krainaksiazek rail economics policy and regulation in europe 20127888

- znaleziono 9 produktów w 1 sklepie

Regulation for Chemical Safety in Europe: Analysis, Comment and Criticism - 2893991011

1034,71 zł

Regulation for Chemical Safety in Europe: Analysis, Comment and Criticism Springer

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Many European Union Directives seek to minimize the potential for harm to humans and the environment arising from the use of chemicals. This book takes an interdisciplinary, selective look at the effector mechanisms employed in such directives. It covers the pre-marketing use of toxicology to identify the hazardous properties of chemicals, acknowledging its shortcomings, while contrasting the scientific method with the precautionary principle in developing risk-management practices. The book then goes on to describe the use of bio-indicators, chemical analyses and mathematical modelling for prediction, or to determine the adequacy of chemical safety legislation. The environmental risk assessment of priority chemicals is described and the impact of pesticides on sustainability in agriculture is discussed from the differing standpoints of agronomy and economics. §Audience: All professionals concerned with the safe management of chemicals and their use, including teachers, practitioners, policy makers or legislators.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics, Volume 1 - 2893523339

1301,14 zł

Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics, Volume 1 Oxford University Press Inc

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

More than any other area of regulation, antitrust economics shapes law and policy in the United States, the Americas, Europe, and Asia. In a number of different areas of antitrust, advances in theory and empirical work have caused a fundamental reevaluation and shift of some of the assumptions behind antitrust policy. This reevaluation has profound implications for the future of the field. The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics has collected chapters from many of the leading figures in antitrust. In doing so, this two volume Handbook provides an important reference guide for scholars, teachers, and practitioners. However, it is more than a merely reference guide. Rather, it has a number of different goals. First, it takes stock of the current state of scholarship across a number of different antitrust topics. In doing so, it relies primarily upon the economics scholarship. In some situations, though, there is also coverage of legal scholarship, case law developments, and legal policies. The second goal of the Handbook is to provide some ideas about future directions of antitrust scholarship and policy. Antitrust economics has evolved over the last 60 years. It has both shaped policy and been shaped by policy. The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics will serve as a policy and research guide of next steps to consider when shaping the future of the field of antitrust.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics, Volume 1 - 2888120033

856,62 zł

Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics, Volume 1 Oxford University Press Inc

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

More than any other area of regulation, antitrust economics shapes law and policy in the United States, the Americas, Europe, and Asia. In a number of different areas of antitrust, advances in theory and empirical work have caused a fundamental reevaluation and shift of some of the assumptions behind antitrust policy. This reevaluation has profound implications for the future of the field. The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics has collected chapters from many of the leading figures in antitrust. In doing so, this two volume Handbook provides an important reference guide for scholars, teachers, and practitioners. However, it is more than a merely reference guide. Rather, it has a number of different goals. First, it takes stock of the current state of scholarship across a number of different antitrust topics. In doing so, it relies primarily upon the economics scholarship. In some situations, though, there is also coverage of legal scholarship, case law developments, and legal policies. The second goal of the Handbook is to provide some ideas about future directions of antitrust scholarship and policy. Antitrust economics has evolved over the last 60 years. It has both shaped policy and been shaped by policy. The Oxford Handbook of International Antitrust Economics will serve as a policy and research guide of next steps to consider when shaping the future of the field of antitrust.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Nudging - Possibilities, Limitations and Applications in European Law and Economics - 2884471839

893,53 zł

Nudging - Possibilities, Limitations and Applications in European Law and Economics Springer International Publishing AG

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This anthology provides an in-depth analysis and discusses the issues§surrounding nudging and its use in legislation, regulation, and policy making more§generally. The 17 essays in this anthology provide startling insights into the§multifaceted debate surrounding the use of nudges in European Law and§Economics.§§Nudging is an instrument aimed at altering people's behaviour in a§predictable way without forbidding any option or significantly changing§economic incentives can and should be used to help people make better decisions§to influence human behaviour without forcing them because they can opt out,§making it a kind of soft, or so-called Libertarian Paternalism. Its use has§sparked lively debates in academia as well as in the public sphere. This book explores§who decides which behaviour is desired. It looks at whether or not the state§has sufficient information for de-biasing, and if there are clear-cut§boundaries between paternalism, manipulation and indoctrination. The first part§of this anthology discusses the foundations of nudging theory and the problems§associated, as well as outlining possible solutions to the problems raised. The§second part is devoted to the wide scope of applications of nudges from§contract law, tax law and health claim regulations, among others.§§This volume is a result of the flourishing annual Law and Economics§Conference held at the law faculty of the University of Lucerne. The§conferences have been instrumental in establishing a strong and ever-growing Law§and Economics movement in Europe, providing unique insights in the challenges§faced by Law and Economics when applied in European legal traditions.§§

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Economics - 2904282104

288,40 zł

Economics McGraw-Hill Education - Europe

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Economics affects almost everything we do: from our decisions at work to our shopping habits, voting preferences and social attitudes.§This new edition of the popular text by David Begg and Gianluigi Vernasca enables the reader to understand today s economic environment by examining the underlying theory and applying it to real-world situations. Economics surveys the latest ideas and issues such as the role of regulation in banking, the consequences of globalization and monetary union, and the efficacy of our current economic models. This coverage, combined with a rich array of pedagogical features, encourages students to explore our economic past and present, and to think critically about where this might lead us in the future.§The new edition is updated to provide a comprehensive analysis of the financial crash its causes, consequences, and possible policy responses, from fiscal stimulus to quantitative easing.§

