the work, for practical reasons and in accordance with the usage found in most reference texts, India is used synonymously with South Asia, implying an older meaning of the word, not influenced by present-day circumstances and divisions. However, the name is occasionally used to denote the contemporary state (Republic of India), and in such cases the reader can infer it from the context. Contents Preface  Acknowledgements Remarks on Transliteration and Transcription Abbreviations 1. Introduction 1.1. Perso-Arabic Loanwords in Hindustani: Preliminary Observations 1.2. Hindustani, Hindi, Urdu: a Survey of Approaches and Definitions 1.3. Persian and Indo-Aryan: a General Exposition of the Language Contact Situation 2. Scripts and Orthography 2.1. Writing Systems in Persian and Hindustani  2.2. Adaptation of the Persian Writing System in Hindustani/Urdu  2.3. Notation of Borrowed Words in Nagari  2.4. Tables of Adequacy for the Nagari and Modified Persian Scripts  3. Phonology and Phonetics 3.1. Phonological Systems of Persian and Hindustani: Similarities and Differences 3.2. Phonological Adaptation of the Perso-Arabic Loanwords 3.3. Quantitative and Qualitative Change of Vowels in thenPerso-Arabic Loanwords  3.4. Changes in Distribution of Vowel Phonemes in the Borrowed Words  166 3.5. Quantitative and Qualitative Change of Consonants in the Perso-Arabic Loanwords 3.6. Changes in Distribution of Consonant Phonemes in the Borrowed Words 4. Morphosyntax 4.1. General Morphosyntactic Characteristics of Persian and Hindustani: Similarities and Differences 4.2. Morpho syntactic Classification of the Perso-Arabic Borrowings in Hindustani 4.3. Adaptation of Borrowings to the Hindustani Morphological System 4.4. Elements of Arabic and Persian Morphology in Hindustani 4.5. Persian and Arabic Morpho syntactic Constructions in Hindustani 5. Semantics and Lexicon 5.1. Observations on the Morpho semantic Taxonomy of Perso-Arabic Borrowings in Hindustani 5.2. Concluding Remarks: Typological Classifications of the Perso-Arabic Lexicon in Hindustani References Index

Sklep: Księ

Spalona Żywcem Wyd. Kieszonkowe - Souad - 2854922647

11,15 zł

Spalona Żywcem Wyd. Kieszonkowe - Souad

Książki & Multimedia > Książki

Opis - Pierwsze na świecie świadectwo ofiary zbrodni honorowej. Miała siedemnaście lat i zakochała się: zhańbiła rodzinę. Więc rodzina wydała na nią wyrok śmierci... Pokochała go pierwszą miłością. Myślała, że się z nią ożeni. Ale ukochany zniknął, a ona odkryła, że jest w ciąży. A w jej świecie to najcięższa zbrodnia... W zapomnianej przez Boga wiosce w Cisjordanii kobiety są warte mniej niż zwierzęta domowe. Tu mężczyzna jest panem życia i śmierci żony, córki, siostry. Brat może bezkarnie zabić siostrę, matka - córkę, kolejną bezużyteczną dziewczynkę, jaka się urodzi. Tu kobiecie odbiera się godność, a nawet życie zgodnie z odwiecznym obyczajem i uświęconą tradycją. A śmierć jest karą dla dziewczyny, która zhańbi rodzinę. Tak jak Souad. Wyrok wydaje jej ojciec. Szwagier dokonuje egzekucji. Oblewa Souad benzyną i podpala... SOUAD przeżyła - cudem, ale rodzina usiłowała zabić ją nawet w szpitalu. Na zawsze jednak pozostanie straszliwie okaleczona - na ciele i duszy. I wciąż musi się ukrywać; dopóki żyje, jej rodzinę okrywa hańba. Spalona żywcem, opublikowana pod pseudonimem szokująca opowieść o piekle, jakim było jej dzieciństwo i młodość, stała się międzynarodowym bestsellerem. Wydana w 37 w krajach książka przerywa tabu milczenia wobec istniejącej nadal w krajach muzułmańskich barbarzyńskiej tradycji. Nieludzkiego obyczaju, prawa mężczyzn, na mocy którego co najmniej pięć tysięcy kobiet pada co roku ofiarą zbrodni honorowej. Nazwa - Spalona Żywcem Wyd. Kieszonkowe Autor - Souad Oprawa - Miękka Wydawca - Amber Kod ISBN - 9788324159406 Kod EAN - 9788324159406 Wydanie - 1 Rok wydania - 2016 Tłumacz - 31182,maria rostworowska; Format - 110 x 175 x 14 Ilość stron - 224 Podatek VAT - 5% Premiera - 2016-06-23


