libristo rethinking economic development growth and institutions 1324092

- znaleziono 44 produkty w 9 sklepach

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish - Galia Chimiak - 2848476300

22,22 zł

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish - Galia Chimiak

Książki & Multimedia > Książki

Opis - This book addresses the important and so far under-researched problem of the emergence of the sector of non-governmental development organisations (NGDOs) and their impact on Poland"s foreign policy. In view of her research experience and involvement in these issues, the author has the competences required to address these topics. The cooperation between NGDOs and the respective state institutions is regarded as a significant aspect of the Polish model of development assistance. The life experience of Polish NGDO activists, their professionalism, but also the legacy of "Solidarity", the lack of colonial heritage and the neutral image of the country represent our comparative advantage in development cooperation. Poland has the potential to play a more important role in development cooperation than her economic capacity would suggest, given the nation"s lack of imperial past, its positive record in striving after freedom and strong NGO sector, The author is right to point at the relationship between NGOs" role and overall trends, like the decreasing role of government in all areas of life. The importance of the ethos of the Polish NGO sector for processes addressed in this book is likewise accounted for. One should positively assess the proposed explanation whereby the emergence and consequent moulding of Polish aid is considered a socio-cultural phenomenon closely related to the origins of Polish civil society. In a similar vein, the geographical focus of this assistance on our eastern neighbours cannot be rationalised by geo-political factors only, but should be explained by the organisational culture of the Polish NGO sector. The overview of literature in the bibliography indicates that both Polish and foreign studies have been consulted. To sum up, the book focuses on a so far little understood segment of reality, is based on own research, goes beyond simple description, and strives after presenting the relationship between the country"s involvement in development cooperation and the organisational culture of Polish NGOs. The book situates the outcomes of the research in the wider perspective of the development of civil society in Poland. Prof. dr hab. Jerzy Bartkowski (review) Nazwa - The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish Autor - Galia Chimiak Oprawa - Miękka Wydawca - IFiS PAN Kod ISBN - 9788376831336 Kod EAN - 9788376831336 Rok wydania - 2016 Język - angielski Format - 15.5x23.5cm Ilość stron - 288 Podatek VAT - 5% Premiera - 2017-01-10

Sklep: InBook.pl

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish - 2845868382

31,50 zł

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish ifis pan

Historia. Archeologia >Historia krajów, narodów i miejsc

This book addresses the important and so far under-researched problem of the emergence of the sector of non-governmental development organisations (NGDOs) and their impact on Poland

Sklep: Prolibri.pl

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish - 2857809341

28,00 zł

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish IFiS PAN

PolitykaWydawnictwa naukowe i popularno-naukoweHistoria Polski 1990

This book addresses the important and so far under-researched problem of the emergence of the sector of non-governmental development organisations (NGDOs) and their impact on Poland?s foreign policy. In view of her research experience and involvement in these issues, the author has the competences required to address these topics. The cooperation between NGDOs and the respective state institutions is regarded as a significant aspect of the Polish model of development assistance. The life experience of Polish NGDO activists, their professionalism, but also the legacy of ?Solidarity?, the lack of colonial heritage and the neutral image of the country represent our comparative advantage in development cooperation. Poland has the potential to play a more important role in development cooperation than her economic capacity would suggest, given the nation?s lack of imperial past, its positive record in striving after freedom and strong NGO sector,The author is right to point at the relationship between NGOs? role and overall trends, like the decreasing role of government in all areas of life. The importance of the ethos of the Polish NGO sector for processes addressed in this book is likewise accounted for. One should positively assess the proposed explanation whereby the emergence and consequent moulding of Polish aid is considered a socio-cultural phenomenon closely related to the origins of Polish civil society. In a similar vein, the geographical focus of this assistance on our eastern neighbours cannot be rationalised by geo-political factors only, but should be explained by the organisational culture of the Polish NGO sector.The overview of literature in the bibliography indicates that both Polish and foreign studies have been consulted. To sum up, the book focuses on a so far little understood segment of reality, is based on own research, goes beyond simple description, and strives after presenting the relationship between the country?s involvement in development cooperation and the organisational culture of Polish NGOs. The book situates the outcomes of the research in the wider perspective of the development of civil society in Poland. Prof. dr hab. Jerzy Bartkowski (review)

