krainaksiazek traditional chinese exercises 20167503

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Principles of Macroeconomics - 2212830077

202,10 zł

Principles of Macroeconomics McGraw-Hill


Avoiding excessive reliance on formal mathematical derivations, Frank and Bernanke presents concepts intuitively through examples drawn from familiar contexts. The authors introduce a well-articulated short list of core principles and reinforce them by illustrating and applying each in numerous contexts. Students are periodically asked to apply these principles to answer related questions and exercises. The text also encourages students to become "Economic Naturalists," people who employ basic economic principles to understand and explain what they observe in the world around them. An economic naturalist understands, for example, that infant safety seats are required in cars but not in airplanes because the marginal cost of space to accommodate these seats is typically zero in cars but often hundreds of dollars in airplanes. Such examples engage student interest while teaching them to see each feature of their economic landscape as the reflection of an implicit or explicit cost-benefit calculation.Expanded Discussion of Macroeconomic Policy: The revised monetary policy reaction function we introduce in Chapter 27 is a more realistic description of how the Fed actually conducts monetary policy and clarifies the Taylor rule. In Chapter 28 we use this policy reaction function to help students distinguish between a move along the aggregate demand curve and a shift in the aggregate demand curve resulting from a change in monetary policy. In a new Chapter 29, we provide a more complete analysis of the interaction between fiscal and monetary policy, illustrating the crucial role of the central bank in any long-run inflation. We also discuss how enhanced credibility can help to anchor inflationary expectations and explain the contributions of central bank independence, inflation targeting, and central bank reputation. In the last section of Chapter 29 we expand our discussion of the real-world difficulties in conducting macroeconomic policy. Expanded Discussion of Supply-Side Economics: Most economists agree that changes in marginal tax rates can affect both aggregate demand and aggregate supply, but they disagree on the size of the effects. In Chapter 28 we describe this controversy in greater detail and present both the theoretical and empirical evidence of the effects of changes in marginal tax rates on aggregate supply. Greater Attention to Asset Prices: In Chapter 21 we provide a clearer explanation of the inverse relationship between bond prices and interest rates. We also discuss the effects of changes in asset prices (especially stocks and houses) on aggregate demand. Additional Material on China: At its current rate of growth the Chinese economy may become the largest economy in the world within the next generation. In this edition we expand our discussion of China in the world economy. We discuss the determinants of its success and its management of its exchange rate. New Material on the Acceleration of Productivity Growth: The productivity slowdown of 1973-1995 has been followed by surprisingly strong productivity growth. We present and discuss the reasons for this acceleration. Updated Discussion of Saving and Investment: In addition to emphasizing the importance of public and private saving and the relationship between the budget deficit, national saving, and capital flows, we discuss the recently divergent trends in business and household saving. An Emphasis on Core Principles: A few core principles do most of the work in economics. By focusing on these principles, the text assures that students leave the course with a deep mastery of them. In contrast, traditional encyclopedic texts so overwhelm students with detail that they often leave the course with little useful working knowledge at all. Economic Naturalism Introduced: The authorsĹź ultimate goal is to produce Ĺźeconomic naturalistsĹź--people who see each human action as the result of an implicit or explicit cost-benefit calculation. The economic naturalist sees mundane details of ordinary existence in a new light and becomes actively engaged in the attempt to understand them. o Why donĹźt auto manufacturers make cars without heaters? o Why are whales, but not chickens, threatened with extinction? o Why do movie theaters give student discounts on the price of admission but not on the price of popcorn?


Da Wu - 2844918045

97,49 zł

Da Wu

Książki Obcojęzyczne>Angielskie>Health & personal development>Family & health>Fitness & diet>Exercise & workout books

Based On The Traditional Da Wu Qigong Recorded In Ancient Documents, This Book Guides The Reader Through The Set Of Joint-relaxing Dance-like Exercises With Step-by-step Instructions And Photos. The CD And DVD Provide Verbal Instructions, Accompanying Mus


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