Himalayan Languages - 2862150361

1093,67 zł

Himalayan Languages De Gruyter

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

With its many and diverse languages, including some with very long documented histories, its cultural diversity, and its widespread multilingualism- both the stable and transient kind- the Himalayan region is a treasure trove of empirical data for linguistic research on language typology and universals, historical linguistics, language contact and areal linguistics. Himalayan Languages contains contributions on Himalayan linguistics written by some of the leading experts in the field. The volume is divided into three parts: First, a general overview is given of the linguistic study of Himalayan languages and language communities. The second part offers synchronic studies of individual languages of the region (Indo-Aryan languages Shina and Kalasha, and Tibeto-Burman languages Belhare, Magar, Kinnauri, Classical Tibetan and Thangmi). The papers in the third part of the volume address topics in historical and areal linguistics, with an emphasis on the Tibeto-Burman languages of the region, discussing grammaticalization processes (in Sunwar, Newar, Seke, Tshangla and Bantawa) and the subgrouping of Tibeto-Burman.


Winter's Tale - 2869419685

91,24 zł

Winter's Tale Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from A Winter's Tale: King John Winter's Tale.] - This play, throughout, is written in the very spirit of its author. And in telling this homely and simple, though agreeable, country tale, Our sweetest Shakespeare, fancy's child, Warbles his native wood-notes wild. This was necessary to observe, in mere justice to the play; as the meanness of the fable, and the extravagant conduct of it, had misled some of great name into a wrong judgement of its merit; which, as far as it regards sentiment and character, is scarce inferior to any in the whole collection. Warburton. At Stationers' Hall, May 22, 1594, Edward White entered "A booke entitled A Wynter Nyght's Pastime." Steevens. The story of this play is taken from The Pleasant His of Dorastus and Faunia, written by Robert Greene. Johnson. In this novel, the King of Sicilia, whom Shakespeare names Leontes, is called... Egistus. Polixenes, K. of Bohemia... Pandosto. Mamillius P. of Sicilia... Garinter. Florizel P. of Bohemia... Dorastus. Camillo... Franion. Old Shepherd... Porrus. Hermione... Bellaria. Perdita... Faunia. Mopsa... Mopsa. The parts of Antigonus, Paulina, and Autolycus, are of the poet's own invention; but many circumstances of the novel are omitted in the play. Steevens. Dr. Warburton, by "some of great name," means Dryden and Pope. See the Essays at the end of the Second Part of The Conquest of Granada: "Witness the lameness of their plots; [the plots of Shakespeare and Fletcher;] many of which, especially those which they wrote first, (for even that age refined itself in some measure,) were made up of some ridiculous incoherent story, which in one play many times took up the business of an age. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Antiquary, Vol. 9 - 2862269134

76,14 zł

Antiquary, Vol. 9 Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from The Antiquary, Vol. 9: A Magazine Devoted to the Study of the Past In the series of articles on the History and Development of the House, commenced in the present number with a description of the Hall, the title need not be considered as in any way tautological, for the history is by no means synonymous with the development. The general arrangement of the ordinary house continued the same for several centuries, and it was only when the taste for luxury had become more widely spread abroad a little time before the Renaissance that a very considerable structural alteration was made. The habitations of the Ancient Britons were little better than huts, though there was doubtless a considerable difference among the various tribes, some of these being much more advanced in civilization than others. Where wood was abundant, the walls of the houses were made of stakes and wattling, like hurdles; and in stony districts large stones were laid on each other without mortar. Some huts were hollowed out of the hills, and in marshy places the villages were built upon piles. Some of these piles have been discovered where excavations have been made in certain parts of London; but we cannot be sure whether they were driven by the Britons, or by an earlier race who preceded them as inhabitants of this island. Roman villas in Britain were built upon the same plan as those which the owners had been used to in their native country; for the Roman, like the Englishman does now, carried his own architecture with him, quite Vol. IX. regardless of its adaptability to the climate of the place where he introduced it. The materials used by the Romans were chiefly bricks and stone; but it is by no means improbable that some of the superstructures raised upon the walls that have been discovered many feet below the level of our present streets were built of wood. The general ground plan of the Roman house consisted of one or more large courts with buildings grouped round them; and in India a plan very similar is still largely followed. Sir George Birdwood, when commenting lately upon Mr. Purdon Clarke's description of the domestic architecture of India, pointed out this obvious similarity, and accounted for it partly by the fact that the Greeks and Romans were offshoots of the same primitive Aryan race as the Vedic Hindus who entered India about B.C.3000. Although the Romans remained in Britain for several centuries, their architecture did not take root in this country, and when they retired, domestic life again returned to a state of barbarism. It is now the fashion to chant the praises of the Saxon; but in respect to his surroundings, his civilization was but a slight advance over that of the Briton before the Roman came here. Mr. Wright, however, held that the Roman villa was often changed into the great Saxon mansion, and that Lord Lytton's description in Harold of the Saxonized Roman house inhabited by Hilda is quite truthful. Among the chief sources we possess for the construction of a mental picture of a Saxon house, are(1) the remains that have been excavated;(2) the descriptions of poets, and(3) the illuminations in old manuscripts. Now the teachings of each of these alone must be received with caution. The first source requires considerable knowledge in the person who attempts to explain the remains; the second source is frequently so full of imagination as to be almost untruthful; and the third source supplies us with pictures which are often as trivial as those of the poets are fanciful. When, however, the three sources are carefully collated and made to illustrate each other, we are able to obtain a trustworthy picture of the life of our forefathers. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at


