krainaksiazek the early history of egypt 20131413

- znaleziono 81 produktów w 4 sklepach

History of Africa - 2854244046

146,83 zł


Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

In a single volume, History of Africa offers readers a richly illustrated narrative introduction to the history of the entire continent, from earliest times through to the present day. Building on the book's established reputation and success, this third edition has been revised and updated throughout in the light of new research and recent events. A companion website now also supports the text. Kevin Shillington traces the history of the continent through the ancient world to medieval, modern and contemporary Africa. He explores the early emergence of farming; the kingdoms of Ancient Egypt, Aksum and Meroe; medieval empires; the spread and impact of Islam; the role of trade and religion; and the development of Africa's wide range of pastoral, agricultural and hunting societies. History of Africa, third edition: * contains nearly 100 specially-drawn maps and almost 200 illustrations, a number of which are new for this edition * takes a deliberately African viewpoint of the European involvement in Africa * provides a carefully constructed examination of the colonial period and the problems of post-colonial Africa * presents expanded coverage of modern Africa with more on issues such as economic concerns, globalization, international organisations, climate change, HIV/AIDS, and the role of China * opens with a new Introduction which includes a helpful historiographical overview * features a companion website offering additional historical debate and critical discussion to complement specific parts of the text; key points to remember for each chapter; a variety of essay questions and exercises; and other resources to enhance the learning experience. Eminently clear and approachable, History of Africa remains the essential text for anyone with an interest in this remarkable continent and its fascinating past.


History of Writing - 2854190474

78,46 zł

History of Writing REAKTION BOOKS

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

From the earliest scratches on stone and bone to the languages of computers and the internet, "A History of Writing" offers an investigation into the origin and development of writing throughout the world. Commencing with the first stages of information storage knot records, tally sticks, pictographic storytelling the book then focuses on the emergence of complete writing systems in Mesopotamia in the fourth millennium BC, and their diffusion to Egypt, the Indus Valley and points east, with special attention given to Semitic writing systems and their eventual spread to the Indian subcontinent. Also documented is the rise of Phoenician and its effect on the Greek alphabet, generating the many alphabetic scripts of the West. Chinese, Korean and Japanese writing systems and scripts are dealt with in depth, as is writing in pre-Colombian America. Also explored are Western Europe's medieval manuscripts and the history of printing, leading to the innovations in technology and spelling rules of the 19th and 20th centuries. Illustrated with numerous examples, this book offers a global overview in a form that everyone can follow. The author also reveals his own discoveries made since the early 1980s, making it a useful reference for both students and specialists as well as the general reader.


History and Religious Heritage of Old Cairo - 2854298273

209,40 zł

History and Religious Heritage of Old Cairo Turpin DEDS Orphans

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Recipient of the 2013 PROSE Awards Architecture & Urban Planning honorable mentionJust to the south of modern Cairo stands the historic enclave known as Old Cairo, which grew up in and around the Roman fortress of Babylon, and which today hosts a unique collection of monuments that attest to the shared cultural heritage of ancient Egyptians, Christians, Jews, and Muslims.In this lavishly illustrated celebration of a very special place, renowned photographer Sherif Sonbol's remarkable images of the fortress, churches, synagogue, and mosque illuminate the living fabric of the ancient and medieval stones, while Gawdat Gabra describes the history of Old Cairo from the time of the ancient Egyptians and the Romans to the founding of the first Muslim city of al-Fustat. Stefan Reif focuses on the Jewish history of the area, exploring the famous Genizah documents found in the Ben Ezra Synagogue that tell so much about everyday life in medieval Egypt. Gertrud van Loon looks at the early Coptic Christian churches, some of the oldest in the world, and Tarek Swelim describes the arrival of the Muslims in the seventh century, their establishment of al-Fustat on the edge of Old Cairo, and the building of the Mosque of 'Amr ibn al-'As, the oldest mosque in Africa.