Sklep: Booknet.net.pl

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish - 2854973294

26,80 zł

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish IFIS PAN

Polityka i politologiaNaukaHistoria Polski

This book addresses the important and so far under-researched problem of the emergence of the sector of non-governmental development organisations (NGDOs) and their impact on Poland

Sklep: NaszaSzkolna.pl

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish - 2855349553

19,58 zł

The Growth of Non-Governmental Development Organizations in Poland and Their Cooperation with Polish IFiS PAN

Nauka / Socjologia

This book addresses the important and so far under-researched problem of the emergence of the sector of non-governmental development organisations (NGDOs) and their impact on Poland’s foreign policy. In view of her research experience and involvement in these issues, the author has the competences required to address these topics. The cooperation between NGDOs and the respective state institutions is regarded as a significant aspect of the Polish model of development assistance. The life experience of Polish NGDO activists, their professionalism, but also the legacy of “Solidarity”, the lack of colonial heritage and the neutral image of the country represent our comparative advantage in development cooperation. Poland has the potential to play a more important role in development cooperation than her economic capacity would suggest, given the nation’s lack of imperial past, its positive record in striving after freedom and strong NGO sector, The author is right to point at the relationship between NGOs’ role and overall trends, like the decreasing role of government in all areas of life. The importance of the ethos of the Polish NGO sector for processes addressed in this book is likewise accounted for. One should positively assess the proposed explanation whereby the emergence and consequent moulding of Polish aid is considered a socio-cultural phenomenon closely related to the origins of Polish civil society. In a similar vein, the geographical focus of this assistance on our eastern neighbours cannot be rationalised by geo-political factors only, but should be explained by the organisational culture of the Polish NGO sector. The overview of literature in the bibliography indicates that both Polish and foreign studies have been consulted. To sum up, the book focuses on a so far little understood segment of reality, is based on own research, goes beyond simple description, and strives after presenting the relationship between the country’s involvement in development cooperation and the organisational culture of Polish NGOs. The book situates the outcomes of the research in the wider perspective of the development of civil society in Poland. Prof. dr hab. Jerzy Bartkowski (review)

Sklep: Literacka.pl

Democracy Governance & Economic Performance - 2212824797

94,10 zł

Democracy Governance & Economic Performance MIT Press Massachusets Institute of Tech nology

Biznes

In this book, Yi Feng combines political and economic analyses to study the effects of political institutions on economic performance. Traditionally, political scientists disregard details of economic conditions, while economists may not take into consideration a systematic explanation of political regimes. The growing interest in the interplay of political and economic systems, spurred by the political democratization and economic liberalization evident in many countries over the last twenty years, merits this new perspective. The book examines the political determinants of economic growth, and, specifically, the controversial question of the relationship between democracy and quality of life. Feng systematically studies three variables of a political system -- political freedom, political stability, and policy certainty -- and relates them to economic development. He examines the political factors that may affect patterns of growth directly or indirectly. Combining theory and country-specific case studies, Democracy, Governance, and Economic Performance demonstrates that political institutions and conditions do matter in economic growth. After establishing a theoretical foundation, Feng tests it by examining the direct effects of the three key political variables on economic growth and the indirect effects of democracy in terms of other variables (political instability, inflation, investment, education, income distribution, property rights, and population growth). He concludes by considering the policy implications of these results. Yi Feng is the Luther Lee Chair in Government at Claremont Graduate University, where he also works as Provost and Vice President for Academic Affairs."For some time we have known that economic growth helps promote democracy. Now, in this important book, Yi Feng shows us that democracy is good for economic growth, and, in the process, demonstrates why the spread of democratic market capitalism is good for the world." --Robert Art, Christian A. Herter Professor of International Relations, Politics Department, Brandeis University, author of A Grand Strategy for America "In Democracy, Governance, and Economic Performance, Yi Feng addresses the impact of institutions, the costs of instability, and the economic role of political freedom on economic growth. He traces the direct and indirect impact of politics on economic performance and seeks to measure both. In so doing, Feng tackles issues that lie at the frontier of the study of growth and the field of development. This work helps to consolidate recent work in these fields and marks a significant contribution to both." --Robert H. Bates, Department of Government, Harvard University "In this impressive book, Professor Feng considers the problem of how a society's particular political arrangements affect the choices made by individuals and, hence, condition the society's economic growth and social development. The work is notable for its broad scope, its thorough grounding in empirical evidence, and for the insights it offers into complex social processes. This is interdisciplinary research at its best." --Eirik G. Furubotn, Private Enterprise Research Center, Texas A&M University, and University of the Saarland, Germany