Imagining Europe - 2869653735

187,15 zł

Imagining Europe European Interuniversity Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

What do people think 'Europe' means? What are its values, what are its borders, and what does it stand for? An important topic, without doubt. But the authors of this research collection are not so much interested in what Europe thinks of itself, but rather in what others think of it. They take a number of scenarios from recent history, and examine how Europe has appeared to people in other parts of the globe: America, China, the Arab world, for example. But they go further, and pose the question for some parts of the world which are 'inside' Europe, but which for one reason or another hover on the margins, like the Balkans, and Turkey. Furthermore they include the views about Europe held in parts of the continent which have without any doubt whatsoever belonged to Europe's core, but which much of the rest of Europe, later, would like to forget about, or marginalise: Stalin's Russia, and Hitler's Germany. Most of the elements investigated here are central to the imagining of Europe, and despite many Europeans' wish to distance themselves, such views should be recognised and taken up as an important and indispensable contribution to the debate about 'What is Europe?'


Forestry Handbook, Vol. 2 - 2862367113

90,67 zł

Forestry Handbook, Vol. 2 Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from Forestry Handbook, Vol. 2: Some of the Principal Commercial, Trees of New South Wales The list of trees submitted is imperfect, and the following explanation shows how and why it is so. All the illustrations are based upon the illustrations contained in my Forest Flora of New South Wales, which is still in progress, and sixty parts (ten parts to a volume), dealing with individual trees, and containing a number of Appendices treating of general forestry subjects, have now appeared. Only a selection has been made, and if a further edition be called for, additional trees will be dealt with. In its incomplete state it is believed that it will form a handy volume, showing the state of our knowledge of certain trees in New South Wales, and perusal of it may lead to additions by forest officers and others. Much of the information concerning abundance and distribution of individual species can only be amplified when a forest survey is undertaken. In January, 1906, I published in the Agricultural Gazette of New South Wales a list of 521 trees indigenous to New South Wales, and additional ones have been discovered since then. So that the subject, in this richly-endowed State, is a sufficiently vast one. Some of the trees are, however, not of sufficient economic importance to be dealt with in this Handbook; on the other hand, there is a formidable array of exotic trees either introduced into New South Wales or considered desirable for experiment. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Records - 2862319904

105,03 zł

Records Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from Records: Of the Colony of New Plymouth in New England In this volume is contained a copy of the manuscript lettered "Plymouth Colony Records, Laws, 1623-1681," consisting of three Parts, 1., II., and III., having been so arranged and numbered by the late Benjamin R. Nichols, Esq., who states, in an accompanying note, that "the reason of its being divided into three Parts is, that it was before contained in several volumes." The manuscript volume is principally in the handwriting of Secretary Morton. Pages 5 to 44, of Part I., inclusive, are almost entirely in the handwriting of Edward Winslow, Governor. Pages 45 to 73 appear to be in the handwriting of Nathaniel Sowther. Pages 2, 3, and 4, and the Orders of the General Court commencing 20th October, 1646, page 73, and ending on page 76, were written by an unknown hand. The remainder of the volume, commencing with page 77, Part I., is in the handwriting of Secretary Morton. Portions of the Orders on the second and third pages, which by time and accident have become illegible, are restored from a copy of these Orders in the first volume of Deeds; and a manuscript volume of the Laws belonging to the town of Scituate has been of great service in supplying some deficiencies and illegible portions; all of which additions and corrections, whether in the text or margin, are printed in brackets [ ], and in some cases with the letter S. appended. The Laws were revised in 1636, 1658, and 1671. In 1673 the Court "ordered that nothing shall stand in force in our written booke of lawes; but what the printed lawes Refer vnto." About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