Jak żyć po chrześcijańsku - Jan Paweł II, Ks. Marek Chmielewski - 2836983170

22,52 zł

Jak żyć po chrześcijańsku - Jan Paweł II, Ks. Marek Chmielewski

Książki & Multimedia > Książki

Opis - Jan Paweł II odpowiada na najważniejsze pytania! Jak odnaleźć sens życia? Jak rozeznać swoja drogę do Boga? Jak radzić sobie z problemami duchowymi? Jak się modlić? Jaki jest sens cierpienia? Książka, opracowana przez ks. Marka Chmielewskiego, profesora teologii duchowości na KUL, utrzymana w formie dialogu z Janem Pawłem II, jest wyborem licznych wypowiedzi Papieża na temat życia duchowego. Całość podzielona jest na kilka tematów: Podstawy życia duchowego, Liturgia i sakramenty, Sztuka modlitwy, Życie w Kościele, Życie w świecie, Zdrowa pobożność. W zbiorze znajdują się bezcenne myśli na temat chrześcijańskiego powołania do świętości, rozmyślania, modlitwy, medytacji, kontemplacji i mistyki, ascezy i umartwienia, kryzysów duchowych, sensu krzyża, choroby i cierpienia, a także zniewoleń duchowych i nawrócenia. Wypowiedzi, a raczej odpowiedzi Papieża na pytania stawiane przez autora, pochodzą z rożnych okresów jego nauczania. Są to odpowiednio dobrane cytaty z encyklik, adhortacji, listów apostolskich, a także katechez i homilii. Praktyczny przewodnik katolickiej duchowości. Nazwa - Jak żyć po chrześcijańsku Autor - Jan Paweł II, Ks. Marek Chmielewski Oprawa - Miękka Wydawca - AA Kod ISBN - 9788378645443 Kod EAN - 9788378645443 Rok wydania - 2014 Język - polski Format - 14.5x20.5cm Ilość stron - 400 Podatek VAT - 5%


Ibn Tulun - 2854348729

235,06 zł

Ibn Tulun American University Of Cairo

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Ahmad ibn Tulun (835-84), the son of a Turkic slave in the Abbasid court of Baghdad, became the founder of the first independent state in Egypt since antiquity, and builder of Egypt's short-lived third capital of the Islamic era, al-Qata'i' and its great congregational mosque. After recounting the story of Ibn Tulun and his successors, architectural historian Tarek Swelim presents a topographic survey of al-Qata'i', a city lost since its complete destruction in 905. He then provides a detailed architectural analysis of the Mosque of Ibn Tulun, which was spared the destruction and is now the oldest surviving mosque in Egypt and Africa, from the time of its completion until today. Rare archival illustrations and early photographs document the changing appearance and uses of the mosque in modern times, while extraordinary 3D computer renderings take us back in time to recreate its architectural development through its early centuries. Plans, drawings, and maps complement the history, while striking modern color photographs showcase the elegant simplicity of the building's architecture and decoration.This definitive and generously illustrated book will appeal to scholars and students of Islamic art history, as well as to anyone interested in or inspired by the beauty of early mosque architecture.


Egyptian Dawn - 2854208108

74,66 zł

Egyptian Dawn ARROW

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The mysteries of ancient Egypt have proved an endless source of fascination to the world. Here, for the first time, international bestselling author Robert Temple seeks to reveal the real history of this ancient civilisation's puzzling origins and in so doing calls into question accepted truths about the early history of Egypt. With unprecedented access to lost portions of the Valley Temple which have long been closed to archaeologists, Temple presents a sensational, reconstructed story of this fascinating society. By exploring the many paths to the truth in the story of ancient Egypt, "Egyptian Dawn" establishes: that the Great Pyramid could not have been built by King Cheops. The exact locations of seven intact royal tombs of the Old Kingdom period which currently await opening at Giza, and the true purpose and plan of the Giza Plateau and its three main pyramids. The existence of the world's largest megalithic ring and astronomical observatory in North Africa and its possible connection with the pyramids. That the Valley Temple of Giza is riddled with previously unreported passages and chambers, which Robert Temple presents here for the first time. The true date of the mysterious 'Tomb of Osiris', which lies 114 feet beneath the Giza Plateau. By re-dating key monuments using a revolutionary new technique, together with stunning never-before-seen images which have been meticulously photographed and documented, Temple provides solid evidence to support his findings whilst exposing the antiquities forgers who faked much of the data for Old Kingdom chronology. "Egyptian Dawn" is unlike any other book before it, and is supported by many supplementary photos on its website.