Sklep: Albertus.pl

Law-growth Nexus - 2854323458

191,73 zł

Law-growth Nexus Brookings Institution

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

An increasingly popular view holds that institutions--in particular, the rule of law--are the keys to unlocking the developing world's full growth potential. But what exactly does this mean? Which legal institutions matter and why? How can policymakers use this knowledge to promote growth? In "The Law-Growth Nexus," Kenneth Dam brings five decades of experience as a legal scholar and policymaker to bear upon these questions. After reviewing the burgeoning literature on legal institutions and economic development, Dam unpacks the "rule of law" concept. Successive chapters analyze enforcement, contracts, and property rights --the three concepts that collectively define rule of law --and examine their roles in the real estate and financial sectors. Dam uses an extended analysis of China to assess the importance of the rule of law. This case study illustrates several of the book's central themes, including the difficulty of building a strong, independent judiciary and firstclass financial sector. The stark fact is that many parts of what we call the developing world have stopped developing, while other regions have seen a slowdown in once-promising growth. Could new or better legal institutions help jumpstart these economies? In exploring this question, Th "e Law-Growth Nexus g"oes beyond regression results to examine the underlying mechanisms through which the law, the judiciary, and the legal profession influence the economy. The result is essential reading for analysts and policymakers facing the challenges of legal and economic reform.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Entrepreneurship, Regional Development and Culture - 2842079666

479,57 zł

Entrepreneurship, Regional Development and Culture Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The aim of this book is to analyze the relationships among entrepreneurship, regional development and culture in the current economy. Using an institutional approach, it examines the main theoretical issues and practices and their effect on different dimensions of society and the economy. Business creation is considered a key element of economic growth, innovation and employment. In recent years, entrepreneurial scholars have studied the factors that affect entrepreneurship and drive economic growth. In doing so, these scholars have aimed to understand what promotes entrepreneurial activity and also how to improve the development of regions or countries to increase wealth in society. The institutional approach can be applied to the entrepreneurship field to understand the phenomenon of entrepreneurship. This view considers the role of environment in the decision to create a company, which is critical to entrepreneurship, innovation and economic growth. Environment relates to legal aspects, public policy and support services (formal institutions) but is especially important in terms of sociocultural context (informal institutions). The creation of new ventures is greatly influenced by culture. Furthermore, it is important to highlight the influence of entrepreneurship on regional development, specifically through job creation, stimulation of economic growth and innovation. Thus, entrepreneurship, regional development and culture are fundamental for understanding economic growth and development as well as other phenomena such as technology transfer or women s entrepreneurship. Featuring contributions and cases studies from various countries and sectors, this volume provides an essential reference for scholars, academics, and researchers in entrepreneurship, business management, innovation and economics.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Entrepreneurship, Regional Development and Culture - 2862441097

479,57 zł

Entrepreneurship, Regional Development and Culture Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The aim of this book is to analyze the relationships among entrepreneurship, regional development and culture in the current economy. Using an institutional approach, it examines the main theoretical issues and practices and their effect on different dimensions of society and the economy. Business creation is considered a key element of economic growth, innovation and employment. In recent years, entrepreneurial scholars have studied the factors that affect entrepreneurship and drive economic growth. In doing so, these scholars have aimed to understand what promotes entrepreneurial activity and also how to improve the development of regions or countries to increase wealth in society. The institutional approach can be applied to the entrepreneurship field to understand the phenomenon of entrepreneurship. This view considers the role of environment in the decision to create a company, which is critical to entrepreneurship, innovation and economic growth. Environment relates to legal aspects, public policy and support services (formal institutions) but is especially important in terms of sociocultural context (informal institutions). The creation of new ventures is greatly influenced by culture. Furthermore, it is important to highlight the influence of entrepreneurship on regional development, specifically through job creation, stimulation of economic growth and innovation. Thus, entrepreneurship, regional development and culture are fundamental for understanding economic growth and development as well as other phenomena such as technology transfer or women's entrepreneurship. Featuring contributions and cases studies from various countries and sectors, this volume provides an essential reference for scholars, academics, and researchers in entrepreneurship, business management, innovation and economics.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Small Enterprise Development in South-East Europe - 2862087201

