libristo united nations and civil society 4288029

- znaleziono 13 produktów w 2 sklepach

From Civil Strife to Civil Society - 2212831577

122,90 zł

From Civil Strife to Civil Society United Nations University Press

Inne 1

The 1990s saw the United Nations, the militaries of key member states and non-governmental organizations increasingly entangled in the complex affairs of disrupted states. Whether as deliverers of hunanitarian assistance or as agents of political, social and civic reconstruction, these actors have had to learn ways of interacting with each other in order to optimize the benefits for the populations they seek to assist. Yet the challenges created by conflicting organizational cultures, operating procedures and priorities have proved daunting. This volume offers a rigorous examination of the dimensions of state disruption and the roles of the international community in responding to it, looks at military doctrine for dealing with disorder and humanitarian emergencies and examines mechanisms for ending violence and delivering justice in post-conflict times. The authors also investigate the problems of rebuilding trust and promoting democracy, while re-establishing the rule of law and social and civil order.


Comparative Histories of Slavery in Brazil, Cuba, and the United States - 2862095063

151,51 zł

Comparative Histories of Slavery in Brazil, Cuba, and the United States Cambridge University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This 2007 book is an introductory history of racial slavery in the Americas. Brazil and Cuba were among the first colonial societies to establish slavery in the early sixteenth century. Approximately a century later British colonial Virginia was founded, and slavery became an integral part of local culture and society. In all three nations, slavery spread to nearly every region, and in many areas it was the principal labor system utilized by rural and urban elites. Yet long after it had been abolished elsewhere in the Americas, slavery stubbornly persisted in the three nations. It took a destructive Civil War in the United States to bring an end to racial slavery in the southern states in 1865. In 1866 slavery was officially ended in Cuba, and in 1888 Brazil finally abolished this dreadful institution, and legalized slavery in the Americas came to an end.


Redressing Injustices Through Mass Claims Processes - 2862325050

617,54 zł

Redressing Injustices Through Mass Claims Processes Oxford University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This volume from the International Bureau of the PCA presents a collection of studies on innovative responses to the unique challenges of resolving large numbers of claims arising from common, often tragic, circumstances-mass claims. The mass claims processes discussed in this volume were created in the aftermath of war or other atrocities, and redress is often an important component of settlement for the victims. The authors consider mass claims processes both from a conceptual and a practical perspective through lessons learned over twenty-five years. This book covers innovations to speed mass claims processes by means of new standards of proof and the use of information technology, as well as specific mass claims processes: the United Nations Compensation Commission; the Austrian General Settlement Fund; the French Commission for the Compensation of Victims of Spoliation; the German Forced Labour Compensation Programme; and the reparations provisions of the Statute of the International Criminal Court. From a North American perspective, authors address the litigation of mass claims involving slavery under United States law, the United States Indian Claims Commission, and the successful completion of the September 11th Victim Compensation Fund. In addition, Volume 1 of the Final Report of the Special Master of the September 11th Victim Compensation Fund is reprinted in its entirety. The responses of the international community to current issues of compensation and reparations, the role of civil society actors in reparations legislation, and recent instruments adopted by the Council of Europe and the United Nations Commission on Human Rights are also reviewed.


Financing for Development - 2212827894

58,50 zł

Financing for Development United Nations University Press

Inne 1

Business executives and civil-society activists from developing and developed countries address the question of how to boost the financing of development. Topics covered range from micro credit to large-scale project finance; from gender and poverty to bridging the digital divide; from local to global environments for investment; from domestic to international taxation; from trade expansion to debt relief; and from official development to reform of the United Nations.


ASEAN and the EU: - 2862155010

338,87 zł

ASEAN and the EU: LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) launched its own regional human rights mechanism in the form of the ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights (AICHR). Immediately upon its inauguration, it has been beset with criticism from civil society organizations and the media over its limited mandate. This study aims to analyze the structure and function of this fledgling institution compared to that of other more established regional human rights mechanisms, such as that of the European Union (EU). The study identifies the structural and functional similarities of the ASEAN and EU's human rights mechanisms, and provides recommendations for the AICHR's development. As an overarching framework, this study introduces the possibility of using the principles outlined under United Nations General Assembly Resolution 48/134 of 20 December 1993 on National institutions for the promotion and protection of human rights, also known as the Paris Principles, as a guide in assessing the structure and function of regional human rights mechanisms.