Berenice II Euergetis - 2854353932

314,52 zł


Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Berenice II Euergetis (ca. 267/6-221 BCE), one of the better known Ptolemaic queens remains fairly unknown outside specialist circles. She was the daughter of King Magas of Cyrene (Libya) and the wife of King Ptolemy III of Egypt. Berenice was therefore queen at an important juncture in Hellenistic history. This collection of interrelated essays focuses on aspects of chronology, genealogy and marital practices, as well as issues of royal ideology and Ptolemaic queenship. These studies rely especially on literary evidence and art works in order to illuminate Berenice's status and position at the courts of Cyrene and Egypt. Their main significance lies in the reassessment of female agency and queenship as these studies offer new interpretations and reexaminations of the few known events of Berenice's life until the early reign of Ptolemy III, as well as of her influence and authority in Cyrene and Egypt.


Henry Salt - 2826928767

108,43 zł

Henry Salt Libri Publications Ltd

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Henry Salt was one of the most important figures in early 19th century travel, archaeology and diplomacy. Celebrated for his expeditions to Abyssinia, Salt later became British Consul-General in Egypt, where he played an important diplomatic role. However, it is for his involvement in the re-discovery of ancient Egypt that he is best remembered. This study is an appreciation of this significant figure and brings to life a fascinating period in the history of Egypt and Abyssinia.


Taming the Unknown - 2854238028

221,65 zł

Taming the Unknown University Press Group Ltd

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

What is algebra? For some, it is an abstract language of x's and y's. For mathematics majors and professional mathematicians, it is a world of axiomatically defined constructs like groups, rings, and fields. Taming the Unknown considers how these two seemingly different types of algebra evolved and how they relate. Victor Katz and Karen Parshall explore the history of algebra, from its roots in the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Mesopotamia, Greece, China, and India, through its development in the medieval Islamic world and medieval and early modern Europe, to its modern form in the early twentieth century. Defining algebra originally as a collection of techniques for determining unknowns, the authors trace the development of these techniques from geometric beginnings in ancient Egypt and Mesopotamia and classical Greece. They show how similar problems were tackled in Alexandrian Greece, in China, and in India, then look at how medieval Islamic scholars shifted to an algorithmic stage, which was further developed by medieval and early modern European mathematicians. With the introduction of a flexible and operative symbolism in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, algebra entered into a dynamic period characterized by the analytic geometry that could evaluate curves represented by equations in two variables, thereby solving problems in the physics of motion. This new symbolism freed mathematicians to study equations of degrees higher than two and three, ultimately leading to the present abstract era. Taming the Unknown follows algebra's remarkable growth through different epochs around the globe.


Excavations at Surt (Medinat Al-Sultan) Between 1977 and 1981 - 2854334117

62,90 zł

Excavations at Surt (Medinat Al-Sultan) Between 1977 and 1981 Society for Libyan Studies

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

The Islamic city of Surt was, even at its peak during the middle and second half of the tenth century AD, a modest settlement. It was, however, a prosperous city, a commercial centre. In addition, it was a military staging place for the Fatimid invasion of Egypt. Volume includes an Arabic summary and a foldout plan of the site. Excavations were carried out between 1977 and 1981 which uncovered the heart of the town with its mosque and workshops. In archaeological terms, North Africa in the early medieval period is almost entirely unknown. This excavation report goes some way to shedding light on the subject and so is most welcome. The Islamic city of Surt was, even at its peak during the middle and second half of the tenth century AD, a modest settlement. It was, however, a prosperous city, a commercial centre with several workshops. All these were possible because the town had its own harbour in the nearby lagoon. Life was possible here since the town had water, partly collected in cisterns, partly because it had a few wells. Fruit and vegetable gardens surrounded the town. As a military staging place, it played an eminent role in the Fatimid invasion of Egypt. The excavations at Surt have greatly enhanced our knowledge of the life, material culture and history of North Africa, particularly during the early Fatimid period. A survey of the site was carried out by Prof. R.C. Goodchild shortly after the Second World War. Excavations were begun by the Department of Antiquities in 1965/66 which traced the city walls and its three gates. Further excavations were carried out under the direction of Geza Fehervari between 1977 and 1981. It is these excavations which this volume reports. They found the heart of the town, the madina. Large numbers of cisterns, a well, cess-pits and numerous bread ovens. Thousands of glazed and unglazed sherds and several complete unglazed vessels came to light, together with iron, bronze and glass fragments. A large number of iron and glass slag fragments were found, which indicated local manufacture of glass and iron. The plan of the mosque is typical of Fatimid mosques in Ifriqiya and the closest parallels are those of Mahdiya, Zwila and Ajdabiya. Volume includes and Arabic summary and a foldout plan of the site.