1094,97 zł

Small Enterprise Development in South-East Europe Springer, Berlin

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Since the end of the Kosovo war in 1999, increasing attention has been paid to the problems of economic development and reconstruction in South-East Europe. In a context of limited resources, small and medium sized enterprises (SMEs) have a key role to play in creating jobs and building a dynamic entrepreneurial economy. Small Enterprise Development In South-East Europe presents important findings from recent empirical research on key factors, which hinder sustainable SME growth in South-East Europe. Finance is identified as a critical barrier to growth, and the role of commercial banks, micro-finance institutions and credit cooperatives in assisting growth is addressed. Yet finance alone is not enough. A rebuilding of social capital, a reduction of the unofficial or grey economy, and the promotion of inter-firm networks and clusters are also of vital importance in promoting sustainable growth. The book concludes with critical analyses of SME policies in Albania, Croatia, and Macedonia, countries which hitherto have received little attention in the literature. Small Enterprise Development in South-East Europe will be of great interest to policy makers, business consultants, and academics and post-graduate students working on economic development and reconstruction in South-East Europe.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Labor of Development - 2862268234

176,36 zł

Labor of Development Cornell University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The state of Kerala in southern India is notable for the ways in which lower-class mobilization and state intervention have combined to create one of the most successful cases of social and redistributive development in the Third World. In contrast to predictions that labor militancy in developing countries threatens to overload fledgling democratic institutions and derail economic growth, The Labor of Development shows that the political and economic inclusion of industrial and agricultural workers in Kerala set the stage for a democratically negotiated capitalist transformation.When compared to the other Indian states, Kerala's departure from the national pattern is tied to its history of social movements and highlights the significance of understanding sub-national patterns of democratic consolidation and state building. The case of Kerala provides important theoretical insights into the circumstances under which the expansion of political and social citizenship can become the basis for managing economic change. Using examples from agriculture, industry, and the informal sector, Patrick Heller examines the institutional and political dynamics through which the demands of organized labor and the imperatives of capitalist growth have evolved from a period of open conflict and stagnation to one of class compromise. He also demonstrates that the Kerala model has broad ramifications for understanding the relationship between substantive democracy and market economies in low-income countries.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Development Economics - 2862285419

384,77 zł

Development Economics Anchor Academic Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Development economics entail all the aspects of the development process especially meant for the developing countries to overcome the challenges that impede development. This can be through education, education and man power development, restructuring market incentives, incorporating favorable social and political approaches and practices among other factors.Human beings however need streamlined social and economic systems that are able to achieve development through major changes in social structures, national institutions, cultures and attitudes as well as eradication of poverty, reduction of income inequality and acceleration of economic growth. The developing world needs a multi-disciplinary approach and ideas so as to come out of the economic backward situation. Micheal, P describes that because of heterogeneity of the developing world, and the complexity of the development process, development economics must be eclectic, attempting to combine relevant concepts and theories from traditional economics analysis along with new models and broader multi-disciplinary approaches from historical and co temporally development experience of Africa, Asia, and Latin America. Debraj Ray puts it that development economics studies economics of the developing world and has made excellent use of economic theory, econometrics, anthropology, sociology, political science, biology and demography. It needs a lot more dimensional approach to understand it.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