Democratization in Middle East - 2212827901

103,00 zł

Democratization in Middle East United Nations University Press

Inne 1

This title addresses a number of key issues determining the success or failure of sustainable democratization in the region. With the exception of Israel, the constituent states cannot yet guarantee a path toward sustainable democracy. Movement toward political, economic and cultural liberalization has thus far brought instability and violence to the region, as traditional and religious values conflict with secular ethics, norms and practices. Drawing on analyses of Iran, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria - as well as the North African nations of Algeria, Libya, Morocco and Tunisia - this book examines patterns of democratization, and political and economic transition. The contributors conclude that in order to advance democratization processes, reforms must be gradual and organized and monitored from the top, while supplemented by a gradual process toward the establishment of a broad-based and broadly supported civil society.


Marching Orders - 2862445118

410,26 zł

Marching Orders Greenwood Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This modern day rags-to-riches story tells how one of the poorest nations in the world evolved into one of the most technologically advanced. How did South Korea do it? The 'miracle' that occurred in South Korea was produced, in essence, by military men, many of whom had undergone extensive managerial training in the United States in the preceding decade, who gave 'marching orders' to a responsive populace. Marching Orders, a historically factual, yet fast-paced and dramatic 'page turner,' chronicles, in five parts, the history and events that led to General Park Chung Hee's 1961 coup d'etat and the transformations in Korean society that followed it during the next decade. Part One surveys Korea prior to 1961--a deprived colony during the Japanese occupation, then a war-devastated, barely industrialized nation whose existence depended heavily on U.S. economic aid. Part Two analyzes the military establishment--a crucial factor in Korea's economic prosperity even today. The military takeover of 1961 and the subsequent establishment of the Supreme Council for National Reconstruction (SCNR) were the turning points for this politically and economically bankrupt nation. These events led to the massive changes which are detailed in Parts Three and Four along with the 'rationalization' of the political sphere and the various aspects of economic 'rationalization,' including the now-famous New Village Movement, a model of agricultural development for other emerging nations. In Part Five, the role and potential of the military in national development are explained and South Korea is presented as a success story. Indeed, Marching Orders could well serve as a 'How To' book for emerging countries. Highly readable, Marching Orders has been written for the generalist without sacrificing scholarship. It will also prove useful to specialists in sociology, political science, economics, and Southeast Asia; to entrepreneurs engaged in trade with South Korea; and to those interested in Third World Development. An excellent addition to the reading lists of courses in development, comparative history, and military-civil cooperation.


Profits of Charity - 2862155487

748,48 zł

Profits of Charity Oxford University Press Inc

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The Profits of Charity examines the contemporary law governing the involvement of charity in commerce and explores the reasons why this involvement is dramatically changing. From a perspective familiar to charity lawyers, NGO managers, and scholars, Kerry O'Halloran identifies the concepts and the law underpinning charities and their profits by tracing legal developments in the field and identifying the resulting opportunities and challenges for the future. At a time when many leading nations are confronting economic recession, the threat of terrorism, and the retreat of the 'welfare state,' this book explores why governments are turning to charities in their quest to cultivate social capital, consolidate civil society, and promote civic engagement. In The Profits of Charity, Professor O'Halloran undertakes a comparative analysis of the balance struck among government, charity, and commerce in five leading common law nations, including the United States, Canada, England and Wales, New Zealand, and Australia. He uses analysis of legislation, outcomes of charity law reviews, and recent case law to illustrate jurisdictional differences, and concludes with an assessment of the extent and significance of the recalibrated relationship and considers the overarching issues that arise between charity law and social policy.


Children and Media Violence - 2862441010

443,49 zł

Children and Media Violence LAP Lambert Academic Publishing

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child states the right of children for information, but also for protection from information that might threaten their well-being and personal development. In societies that heavily expose children to media, the healthy development of democratic institutions and civil society can be greatly influenced by the impact of media violence on children's behavior and perception of society. An emphasis on this particular aspect of societal regulation of children's media viewing is strongly recommended by UN and UNESCO. Unfortunately, The UN Convention on the Rights of the Child has not succeeded in modern Russian society with regard to the media (television, cinema, video, PC-games) because scenes of hard violence persist on all Russian cinema and television screens. The infringement of the Rights of the Child on the Russian screen is a very important problem and Russian pedagogues should not only attract societal and governmental attention to it, but should also provide training and education about children and media violence.