Integer Partitions - 2862106816

257,14 zł

Integer Partitions Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The theory of integer partitions is a subject of enduring interest. A major research area in its own right, it has found numerous applications, and celebrated results such as the Rogers-Ramanujan identities make it a topic filled with the true romance of mathematics. The aim in this introductory textbook is to provide an accessible and wide ranging introduction to partitions, without requiring anything more of the reader than some familiarity with polynomials and infinite series. Many exercises are included, together with some solutions and helpful hints. The book has a short introduction followed by an initial chapter introducing Euler's famous theorem on partitions with odd parts and partitions with distinct parts. This is followed by chapters titled: Ferrers Graphs, The Rogers-Ramanujan Identities, Generating Functions, Formulas for Partition Functions, Gaussian Polynomials, Durfee Squares, Euler Refined, Plane Partitions, Growing Ferrers Boards, and Musings.


A Lecture on the Working Men's Party - 2862322963

49,09 zł

A Lecture on the Working Men's Party Forgotten Books

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Excerpt from A Lecture on the Working Men's Party: First Delivered October Sixth, Before the Charlestown Lyceum, and Published at Their Request First, that man is, by his nature, a working being; and second, that the daily value of his work, estimated merely in money, is immensely great, in any civilized community. I have made these preliminary remarks, as an introduction to some observations, which I propose to submit in the remainder of this lecture, on the subject of a working men's party. Towards the organization of such a party, steps have been taken in various parts of the country. It is probable, that a great diversity of views exists, among those who have occupied themselves upon the subject, in different places. This circum stance, and the novelty of the subject in some of its aspects, and its importance in all, have led me to think, that we might pass an hour profitably, in its contemplation. I will observe upon it, in the first place, then, that if, as I have endeavored to show, man is by nature a working being, it would follow, that a working men's party is founded, in the very principles of our nature.-most parties may be considered as artificial in their very essence; many are local, temporary, and personal. What will the Adams, or the Jackson, or the Clay party be, a hundred years hence? What are they now, in nine-tenths of the habitable globe? Mere non-entities. But the working men's party, however organized, is one that must subsist, in every civilized country to the end of time. In other words, its first principles are laid in our natures. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.


The Nuclear Program of Iran - 2863754692

92,57 zł

The Nuclear Program of Iran GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seminar paper from the year 2011 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Topic: Peace and Conflict Studies, Security, grade: 2,0, University of the Federal Armed Forces München (Institut für Politikwissenschaft), course: U.S. Nonproliferation and Counterproliferation Policy, language: English, abstract: Since the uprising in North Africa and the Middle East and the horrific tsunami in Japan the nuclear program of Iran moved into the background of international politics. But the issue is still newsworthy. For many years Iran is in a negative focus of Western governments and media. The reason for this is the speculation about the secret development of a nuclear bomb by Iran in coherence with its nuclear program. There has been some evidence that Tehran strives for becoming a nuclear power. In 2002 the uranium enrichment plant in Natanz and the heavy-water reactor in Arak were detected. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) started their investigations, but could not find any sign for a military nuclear program, although they talk about a policy of deception by Iran. They stated therefore simply: Iran has failed to meet its obligations under its Safeguard Agreements with respect to the reporting of nuclear material, the subsequent processing and use of that material and the declaration of facilities where the material was stored and processed".§This event called up distrust by the West. The Western states, mainly the United States, Great Britain, France and Germany still accuse Iran to keep some parts of the nuclear program secret, while officials of the Iranian government try to assure the intention for a peaceful use of nuclear energy. One of the main problems is that a military nuclear program is hard to differ from a peaceful one. The difference between a peaceful nuclear program and a military nuclear program, with a nuclear bomb in its result, is only approximately 5 percent in the final-stage of the development. When Iran would have been built up the full nuclear cycle for a peaceful use of nuclear energy the country would have the possibility to develop nuclear weapons in a short time.§This leads necessarily to the question which of these positions is the right one. Does Iran really like to develop the nuclear bomb or is the fear of the West disproportionate? If Iran tries to use atoms for peace there should be no problem, but the last years where characterized by secretiveness from the Iranian side towards the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and a lurching in the bargaining position during the negotiations with the United States and the EU-3 (Great Britain, France and Germany). To the Western civilization this seems as an indication for a secret military nuclear program...