A Short Introduction to Micro-and Macroeconomics - 2619308261

22,00 zł

A Short Introduction to Micro-and Macroeconomics Uniwersytet Opolski

EKONOMIA

The part about microeconomics focuses on the problem of choice, the working of the market, the theory of the firm, the role of the government in case the market does not a proper job and the problem of reduced competition e.g. in case of monopoly. Much space is devoted to institutions and transaction costs. This topic is relevant for analysing the the working of markets, organisations and other types of systems used for production and trade or for analysing the influence of e.g. laws and regulations on economic activity. This part integrates economics with sociology, political and legal sciences. The part about macroeconomics focuses on issues related to national income and the banking system. What is national income? What causes national income to increase? What is the function of the central bank and the government in the development of the economy? What is the effect of ?printing money?? Does economic growth mean that everyone has a ?better life?? The book may be of interest for students of economics, history, political science, sociology, law, geography, etc. in order to obtain a quick introduction to micro- and macroeconomics in English. Na podręcznik pt. Krótki wstęp do mikro i makroekonomii składają się dwie części. Część dotycząca mikroekonomii koncentruje się na problemie wyboru, mechanizmie działania rynku, teorii przedsiębiorstwa, roli rządu w przypadku, gdy rynek nie funkcjonuje w sposób właściwy, oraz na kwestii ograniczonej konkurencyjności, np. w przypadku monopolu. Sporo miejsca poświęcone zostało instytucjom i kosztom dokonywania transakcji. Temat ten jest istotny dla dokonania analiz sposobu działania rynku, organizacji oraz innych typów systemów wykorzystywanych w produkcji i handlu, lub do analizy wpływu, np. prawa i regulacji prawnych na działalność gospodarczą. Część ta łączy ekonomię z socjologią, naukami politycznymi i prawniczymi. Część odnosząca się do makroekonomii skupia się na sprawach związanych z dochodem i systemem bankowości. Co to jest dochód narodowy? Co wpływa na jego wzrost? Jaką funkcję pełni bank centralny oraz rząd w rozwoju gospodarki? Jaki jest efekt ?drukowania pieniędzy?? Czy wzrost gospodarczy oznacza, że wszystkim ?żyje się lepiej?? Książka jest adresowana do studentów ekonomii, historii, nauk politycznych, socjologii, prawa, geografii, itp. (i nauk pokrewnych?), którzy otrzymują krótkie wprowadzenie do tematyki mikro- i makroekonomii w języku angielskim. Spis treści: Introduction MICROECONOMICS Chapter 1 - What is economics about? 1.1. Introduction 1.2. Economic methodology and tools of economic analysis 1.3. The production possibility curve 1.3.1. Opportunity Costs 1.3.2. How to increase the production possibilities? 1.4. Economic systems 1.5. A deeper analysis of governance structures and decision making 1.5.1. The collapse of real existing socialism 1.5.2. Main elements of the transition 1.6. The inefficiencies of a soft-budget constraint 1.6.1. What is efficiency? 1.6.2. Institutions and efficiency 1.6.3. The economics of shortage 1.6.4. Sowiet-Type Economies 1.6.5. Western economies Chapter 2 - The market mechanism 2.1. The market - supply and demand 2.2. The demand curve and the supply curve 2.3. Maximum prices and shortages 2.4. Shifts of and movements along the demand curve 2.5. Shifts of and movements along the supply curve 2.6. Case study - the effect of a disease on the price of meat 2.7. Price elasticity of demand 2.8. Income elasticity of demand and cross-price elasticity of demand Chapter 3 - The theory of the firm 3.1. Introduction 3.2. Profit maximisation 3.2.1. Profit maximisation by comparing total revenue and total costs 3.2.2. The production decision in the short run 3.2.3. Profit maximisation by comparing marginal revenue and marginal costs 3.3. Economies of stale . 3.4 Economic and accounting profits Chapter 4 - Institutions, transaction costs and economic activity 4.1. Introduction 4.2. What are institutions? 4.3. Incentives 4.4. The institution of property rights 4.5. The notion of transaction costs 4.5.1. Search costs 4.5.2. Negotiation costs 4.5.3. Control costs 4.6. Valuable attributes in the public domain 4.6.1. Maximum prices and the public domain 4.7. An example of changing property rights 4.8. Some examples of changing property rights in Poland and Russia 4.9. Factors that may lower transaction costs 4.9.1. Market competition and law of contract 4.9.2. Social capital Chapter 5 - Market failure and the role of the government 5.1. Introduction 5.2. The role of the government in the mixed economy 5.3. Reasons for market failure 5.4. External effects 5.4.1. What are external effects? 5.4.2. The importance of property rights 5.4.3. Poland's environmental problems 5.4.4. Case study - economic growth, car use and environmental problems Chapter 6 - Imperfect competition 6.1. Introduction 6.2. Perfect competition 6.3. Monopoly 6.3.1. Profit maximisation under monopoly 6.3.2. Is a monopoly good or bad for society? 6.4. Monopolistic competition and oligopoly 6.4.1. Monopolistic competition 6.4.2. Oligopoly 6.4.3. Price discrimination MACROECONOMICS Chapter 7 - National income accounting 7.1. Introduction 7.2. Factors of economic growth 7.3. Gross domestic product 7.3.1 National income 7.3.2 Government expenditure 7.3.3 International trade 7.4. Problems with national income accounting Chapter 8 - Determinants of national income in the short run 8.1. Introduction 8.2. Determinants of national income 8.2.1. Consumption 8.2.2. Determinants of consumption 8.2.3. Investment 8.2.4. Government expenditure and net export 8.2.5. The macroeconomic equilibrium 8.3. The multiplier 8.3.1. How to calculate the multiplier 8.4. Aggregate demand and fiscal policy 8.4.1. Tax and national income 8.4.2. Automatic stabilisers and active fiscal policy 8.4.3. The multiplier and international trade Chapter 9 - Money and banking 9.1. Introduction 9.2. Functions of money 9.3. Banking and the creation of money 9.4. The central bank and the money supply 9.5. Money Demand 9.6. Equilibrium on the money market Chapter 10 - Aggregate demand, aggregate supply and the price level 10.1. Introduction 10.2. Keynesian versus neo-classical economics 10.3. Aggregate demand and aggregate supply 10.4. Supply-side policies Chapter 11 - Economic growth and economic development 11.1. Introduction 11.2. Some figures on economic growth 11.3. Potential and real output 11.4. Factors of economic growth 11.5. Economic development Bibliography List of figures List of tables