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Intercity Transport and Climate Change - 2893481784

1170,86 zł

Intercity Transport and Climate Change Springer International Publishing AG

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

While intercity passenger transport counts for about 2% of the total passenger transport volume the share of the total passenger kilometers traveled is estimated more than one third. In many countries the major part of intercity transport is performed by car and air and as a result, the contribution to the carbon footprint is substantially higher than the share of overall passenger transport performance. This creates a challenge to develop a sustainable organization of intercity transport which requires a true joint effort of policy makers, industry sectors and households. This presupposes that all options for reducing the carbon footprint of the transport modes car, air and rail are fully exploited through modern propulsion technology, use of regenerative energy and efficient organization of transport processes. Basic conditions for meeting this requirement are an incentive compatible public framework of regulation, taxation, charging and education, the private willingness to adjust to new behavioral patterns and a consequent push of technological progress towards energy and CO2 savings. This book begins with an international comparison of intercity transport and the current state of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) of this transport segment. A focus is given to comparing the situation in the EU, the US and Japan while describing the more recent development of intercity transport in China, followed by an analysis of intercity transport policies and their contribution to meet the global climate change issues. This book will be of interest to researchers in transportation economics and policy, as well as civil engineering and planning.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

Oxford Handbook of Banking - 2862299059

241,11 zł

Oxford Handbook of Banking Oxford University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The Oxford Handbook of Banking provides an overview and analysis of state-of-the-art research in banking written by leading researchers in the field. This handbook will appeal to graduate students of economics, banking and finance, academics, practitioners and policy makers. Consequently, the book strikes a balance between abstract theory, empirical analysis, and practitioner and policy-related material. The handbook is split into five parts. Part I, The Theory of Banking, examines the role of banks in the wider financial system, why banks exist, how they function, and their legal and governance structures. Part II entitled Regulatory and Policy Perspectives discusses monetary policy, prudential regulation and supervision, and antitrust policy. Part III deals with Bank Performance. A number of issues are assessed including efficiency, financial innovation and technological change, globalization and ability to deliver small business, consumer, and mortgage lending services. Part IV of the book provides an overview of Macroeconomic Perspectives in Banking. This part includes a discussion of the determinants of bank failures and crises, and the impact on financial stability, institutional development, and economic growth. Part V examines International Differences in Banking Structures and Environments. This part of the handbook examines banking systems in the United States, Western Europe, Transition countries, Latin America, Japan and the developing nations of Asia.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

EU Energy Security in the Gas Sector - 2895364883

681,42 zł

EU Energy Security in the Gas Sector Taylor & Francis Ltd

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This book fills an important gap in the literature on energy security in the gas sector in the European Union. Whilst the emphasis is often on energy security in the oil sector, the gas sector has grown in importance in recent decades, with increasing liberalization raising critical questions for the security of gas supplies. The share of gas in Europe's energy mix is rising and the differences between the politics and economics of gas and oil supply are becoming more pronounced. The author sheds light on the state of EU energy security in the gas sector, its interdependence with external suppliers and the current gas strategy. He examines the role of energy companies, EU member-states and EU institutions, locates the main developments in the gas sector and focuses on the principal challenges posed by such fundamental changes. The author scrutinizes the EU's relations with its main gas supplier, Russia, as well as with alternative suppliers, elaborates on the key infrastructure projects on the table and their principal ramifications, and discusses the main policies that member-states pursue to achieve energy security as well as the EU's internal contradictions. The book concludes with policy recommendations, particularly in the light of tougher environmental regulation.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

End to Poverty? - 2903773319

790,07 zł

End to Poverty? Columbia University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In the 1790s, for the first time, reformers proposed bringing poverty to an end. Inspired by scientific progress, the promise of an international economy, and the revolutions in France and the United States, political thinkers such as Thomas Paine and Antoine-Nicolas Condorcet argued that all citizens could be protected against the hazards of economic insecurity. In An End to Poverty? Gareth Stedman Jones revisits this founding moment in the history of social democracy and examines how it was derailed by conservative as well as leftist thinkers. By tracing the historical evolution of debates concerning poverty, Stedman Jones revives an important, but forgotten strain of progressive thought. He also demonstrates that current discussions about economic issues -- downsizing, globalization, and financial regulation -- were shaped by the ideological conflicts of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. Paine and Condorcet believed that republicanism combined with universal pensions, grants to support education, and other social programs could alleviate poverty. In tracing the inspiration for their beliefs, Stedman Jones locates an unlikely source-Adam Smith. Paine and Condorcet believed that Smith's vision of a dynamic commercial society laid the groundwork for creating economic security and a more equal society. But these early visions of social democracy were deemed too threatening to a Europe still reeling from the traumatic aftermath of the French Revolution and increasingly anxious about a changing global economy. Paine and Condorcet were demonized by Christian and conservative thinkers such as Burke and Malthus, who used Smith's ideas to support a harsher vision of society based on individualism and laissez-faire economics. Meanwhile, as the nineteenth century wore on, thinkers on the left developed more firmly anticapitalist views and criticized Paine and Condorcet for being too "bourgeois" in their thinking. Stedman Jones however, argues that contemporary social democracy should take up the mantle of these earlier thinkers, and he suggests that the elimination of poverty need not be a utopian dream but may once again be profitably made the subject of practical, political, and social-policy debates.

Sklep: Libristo.pl

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