American Indian Policy in Crisis - 2859254341

128,97 zł

American Indian Policy in Crisis University of Oklahoma Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

"[Francis Paul Prucha's] contextual definition and rigorous exemplification of what 'assimilation' meant to Protestant reformers of the late nineteenth century represents a unique and valuable contribution to our cultural history." American Historical Review The years 1865 to 1900 formed one of the most critical periods in Indian-white relations in the United States. Here, renowned historian Francis Paul Prucha discusses in detail the major developments of those years-Grant's Peace Policy, the reservation system, agitation for transfer of Indian affairs to military control, the General Allotment Act (or Dawes Act), Indian citizenship, Indian education, civil service reform of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and the dissolution of the Indian nations of the Indian Territory. In examining these developments, American Indian Policy in Crisis focuses on the Christian humanitarians and philanthropists who ultimately drove the "reform" of Indian affairs. Prucha examines at length the programs of these men and women intent on individualizing and Americanizing the Indians and turning them into patriotic American citizens indistinguishable from their white neighbors. The story is not a pretty one, for reformers' changes were often disastrous for the Indians, and yet this is a tremendously important work for understanding the Indians' situation and their place in American society today. Prucha does not treat Indian policy in isolation but relates it to the dominant cultural and intellectual currents of the age. This book furnishes a view of the evangelical Christian influence on American policy and the reforming spirit it engendered, both of which have a significance extending beyond Indian policy. Complete with thorough documentation and an excellent bibliography, Prucha's text is a valuable contribution to America's cultural history. Francis Paul Prucha, S.J., is Professor Emeritus of History at Marquette University and the author of numerous articles and books, including The Great Father: The United States Government and American Indians.


Conflict Resolution of the Boruca Hydro-Energy Project - 2862337223

200,53 zł

Conflict Resolution of the Boruca Hydro-Energy Project CONTINUUM

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Conflict Resolution of the Boruca Hydro-Energy Project is a case study that aims to profile best practices for sustainable development, indigenous human rights, and conflict resolution. In 2003, a joint project was developed between the United Nations University of Peace and the International Peace and Conflict Resolution program at Arcadia University to study the Boruca hydroelectrical conflict in Costa Rica. The aim was to bring together theory and practice and to reveal the link between peace and conflict resolution and sustainable development. Through partnerships with the Kan Tan Ecological Project and the indigenous communities in the region, and field studies to the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and local Civil Society Organizations, faculty and students utilized the mediation framework to identify the needs and interests of the primary conflict stakeholders. Conflict Resolution of the Boruca Hydro-Energy Project represents the culmination of this fieldwork and tests the mediation framework as suitable model for the resolution of environmental conflicts in Latin America. The Boruca project, proposed in the 1970s by the state-run corporation Instituto Costarricense De Electridad (ICE), will build a dam in the Boruca Canyon, changing the flow of the Terraba River and creating an artificial lake of 25.000 hectares. The largest of its kind in Central America, this project will generate approximately 1,500 megawatts and increase Costa Rica's energy production capability by as much as 50%. For ICE, not only will the project satisfy national electrical demand, it will also stimulate economic growth, assist in the development of new technological corridors and new tourism projects, increase employment opportunities, and improve the quality of life for indigenous peoples living in Boruca area. For the indigenous population, however, the project represents a violation of their fundamental human rights since it will force the relocation of 2,000 to 3,000 indigenous peoples, flood areas of archeological and cultural significance to them, and affect their livelihood due to the resulting changes in the biodiversity. They also fear the social and environmental impacts of more tourism in the area. The increasingly dysfunctional communication between the Boruca people and ICE over the past 30 years has led to a breakdown of trust and a stalling of the project's development. Conflict Resolution of the Boruca Hydro-Energy Project follows these conflicts and the process by which the government-owned utility tried to find common ground between all stakeholders. Ultimately, it tests the mediation framework as an appropriate approach to the resolution of development conflicts, exploring the transferability of this approach to other countries in Latin America. This case study provides unique insights into Latin American environmental and development politics and will be of interest to any student, faculty, or policymaker looking to assess the mediation framework.


Making States Work - 2212827912

173,40 zł

Making States Work United Nations


It is frequently assumed that the collapse of state structures, whether through defeat by an external power or as a result of internal chaos, leads to a vacuum of political power, though this is rarely the case. This book examines the strategies and tactics of international actors, local political elites, and civil society groups, to build or rebuild public institutions before they reach the point of failure: to make the state work.


Right to Food: Methodological Toolbox - 2862423942

539,23 zł

Right to Food: Methodological Toolbox Food & Agriculture Organization of the United...

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This toolbox is a book binder including six different volumes that provide practical information and detailed guidance on ways to integrate the right to food into different levels of national legislation, policies and programmes. It provides operational assistance to those seeking to monitor the right to adequate food and to identify and classify vulnerable groups suffering from hunger and food insecurity. There are also a large number of recommendations on planning, implementing and monitoring public allocations and expenditures in this field. The toolbox was put together by experts and practitioners with ample knowledge and experience in a variety of fields. The five volumes offer practical information into a variety of important subjects such as: introducing the right to food into a constitution or into national legislation; monitoring the right to adequate food, addressed largely to technical staff in public sector institutions and civil society o


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