Ptolemy 1 - 2843290006

138,88 zł

Ptolemy 1 Oxford University Press Inc

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

This is the first full-length biography of Ptolemy I of Egypt in English. From his boyhood friendship with Alexander the Great to his reign as king and pharaoh of Egypt, Ptolemy's story is one of ambition and ruthlessness as he helped shape Egypt's history and that of the early Hellenistic world.


Protecting Pharaoh's Treasures: My Life in Egyptology - 2847098429

117,53 zł

Protecting Pharaoh's Treasures: My Life in Egyptology AMER UNIV IN CAIRO PR

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Growing up in Egypt's Nile Delta, Wafaa El Saddik was fascinated by the magnificent pharaonic monuments from an early age, and as a student she dreamed of conducting excavations herself and working in the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. At a time when Egyptology was dominated by men, especially those with close connections to the regime, she was determined to succeed, and secured grants to study in Boston, London, and Vienna, eventually becoming the first female general director of the country's most prestigious museum. She launched the first general inventory of the museum's cellars in its more than hundred-year history, in the process discovering long-forgotten treasures, as well as confronting corruption and nepotism in the antiquities administration.In this very personal memoir, she looks back at the history of her country and asks, What happened to Egypt? Where did Nasser's bright new beginning go wrong? Why did Sadat fail to bring peace? Why did the Egyptians allow themselves to be so corrupted by Mubarak? And why was the Muslim Brotherhood able to achieve power? But her first concern remains: How can the ancient legacy of her country truly be protected?


Western Esoteric Traditions - 2837511772

128,46 zł

Western Esoteric Traditions Oxford University Press

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Western esotericism has now emerged as an academic study in its own right, combining spirituality with an empirical observation of the natural world while also relating the humanity to the universe through a harmonious celestial order. This introduction to the Western esoteric traditions offers a concise overview of their historical development. Nicholas Goodrick-Clarke explores these traditions, from their roots in Hermeticism, Neo-Platonism, and Gnosticism in the early Christian era up to their reverberations in today's scientific paradigms. While the study of Western esotericism is usually confined to the history of ideas, Goodrick-Clarke examines the phenomenon much more broadly. He demonstrates that, far from being a strictly intellectual movement, the spread of esotericism owes a great deal to geopolitics and globalization. In Hellenistic culture, for example, the empire of Alexander the Great, which stretched across Egypt and Western Asia to provinces in India, facilitated a mixing of Eastern and Western cultures. As the Greeks absorbed ideas from Egypt, Babylon, Assyria, and Persia, they gave rise to the first esoteric movements.From the late sixteenth to the eighteenth centuries, post-Reformation spirituality found expression in theosophy, Rosicrucianism and Freemasonry. Similarly, in the modern era, dissatisfaction with the hegemony of science in Western culture and a lack of faith in traditional Christianity led thinkers like Madame Blavatsky to look East for spiritual inspiration. Goodrick-Clarke further examines Modern esoteric thought the light of new scientific and medical paradigms along with the analytical psychology of Carl Gustav Jung. This book traces the complete history of these movements and is the definitive account of Western esotericism.