Kanban Supply Chain Management - 2870588121

229,99 zł

Kanban Supply Chain Management

Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Technology, engineering, agriculture>Technology: general issues>Engineering: general

Kanban Is An Approach To Provide An Effective Relation Between Different Components Of A Supply Chain System, Such As Suppliers, Manufacturers, Warehouses, Distribution Centers, Retailers And Finally Customers. Instead Of Pushing Parts, In Kanban System Each Proceeding Plant(s) Sends A Signal To The Preceding Plant(s) For Needed Parts To Be Sent. The Plants Only Produce And Deliver Desired Parts When They Receive A Signal. Number Of Kanbans Can Significantly Influence The Load Balance Between Processes And The Amount Of Orders Suppliers Need To Obtain From Subcontractors. A Large Kanban Size Results In Large Amount Of Work-in-process(WIP) At Each Workstation. Although, Reducing Kanban Size Serves A Decrease In WIP, It Leads To Transportation Increase As Well As System Throughput Rate Reduction. In This Study A Multi-echelon Supply Chain System Is Considered. Since The Model Used In This Study Is Mixed Integer Non-linear Programming And Solving By Exact Algorithms Such As Branch And Bound Takes Lots Of Time Specially When The Scale Increases, A Heuristic Method Via Genetic Algorithm(GA) Is Presented And Some Problems Are Solved Using The Proposed GA To Illustrate Its Performance.


Sandra Cisneros "The House on Mango Street" - A description - 2869356756

105,39 zł

Sandra Cisneros "The House on Mango Street" - A description GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Seminar paper from the year 2005 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, printed single-sided, grade: 2, University of Kassel (Fachbereich Sprachwissenschaften), course: The Power of Reading Books, 13 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Reading as an intellectual competence opens the way to explore culture and knowledge, to participate in cultural life and to enjoy literature. Culture and knowledge are parts of our education and are central to our ability to think critically on any topic. Studying literature plays a central role in developing these skills. According to Hesse (2002, p.50f.), there are some elementary goals of literacy teaching, such as (1) focussing on specific parts of the text, (2) the use of methods which support an active and productive reading behaviour, (3) a change of intensive and extensive phases of reading and (4) the relation to students interests.Literature studies offer students opportunities to work on carefully chosen texts provided by the teacher. Results from the PISA studies of 15-year-old poor readers in Germany illustrate the importance of finding adequate literature for the EFL classroom. In our term paper, we want to examine how far Sandra Cisneros The House on Mango Street is relevant for the EFL class. The questions which chances and opportunities the novel bears and for which purpose its plot is useful to discuss different topics are in the centre of interest.Therefore, the term paper shows didactical and methodological aspects, i.e. how the book relates to the curriculum as well as to the students lives, which learning strategies and social forms can be applied. Therefore, we have provided several tasks to be used in the EFL class which all bear a differentiated analysis. On the one hand, the tasks have a tendency towards creating a relationship between the text and its reader, on the other hand, they enlarge students abilities to use various learning strategies and methods.We can draw the conclusion that "The House on Mango Street" provides numerous essential topics and aspects for teenagers and is, therefore, highly relevant for students in the EFL class. As the book consists of many short stories, it can be used either as a whole entity or partially, a fact which makes the novel attractive to teachers and students as well.


Fringe Science - 2844385429

79,92 zł

Fringe Science Perseus Books Group

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Fringe has always been more than the sum of its parts--but its parts, too, are worth a closer look. The show combines a surfeit of mad science, some old-school sci-fi flair, and a dash of strawberry-milkshake whimsy to create the challenging, fascinating Pattern that keeps us coming back season after season and universe after universe. Now, in Fringe Science, cutting-edge scientists, science writers, and science fiction authors and historians provide a smart, savvy, and accessible look at the world(s) of Fringe. MIT physics professor Max Tegmark illuminates the real-life possibilities of parallel universes Stephen Cass, founding editor of Discover's Science Not Fiction blog and a Senior Editor with Technology Review, unravels Fringe's use of time travel Award-winning science fiction historian Amy H. Sturgis walks us through the show's literary and television ancestors, from the 1800s on Television Without Pity staff writer Jacob Clifton looks at the role of the scientist, and scientific redemption, through the ever-shifting role of Massive Dynamic Garth Sundem, bestselling author of Brain Candy, explores the mysterious way that memory works, from why Walter forgets to how Olivia remembers And more, from lab cow Gene's scientific resume to why the Observers should be wearing white lab coats


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