Sklep: ksiegarnia.edu.pl

Globalization & its Discontents - 2212824606

36,60 zł

Globalization & its Discontents Penguin

Biznes

Our world is changing. Globalization is not working. It is hurting those it was meant to help. And now, the tide is turning

Sklep: Albertus.pl

Emergence and Persistence of Inefficient States - 2862426769

217,06 zł

Emergence and Persistence of Inefficient States GRIN Verlag

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Master's Thesis from the year 2014 in the subject Economics - Other, grade: 1,0, University of Leipzig (Institut für Theoretische Ökonomie), course: Masterarbeit, language: English, abstract: Bureaucratic inefficiency, patronage-induced overstaffing, and outright corruption retard economic development and reduce public well-being in developing countries. They prevent governments from effectively carrying out the economic plans to which they devote so much official attention, and deprive citizens of government services to which they are legally entitled. (Geddes 1991, p.371)§Corruption, patronage and inefficient bureaucracies are widespread in many countries and under all forms of government. Whereas such problems are often recognized to be at the core of rent-seeking regimes like dictatorships or oligarchies, they occur in similar ways in developing and even in developed democracies. For instance, there is evidence for bureaucratic inefficiency, corruption and patronage in Brazil (Weyland 1996), but also in Germany (Braendle 2012) and France (Facchini and Melki 2013).§A rich body of research however underlines the importance of good institutions as main determinants of economic development, growth and prosperity. But why and under which conditions do some societies choose inefficient institutions? This is the main question the thesis seeks to answer.§A related second question concerns a possible explanation for the setup of inefficient institu- tions: Why do democracies often pursue relatively elite-biased policies contrary to the predictions of the median-voter-theorem? As Acemoglu (2010, p.1) notes, institutions are often "structured to maximize the rents captured by the elite, the individuals or social groups monopolizing political power". In electoral democracy, the influence of different social groups should be closer related to their population share than in nondemocracy. However, the distribution of political power can by diluted if institutions reshape political influence and redirect government spending towards the top.§The thesis tries to bring together the two issues by elaborating a possible explanation for the link between the emergence of inefficient institutions and the prevalence of pro-elite policies.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

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