John Hawkins - Fred - 2854206028

174,31 zł

John Hawkins - Fred Helion & Company Limited

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

Colonel Fred Burnaby of the Blues, six feet four inches tall and with a riding weight of over twenty stone, was one of the most recognizable soldier/adventurers of the late Victorian period. As a young officer, he became famous as an athlete, gymnast, swordsman and pugilist, reputed to be the strongest man in the British army. In working his way to the command of the Blues, the country's most prestigious cavalry regiment, he made some notable friends and not a few enemies. He also found time for numerous journeys involving considerable hardship. He was a brilliant modern linguist and spoke seven languages fluently. Born into the landed gentry, he increased his financial independence by marrying a young heiress, who produced an heir and promptly decamped to climb mountains in Switzerland. In 1882 he became the first person to make a solo balloon crossing of the English Channel. As his army career approached its close, he stood unsuccessfully for Birmingham as a Conservative. His regimental seniority at the time of the Egyptian Campaign of 1882 precluded him joining the newly formed Camel Corps, but he was determined not to leave the army without facing action. In 1884, he traveled to Egypt and participated in both battles of El Teb. Returning to England with his arm in a sling, his popularity with the public became greater than ever. This was not echoed at the War Office, where he was increasingly regarded as a loose cannon. On the Gordon Relief Expedition of 1884, he was denied attachment to the staff of his hero, General Wolseley, but traveled to Egypt anyway and eventually found himself second in command on the desert march to Metemmeh. He never arrived, killed by a spear through the throat in hand-to-hand fighting at the battle of Abu Klea. Even his death was controversial, with songs in his memory being sung in the music halls at the same time as his fellow officers criticized orders he had given during the battle. Two of Burnaby's books have barely been out or print since they were first published, but his other works are much more difficult to find. His biographers have often included excerpts from his letters and speeches in their works, but none comprehensively. This is intended to provide both. It also includes a new biography of Burnaby, the first to have been written for almost sixty years. Volume 1 covers his early life, including his journeys to Spain as a special correspondent during the Third Carlist War, Khartoum, Khiva and Asia Minor and his place at the side of Baker Pasha at the battle of Tashkessan in the Russo-Turkish War of 1877/78. Volume 2 will cover his political career and his participation in the Egyptian Campaigns of 1883/4 and 1884/5, culminating in his death.REVIEWS Not only is it already the definitive work on the great man, but for many it will be a great introduction to the incredible events he lived through leading, I am sure, to re-assessment of all sorts of chapters and characters in his life. Roll on volume 2! Martyn Downer, author of Nelson s Purse and Queen s Knighthere we have part one of what I believe will be the definitive work on Colonel Burnaby Guards MagazineHe has tracked down an impressive amount of material, including a short fragment of a letter from Disraeli, who wrote in 1877 to tell Burnaby that I am reading your book with much interest, and I think everybody will do the same . That goes for this book too, which brings us a vivid account of an extraordinary Victorian in his own words. Lord Lexden in The House, the weekly magazine of the Houses Of Parliament Fred is informative, readable, and a treat in store for all who are interested in Burnaby and the wider Victorian world. We look forward to Dr Hawkins second volume. Presumably the two volumes will be the definitive Burnaby for years to come. Soldiers of the Queen (Journal of the Victorian Military Society) Hawkins book is a welcome addition to Victorian historiography. Not only does Fred come alive through the astonishing collection of sources, but we are left in no doubt that he has been terribly overlooked. We encounter a man who was far more than just a soldier, traveller and controversialist. Hawkins reveals Burnaby to be nothing if not complex he used his pen to both record the number he had killed in Sudan in a game book, and craft riveting and colourful memoirs about his expeditions. Burnaby was an exceptionally well-connected man whose life that bled into the wider themes of the age. In Hawkins, Burnaby has found an historian to do him justice. I look forward to Volume 2. History Vault"


The Dawn of Astronomy - 2826672928

108,26 zł

The Dawn of Astronomy Dover Publications

Książki / Literatura obcojęzyczna

1. The Worship of the Sun and the Dawn 2. The First Glimpses of Egyptian Astronomy 3. The Astronomical Basis of the Egyptian Pantheon 4. The Two Horizons 5. The Yearly Path of the Sun-God 6. The Probable Hor-Shesu Worship 7. Methods of Determining the Orientation of Temples 8. The Earliest Solar Shrines in Egypt 9. Other Similar Shrines Elsewhere 10. The Solar Temple of Amen-Ra at Karnak 11. The Age of the Temple of Amen-Ra at Karnak 12. The Stars--Their Risings and Settings 13. The Egyptian Heavens--The Zodiacs of Denderah 14. The Circumpolar Constellations: The Myth of Horus 15. Temples Directed to the Stars 16. Further Inquiries with Regard to the Stellar Temples 17. The Building Inscriptions 18. The Star Temples at Karnak 19. The Personification of Stars--The Temple of Isis at Denderah 20. The Personification of Stars (continued)--The Temple of Hathor at Denderah 21. Star-Cults 22. Star-Cults (continued)--Amen-t and Khons 23. The Egyptian Year and the Nile 24. The Years of 360 and 365 Days 25. The Vague and the Sirian Years 26. The Sothic Cycle and the Use Made of It 27. The Calendar and Its Revision 28. The Fixed Year and Festival Calendars 29. The Mythology of Isis and Osiris 30. The Temple-Stars 31. The History of Sun-worship at Annu and Thebes 32. The Early Temple and Great Pyramid Builders 33. The Cult of North as Opposed to Southern Stars 34. The Origin of Egyptian Astronomy--The Northern Schools 35. The Origin of Egyptian Astronomy (continued)--The Thebes School 36. General Conclusions as to the North and South Races 37. The Egyptian and Babylonian Ecliptic Constellations 38. The Influence of Egypt upon Temple Orientation in Greece


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